Roberto Fabiani

Roberto Fabiani
Università degli Studi di Perugia | UNIPG · Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities and Public Health

About

93
Publications
9,822
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,366
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
1625 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
The influence of exogenous female hormones on the risk of developing malignant melanoma in women remains controversial. The aim of our review and meta-analysis is to summarize the evidence and derive a more accurate estimation of the association between oral contraceptives (OCs) or menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and the risk of developing maligna...
Article
Full-text available
Manuela Chiavarini,1 Giulia Naldini,2 Irene Giacchetta,2 Roberto Fabiani3 1Department of Medicine and Surgery, Section of Public Health, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 2School of Specialization in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 3Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology, University of Perugi...
Preprint
Overweight/obesity is one of the most important health problem worldwide. Birth by cesarean section has been shown to influence long-term health outcome including obesity. The aim of this systematic review-meta-analysis is to examine whether cesarean section increases the risk of offspring’ s overweight/obesity. The study follows the PRISMA and MOO...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies demonstrated that olive oil (especially extra virgin olive oil: EVOO) phenolic compounds are bioactive molecules with anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging and neuroprotective activities. These effects have been recently attributed to the ability of these compounds to induce epigenetics modifications such as miRNAs expression, DNA...
Article
Background The probability of developing invasive cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) is higher in women than in men up until the age of 49. Several studies investigated the association between hormonal factors and CMM. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to summarize the evidence on the association between Oral Contraceptives (OC...
Article
Background Age-specific incidence rates of cutaneous Malignant Melanoma (MM) are higher in women during their reproductive years, while the rate of increase slows after menopause, supporting the speculation that hormones might influence the risk of developing cutaneous MM. The aim of our systematic review and meta-analysis is to summarize the evide...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: Summarize the in vivo evidences on the association between nutrition and osteoporosis fracture healing. Recent findings: Osteoporotic fractures constitute a considerable public health burden. The healing capacity of fractures is influenced by local factors related to the fracture and by general factors (e.g., age, sex, osteopo...
Article
Introduction: Osteoporosis-related fractures constitute a considerable public health burden and nutrition is an important modifiable factor influencing bone health. Numerous micronutrients, macronutrients, and dietary components influence bone health, as well as dietary patterns. This short review describes the role of diet on osteoporosis fracture...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer is one of the major causes of death worldwide [...]
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have investigated the relationship between medically assisted reproduction (MAR) and health outcomes, particularly cancer, in the offspring. This meta-analysis investigated the association between MAR and childhood cancer. Data sources were PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science up until June 2018. From the selected studies, we extracted t...
Article
Inaccurate data in meta-analysis; ‘A posteriori dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies’ - Roberto Fabiani, Giulia Naldini, Manuela Chiavarini
Article
Full-text available
Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) constitutes a relevant public health burden. Several studies have demonstrated the association between diet and MetS. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide an estimate of the association between dietary patterns defined through a posteriori methods and MetS. A literature search on PubMed, Web of Sci...
Article
Objectives: Human papillomavirus (HPV) and chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection lead to severe consequences for women's health. This meta-analysis summarizes the evidence on HPV infection risk in women with chlamydia and chlamydia risk in HPV-positive women. Methods: Medline, Web of Science and Scopus were systematically searched for eligible pu...
Article
Full-text available
Low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis-related fractures constitute a considerable public health burden. Several studies have demonstrated the association between diet and bone health. We performed a systematic review to provide an estimate of the association between different dietary patterns defined through the use of a posteriori method...
Article
Full-text available
Hydroxytyrosol (3,4-dihydroxyphenil-ethanol, HT), the major phenol derived from olive oil consumption, has shown different anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities in vitro which may explain the chronic-degenerative diseases preventive properties of olive oil. The aim of this study was to examine the ability of HT reduce inflammatory markers,...
Article
In this study we investigated the genotoxic potential of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine, (PhIP); 2-amino-3-methyl-3H-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline, (IQ); 2-amino-3,8-dimethyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline, (MeIQx) and 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethyl-3H-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (DiMeIQx) on human freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (...
Article
Background: Many epidemiological studies have investigated the effect of maternal diet and prenatal multivitamin supplementation on pediatric cancer risk. Childhood brain and spinal cord tumors (CBSCT) have been attributed to different possible risk factors. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on maternal folate intake be...
Article
Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw.) P. Karst. (Fomitopsidaceae) is a medicinal mushroom with a variety of healthy properties. In this study we tested the radical scavenging activity and antimicrobial and anticancer potential of methanol extracts of F. pinicola from central Italy. Molecular identification confirmed that the samples were F. pinicola; a Basic L...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Much evidence suggests that the positive association between meat intake and colorectal adenoma (CRA) and cancer (CRC) risk is mediated by mutagenic compounds generated during cooking at high temperature. A number of epidemiological studies have estimated the effect of meat-related mutagens intake on CRC/CRA risk with contradictory and so...
Preprint
Several evidences suggest that the positive association between meat intake and colorectal adenoma (CRA) and cancer (CRC) risk is mediated by mutagenic compounds generated during cooking at high temperature. A number of epidemiological studies have estimated the effect of meat-related mutagens intake on CRC/CRA risk with contradictory and sometime...
Poster
Background A lot of epidemiological studies have indicated that high intake of meat is associated to an increment of colorectal cancer risk. However, the mechanisms behind this effect are still not completely known. One possibility is the involvement of mutagenic and carcinogenic heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which are produced in meat cooked at high...
Article
Full-text available
Dietary patterns were recently applied to examine the relationship between eating habits and prostate cancer (PC) risk. While the associations between PC risk with the glycemic index and Mediterranean score have been reviewed, no meta-analysis is currently available on dietary patterns defined by “a posteriori” methods. A literature search was carr...
Article
Epidemiological studies suggest that olive oil intake is associated to a reduced risk of cancer. Recently, the chemopreventive activity of olive oil has been attributed to its unique phenolic compounds represented by phenolic alcohols, hydroxytyrosol (3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol: 3,4-DHPEA) and tyrosol (p-hydroxyphenylethanol: p-HPEA), and their sec...
Article
Full-text available
Nutrigenomics data on the functional components of olive oil are still sparse, but rapidly increasing. Olive oil is the main source of fat and health-promoting component of the Mediterranean diet. Positive effects have been observed on genes involved in the pathobiology of most prevalent age- and lifestyle-related human conditions, such as cancer,...
Article
Previous studies have shown that the precursor of olive oil secoiridoids, Oleuropein (OL) has several in vitro chemopreventive properties. OL inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in breast, thyroid, prostate, and colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Much less is known about the effects of OL on animal models of carcinogenesis. In this study, we i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Conflicting results on the association between fruit consumption and cancer risk have been reported. Little is known about the cancer preventive effects of different fruit types. The present meta-analysis investigates whether an association exists between apple intake and cancer risk. Design: Relevant observational studies were identi...
Article
The co-incubation in the culture medium with hydroxytyrosol [3,4-dihydroxyphenyl ethanol (3,4-DHPEA)], the main phenolic compound present in extra-virgin olive oil, and H2O2 reduces the oxidative DNA damage in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). In this study we investigate, by the comet assay, the ability of 3,4-DHPEA to inhibit the H2O2 in...
Presentation
Full-text available
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH Volume 25 Supplement 3, pag. 341
Article
Full-text available
Colorectal cancer shows large incidence variations worldwide that have been attributed to different dietary factors. We conducted a meta-analysis on the relationship between garlic consumption and colorectal cancer risk. We systematically reviewed publications obtained by searching ISI Web of Knowledge, MEDLINE and EMBASE literature databases. We e...
Article
An accurate regulation of PGE2 and TNF-α production is an important event for a physiological inflammation process. We have recently reported that in LPS-activated human monocytes hydroxytyrosol, the main phenol present in extra virgin olive oil reduced both the COX-2 gene expression and PGE2 secretion while it increased the TNF-α accumulation in t...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of epoxides of styrene (styrene-7,8-oxide; SO) and 1,3-butadiene (3,4-epoxy-1-butene; 1,2:3,4:-diepoxybutane) to cause oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and whether a complex mixture of olive oil phenols (OOPE) could prevent these effect...
Article
Pinoresinol (PIN), one of the simplest lignans, is the precursor of other dietary lignans that are present in whole-grain cereals, legumes, fruits, and other vegetables. Several experimental and epidemiological evidences suggest that lignans may prevent human cancer in different organs. In this study we investigated the chemopreventive properties o...
Article
Thio derivatives of hydroxytyrosol containing thiol, thioacetate and disulfide functionalities were synthesized from natural hydroxytyrosol (3,4-DHPEA) via 3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl halides. These compounds, containing the combination of catechol moiety and divalent sulfur functions, were tested for the pro-apoptotic and anti-proliferative activities...
Article
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) exert their carcinogenic activity through the production of epoxide metabolites. Because of their high reactivity some epoxides are also produced in the chemical industry for the synthesis of other compounds. Therefore, human exposure to VOCs epoxides does occur and may be an important human health concern. In this...
Article
Several recently published data suggest that the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic properties of hydroxytyrosol [3,4-dihydroxyphenyl ethanol (3,4-DHPEA)] on HL60 cells may be mediated by the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) in the culture medium. The aim of this study was to clarify the role played by H₂O₂ in the chemopreventive activiti...
Article
One of the main olive oil phenolic compounds, hydroxytyrosol (3,4-DHPEA), exerts in vitro chemopreventive activities (antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic) on tumor cells through the accumulation of H(2)O(2) in the culture medium. However, the phenol composition of virgin olive oil is complex, and 3,4-DHPEA is present at low concentrations when comp...
Article
We have recently demonstrated that hydroxytyrosol (3,4-DHPEA), the most representative olive oil phenol, induces apoptosis on HL60 cells through the production of considerable amount of extracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The aims of the present investigation were first to assess the ability of different phenolic compounds to both produce extra...
Chapter
Olive oil phenols have received particular interest because a large number of papers have demonstrated the anticarcinogenic effects of phenols isolated from other foods or beverages. The most representative examples are resveratrol present in red wine and epigallocatechin present in tea, which have been widely investigated and provided much informa...
Article
Hydroxytyrosol [3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol (3,4-DHPEA)], a phenolic compound found exclusively in olive oil, exerts growth-suppressive and pro-apoptotic effects on different cancer cells. Although some molecular mechanisms involved in the pro-apoptotic activity of 3,4-DHPEA have been proposed, the initial stress signals responsible of this phenomen...
Article
Hydrophilic phenols are the most abundant natural antioxidants of virgin olive oil (VOO), in which, however, tocopherols and carotenes are also present. The prevalent classes of hydrophilic phenols found in VOO are phenolic alcohols and acids, flavonoids, lignans and secoiridoids. Among these substances the last two classes include the most concent...
Article
Full-text available
In the present investigation the ability of different phenolic compounds, either present or not in olive oil, to induce both apoptosis on tumour cells and H(2)O(2) accumulation in cell culture medium was assesed. Among the phenols studied we found that tyrosol (p-HPEA), homovanillic alcohol and protocatechuic, o-coumaric, vanillic, homovanillic, fe...
Article
The relationship between chemical composition of airborne particulates and the genotoxicity has been investigated in the atmosphere of Rome, Italy. For this purpose, both total suspended particulate (TSP) and the PM10 fractions were collected daily inside a green park located in downtown, grouped on a weekly basis and speciated for their burdens of...
Article
Colorectal cancer is the second cause of death for tumour worldwide. Among the risk factors for this disease the dietary habits seem to have a pivotal role. An elevated intake of fats causes a high release in the gut lumen of bile acids that are positively correlated with colorectal cancer, since they act as detergents and proliferation promoters....
Article
Full-text available
Our aim in this study was to provide further support to the hypothesis that phenolic compounds may play an important role in the anticarcinogenic properties of olive oil. We measured the effect of olive oil phenols on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced DNA damage in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and promyelocytic leukemia cells...
Article
Full-text available
Recent evidence indicates that the cancer preventive activity of olive oil can be mediated by the presence of minor components, such as antioxidant phenolic compounds. However, their mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the in vitro effects of one of the main olive oil phenols, hydroxytyrosol [3,4-dihydroxyphe...
Article
Isoprene is produced in combustion processes and is widely used as an industrial chemical. It is a natural product emitted by plants and endogenously produced by humans and other mammals. Therefore, exposure to isoprene from both endogenous and exogenous sources is unavoidable and occurs during the entire human life. Based on evaluations of the Int...
Article
Although epidemiologic evidence and animal studies suggest that olive oil may prevent the onset of cancer, the components responsible for such an effect and their mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of a virgin olive oil phenol extract (PE) on proliferation, the cell cycle distribution profi...
Article
Full-text available
The challenging possibility of selectively inducing mitotic death in tumor cells by combining genotoxic agents with the inhibition of G2 checkpoints of the cell cycle is the subject of intensive investigation. We show that very low concentrations (3.5 and 5 nM) of okadaic acid induce mitotic death in two glioblastoma cell lines, in the absence of g...
Article
The genotoxicity of benzoquinone (BQ), a toxic benzene metabolite, is greatly enhanced by the presence of fetal calf serum (FCS) in the incubation medium. The FCS effect is abolished by heat denaturation of serum proteins and is slightly decreased by dialysis. In the present study, we have further investigated the serum effect on BQ genotoxicity by...
Article
The main source of carbon in the human large intestine comes from carbohydrates like starches and oligosaccharides which remain unchanged by gastric digestion. These polysaccharides are metabolised in the colon by saccharolytic bacteria whose composition is dependent upon the substrate availability. Among the metabolites produced, the short-chain f...
Article
To determine the effect of the fusion of prostasomes to spermatozoa on the acrosome reaction. In vitro study of human spermatozoa. Healthy volunteers in an academic research environment. Healthy volunteer men, 25 to 35 years old. Human semen was fractionated into spermatozoa and prostasomes. Fusion of prostasome to spermatozoa was performed at pH 5...
Article
Recent epidemiological evidence and animal studies suggest a relationship between the intake of olive oil and a reduced risk of several malignancies. The present study assesses the effect of hydroxytyrosol, a major antioxidant compound of virgin olive oil, on proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of tumour cells. Hydroxytyrosol inhibited prolifer...
Article
We studied the correlation between fecal levels of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), bile acids (BA), and colonic mucosal proliferation in humans on a free diet. Subjects [n = 43: 27 men and 16 women; 61 +/- 7 and 59 +/- 6 (SE) yr old, respectively] were outpatients who previously underwent resection of at least two sporadic colon polyps. Mucosal pro...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological studies support the involvement of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in colon physiology and the protective role of butyrate on colon carcinogenesis. Among the possible mechanisms by which butyrate may exert its anti-carcinogenicity an antioxidant activity has been recently suggested. We investigated the effects of butyrate and mixture...
Article
Full-text available
Oxidative stress has been related to several degenerative diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. Reactive oxygen species can damage different cellular macromolecules, including DNA, which is directly responsible for mutation and carcinogenesis. In this study, monocytes that were activated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) were c...
Article
The DNA-damaging ability of benzene and its metabolites on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) has been investigated by using the alkaline comet assay. The PBMC were incubated with different compounds in two different media for 2 and 24 hr at concentrations that did not affect cell viability and the DNA damage was quantified by a computerized...
Article
Morphological and functional changes caused by diabetes in the accessory sex organs and especially the prostate have been reported by several investigators. The aim of the present study was to examine the possible deleterious effects of experimentally induced diabetes on the secretory epithelium of the ventral prostate of mice. Sixteen adult male C...
Article
Monocytes, separated from human peripheral blood, were preincubated with different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) for 24 h and the production of superoxide ions (O*2-) was then measured using as a stimulating agent phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. A significantly enhanced O*2- production is only observed when the cells are treated with ben...
Article
The DNA damage in human lymphocytes induced by benzene and its metabolites, and by toluene and xylenes was considered together with that of mixtures of the above reported aromatic hydrocarbons and of some volatile halogenated compounds. The metabolites of benzene showed a well defined effect at low concentration (100 μM) while the other substances...
Article
Monocytes, separated from peripheral blood, preincubated with a mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) show an enhanced production of superoxide ions (O2-.) when the cells are stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, direct activator of protein kinase C). When opsonized-zymosan is used as a stimulus (receptor-dependent stim...
Article
Short chain fatty acids (propionate and butyrate) and deoxycholic acid (DCA) are able to induce apoptosis in HT-29 colonic tumor cell line, but DCA induces a much higher level of apoptosis than butyrate and propionate. Mixtures of DCA with butyrate or propionate enhance the effect of the single components. Apoptosis is not affected by the PKC, PTK...
Article
Alveolar macrophages lie on the air side of the alveolar-capillary barrier of the lung. They originate from circulating monocytes and are an important first-line host defense against inhaled microorganisms. In monocytes and macrophages, phagocytosis is associated with an increase in O2 consumption and superoxide anion (O2-) generation, that is, "th...
Article
Apoptosis of tumor cells is an important growth-regulating event in tumor masses. In this study we have confirmed that deoxycholic acid (DCA) and the short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) butyrate and propionate induce a time- and concentration-dependent apoptosis in two human colon tumor cell lines: HT-29 and CaCO2. DCA is more potent, inducing effects a...
Article
Prostasomes are prostate-derived organelles that exist extracellularly in human seminal plasma. In this study, we have investigated and characterized human prostasomes with regard to their contents of synaptophysin, members of the chromogranin family, and some neuropeptides. By radioimmunoassay measurement and electron microscopy we show the presen...
Article
Prostasomes, small corpuscular organelles derived from the prostate gland, were isolated from human seminal plasma by means of ultracentrifugation and Sephadex G 200 chromatography to examine their interactive ability with mouse spermatozoa as assessed by free zone electrophoresis. During the run, human prostasomes and mouse spermatozoa approached...
Article
Prostasomes are human prostate derived organelles that were isolated from both prostatic fluid and seminal plasma for the present study. Specific activities were determined for prostasome membrane-associated enzymes, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), 5′-nucleotidase (5′NT), and alkaline phosphodiesterase I (APD). The mode of their membranous anchoring wa...
Article
Prostasomes isolated from human seminal plasma stimulated the forward motility of buffer-washed, and therewith immobilised, normal human spermatozoa in a dose- and time-related fashion. Albumin exhibited a similar capacity for stimulation. Combining prostasomes with 5 mmol/l of any of the hexoses fructose, glucose or mannose (but not galactose) res...
Article
Guanine, guanosine, inosine and adenosine were found in large amounts in seminal plasma from 145 men, regardless of whether spermatozoa were present or not. The mean guanine level in 61 normozoospermic men was 89.7 +/- 93.1 mumol/l; this was significantly lower in 32 vasectomized men (18.9 +/- 31 mumol/l) suggesting the involvement of the epididymi...
Article
Prostasomes, small corpuscular organelles derived from the prostate gland, were isolated from human seminal plasma by means of ultracentrifugation and Sephadex G 200 chromatography to assess objectively their promotive effect on the motility of buffer-washed normal human spermatozoa exhibiting no forward motility. Prostasomes were efficacious in ab...
Article
Prostasomes, which are prostate-derived organelles, were purified from human seminal plasma for inclusion in Earle's balanced salt solution (EBSS) medium with or without human serum albumin. These media were used for swim-up experiments and the subsequent analyses of sperm motility parameters at different incubation times. The yield of motile sperm...