Roberto Baiocco

Roberto Baiocco
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Developmental and Social Psychology

Professor

About

322
Publications
201,801
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Introduction
Roberto Baiocco, is a Full Professor of Developmental Psychology at Sapienza University of Rome (Italy), since 2006. He received a degree in Clinical and Community Psychology, a Ph.D. in Psychology, and a Master's Degree in Family Psychotherapy. He is Director of the Center for the Study of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity "Be as you are" (Sapienza University). publications ➢ 207 articles on international peer-reviewed journals ➢ H-index Scopus = 36 Google Scholar = 48
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • European Cross-National Study of Heterosexual attitudes towards gay and lesbian couples and parenting.
Description
  • The current study proposes to investigate public attitudes towards same-sex marriage and lesbian and gay parenting in various countries in Europe. The study will involve heterosexual students from 18 to 25 years old.
Education
February 2005 - March 2009
Scuola Romana di Terapia Familiare
Field of study
  • Family Therapy
November 2001 - February 2005
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (322)
Presentation
Previous research has shown that the experience of biphobic prejudice and violence seems to affect positive identity and relationship quality in bisexual people involved in same-sex and mixed-sex relationships. The present study investigates the relationship between Bisexual Positive Identity (BPI), Relationship Quality (RQ), and biphobic violence...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction:Social support has been highlighted as a strong protective factor as it is able to positively affect individuals’ wellbeing. In sexual minorities, a supportive context has been linked to a better attachment, higher self-esteem and lower depression symptoms and suicidal ideation. Aims:This work aims to investigate the influence of minor...
Article
Research has linked feelings of safety and contentment to lower adverse mental health outcomes (e.g., stress, anxiety, depression) in the general population. The current study aimed at exploring the relationship between safe/content positive affect and minority stress (e.g., internalized sexual stigma) in lesbian and bisexual women, considering the...
Article
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Abstract Introduction This research examined the general attitudes toward lesbian women and gay men (LG people), same-sex marriage (SSM), and LG parenting (LGP) in a large sample of young heterosexual European adults. We expected that one’s country of origin, gender role traditionalism, contact, and religiosity would predict their responses. Method...
Article
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Background Increased risky sexual behaviors (RSB) in sexual minority people relative to heterosexual individuals are well documented. However, the role of trans-diagnostic factors that are not sexual orientation-specific, such as self-criticism, in predicting RSB was understudied. The present study aimed to test participants’ gender and sexual orie...
Article
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The COVID-19 outbreak resulted in a large amount of emotionally charged messaging that is believed to have a tremendous psychological impact, particularly on children and early adolescents. The present study examined the relationships between children’s exposure to COVID-19 news, children’s emotional responses to the news, parental styles of mediat...
Article
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The coming out (CO) is a family process that involves the LGB+ person and all family members. The present study aimed to analyze the CO process from parents' perspective and examine if and how the emotional states of mothers and fathers changed in the years following the disclosure. The study involved 25 Italian parents (16 mothers, 9 fathers; Mage...
Article
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Revenge is one of the possible responses to a transgression, a way to take control over the offender and making them suffer. Nevertheless, research has shown that avengers delude themselves into thinking that they will feel better when they have acted. Actually, taking vengeance protracts the negative emotional states, contributing to negative feel...
Article
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IntroductionResearch suggests that specific training on LGBT+ issues may improve the competencies and skills of health and social care (HSC) professionals, which reduces the negative attitudes toward LGBT+ people. Despite this, there seems to be a lack of coverage of LGBT+ needs in HSC education. The present study aims to explore the specific LGBT+...
Article
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Purpose The COVID-19 lockdown measures have had a significant impact on risk behaviors as alcohol use and disordered eating. However, little is known about a serious health-risk-behavior named “food and alcohol disturbance” (FAD), characterized by engaging in dysfunctional eating on days of planned alcohol consumption. The aim of the present study...
Article
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Research on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on same-sex relationships is limited. The present study aimed at analyzing the association between the psychophysical impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and same-sex couples’ conflict, also considering the potential mediating effect of internalized sexual stigma (ISS). For this purpose, psychophysical c...
Article
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University dropout represents a serious problem across the world. Past research has suggested the merits of studying both additive and multiplicative effects among the variables that affect the intention to drop out. In the present study, we tested the potential moderating effect of friendships at university, on both the association between self-re...
Article
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This study aimed to explore the events which are sources of sadness for children, and their coping strategies for overcoming their sadness according to their attachment security. We expected that distinct clusters would emerge, with securely attached children more likely showing constructive and successful coping strategies than insecurely attached...
Article
Introduction. The IENE projects (2008–2022) aim to promote a model for developing intercultural dialogue and enhance the ability to provide culturally competent and compassionate care for the health and social care professionals at national and European levels. The IENE 9 project, named “Developing a culturally competent and compassionate LGBT + cu...
Article
This study investigated binge behaviors during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy, exploring individual and contextual risk factors. Participants were 1925 emerging adults (M age = 24.18, SD age = 2.75; 71.9% women), recruited during the national lockdown in Italy. An online survey investigated binge behaviors both prior and during quarantine. Binge drinki...
Article
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Transgender refugees are at risk of experiencing increased minority stress due to experiences of trauma in their country of origin, and the intersection of multiple marginalized identities in their host country. Adopting a transfeminist and decolonial approach, the present study aimed at exploring transgender refugees' experiences of life and migra...
Article
Research Question: Gay fathers through cross-border surrogacy are facing unprecedented challenges in their attempts to create a family during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study was the first to investigate the psychological implications of the pandemic for father–child bonding and mental health among Italian gay fathers pursuing surrogacy in...
Article
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Beginning in March 2020, the Italian population was subjected to a lockdown lasting approximately three months, due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency. Drawing on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of dream data, the current study aimed at exploring the effects of social isolation and the lockdown on Italian people’s dreams, focusing on c...
Article
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Introduction This study investigated the relationships of pandemic-related stress and coping strategies with different kinds of sexting (i.e., experimental, risky, and emotional) during the COVID-19 lockdown in the Italian context. Methods A sample of 1929 emerging adults ( M age = 24.17, SD age = 2.75; 71.6% girls) completed an online survey abou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduzione. La ricerca suggerisce che una formazione specifica su tematiche riguardanti gli orientamenti sessuali e le identità di genere (LGBT+) può migliorare le competenze dei docenti universitari e dei professionisti in ambito educativo, sociale e della salute (DUESS), riducendo gli atteggiamenti negativi nei confronti delle persone LGBT+. No...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is any behavior within a couple that involves behaviors of physical, sexual, emotional and/or psychological abuse, and controlling behavior. Despite the efforts made so far, there is a lack of study on IPV in same-sex couple. Our aim is to fill this gap in literature and try to better understand LGB cou...
Article
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Background The purpose of this study was to explore fathers’ adjustment and father-child relationships during the first peak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak (April 2020). More particularly, the study analyzed paternal perceptions of changes concerning familial economic conditions and children’s psychological difficulties (namely...
Article
Encouraging bystander intervention is an effective strategy to prevent episodes of bullying victimization at school. Yet there remains a paucity of evidence on this behavior in situations of homophobic name-calling, a form of peer victimization aimed at mocking individuals based on their actual or perceived sexual orientation. The existing research...
Article
This study investigated the individual and contextual correlates of problematic alcohol use among young adults during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy. Participants were 1533 young adults aged 18 to 26 (Mage = 23.12, SDage = 2.11; 73.2% women), who completed an online survey during national lockdown. Inclusion criteria for this study were the age-range (...
Article
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Sexting is the exchange of sexually suggestive contents via Internet, Smartphone, and Social Networking Websites. Recently, the research on sexting motivations increased in order to distinguish between experimental and aggravated sexting. This study investigated individual correlates of three sexting motivations: sexual purposes, instrumental/aggra...
Article
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Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people experience high rates of minority stress and associated risk for negative health outcomes. However, during the last years, significant positive socio-cultural changes have happened, and younger cohorts of TGNC individuals are having diverse experiences compared to older cohorts. By integrating the...
Article
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The present study, carried out during the first peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, aimed at investigating the mental health of mothers and children during the nationwide lockdown. More specifically, the study investigated children’s depression and mothers’ individual distress and parenting stress, in comparison with normative samples. The medi...
Article
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Introduction The present article describes two interrelated studies that examine gender typicality in young adulthood using a new dual-identity approach. Methods Participants were recruited online from March 2020 to February 2021 and reported their perceived similarity to own- and other-gender peers as a way to assess their gender typicality. In s...
Article
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Depressive symptoms are common during adolescence. Failure at school often relates to low self-efficacy that, in turn, is associated with depressive symptoms. Several studies have supported the role of friends in counteracting depression in adolescence. The present study tested a mediation model in which the indirect effect between school achieveme...
Article
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In recent years, structural and functional alterations in the cerebellum have been reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Intriguingly, recent studies demonstrated that the social behavioral profile of individuals with cerebellar pathologies is characterized by a theory of mind (ToM) impairment, one of the main behavioral hallmarks of ASD. The...
Article
Gay and heterosexual single fathers through surrogacy may be targets of microaggressions (i.e., subtle and implicit stigma-related stressors), as they present highly contested aspects of family formation: single parenthood, surrogacy conception, and, in the case of gay single fathers, non-heterosexual orientation. However, to date, no research has...
Article
What role does intergroup contact play in promoting support for social change toward greater social equality? Drawing on the needs-based model of reconciliation, we theorized that when inequality between groups is perceived as illegitimate, disadvantaged group members will experience a need for empowerment and advantaged group members a need for ac...
Article
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According to the triangular love theory, this study investigated the roles of three components of love (i.e., passion, intimacy, commitment) and the moderating role of conflicts in predicting different forms of sexting (i.e., experimental, nonconsensual, under pressure) in teen dating relationships. Participants were 409 adolescents (M age = 17.20,...
Article
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Aims: Research has underscored that an excessively intrusive parental style, defined as helicopter parenting, could be a risk factor for maladaptive behaviors in youth, including alcohol use and drug consumption. However, such at-risk behaviors have also been associated with low levels of parental involvement and warmth. Thus, the relationship betw...
Article
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Background: A paradoxical profile of greater elevated sympathetic vasoconstriction (increased total peripheral resistance, TPR) and increased vagally-mediated heart rate variability (HRV) -the so-called Cardiovascular Conundrum- has been reported in African Americans (AAs) both at rest and in response to orthostasis. Whereas some authors have attri...
Article
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The high percentage of university dropouts in Europe underlines the relevance of understanding which factors lead students to leave university and to be dissatisfied with this experience. Previous studies have focused on only some predictors of academic failure. The present study tested a structural equation model with latent variables to determine...
Article
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Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) older adults may have had the opportunity to reflect on and process stressful life experiences , and they may be more inclined to practice queer genera-tive behaviours aimed at strengthening sexual minority identities and supporting the sexual minority community. The present study explored the unique patterns of gen...
Article
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PurposeAlthough drunkorexia seems to represent a new form of eating disorder, it shares several features with traditional eating disorders. However, very little is known about the association between drunkorexia and a widely studied correlate of eating disorders, such as psychological distress and about mechanisms underlying this association. The p...
Article
Thirty-one children of gay single fathers and 28 children of heterosexual single fathers, all born through surrogacy, were compared with 31 children of gay partnered fathers through surrogacy and 30 children of heterosexual partnered fathers through in-vitro fertilization on their perceptions of self-worth and their father- and caregiver-reported i...
Article
The present study investigated implicit associations of stereotypical feminine and masculine gay men pictures with word stimuli referring to negative (vs. positive) and with self (vs. others) categories, among heterosexual and gay/bisexual men. We manipulated participants' masculinity threat through a ctitious personality score and measured their s...
Article
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The present study aimed at exploring the relationship between parenting stress and children's problematic behaviour in the families of 99 children aged 8–11 years. Parenting stress was assessed by parents, using the Parenting Stress Index, and children's problematic behaviour was assessed by teachers, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionna...
Article
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Background: Sexting is an increasingly common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults. Some studies have investigated the role of personality traits in different sexting behaviors within mainstream personality taxonomies like Big Five and HEXACO. However, very few studies have investigated the role of maladaptive personality factors in sexti...
Article
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PurposeThis study explores perceptions and experiences related to healthcare utilization in a group of Italian sexual minority older adults, to understand the unique challenges faced by this population when accessing healthcare services. Older adults represent one of the subgroups exposed to the highest risk within sexual minorities with regard to...
Article
On March 9th, 2020 Italy went into lockdown due to the spread of COVID-19 pandemic. Several studies showed how the pandemic had a negative impact on children's psychologi-cal well-being. The present research studied how parents can promote their children's psy-chological well-being, in order to understand how to help parents in managing this unprec...
Article
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The present study, using a moderated mediational model, explored levels of distal/proximal stressors, rumination, resilience, and health in a group of Italian and Taiwanese LGB+ people. The study also examined the role of internalized sexual stigma (ISS) and rumination as mediators between discrimination and health, and resilience as a moderator of...
Article
This study aimed to investigate Theory of Mind (ToM) and emotional awareness in drunkorexia, an emerging behavior characterized by calorie restriction when drinking alcohol is planned. A sample of 246 adolescents (148 females, 98 males; range 17–20) completed self-reported measures assessing drunkorexia, ToM and lack of emotional awareness. Drunkor...
Article
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The experience of “coming out” (CO) to parents is often a crucial event in the lives of lesbian and bisexual (LB) women, associated with lower internalized sexual stigma (ISS) and higher positive LB identity. Few studies have compared the experiences of LB women in the CO process. Rather, most prior research has either: (1) not addressed bisexualit...
Article
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The coming out (CO) process is fundamental for identity integration among LGBQ+ people, and its impact can vary greatly depending on personal and contextual factors. The historical, cultural, and social contexts in which LGBQ+ people develop their sexual identity can mediate the relationship between CO and health outcomes. The present study aimed a...
Article
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Introduction: The present study examined father-child relationships, parenting quality, and child psychological adjustment in 35 gay single father surrogacy families, 30 heterosexual single father surrogacy families, 45 gay two-father surrogacy families, and 45 heterosexual two-parent IVF families, when children were aged 3-10 years. Methods: In ea...
Article
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Although previous research on peer victimization has focused on school-aged children and adolescents, interest in peer victimization in preschool children has significantly grown in recent decades. The present study examined the role of temperament traits and social functioning in children's peer victimization, taking into account the moderating ef...
Article
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Background Social anxiety is negatively related to peer communication quality during adolescence, with detrimental consequences for social functioning. However, the research about the factors that may moderate this relationship is still limited, and no studies have yet explored the possible interaction role of empathy systems.Objective The study in...
Article
The evolutionary perspective on human emotions and motivations posits that all interpersonal interactions are shaped by an array of social mentalities, dwelling on our species' bio-behavioral disposition to pursue some evolutionarily valuable social goals (i.e., interpersonal motivational systems). The paucity of valid and reliable measures of such...
Article
In Botswana, Special Needs Education has been implemented for 25 years with some success but there is still a need for evidence-based methods like Frequency Building, behavioural fluency, and Precision Teaching to be used to measure and improve school performance and learning. We explored the impact of these behavioural technologies on reading perf...
Article
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Abstract Objectives Mindfulness, positive self-related attitudes and secure attachment have been shown to protect against psychopathol- ogy during adolescence, but it is unknown how these factors are related to each other and which are most strongly linked to psychopathology symptoms. Methods A cross-sectional research design was used with a large...
Article
The aim of this study is to validate the Italian version of the Helicopter Parenting Instrument (HPI), a self-report instrument that evaluate adolescents’ and young adults’ perception of parenting behaviors. The term helicopter parenting describes a style of child-rearing characterized by parents who are over-involved in every aspect of their child...
Article
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Objectives Siblings have been recognized as playing a major role in the coming out process, because they share the same family as the lesbian and gay individual and are often of the same generation. Despite this recognized role, however, research on coming out has mainly focused on parents, and only few studies have examined the coming out process...
Article
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On March 10, 2020, Italy went into lockdown due to the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic. The World Health Organization highlighted how the lockdown had negative consequences on psychological well-being, especially for children. The present study aimed to investigate parental correlates of children’s emotion regulation during the COVID-19...
Article
This study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Therapist Response Questionnaire for Adolescents (TRQ-A; Satir, Thompson-Brenner, Boisseau, & Crisafulli, 2009), an 86-item clinician-report instrument measuring a wide range of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors expressed by therapists toward their adolescent patients. A sa...
Article
Background Issues with professional conduct and discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT+) people in health and social care, continue to exist in most EU countries and worldwide. Objectives The project IENE9 titled: “Developing a culturally competent and compassionate LGBT+ curriculum in health and social care education” ai...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Sexting has been defined as sharing sexually suggestive content (i.e., sexts) via Internet or smartphone. To date, only a few studies investigated the role of personality traits in relation to sending or receiving sexts, and most of them used the Five Factor Model of Personality. No studies applied the theoretical model of HEXACO six personality tr...
Article
Full-text available
Teachers and educators represent meaningful relationships for children, and their attitudes can have a major influence on a child’s development. This research examined the role of background characteristics, contact experiences, and sexual prejudice in determining beliefs about children’s adjustment in same-sex parent families. The sample consisted...