Roberto Beneduce

Roberto Beneduce
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Dipartimento di Culture, Politica e Società

Full Professor of Cultural Anthropology MD PhD

About

60
Publications
14,269
Reads
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335
Citations
Introduction
Anthropology of Religion. Religious Imaginaries and Transformations of Ritual Healing and Local Medical Knowledge in Africa (Images, toponyms, and songs in ritual therapies; Possession Cults; Witchcraft). Migration and refugee studies. Politics of asylum and Subjectcraft. Historic/collective Trauma and Memory. Bureaucratic and State Violence
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Anthropology of body and violence
July 2012 - December 2012
University of California, Berkeley
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Medical Anthropology. Course title: The Psychic Life of History
February 2012 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Cultural Anthropology

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Full-text available
Les auteurs ont établi le texte ci-présent à partir des idées énoncées et des discussions menées lors de la rencontre « Récits et débats locaux sur la migration. Dits et non-dits de l'expérience du départ et du retour » à Bamako du 2 au 6 octobre 2019. Tous les participants de l'atelier ont eu leur part active dans la conception des approches avanc...
Article
The author suggests to consider some important hidden connections in Global Mental Health (GMH) discourse and interventions, above all the political meaning of suffering and symptoms, the power of psychiatric diagnostic categories (both Western and traditional) to name and to occult at once other conflicts, and the implicit criticism expressed by s...
Book
Full-text available
Visionary images, whether induced by the ingestion of psychotropic substances, elicited by ritual devices or captured during a perceptual overflow, are true agents of social life. This volume explores, from a comparative perspective, the nature of the relationship between these images and the cultures that inspire them or are inspired by them. Mode...
Article
Full-text available
Asylum policies have undergone a profound change in recent years, caused by alterations in the characteristics of the migratory processes, but above all by the greater difficulty of entering Europe other than as an "asylum seeker." This article examines the growing suspicions regarding asylum seekers' narratives and experiences, especially when, as...
Article
Full-text available
Roberto Beneduce « Une nouvelle bataille de vérité. Discours sorcellaires, cicatrices corporelles et régimes de crédibilité dans le droit d'asile », Cahiers d'Études africaines, LVIII (3-4), 231-232, pp. 763-792 Résumé Le droit d'asile connaît des transformations profondes depuis quelques années, en raison de phénomènes migratoires différents mais...
Book
Full-text available
This volume draws on a range of ethnographic and historical material to provide insight into witchcraft in Sub-Saharan Africa. The chapters explore a variety of cultural contexts, with contributions focusing on Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Mali, Ethiopia and Eritrean diaspora. The book considers the concept of witchcraft itself, the i...
Article
Violence in its ritual expressions (witchcraft accusations, ritual murders, theft of bones in cemeteries, and so on) as well as ordinary violence have been scarcely investigated in the Dogon area. This is partially due to the nature itself of the witchcraft concept, a "slippery concept," according to Geschiere. But other reasons can explain this si...
Article
Full-text available
This work aims to rethink the relationship between anthropology and cultural psychiatry from a historical perspective, through reflections on the dynamics of forgetting and remembering in the context of migration. While migrants' symptoms often bear cultural hallmarks of suffering, they also reveal images of a traumatic history, which resurface in...
Article
“I Could Have Hoped. I Had Every Right to Think that It Could Have Happened Differently”. Fragments on the Migrant Family The aim of the paper is to analyze the “postcolonial archive” concerning the production of adoptable migrant children (or children born from migrant parents) in Europe. Based on their extended ethnographic fieldwork (a long-time...
Article
Critical medical anthropology explores multiple domains of healing practices, suffering, as well as of the medical knowledge. This article takes in consideration two main issues. First, it examines the contradictions of medico-psychiatric diagnostic apparatus (diagnostic proliferation; the litany of psychological test and scales; the imagined objec...
Article
Full-text available
Based on narratives of asylum-seekers from sub-Saharan Africa in northern Italy, in this article I analyze the narrative strategies used by immigrants to meet the eligibility criteria established by asylum law. For many of them, this means 'arranging' biographical details within what I call 'a moral economy of lying'. The first question I discuss i...
Article
La recherche dont tire ses origines le texte s‟est développée au cours d‟une période de sept années au Sud Cameroun (2001-2007), où l‟auteur a voulu investiguer les nouvelles expressions de la cure dite « traditionnelle ». Tout en considérant les changements et les métamorphoses des répertoires symboliques et des sources de pouvoir caractérisant le...
Article
Full-text available
Nello sviluppare una riflessione sui temi della violenza all’interno di un corso rivolto a studenti dell’Università di Torino, ho provato a disegnare un percorso teorico e bibliografico che offrisse loro punti di repere per orientarsi in una letteratura ormai sconfinata, ma ho incontrato non poche difficoltà nell’individuare un itinerario che evita...
Article
Full-text available
Numerosi lavori negli anni scorsi hanno considerato la possessione nei contesti urbani e migratori (soprattutto in Africa): fra i tanti, quello di Gibbal (1982) in Mali, di Sharp (1993) in Madagascar, di Somer e Saadon (2000) fra immigrate tunisine in Israele, di Speziale ePassalacqua (1998) sulla confraternita Khalwatiyya di Firenze, e fra tutti c...
Article
These observations are based on field-work in Southern Cameroon I carried out between 2001 and 2007. There I studied the new expressions of traditional healing practices, and in particular the innovative forms of therapeutic imagination. In this paper I analyse current symbolic strategies and the transformations of the sources of therapeutic power....
Article
Psychological life of history. Fanon and the broken time of memory Fanon’s work reveals itself to be essential for understanding the linguistic alienation, the subjectivation process and the structural ambivalence of the colonial world. At the same time, his thought enlightens the enduring impact of past violence on social fabric, the heritage of a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Book
In un'etnografia avvincente di ciò che sono la medicina tradizionale e la realtà della malattia nell'Africa contemporanea, vengono qui esplorati i saperi e le pratiche dei guaritori bantu nel sud del Camerun. In quest'area, come altrove, la lotta contro le minacce del male e della morte condotta dai "signori della notte" ha dovuto misurarsi con alt...
Book
È possibile pensare ai richiedenti asilo, ai corpi occupati dei palestinesi, ai profughi e ai clandestini senza distogliere lo sguardo dalle differenze e ricondurre le loro biografie al solo stato di "rifugiati"? Le matrici sociali e storiche della sofferenza, della memoria e del lutto possono essere pensate senza ridurre il dolore di queste donne...
Article
Medicine e magie: Le tradizioni popolari in Italia (Medicine and Magic: Folk Traditions in Italy). Tullio Seppilli, ed.Médecine traditionnelle: Acteurs, itinéraires thérapeutiques. Piero Coppo and Arouna Keita, eds.Profeti in città: Etnografia di quattro chiese indipendenti del Ghana (Town Prophets: Ethnography of Four Independent Churches in Ghana...
Article
Full-text available
Taking an anthropological approach, the author reflects on refugees and clandestine immigrants, and in particular on the fractured structure of their narratives. This attempt to grasp the sense of vagueness or silence we so often find in immigrants’ stories is designed to draw attention to the psychological consequences of both traumatic past event...
Article
Full-text available
Due definizioni di immaginario saranno tenute presenti in queste pagine, rivolte ad analizzare il senso della violenza nella Repubblica Democratica del Congo (d’ora innanzi RDC o semplicemente Congo): l’una risalente a Castoriadis (1975, p. 245), per il quale l’immaginario contiene il razionale secondo una relazione indistinta e fondamentale, anzi...
Book
Percorsa da conflitti relativi ai suoi obiettivi e alle sue strategie, l'etnopsichiatria si trova oggi al centro di un dibattito quanto mai vivace sul ruolo della cultura nel disagio e nella cura dei cittadini immigrati. Nato in epoca coloniale, lo studio della malattia mentale in società non occidentali ha infatti riprodotto a lungo i cupi stereot...
Article
Full-text available
Possession cults often proliferate during times of dramatic social and cultural changes (colonisation, evangelisa tion, war, etc.). The transitional and collective meaning of this phenomenon received many interpretations. On the other hand, not much attention was paid to the individual experience of change, to doubt, and to contradictory attitudes...
Article
Full-text available
In situations of protracted armed con£ict such as in sub-Saharan Africa, there exists a strong tendency to describe rebel violence as a senseless war of ' all-against-all' . This 'Hobbesian' violence (a theory that people have the fundamental right to pursue sel¢sh aims but will relinquish those rights in the interest of the common good) is often i...
Article
Full-text available
The article tries to come closer to a complex theoretical-methodological analysis of the medical anthropology, of the health and of the psychiatry transcultural, finally of the ethnopsychiatry. So much through an attentive historical reconstruction of the authors and of the currents to those that these gave life, as of a perspective analytic critic...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnopsychiatry is today a contested field, in which concepts and terms such as ethnicity, identity, culture, citizenship, traditional therapies or symbolic efficacy are used in a very controversial way. Recent accusations of'racism' against some ethnopsychiatrists have contributed to making more obscure the deep roots of these issues and controver...
Article
Ethnographic research on death, funerary ceremonies and the ancestors has often overlooked social conflict and hidden expressions of cultural change, thereby contributing to the reproduction of the widely criticised model of the "traditional immobile society". The author emphasises the need to develop different approaches, which he terms respective...
Article
Full-text available
Based on research at the Regional Center of Traditional Medicine of Bandiagara (Mali), this paper outlines characteristics of the Dogon systems of traditional health care, with particular reference to mental disorders. After considering the characteristics of some therapeutic figures (diviners, healers, etc.) and discussing the major nosologic cate...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Analyzing the transformation of local healing knowledge and religious imaginaries, with specific regards to mental health, in the turnmoil of social violence, war and conflict.
Project
Analyze witchcraft representations by the point of view of the powers of the mind and the violence of sentiments