Roberto Andorno

Roberto Andorno
University of Zurich | UZH · Faculty of Law

Associate Professor

About

103
Publications
125,386
Reads
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1,335
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
727 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
I am a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Biomedical Ethics of the University of Zurich (Switzerland), where I also coordinate the PhD Program in bioethics. I am also Associate Professor ('Privatdozent') of bioethics and medical law at the Faculty of Law of the same University. My research and teaching are focused on various issues at the interface of bioethics and human rights.
Additional affiliations
October 2005 - present
February 2004 - September 2005
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2000 - September 2003
Universitätsmedizin Göttingen
Position
  • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
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Rapid advancements in human neuroscience and neurotechnology open unprecedented possibilities for accessing, collecting, sharing and manipulating information from the human brain. Such applications raise important challenges to human rights principles that need to be addressed to prevent unintended consequences. This paper assesses the implications...
Article
Introduction Switzerland lacks specific legal regulation of assistance in suicide. The practice has, however, developed since the 1980s as a consequence of a gap in the Swiss Criminal Code and is performed by private right-to-die organisations. Traditionally, assistance in suicide is considered contrary to the philosophy of palliative care. Nonethe...
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A discussion with Roberto Andorno about global bioethics and biolaw, the Coronavirus pandemic, and its impact on human dignity and rights. Can we foresee the emerging new profile of global bioethics and biolaw in the post-Coronavirus era? How significant are they going to be in the future, after the enormous pressure that the Coronavirus pandemic h...
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This article reviews educational efforts to promote a responsible conduct of research (RCR) that were reported in scientific publications between 1990 and early 2020. Unlike previous reviews that were exploratory in nature, this review aimed to test eleven hypotheses on effective training strategies. The achievement of different learning outcomes w...
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This chapter argues that the notion of human dignity provides an overarching normative framework for assessing the ethical and legal acceptability of emerging technologies in the life sciences. After depicting the increasing duality that characterizes modern technologies, this chapter examines two different meanings of human dignity: the classical...
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That everyone has a human right to enjoy the benefits of the progress of science and its applications comes as a surprise to many. Nevertheless, this right is pertinent to numerous issues at the intersection of science and society: open access; 'dual use' science; access to ownership and dissemination of data, knowledge, methods and the affordances...
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La presente obra aborda un tema a la vez original y necesario en el campo de la bioética: la contribución que la apreciación de la belleza, en especial, de la belleza de la vida, puede hacer a la bioética. Es un tema original porque basta con hojear las revistas de bioética para advertir qué poca atención se ha prestado al rol de lo bello en este á...
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Los rápidos avances en neurociencia y neurotecnología abren un conjunto de posibilidades sin precedentes en el acceso, colecta, diseminación y manipulación de datos del cerebro humano. Estos desarrollos plantean importantes desafíos a los derechos humanos que deben abordarse para evitar consecuencias no deseadas. Este trabajo evalúa las implicacion...
Chapter
The notion of human dignity conveys the idea that every human being has inherent worth and, therefore, ought to be accorded the highest respect and consideration. In health care, dignity provides an overarching moral framework to guide the physician-patient re lationship in a great variety of issues, and especially in the promotion of the patient's...
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The clinical trials enterprise has expanded globally, involving research developed and owned by research institutions in wealthy countries but conducted with participants in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). These LMICs commonly provide ready access to large pools of subjects who have never received a particular drug and have—at least histo...
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The concept of human dignity plays an increasing role in contemporary bioethics. This chapter aims, first, to offer a brief account of the notion of dignity and to show how it has shaped several bioethical discussions over the last decades; second, to stress that, in addition to its guiding function as a general principle, human dignity also operat...
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As public interest advocates, policy experts, bioethicists, and scientists, we call for a course correction in public discussions about heritable human genome editing. Clarifying misrepresentations, centering societal consequences and concerns, and fostering public empowerment will support robust, global public engagement and meaningful deliberatio...
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Two vast fields of ethics are very relevant in the context of medical education: bioethics and research integrity. Yet, curiously, the instruction in these two areas shows a significant imbalance in medical schools across Europe. The teaching of bioethics has become over the past few decades an inescapable component of medical education in most Eur...
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El artículo destaca la importancia de distinguir entre dos roles diversos que la noción de dignidad humana juega en bioética: uno, como principio de orden jurídico-político, y otro, como estándar moral del trato debido al paciente. Cuando la dignidad es entendida en el primer sentido, nos encontramos con un concepto muy general, que cumple un rol f...
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This chapter discusses whether our moral decisions should be conceived as the mere application of abstract moral principles or rather as practical knowledge derived from our moral experience and grounded in the complexity of concrete situations in which principles are embedded. Appealing to Aristotle, this chapter argues that, although principles p...
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The practice of surrogate motherhood raises many complex ethical, legal and social issues. This paper focuses on the challenges posed by intercountry surrogacy arrangements to domestic legislations that prohibit this practice. Many European states are today placed in a paradoxical situation regarding surrogate motherhood because they prohibit this...
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This paper briefly presents the two major reasons justifying the ban on the commercial trade on human organs: the commodification of the human body and the exploitation of vulnerable people. At the same time, it argues that what is ultimately at stake in the practice of buying and selling human organs is ensuring respect for human dignity.
Research
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Bioethica Forum (Switzerland), 2017, vol. 10, n° 2, p. 39-40.
Chapter
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Human rights and bioethics are conceptually and operationally much closer than usually assumed. This is not surprising as both normative frameworks emerged from the same dramatic events: the Second World War, the Holocaust, and the Nuremberg trials. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948, which would become the cornerstone of the...
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The chapter begins by describing the various understandings of vulnerability in ethical and legal discourse. The discussion then proceeds to outline the central place of vulnerability in the work of some contemporary thinkers such as Levinas, Ricoeur, Rorty, Goodin, and Turner. This is followed by asking whether vulnerability can be regarded as the...
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The possibility of using advance directives to prospectively consent to research participation in the event of dementia remains largely unexplored in Europe. Moreover, the legal status of advance directives for research is unclear in the European regulations governing biomedical research. The article explores the place that advance research directi...
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This is a commentary on a paper by J. Youngs and J. Simmonds (J Med Ethics 2016 42(2):95-99). It is argued that the the value of autonomous decision making is not strong enough in the context of HIV testing to justify the recognition of a right not to know the test results. The reason for this is that interest of third persons in not being harmed h...
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The concept of human dignity plays an increasing role in contemporary ethics, bioethics, and human rights. This chapter aims, first, to present the major paradigms of dignity that have contributed over the centuries to shape the modern idea that every individual has inherent worth and accompanying rights; second, to stress that human dignity holds...
Chapter
Der Begriff der Menschenwürde bezeichnet den Eigenwert jedes menschlichen Individuums, das als Mensch in gleicher Weise, d. h. unabhängig von besonderen Eigenschaften, Merkmalen oder Leistungen unbedingte Achtung verdient. Der Begriff betont, dass es kein unwertes menschliches Leben gibt und jeder Mensch gleich viel zählt. Letztlich drückt die Beru...
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If happiness –understood as deep existential fulfillment– is the ultimate goal of life, then suffering contradicts in the most direct manner this basic aspiration of every individual. Suffering is the most painful and annihilating condition in human existence; it invades every corner of our being, tends to destroy any hope, and puts at risk our sen...
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Over the last decade, several European countries and the Council of Europe itself have strongly supported the use of advance directives as a means of protecting patients' autonomy, and adopted specific norms to regulate this matter. However, it remains unclear under which conditions those regulations should apply to people who are placed in correct...
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Human dignity captures the notion that every human being is uniquely valuable and therefore ought to be accorded the highest respect and care. Although this concept has a long history in philosophical thinking, it emerged with great force in the aftermath of the Second World War, having since then been recognized by the international community as t...
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This chapter aims, first, to offer a brief account of the policy statements issued by intergovernmental bodies that appeal to human dignity; second, to focus on those specifically dealing with bioethics; third, to discuss the cultural challenges that arise from the adoption of ‘universal’ or ‘transcultural’ understandings of human dignity; fourth,...
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This paper argues that, although principles play a key role in our moral judgments, these latter cannot be reduced to the result of purely deductive reasoning, since they previously require another kind of rationality: instead of being purely deductive, our moral decisions appear to be the result of a combined inductive-deductive process. This clai...
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This paper argues that some of the misunderstandings surrounding the meaning and function of the concept of human dignity in bioethics arise from a lack of distinction between two different roles that this notion plays: one as an overarching policy principle, and the other as a moral standard of patient care. While the former is a very general conc...
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Anti-theory is a broad name for a contemporary movement that is critical of theory as the proper approach to ethics, or at least of certain aspects or forms of ethical theorising. It is however not a unified camp, as it includes, among others, advocates of neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics, casuistry, and pragmatism. Among the claims that have been ma...
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Rapid developments in genetics and reproductive technologies, including the prospect of human genetic engineering, cloning and various forms of enhancing human capacities, oblige us to face very old questions that have been largely abandoned in modern philosophy. What does it mean to be human? What constitutes a meaningful life? Do human beings hav...
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Human rights are closely related to the notion of human dignity, to such a point that it is very difficult, if not impossible, to promote them without appealing, at least implicitly, to the idea that each individual has intrinsic worth simply by virtue of being human. This relationship between dignity and rights is even stronger in the field of bio...
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Comment on: Eur J Health Law. 2010 Mar;17(2):205-10.
Article
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Human rights are closely related to the notion of human dignity, to such a point that it is very difficult, if not impossible, to promote them without appealing, at least implicitly, to the idea that each individual has intrinsic worth simply by virtue of being human. This relationship between dignity and rights is even stronger in the field of bio...
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The aim of this paper is to compare the different existing approaches to advance health care directives within the European context, and to explore the possibility of reaching a deeper consensus among countries on this subject. To this end, it first discusses the shortcomings of Article 9 of the Council of Europe's Biomedicine Convention. Second, i...
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The principle of respect for human dignity plays a crucial role in the emerging global norms relating to bioethics, in particular in the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. This instrument, which is a legal, not merely an ethical document, can be regarded as an extension of international human rights law into the field of bi...
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Près de deux décennies après l’adoption des premières lois sur les procréations médicalement assistées (PMA) en Europe, on constate encore des divergences profondes entre les pays du Vieux Continent en ce qui concerne les réponses légales à apporter à ces nouveaux défis. Dans ce contexte, cet article se concentre sur la question du diagnostic préim...
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The globalization of biomedical related issues has created the urgent need for coordinated intergovernmental action in order to promote respect for human dignity and human rights in this field, as it is clear that individual countries alone cannot satisfactorily address the new and complex challenges. This situation has been perceived by some inter...
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The Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) on 19 October 2005 is an important step in the search for global minimum standards in biomedical research and clinical practice. As a member of UNESCO International Bioethics Committee, I participated in...
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Large-scale collections of human biological samples and associated data are becoming increasingly common as a means of identifying, in a particular population, genetic predispositions to complex diseases that result from an interaction of environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors. This paper compares the recent experiences of Iceland and Estonia...
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Introduction The European Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine of 1997 (“Oviedo Convention“) is the best current example of how to promote the protection of human rights in the biomedical field at a transnational level. The importance of this instrument lies in the fact that it is the first comprehensive multilateral treaty addressing biomedi...
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The emerging international biomedical law tends to recognise the right not to know one's genetic status. However, the basis and conditions for the exercise of this right remain unclear in domestic laws. In addition to this, such a right has been criticised at the theoretical level as being in contradiction with patient's autonomy, with doctors' dut...
Article
Some intergovernmental organizations, in particular UNESCO and the Council of Europe, have made significant efforts over the last few years to develop common standards in bioethics. The emerging rules can be regarded as the very beginnings of an international biomedical law, whose key features are: the central role recognized to the notion of human...
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Although do not be able «to be shown» of way fehaciente the personality of the human embryo, important reasons exist to attribute him the respect that owes the persons. The reason is that of some way we are a living body and this body already begins to exist in the embryonic stadium. Our corporal dimension, far from being a mere one «accident», or...
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Global challenges raised by biomedical advances require global responses. Some international organizations have made significant efforts over the last few years to establish common standards that can be regarded as the beginning of an international biomedical law. One of the main features of this new legal discipline is the integration of its princ...
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Matters of justice and equity in transplantation medicine constitute a very difficult task for the medical profession as well as for philosophers and social scientists. In this context it can be helpful to review the different levels where allocation problems occur, the longstanding discussion on discrimination concerning access to transplantable o...
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La perspective du clonage humain soulève des questions importantes qui ne peuvent pas être ignorées par le droit. D'une part, le «clonage reproductif» met en cause l'intérêt des individus à venir à recevoir un patrimoine génétique non manipulé. Ce procédé pose aussi un problème en ce qui concerne notre vision de l'humain, du moment qu'il cherche à...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Since the announcement in November 2018 of the birth of twin babies whose genomes had been permanently edited, other scholars and I have been working to question the view that this development is inevitable and beneficial. In a series of papers and international statements, we have argued that heritable, germline gene editing is neither,
Project
The project aims to identify the tools and methods that are most suitable for an effective teaching of research integrity issues. This research is part of INTEGRITY, an EU funded Project under the Horizon 2020 Programme: http://h2020integrity.eu/