Roberta Gasparro

Roberta Gasparro
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Neuroscience and Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences

DDS, PhD

About

50
Publications
18,276
Reads
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378
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - September 2017
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • PhD
September 2013 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
The current overview aimed to summarise the findings provided by systematic reviews (SRs) on the effect of surgical procedures in the acceleration of tooth movement and to assess the methodological quality of the included SRs. Three electronic databases have been explored. SRs addressing the effects of surgical procedures on the acceleration of too...
Article
Full-text available
Since smoking is considered among the main risk factors for the onset and progression of periodontitis and peri-implantitis, the present systematic review aimed to evaluate the effect of smoking cessation on clinical, radiographic, and gingival crevicular periodontal parameters around natural teeth and dental implants in ex-smokers compared to curr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: An adequate blood supply plays a leading role in the healing process of the post-extractive socket; its coagulation leads to fibrin clot formation, which acts as a physical barrier able to prevent postoperative bleeding and microbial infection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of antiaggregant drugs in healin...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: The achievement of an optimal implant position is still a critical consideration in implantology, especially in the aesthetic area. Dynamic navigation is a computer-aided procedure that allows the surgeon to follow on a screen the three-dimensional position of instruments in real time during implant site preparation. The aim of this...
Article
Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is considered the main causative agent of dental caries. The study aims to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a natural plant product, pure 4,5'’-dihydroxy-anthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid (Rhein) against S. mutans. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to determine...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the available evidence in the literature to answer the following focused question: In partially edentulous arches with reduced bone width, do implants placed after horizontal bone augmentation exhibit differences in survival and success rate compared to narrow-diameter i...
Article
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This study evaluated the penetration of the irrigant subject to activation after performing retro-preparation in endodontic microsurgery. Forty mandibular premolars were prepared and filled. Subsequently, 1 mm from the root apex was cut using a multi-blade bur and the retro-preparation was performed. In group 1, the retro-cavity was cleaned with 2...
Article
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Alveolar osteitis (AO) is one of the complications that occur after tooth extraction. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the efficacy of Advanced Platelet-rich Fibrin (A-PRF) in the management of pain and the acceleration of wound healing in the treatment of AO. Consecutive patients who were diagnosed with AO, recruited from patients referr...
Article
This case report describes an alternative minimally invasive fixed rehabilitation to approach an impacted maxillary canine (IMC) and the residual deciduous teeth. The patient refused any orthodontic treatment or surgical extraction of the IMC, asking for a fixed and fast option. Considering the available bone was about 5 mm in height, an immediatel...
Article
Full-text available
Dental anxiety is a crucial problem for dentistry because it may represent a significant risk to oral health. Different factors, whether non-cognitive (e.g., traumatic dental events) or cognitive (e.g., the patient's subjective perceptions), may cause dental anxiety. However, previous studies have assessed these factors as independent predictors of...
Article
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Background: Due to its common association with chronic pain experience, cognitive impairment (CI) has never been evaluated in patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS). The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of CI in patients with BMS and to evaluate its relationship with potential predictors such as pain, mood disorders, blood biom...
Article
Full-text available
: (1) Background: the aim of this study was to evaluate if dental anxiety can be measured objectively using thermal infrared imaging. (2) Methods: Patients referred to the Department of Oral Surgery of the University of Naples Federico II and requiring dental extractions were consecutively enrolled in the study. Face thermal distribution images of...
Article
Full-text available
When lower third molar inclusion is associated with neurosensorial complications, the treatment of choice is its surgical avulsion. One of these complications, that may be the most alarming during a first medical examination, is hemi-lip paraesthesia, that can appear in the presence of several mandibular lesions. This is a report of a rare clinical...
Article
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Quality of sleep (QoS) and mood may impair oral cancer survivors’ wellbeing, however few evidences are currently available. Therefore, we aimed to assess the prevalence of sleep disorders, anxiety and depression among five-year oral cancer survivors (OC survivors). 50 OC survivors were compared with 50 healthy subjects matched for age and sex. The...
Article
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Prevention of peri-implantitis involves the early diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis. This article presents a protocol of hygienic maintenance in different implant prosthetic scenarios: single crown, fixed partial prosthesis, fixed full-arch, and overdentures. Others clinical conditions have to be taken into consideration: patient compliance; hist...
Article
This case report describes the rehabilitation of an extremely atrophic posterior mandible using 4-mm ultrashort implants and reports clinical and radiographic outcomes 7 years after loading. The patient refused to undergo any other treatment, from the removable prosthesis to the reconstructive surgery, and asked for a fixed, minimally invasive solu...
Article
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures in the rehabilitation of partially edentulous atrophic arches. A total of 58 patients were included with a follow-up of 3 to 7 years after loading. Data seem to indicate that GBR with nonresorbable membranes can be a g...
Article
Full-text available
Containment measures adopted to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have produced a general perception of job insecurity. Dentists have been highly affected by such measures, as they represent an easy source of contagion. As perceived job insecurity is associated with psychological distress and Italian dentists have been highly...
Article
This case report describes the minimally invasive full fixed rehabilitation of a totally edentulous severely atrophic mandible. The patient refused to undergo any other treatment, from the reconstructive surgery to the removable prosthesis, and asked for a fixed minimally invasive solution in the shortest possible time. Considering that the posteri...
Article
Background Localized amyloidosis of the tongue is a benign condition in which surgical management may be considered.The aim of the study has been to review the current literature and report a case. Methods We searched in the PubMed database for all relevant articles reporting cases of localized tongue amyloidosis published between 1980 and 2020. A...
Article
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Peri-implant soft tissues play a role of paramount importance, not only on the esthetic appearance, but also on the maintenance and long-term stability of implants. The present report presents the conclusions from the Consensus Conference of the South European North African Middle Eastern Implantology & Modern Dentistry Association (SENAME) (4–6 No...
Article
Diabetic patients display increased risk of periodontitis and failure in bone augmentation procedures. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet rich plasma (PRP) represent a relevant advantage in tissue repair process and regenerative medicine. We isolated MSCs from Bichat's buccal fat pad (BFP) and measured the effects of glucose and PRP on cell...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: In dentistry, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have progressively earned great interest as antimicrobial drugs and are widely used in several biomedical fields. Recent progress in the analysis of complex bacterial communities has demonstrated the richness of the oral microbiota and the presence of numerous previously unexplained strains...
Article
Objectives: Presence of clinical attachment loss on the distal aspect to the second molar may be associated with malposition of the third molar. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of clinical attachment loss at the distal aspect of the second molar after third molar extraction and application of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this monocentric cross-sectional study was to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the Level of Exposure-Dental Experiences Questionnaire (LOE-DEQ) in an Italian sample of 253 dental patients ranging from 18–80 years of age. The LOE-DEQ assesses 16 potential dental distressing experiences and 7 general trau...
Article
Objectives: Presence of clinical attachment loss on the distal aspect to the second molar may be associated with malposi-tion of the third molar. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of clinical attachment loss at the distal aspect of the second molar after third molar extraction and application of leukocyte-and platelet-rich fibrin...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To analyse and compare the dimensional changes of unassisted extraction sockets with alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) techniques and investigate any factors that impact the resorption of the alveolar bone. Materials and methods: A systematic search was conducted to identify randomised clinical trials (RCTs). All data were extracted, an...
Article
This pilot study evaluates the effectiveness of the Mini-Invasive Surgical Approach (MISA) in the treatment of peri-implantitis defect. MISA is based on the use of the deproteinized bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen in combination with a minimal flap. The main principle is the elevation of a flap to access to the peri-implantitis defect only on...
Article
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles after a follow-up of 5 years in function. Materials and methods: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and MEDLINE were searched u...
Article
Full-text available
Plasma Cell Mucositis (PCM) is a rare benign disease affecting adults characterized by an erythematous mucosa, an epithelial hyperplasia and a dense submucosal infiltration of mainly mature plasma cells. PCM has been treated with topical, intralesional and systemic corticosteroids, antibiotics and topical cyclosporin with unreliable results and que...
Article
Full-text available
The bone-implant interface influences peri-implant bone healing and osseointegration. Among various nano-engineering techniques used for titanium surface modification, anodization is a simple, high-throughput and low-cost process, resulting in a nanoporous oxide coating which can promote osseointegration and impart antimicrobial and immunomodulator...
Article
Full-text available
Although the number of complications and failures in bone augmentation procedures is still relatively high, these problems remain poorly documented. Moreover, the literature concerning reconstructive techniques and the treatment of their complications in the anterior areas rarely considers the final esthetic result. The aim of this paper is to prop...
Article
Full-text available
Novel one-piece implants with concave smooth neck have been introduced to promote the formation of a thick mucosal layer and preserve marginal bone. A retrospective study on 70 patients with 1- to 6-year follow-up was carried out. Cumulative survival rates were assessed. Variations of marginal bone level were measured on periapical radiographs as d...
Article
Background Platelet concentrates (PC) are blood-derived products for local application able to stimulate regeneration in soft and hard tissues, mimicking the physiological healing process. Their efficacy in oral surgical procedures is controversial and limited. Objective The study aims to critically analyze the available evidence for the effect of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The majority of the techniques used to assess the primary implant stability are subjective and empirical and can be used during or after the surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the bone density prior to surgery, in order to give recommendations to the clinician about the best surgical technique and the type of implant which is n...
Article
Full-text available
Non-transfusional hemocomponents for surgical use are autogenous products prepared through the centrifugation of a blood sample from a patient. Their potential beneficial outcomes include hard and soft tissue regeneration, local hemostasis, and the acceleration of wound healing. Therefore, they are suitable for application in different medical fiel...
Article
We evaluated the accuracy of a new scale of surgical difficulty for the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars, which includes consideration of previously underestimated variables. Two hundred patients with impacted third molars were enrolled, and a preoperative clinical and radiographic assessment of difficulty was made by an oral surgeon...
Article
Platelet-derived factors are biomaterials that might accelerate healing process in oral, maxillofacial, and several other applications. Release of specific factors by platelet concentrates is critical to achieving a successful outcome. Here, we have shown that platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) clots were beneficial sources of leukocytes, which may directl...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival rate and to measure peri-implant bone changes in fullarch rehabilitations with immediate placement and immediate loading implants with platform switching and Morse taper connection, in addition to platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and buccal bone augmentation, after 4 years of follow-up....
Poster
Full-text available
Implant macromorphology and micromorphology are important factors in influencing capability and quality of osseointegration in short, medium and long term. Regarding macromorphology, platform switching and cono-morse connection have gained particular relevance over the last years. Furthermore, implant morphology and the design of collar, smoothed o...
Article
The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative complications during genioplasty using piezosurgery devices or traditional rotating drills. Forty patients underwent genioplasty to solve their chin anomalies. This study showed that, using piezosurgery, pain and swelling were reduced compared to the traditional technique in the immediate posto...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this retrospective radiological study was to evaluate the variability of the mandibular anatomy in the presence and absence of teeth and to consider how it could influence implant planning. 187 mandibular CT DentaScans were selected from our department archive according to the inclusion criteria. The axial height, vertical height, angula...
Article
Full-text available
The fusion of permanent teeth is a development anomaly of dental hard tissue. It may require a hard multidisciplinary approach with orthodontics, endodontics, surgery and prosthetics to solve aesthetic and functional problems. A 20-year-old Caucasian man presented to our department to solve a dental anomaly of his upper central incisors. An oral in...
Article
Full-text available
The "All-on-Four" concept is based on the placement of four implants in the anterior part of fully edentulous jaws to support a provisional, fixed, and immediately loaded full-arch prosthesis. Combining tilted and straight implants for supporting fixed prostheses can be considered a viable treatment modality resulting in a more simple and less time...
Article
Full-text available
The split crest technique is a reliable procedure used simultaneously in the implant positioning. In the literature some authors describe a secondary bone resorption as postoperative complication. The authors show how platform switching can be able to avoid secondary resorption as complication of split crest technique.

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
evaluate the interactio between hemocomponents and stem cells