Roberto Crosti

Roberto Crosti
Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) | ISPRA · Department for the Monitoring and Protection of the Environment and for Biodiversity Conservation

PhD Environmental Science

About

124
Publications
36,469
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Introduction
Roberto Crosti currently works at Roberto does research in Botany and Marine Biology. Their current project is 'FLT Mediterranean Monitoring Network _marine species and threats'.
Additional affiliations
February 2013 - June 2015
MATTM
Position
  • III
Description
  • Italian Ministry of Environment
October 1999 - December 2004
Murdoch University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
1. Although Caretta caretta is the most common turtle in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, its distribution is relatively difficult to assess due to the lack of data in offshore waters. 2. The ecological niches in the central-southern Adriatic Sea and the northeastern Ionian Sea were investigated for loggerhead turtles with body sizes ≥20 cm during tw...
Article
The Mediterranean Sea is a high‐density maritime traffic area, particularly in the Pelagos Sanctuary. Ship strikes pose a substantial threat to fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) according to reports from the IUCN, the IWC, the ACCOBAMS and the EU Habitats Directive. Near miss events (NMEs) were collected, as a proxy indicator of ship strikes for f...
Article
IDPlanT is the Italian Database of Plant Translocation, an initiative of the Nature Conservation Working Group of the Italian Botanical Society. IDPlanT currently includes 185 plant translocations. The establishment of a national database on plant translocation is a key step forward in data sharing and techniques improvement in this field of plant...
Article
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Dal primo sondaggio nazionale dedicato specificatamente al turismo escursionistico lungo i corsi d’acqua è emersa una mancanza di conoscenza appropriata sui temi dell’ecologia fluviale e della conservazione della natura; tale mancanza, sommata all’aumento di interesse di un turismo di prossimità anche lungo i fiumi potrebbe aumentare la pressione s...
Article
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Riverine systems act as converging pathways for discarded litter within drainage basins, becoming key elements in gauging the transfer of mismanaged waste into the ocean. However, riverine litter data are scarce and biased towards microplastics, generally lacking information about larger items. Based on the first ever database of riverine floating...
Article
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A pilot study, using the dataset from the research network ‘FLT Med Net’, which regularly monitors transborder regions in the Mediterranean Sea using ferries as platform for systematic surveys, was undertaken to assess common bottlenose dolphin range and population trends within the Natura 2000 EU marine site “Tutela del Tursiops truncatus”. The si...
Article
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Background The Mediterranean subpopulation of fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) has recently been listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of threatened species. The species is also listed as species in need of strict protection under the Habitat Directive and is one of the indicators for the assessment of Good Environmental Status...
Article
The Mediterranean marine region is considered one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities due the high occurrence of rare and threatened species, endemism and high species richness. However, several pressure such as losses and alterations of habitats are ongoing and in order to increase conservation in this sea region, many...
Article
Monitoring Floating Marine Macro Litter (FMML) is a global priority, stressed within international programs, and regulated for the European Seas by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Although some well-defined common protocols exist for the assessment of beach litter and ingested litter, methodologies for FMML monitoring still vary, leading t...
Article
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The Insugherata Protected Area is a remnant urban forest located on the outskirt of the city of Rome; it is rich in native plant species and biodiversity and provides several ecosystem services. Since 2004 the environmental pressure on this fragmented forest ecosystem strongly increased due to the ingres-sion of wild boar (Sus scrofa) which current...
Article
The striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) is one of the most abundant cetaceans of the Mediterranean Sea. Nevertheless, it is ranked as ‘Vulnerable’ by IUCN Red List experts. To implement conservation strategies within the Mediterranean Sea, it is crucial to understand how striped dolphins are distributed at different geographical scales. The pre...
Data
Maritime traffic is one of many anthropogenic pressures threatening the marine environment. This study was specifically designed to investigate the relationship between vessels presence and cetacean sightings in the high sea areas of the Western Mediterranean Sea region. We recorded and compared the total number of vessels in the presence and absen...
Presentation
La valutazione di incidenza, e la verifica di significatività dell’incidenza per l’assoggettabilità, anche per le attività fluviali di mobilità dolce ed escursionismo. Il perché e quali aspetti considerare
Article
Loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta spend most of their life in large marine areas occupying a variety of habitats where they are exposed to different types of threats. Among these, marine litter is known to pose a risk of entanglement or ingestion. Areas of risk exposure can be identified where the species overlap with litter accumulations, but gat...
Article
Full-text available
The monitoring of highly mobile species such cetaceans and sea turtle is challenging, and long term dataset based on seasonal repeated surveys can deliver primary information for understanding the main drivers of species movements and detecting early sign of changes. The synoptic monitoring of main threats is also a powerful method for a risk asses...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Fixed Line Transect FLT MED project allows to conduct a synoptic monitoring of cetaceans, other large pelagic species and their threats in different areas of the Mediterranean Sea. This study focuses on the northern Tyrrhenian Sea, a strategic area crossed by the ferry route that joins Livorno (Italy) to Bastia (Corse). Being the Southeastern s...
Technical Report
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The JRC exploratory project RIMMEL provides information about litter, mainly plastic waste, entering the European Seas through river systems. RIMMEL has collected data on riverine floating macro litter inputs to the sea. Data acquisition was based on the Riverine Litter Observation Network (RiLON) activities, which collected data from rivers in the...
Presentation
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Questo il titolo del progetto estivo che, parafrasando i Tre Uomini in Barca di Jerome, ha coinvolto sei famiglie su una barca a vela con un progetto di citizen science (o meglio family science and sensors) sul monitoraggio di rifiuti marini e su comportamenti consapevoli che siano “sostenibili e tendenti a rifiuti zero”. All'interno del progetto M...
Article
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Land-based activities are, undoubtedly, the main source of marine litter, particularly in a highly populated closed sea basin, such as the Mediterranean Sea. Rivers, consequently, act as a pathway of mismanaged waste to the sea. While quantification of inputs is a difficult task, the assessment of abundance, composition trends and baselines, and th...
Presentation
Nowadays marine litter heavily affects the marine environment, especially in the semi enclosed Mediterranean basin. Marine mammals are amongst the most threatened indicative species. To prioritize marine conservation measures, data are needed to analyse litter impact on marine fauna and highlight the dynamic overlap between pressures and the primar...
Article
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Marine litter is a major form of pollution in the Mediterranean, but despite legislative requirements, additional information is still needed to evaluate basin-scale amounts, trends, and potential threats for the biota, especially for Habitats Directive listed species, such as cetaceans. Through repeated sampling of floating macro-litter along a fi...
Poster
Full-text available
Land-based activities are, undoubtedly, the main origin of marine litter, particularly in a highly populated closed sea basin as the Mediterranean Sea. While quantification of inputs is a difficult task, the assessment of trends baselines and the identification of sources are of crucial importance in order to support policy makers for improvement o...
Conference Paper
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Rivers are the major input pathways for litter entering into the sea. For this reason, the Joint Research Centre is coordinating a network of 36 research bodies that monitors, with the same protocol, floating litter (>2.5 cm) from fixed observation points located nearby the rivers’ mouths (RIMMEL project). In Italy, one of the surveyed rivers is th...
Article
Marine litter is a major source of pollution in the Mediterranean basin, but despite legislative requirements, scant information is available for the ongoing assessment of this threat. Using higher size classes as proxy for litter distribution, this study gave a synoptic estimation of the amount, composition, and distribution of floating macro-litt...
Article
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Il ripascimento delle linee di costa e la gestione della Posidonia spiaggiata
Article
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Cetacean strandings are a constant phenomenon that occurs on coastlines; mortality is related to several factors but commercial fishing is considered one of the main pressures, in the Mediterranean, that can impact small cetacean species such as common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba). Since all ei...
Presentation
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Overwiev of the Italian legislation on seagrass deposited along the coastline
Conference Paper
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Starting in December 2014 a systematic cetacean monitoring project that employs ferry as research platform, started along a trans-regional fixed line transect of 1300km, that lies in the Adriatic and Ionian Sea. During the first two years of study (December 2014-December 2016) 61 surveys were carried out, about 16500km (340 hours) of effort were co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although the Mediterranean Sea is one of the largest biodiversity hotspots, it is also one of the most polluted seas worldwide. Concentrations of floating litter in the Mediterranean Sea are suspected to be very high, though current data do not allow yet their complete assessment and the identification of sources and accumulation areas. In this con...
Article
Full-text available
L’invasività della specie da polloni radicali può essere controllata con zone di contenimento e pratiche adeguate nelle aree circostanti. Risultati di uno studio su una pianta comune utile per produrre energia pulita
Article
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Monitoring cetacean's variability in presence and distribution over their large, mostly pelagic, range is extremely challenging. This paper investigates, during one year period (October 2012-September 2013), the seasonal variations in occurrence of cetacean species over three ecologically different sectors (Sardinian-Balearic Seas, Bonifacio Strait...
Article
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Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a fast growing tree species native to temperate North America, and widely diffused and naturalized in Europe. It is one of the candidate species for establishing bioenergy plantations on marginal lands in temperate and sub-Mediterranean regions. This potential is in contrast to its well-known invasive habit...
Conference Paper
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Wetlands are cradles and sustainment of biological diversity, store wild relative of important domesticated plants and are important areas for the supporting of ecosystem services; at present occur on approximately 5% of the earth surface. Increased anthropogenic pressures and climatic change, however, are amplifying wetlands habitat loss and degra...
Conference Paper
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Considering the vagrant behavior of cetaceans, information on their wide distribution is essential for an efficient conservation plan within the Mediterranean region. Cetacean research is continuously undergoing and EU Directives and International agreement (such as the Habitat-Directive, MSFD, ACCOBAMS, EcAp) call on states to undertake surveillan...
Poster
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Every year technology becomes more advanced and accessible. Despite that, many research groups still rely on pen and paper to collect and store data on the field and then need to pass it manually to some kind of digital format in order to store it. This method is time consuming and many times is not precise enough when data collected need to be acc...
Article
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In December 2014 a systematic survey of cetaceans started in the Adriatic and Ionian Sea, employing ferry as platform of observation simultaneously with maritime traffic and floating marine macro litter monitoring. During the first monitoring season (December 2014-November 2015) 9000 km (190 hours) of effort were conducted in good weather condition...
Article
Relationship between fishing capacity, a pertinent indicator of anthropogenic pressure, and cetacean strandings, in Sicily, was investigated. Results showed a similar trend and a strong correlation both in time and in space with different values according to the fishing gear.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the basin shape and the high demographic pressure the Adriatic Sea can be considered at risk for the amount of litter that enters the marine waters both from land and sea activities. For this reason, a year-long monitoring action on the abundance, composition and distribution of macro-litter (items > than 20cm) floating in high sea waters be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Both in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive and in the Barcelona Convenction Ecosystem Approach (EcAp) there is the requirement to monitor that properties and quantities of marine litter do not cause harm to the coastal and marine environment and specific target have been established to reach the good ecological status of the marine waters....
Conference Paper
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Cetaceans are affected by marine plastic debris. Despite legislative requirements, still few data are available in the Mediterranean on marine macro-litter distribution, composition and source and there is a lack of knowledge on sensitive areas where the potential damage to the biota is greater due to the overlap of debris and mega-fauna. A specifi...
Article
Full-text available
While cetacean distribution and habitat is well investigated in some areas in the Mediterranean, only a few studies have been conducted so far in the central part of the Mediterranean basin. In order to fill this gap, a dedicated research program has been developed using ferries operating between Tunis and Genoa as platforms of opportunity to colle...
Conference Paper
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Within the Mediterranean Sea marine region the “Sicilian channel” is the one with higher intensity of maritime traffic, created by ships that from the south-east of the Mediterranean Sea move to the Strait of Gibraltar, the pressure is even greater in the constriction area of the Strait between Sicily and Tunisia were the density increases. The are...
Conference Paper
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This study also represents the basis for setting up an Ecological Quality Objective (EcoQO) in the Western Mediterranean Sea Region based on plastic macro-debris densities and related with information on stomach contents of dead animals. Plastic debris has direct impacts on marine mega-fauna causing lethal or sub-lethal effects due to trapping, ing...
Conference Paper
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From September 2013 to July 2014 the marine mammal observers of the ATUTAX (Tunisian NGO) and Ketos (Italian NGO) conducted a survey of top predator (whales, dolphins and sea turtles) distribution and relative abundance (abundance per unit effort) using ferries as platform of observation. This first major offshore cetacean survey was conducted in t...
Article
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Humus is the fraction of the topsoil strongly influenced by organic matter, corresponding to the sequence of organic and the related underlying organo-mineral horizons. It is functional both for carbon storage and for the plant recruitment process (including seed storage, germination, roots development and seedling survival). In the years 2011-2012...
Article
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Marine plastic debris is one of the main threat affecting cetaceans and other macro-fauna. A specific protocol was adapted by the Mediterranean network that monitors cetaceans using ferries as platform of observation allowing a complementary data collection on marine macro-litter. Since 2013, the protocol was applied along 5 fixed transects (2700 k...
Article
Full-text available
Marine plastic debris is one of the main threat affecting cetaceans and other macrofauna. A specific protocol was adapted by the Mediterranean network that monitors cetaceans using ferries as platform of observation allowing a complementary data collection on marine macro-litter. Since 2013, the protocol was applied along 5 fixed transects (2700 km...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ISPRA (Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research) coordinates since 2007 an international network for systematic monitoring of cetaceans along fixed transects using ferries as platform of observation in the Western Mediterranean Sea Region. This project involves the presence on board the ferry of ‘Marine Mammal Observers’, in char...
Conference Paper
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The Pelagos Sanctuary was established in 2002 to protect marine mammals from the negative impacts of human activities. It hosts a high concentration of cetaceans like fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) and sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus). Despite the important number of management plans executed and the protection measurements implemented by...
Conference Paper
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INTRODUCTION In order to promote the production of environmental friendly energy, in many agricultural fields fast growing trees have been planted for Short Rotation Forestry to produce biomass for energy purpose. Robinia pseudoacacia is one of the species that are used for SRF as it resistant and fast growing. The species, however, is recognized a...
Conference Paper
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Ecology studies and nowadays legislative framework ask for an ecosystem based approach in order to understand and manage the environmental complexity for conservation purposes. To reach this goal a long-term multidisciplinary collaboration is required. A multidisciplinary approach for collecting integrated data on different taxa and potential press...
Conference Paper
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The increasing awareness of the harm on the marine environment of marine “plastic” litter and the consequent legislative measures (i.e. Waste and Marine strategy EU directive, Barcelona Convention Action plan) which are undergoing to respond to the problem need and efficient and effective indicator which can assess the composition and trend of abun...
Conference Paper
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The region between Sicily and Tunisia is believed to be one of the potential wintering grounds for fin whale and is also considered a critical habitat for cetacean species due to several important anthropogenic pressures. In order to start a systematic cetacean monitoring of the area, a partnership of Tunisian and Italian research bodies, within th...