Roberto Muelas Lobato

Roberto Muelas Lobato
Marbella International University Centre · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Social Psychology

About

44
Publications
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73
Citations

Publications

Publications (44)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dada la profunda brecha cultural y religiosa que existe entre cristianos y musulmanes, tanto inmigrantes como españoles, surge la necesidad de estudiar los entresijos que sustentan estas divergencias. Por ello, se presenta la adaptación de una escala de actitudes hacia musulmanes (Griffiths y Pedersen, 2009) destinada a evaluar las actitudes prejui...
Article
Full-text available
Radicalization is a complex process given the fact that several factors interact in it. In order to gain an overview of these factors, a case study was performed of the cell that carried out the terrorist attacks in Barcelona and Cambrils. The 3N model of radicalization was used, which proposes three factors: needs, narratives and networks. The con...
Article
Full-text available
Preventive approaches have gained weight with regard to violent extremism. However, although the number of interventions aimed at prevention has increased, many of them do not have a solid theoretical basis and very few have been evaluated, so we do not know the real impact of these interventions. Based on these limitations, a sport-based intervent...
Article
This paper aims to study the process of violent radicalization in El Puche, a marginal neighborhood of Spain with a high percentage of disenfranchised Muslims. Particularly, we explore whether this neighborhood exhibits the factors proposed by the 3N model of radicalization: needs, networks, and narratives. We present two studies in which we analyz...
Book
Full-text available
La radicalización es una de las mayores problemáticas a nivel securitario y social. La lucha contra este fenómeno se ha llevado a cabo desde distintos enfoques, destacando el preventivo y el reactivo. No obstante, con la presentación por parte de la Comisión Europea de una revisión de la estrategia para combatir el extremismo violento y el reclutam...
Article
Full-text available
La radicalización constituye una de las mayores problemáticas a nivel securitario y social. No obstante, el número de detenciones en los últimos años han llevado a replantearse reforzar los modelos de intervención en su relación con la desvinculación y la desradicalización. Como consecuencia, la atención está cambiando hacia los procesos de desvinc...
Article
Violent radicalization continues to be a global problem. One of the main proposals for understanding radicalization and support for political violence is based on social alienation as a trigger. That is, individuals who feel alienated from society try to get out of this situation by using violence, if necessary. However, social alienation alone is...
Article
Violent extremism is one of the biggest problems nowadays. Particularly, some characteristics of young people make them more vulnerable to radicalization, so different prevention strategies have been developed. However, these strategies do not always take into consideration risk and protective factors, nor the skills that professionals should have....
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Radicalization leading to violence is a complex social process that frequently targets young people. In this study, we examine the 17-A cell, which carried out terrorist attacks in the Spanish cities of Barcelona and Cambrils on August 17, 2017. We focus on the psychological manipulation techniques used to radicalized members of the c...
Article
Social exclusion is one of the most complex and sensitive social problems nowadays. Of all social groups, adolescents are among the most vulnerable to social exclusion, which can interfere with their social development. Consequently, the evaluation of this construct in adolescents is an important matter. The aim of this investigation was to develop...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Hostile and benevolent classism influence the derogation of poor people and groups, with negative consequences. The present study aims to adapt and validate the Ambivalent Classism Inventory (ACI) to obtain an adequate tool for expanding research on this topic among the Spanish-speaking population. Method: Toward this end, the resear...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La verificación de noticias falsas es una herramienta importante para mejorar la calidad de la información que circula en redes virtuales. Aunque existen distintas agencias de verificación de noticias, también encontramos algunas estrategias más informales como el uso del hashtag #Stopbulos. Así, la presente investigación pretende realizar...
Article
Purpose To adapt the Interaction with Disabled Persons Scale (IDP) into Spanish and examine its factor structure. Methods A forward and back translation of the IPD was performed by professional translators of scholarly articles. Spanish-speaking professional translators provided modifications in order to develop the final version of the scale. Par...
Article
Full-text available
Several initiatives are arising to counterbalance the consequences of psychical distance, motivated by COVID-19, by reinforcing social ties. In this project, we focus on analyzing the relationships between participating in collective applause (i.e., a collective ritual), reinforcement of collective/relational ties, identity fusion, and compliance w...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and objective: Workers contend with many threats while performing their daily routine that could undermine their dignity, such as denigrating comments from supervisors or co-workers. Denying workers’ dignity constitutes a direct threat towards their well-being. The aim of this paper is to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the W...
Research
Full-text available
Prevención y afrontamiento de la radicalización violenta : Una guía para profesionales de primera línea
Article
The 3N model of radicalization proposes that violent radicalization is the result of the contribution of needs, networks, and narratives. Although research has mainly been supportive of this perspective, a substantial amount of ground remains uncovered regarding the network component of the model. Within this framework, we examine why individuals l...
Article
Full-text available
Social exclusion is one of the most complex and sensitive social problems nowadays. Of all social groups, adolescents are among the most vulnerable to social exclusion, which can interfere with their social development. Consequently, the evaluation of this construct in adolescents is an important matter. The aim of this investigation was to develop...
Article
The 3N model of radicalization proposes that violent radicalization is the result of the contribution of needs, networks, and narratives. Although research has mainly been supportive of this perspective, a substantial amount of ground remains uncovered regarding the network component of the model. Within this framework, we examine why individuals l...
Article
Oppression, frustration, and humiliation are some of the most critical variables when predicting political violence. There are, however, other factors, such as group support and violent narratives/ideologies, involved in this relationship. Moreover, contextual and group characteristics should also be taken into account. Thus, we conduct an empirica...
Article
Population ageing is one of the present and future challenges in the European context. In addition to age-related changes, negative and judicious attitudes by society are also prevalent. Therefore, there is a need for reliable instruments to evaluate attitudes toward ageing. In this vein, the present research aims to provide a reliable version of t...
Article
Self-censorship orientation — that is, the preference to hide truth- ful information — is determined by multiple individual, group and contextual factors which can either generate negative conse- quences or subvert information flows. Due to the social relevance that self-censorship can have, this study aims to adapt and provide evidence of validity...
Article
Full-text available
El Grupo de la Gente de la Sunnah para la Predicación y la Yihad, más conocido como Boko Haram, es un grupo insurgente cuyo origen lo encontramos en Nigeria en el año 2002. Este grupo ha llegado a convertirse en uno de los más mortíferos del siglo XXI y es el principal actor insurgente en Nigeria, aunque sus acciones también se extienden por la reg...
Chapter
Se analizan las claves psicosociales para la comprensión y prevención del reclutamiento yihadista. Tras unos supuestos básicos de partida, se describen algunas claves contextuales y demográficas que es necesario conocer para lograr una adecuada comprensión del proceso de reclutamiento. Posteriormente, se pasa a la sección central del capítulo, dond...
Article
Full-text available
La reciente proliferación de los casos de radicalización alrededor del mundo ha colocado esta temática en la agenda de las naciones. La radicalización, entendida como un proceso por el que se alcanza un compromiso cada vez mayor con una ideología política o religiosa extremista, constituye, a día de hoy, un desafío con el que debemos lidiar de cara...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objetivo general. Analizar las dinámicas de algunos procesos psicosociales (e.g., identidad, emociones y estereotipos) involucrados en la difusión y el consumo de noticias falsas sobre inmigración en España. Objetivos específicos. Caracterizar los contenidos de las noticias falsas sobre inmigración en España que circulan en distintos medios y redes...
Article
Identity fusion, a visceral union between personal and group identity is considered to be triggered and maintained by collective rituals with certain characteristics (e.g., opaque causal actions, synchrony, high excitement) and by recalling such rituals. The purpose of the present research was to determine the factors that maintain identity fusion...
Article
Full-text available
Violent radicalization and terrorism continue to pose social and security problems. Starting from the theoretical framework offered by the significance quest theory, the purpose of this research was to analyze the different roles that radical intentions play in the relationship between the loss of significance and violent disinhibition in Muslims a...
Article
Based on the effects of framing on audience opinion, the attitudes towards Palestinians and Israelis are evaluated when a news item reports on a violent event between the two sides. To do so, a short inter-group experiment was conducted. A 3 (manipulation of the news item) x 2 (group evaluated) design was applied. Three news formats were presented:...
Poster
Full-text available
The processes of radicalization, following the model of the two pyramids, starts with a grievance that leads the person to scale through different phases (inert, activist, radical and terrorist) in defense of his own group. According to this model, variables that represent attitudes toward actions as violent disinhibition and intention of activism...
Poster
Full-text available
The model of devoted actors, which combines the theory of identity fusion and the theory of sacred values, has been mainly used to predict violent inter-group behavior. According to this model, people whose identity is fused with a group and who have values they consider sacred, which they would defend against all rationality, are more likely to ta...
Conference Paper
La inmigración en Almería ha adquirido un volumen y una importancia que la han situado como uno de los enclaves para el estudio de las migraciones de toda España. Concretamente El Ejido, municipio de reciente creación en 1987 y motor económico de la provincia, ha sido objeto de estudio por diversos autores, sobre todo después del conflicto del año...
Poster
Full-text available
Objetivos: Evaluar la intención de activismo y radicalismo político-religioso en una muestra de musulmanes y otra de cristianos residentes en España. Estudiar las interrelaciones entre el activismo y el radicalismo y otros factores psicosociales relacionados con la religión tales como la identificación grupal, los prejuicios religiosos, la religios...
Poster
Full-text available
Radicalization is one of the biggest problems nowadays as it is possible to check referring to the data that indicates that about 5,000 people with European nationality have joined the ranks of DAESH. These data is lower in Spain, around 130 people have traveled to Syria and more than 120 people have been arrested. These data remains alarming altho...
Poster
Full-text available
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict has been considered as an unpredictable threat to the stability of the Middle East as well to Europe and Spain specifically. In Spain, the support for one of both groups is determined by the political orientation and by the relations between Israel and the state. In the 70s there was a change and left-wing followers...
Conference Paper
El Ejido es un municipio de reciente creación (1987), resultado del crecimiento acelerado, además es uno de los municipios de España que más inmigrantes ha recibido en las ultimas tres décadas. Se caracteriza por ser un municipio poco cohesionado socialmente. La bipolaridad y la indiferencia social lo sitúan cerca de lo que se pueden considerar act...
Poster
Full-text available
La imagen del pequeño Aylan muerto en la costa ha dado la vuelta al mundo poniendo de manifiesto la gran crisis humanitaria Siria. Los refugiados Sirios expulsados de su país por el conflicto armado están llegando a Europa bajo el amparo de una política de cuotas a través de la cual cada país miembro de la Unión Europea se ha comprometido a dar asi...
Article
Full-text available
Spanish stereotypes towards Palestinians and Israelis are based, among other things, on the information which the media broadcasts on these two groups. In order to check the stereotypes of the Spanish people towards both groups and whether the news affects those stereotypes (depending on which of the two groups was the aggressor), a quasi-experimen...

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Projects (4)
Project
SPEY is a European program lead by the Union of Sport Federations of Catalonia (UFEC), co-funded by the European Commission with the aim to prevent extremism of young people through sports practice.
Project
La misión de la “Estrategia Regional Andaluza para la cohesión e inclusión social” (ERACIS) es actuar sobre las zonas de los pueblos y ciudades donde se registran situaciones graves de exclusión social y/o donde existen factores de riesgo de que se produzcan. Partiendo de esa estrategia, el programa de Mentoría Social “Fénix Andalucía”, desarrollado por la Consejería de Educación y Deporte (Junta de Andalucía), pretende contribuir al desarrollo de competencias en los jóvenes con el fin de favorecer su inclusión social. Este programa está estructurado en diferentes unidades didácticas integradas (UDI) asociadas a los siguientes ámbitos: (1) artístico, (2) científico-tecnológico, (3) comunicativo y (4) emprendedor. Asimismo, el programa ofrece una UDI de apertura y otra de cierre. Las UDI tienen como marco científico de referencia el modelo 3N, desarrollado por Arie Kruglanski y colaboradores (Kruglanski et al., 2019; Moyano, 2019). Este modelo enfatiza la importancia de factores psicosociales que pueden ser cruciales para contribuir a la cohesión y la inclusión social. A lo largo de las diferentes actividades propuestas en las UDI, y teniendo como referente el modelo citado, el programa pretende ofrecer alternativas vitales significativas (formación, orientación vocacional, ocio saludable), fomentar actitudes positivas y desarrollar redes sociales inclusivas. Desde un punto de vista metodológico, el programa se sustenta en dos pilares. Por un lado, la aplicación de metodologías activas, entre las que podrían citarse el Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos, el Aprendizaje Cooperativo o el Aprendizaje Servicio. Y, por otro lado, la mentoría social como recurso de apoyo y como modelo positivo e inspirador. Asimismo, a lo largo de la ejecución del programa se pretende desarrollar un proceso de evaluación sistemática con el fin de valorar el impacto del mismo en los jóvenes y en la comunidad.
Project
Este proyecto pretende contribuir a un mejor entendimiento sobre desigualdad, posverdad y fake news en, al menos, tres aspectos. 1. En primer lugar, describir detalladamente tanto los contenidos como las redes de difusión de las fake news en relación con la desigualdad en España. 2. En segundo evalúa empíricamente el efecto que tiene la exposición o consumo de fake news sobre las percepciones de la desigualdad y el apoyo a medidas redistributivas. 3. Tercero, se evalúa los mecanismos psicológicos que podrían explicar el efecto (Modelo de Probabilidad de Elaboración) que existe del consumo de fake news sobre la percepción de la desigualdad y el apoyo a medidas redistributivas. Este proyecto hace parte del Plan Propio de Investigación de la Universidad de Granada Año 2018-2019. Programa de Proyectos de Investigación Precompetitivos para Jóvenes Investigadores