Roberto Dell’Anno

Roberto Dell’Anno
Università degli Studi di Salerno | UNISA · Department of Economics and Statistics DISES

Ph.D.

About

55
Publications
31,654
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1,734
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
1135 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a new approach to estimate the informal economy (IE) by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Using a Monte Carlo Simulation and empirical analysis of the Italian IE as an example, we provide general conclusions on the reliability and limitations of the SEM approach to estimate the IE. Practical guidelines on how to apply...
Article
Full-text available
This paper surveys the literature on the definitions and theories of the informal economy (IE). It outlines the main differences in the definitional approaches of informality and proposes a definition for the IE that may be consistent with measurement and policy. The literature review distinguishes three, not mutually exclusive, approaches to the I...
Article
This paper analyzes the long-run relationships between resource dependence, democracy and per capita economic growth in Iran using the ARDL approach of cointegration (Pesaran et al. 2001). We find that resource dependence and democracy have positive, negative, or no significant effect on the long-term growth in Iranian GDP over the period 1970–2017...
Article
Full-text available
This paper contributes to the empirical research on corruption in three ways. From a methodological viewpoint, it applies partial least squares–structural equation modeling to estimate an index of perceived corruption around the world—hereinafter structural corruption perception index (S-CPI). This approach allows one to estimate corruption as a mu...
Article
This paper tests the political economy theory of the resource curse of the Iranian economy over the period 1984–2017. We find that natural resources dependence is harmful to economic development only if rent seeking activities exceed a minimum threshold. Empirical findings – based on Partial Least Square – Structural Equation Modelling approach – v...
Article
This paper aims to unmask the inadequacy of the review process of a sample of fee-charging journals in economics. We submitted a bait-manuscript to 104 academic economic journals to test whether there is a difference in the peer-review process between Article Processing Charges (APC) journals and Traditional journals which do not require a publicat...
Article
Purpose This paper contributes to the literature concerning the Nigerian informal economy (IE) by estimating its size from 1991 to 2017 and identifying the major causes. Design/methodology/approach A structural equation approach in the form of the multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) method is used to estimate the size of the Nigerian IE....
Article
This article addresses the tax progressivity decision of a rent-maximising government under the circumstances that voters’ perceptions of the tax price of public goods are biased by cognitive anomalies (i.e. fiscal illusion) and that the electorate opts for re-appointing or for dismissing the incumbent according to a retrospective voting logic. Giv...
Article
This paper analyses how the Great Recession affected the gender disparity in material and social deprivation in Europe. We propose multidimensional non-monetary indexes of absolute and relative (i.e. using peer comparisons) deprivations estimated on data from the European Quality of Life Survey for the waves 2007 and 2011. We find that the Great Re...
Article
The main aim of this paper is to analyze the determinants of waste crime in Italy by employing a Structural Equation Approach estimated by the Partial Least Square algorithm (PLS-SEM). By treating waste crime as a latent variable that is directly related to its causes and effects, the PLS-SEM methodology allows us to derive a Waste Crime Index (WCI...
Article
The paper aims to estimate the size of shadow economy (SE) and tax evasion (TE) in Romania for the period 2000–2017. We apply different approaches – Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause (MIMIC) model for the estimation of the size of the SE and the currency demand approach for the estimation of TE – in order to lay emphasis on peculiarities of these t...
Article
This paper uses peer comparisons to analyze the impact of different types of inequalities (i.e., within-group, between-group and overall inequality) and reference income on subjective happiness. This study contributes to an emergent strand of research in which both relative levels of economic resources and the income distribution are regarded as de...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between fiscal illusion and the shadow economy for 104 countries over the period 1989–2009. We argue that both unobservable phenomena are closely linked to each other, as the creation of a fiscal illusion may be helpful if governments want to control shadow economic activities. Using a M...
Article
This paper analyzes theoretically and empirically the relationship between individuals' aversion to ethnic diversity, the degree of fiscal and political decentralization, and tax morale. We present a model showing how higher degrees of individuals' aversion to ethnic diversity may reduce tax morale and why this effects may be smaller in decentraliz...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to estimate the Tanzanian shadow economy (SE) from 2003 to 2015 and test the statistical relationships between the SE and its potential causes and indicators. Design/methodology/approach The econometric analysis is based on a multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model. To calibrate the SE from the esti...
Article
The renter illusion hypothesis argues that renters are more likely to support local public expenditures than homeowners because of a misperception about the actual costs and benefits they face. Numerous empirical studies have produced mixed results which are difficult to interpret because of the lack of micro foundations for the renter illusion hyp...
Article
This paper develops a microfounded macroeconomic modeling framework to investigate the relationship between informality and the income distribution. We show that multiple equilibria may rise if credit markets are imperfect and that there is a nondivisible entry cost in the formal economy. The theoretical analysis demonstrates that in the steady sta...
Article
Within the literature on the informal sector, there has been numerous research on the impact of labour regulation and the tax rate on productivity on the size of the informal sector (IS) and unemployment. These effects have mostly been analysed with the aid of search and matching models. However, we have observed, that the impact of labour regulati...
Article
Full-text available
The predominant view in the literature is that high inequality is harmful for economic growth and increases the informal economy. However, the effect of informality on many aspects of a country’s economic and social life can be both negative and positive; therefore, it is hard to generalize the overall effect of inequality on informality, and vice...
Article
This article attempts to investigate the impact of social media (SM) on economic growth. Using information obtained from memberships to social networks, we find that SM has a negative and significant impact on economic growth. This provides evidence in favour of our hypothesis that SM increases the search costs for information and also increases th...
Article
This paper suggests a "separate" approach to analyze the determinants of the shadow economy (SE). It is applied to investigate the relationship between inequality and the SE on a cross-section of 118 countries. We disentangle the effect of inequality on the SE ratio by estimating both direct and indirect effects on both the numerator and denominato...
Article
In this paper, we examine the role of the quality of institutional infrastructure and information and communication technology (ICT) in the relationship between the size of the informal sector (IS) and income inequality. Following our results, the sign of the relationship between IS and income inequality depends on the quality of institutions. When...
Article
This paper provides an empirical analysis of fiscal illusion by estimating an index of fiscal illusion for 28 European countries over the period 1995–2008 employing a structural equation approach. Using Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes models, the paper investigates the main indicators of fiscal illusion and develops an index of fiscal illusion....
Article
The aims of this article are to propose an overall index of social exclusion and to analyze its relationship with economic growth in European countries. We approach social exclusion as a multidimensional phenomenon by a three-mode principal components analysis (Tucker3 model). This method is applied to estimate an indicator of social exclusion for...
Article
This study analyzes the impact of the speed of transition reforms on economic growth in transition countries in the context of the debate on ‘big-bang vs. gradualist approach’. It builds a new indicator for the speed of transition reforms based on a three-way principal component analysis. It shows that: (i) the speed of transition reforms Granger-c...
Article
Citation indexes have attracted substantial interest from both scholars and policy-makers in recent years. This paper illustrates the potential and limitations of the use of bibliometric indicators to assess the scientific productivity of research units (e.g., a single researcher or department). The main citation indexes are computed for a represen...
Article
This paper puts forward a framework for evaluating the effects of governmental decentralization on the shadow economy and corruption. The theoretical analysis demonstrates that decentralization exerts both a direct and an indirect impact on the shadow economy and corruption. First, decentralization helps to mitigate government-induced distortions,...
Article
This article estimates the magnitude of fiscal illusion around the world and evaluates whether relationships exist between fiscal illusion and a set of potential observed variables. The index of fiscal illusion is derived for approximately fifty countries over the period 2000–08. Using MIMIC models, the authors conclude that the structure of employ...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The goal of this paper is twofold: to estimate the unrecorded economy (UE) of Turkey over the period 1987‐2007 using a revised version of the currency demand approach, and to analyze the relationship between the UE and recorded GDP. Design/methodology/approach The paper proposes to measure the UE using the autoregressive distributed lag (A...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to assess the causes of the Informal Economy (IE) in Latin American countries. By including indicators of institutional framework such as human development, marginal tax rate, public social spending, and unemployment rate in panel regressions, we find empirical evidence that the institutional background is a key indicator o...
Article
Full-text available
La desigualdad es un fenómeno multidimensional. Los estudios de desigualdad tienden a concentrarse en el análisis de la desigualdad de ingresos, pero las desigualdades surgen de otros factores económicos, sociales y políticos. El objetivo del estudio cuyos resultados se presentan en este artículo fue evaluar el papel de la desigualdad social en los...
Article
This paper aims to show that aggregate tax evasion may be largely explained by tax morale and that tax morale is dependent on the taxpayers' intrinsic attitudes to honesty and social stigma. The theoretical hypothesis is that these attitudes are influenced by the taxpayers' perceptions of the size of tax evasion as well as by their perceptions of t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This article develops some ideas of the application of the “complexity” approach in economics. The complexity approach criticizes the scientific method by distrusting sample reductionism and proposes a multidisciplinary approach. Hence, it abolishes old paradigms by arguing to build up another one with the endowment of greater realism. We argue tha...
Article
This paper deals with the empirical research of cost efficiency and technological characteristics of the Health Service in Puglia over the period from 2004 to 2007. A review on the stochastic frontier model and the most recent analyses of the efficiency in the Italian regional health services is provided. We propose an empirical analysis base on a...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate on the determinants of the size of shadow economy (SE) in Latin America. While the analysis of economic causes of SE has been extensively studied in literature, here we offer a wider prospective. In addition to overall economic development, unemployment rate, and marginal tax rate, we examine the relationships of SE wi...
Article
This paper analyzes the relationship between unofficial economy (UE) and official GDP. Through the study of the UE within an institutional comprehensive empirical framework, a positive correlation is found between unofficial and official GDP. Empirical evidence on the procyclicality of UE supports the conclusion that the two sectors are rather comp...
Article
This article aims to estimate the size of the US shadow economy (SE) using a structural equation approach and to evaluate if a structural relationship exists between the SE and the unemployment rate (UR) in the United States. The size of the SE is estimated to be decreasing over the last two decades. We corroborate the existence of a structural rel...
Article
Inequality is a multidimensional phenomenon. The studies of inequality tend to concentrate on the analysis of income inequality but inequalities arise due to other economic, social and political factors. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the role of social inequality in Latin American countries and its relationship with the economic develo...
Article
The paper estimates the Portuguese Shadow Economy (SE) from 1977 to 2004 and tests the statistical relationships between the SE and other economic variables. In order to carry out the econometric analysis, a multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model with means and intercepts is applied. The main causes of the Portuguese SE are analyzed and...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the Organization for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) approach (adjusted) is applied to estimate the size of the non-observed economy (NOE) in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the year 2001. The method proposed attempts to identify the structure of the NOE according to the reasons behind the unrecorded value added (statistical, illeg...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers estimations of the evolution of the shadow economy in three Mediterranean countries, namely France, Spain and Greece. A multiple indicators and multiple causes model based on the latent variable structural theory has been applied. As established by Giles (Working paper on monitoring the health of the tax system, 1995), filtered da...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, the presence of the shadow economy (SE) has been associated, mainly and positively, with taxation. Recently, some authors have suggested that the SE may be also linked to the institutional setting (efficiency of the bureaucracy, regulations, corruption, etc.) so that just two stable equilibria are possible. In the “good” one, there i...
Article
Full-text available
The paper estimates the Portuguese Shadow Economy (SE) from 1977 to 2004 and tests the statistical relationships between the SE and other economic variables. In order to carry out the econometric analysis, a multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model with means and intercepts is applied. The main causes of the Portuguese SE are analyzed and...
Article
As recently suggested, the shadow economy and its determinants (taxation, regulations, corruption, etc.) are linked such that just two stable equilibria are possible. In the good one there is a small hidden sector, large fiscal revenues and honest/appreciated institutions. The other (bad) equilibrium is quite the opposite. Our paper examines the li...
Article
Full-text available
Breusch (2005b) critically addresses an important and challenging question: Is it reliable to use the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes model to estimate Shadow Economy? Breusch concludes that this approach is not suitable for the purpose. Breusch’s paper highlights the different procedures and hypotheses about the estimation of the size and deve...
Article
The paper addresses the limits and alternatives to the expected utility theory. It points out the link between Complexity Theory and Behavioural Economics (BE). In particular, the BE is the combination of psychology and economics. It permits to investigate agents' decision process if human limitations and complications are considered. Some paradoxe...
Article
The shadow economy is an embarrassed subject for economists. They find it difficult to define and to measure, since it takes very different forms and the relevant information is deliberately concealed. Indeed, this aspect is evident by reading the empirical literature upon this topic: frequently, researches produce extremely diverse estimates of th...
Article
Various methods to estimate the size of the shadow economy are discussed and the results of the shadow economy of 21 OECD countries are presented. Then the specific case of Italy is investigated and the aim of this section is to produce an estimate of the Italian shadow economy with the MIMIC (Multiple Indicators and Multiple Causes) method. The pr...
Article
The aims of this paper are, firstly, to estimate the Italian shadow economy by means of a structural equation approach and, secondly, to verify the generality of the main criticisms about the reliability of the "MIMIC method" (or model approach) for this kind of analysis. Using the Italian shadow economy, I will show how only some of these are conf...
Article
The shadow economy is an embarrassed subject for economists. They find it difficult to define and to measure, since it takes very different forms and the relevant information is deliberately concealed. Indeed, this aspect is evident by reading the empirical literature upon this topic: frequently, researches produce extremely diverse estimates of th...

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