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Roberta Di Pietro

Roberta Di Pietro
G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara · Medicine and Aging Sciences

Full Professor of Histology

About

106
Publications
9,826
Reads
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1,843
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
616 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
Current research fields • Ultrastructural characterization of pancreas adenocarcinoma • Histological, ultrastructural and molecular characterization of human sarcopenia • Mapping of the human placenta under physiological and pathological conditions • Structural, ultrastructural and molecular study of bone regeneration induced by bone substitutes and human amniotic fluid stem cells • Prevention and treatment of pterygium with Curcuma Longa derivatives
Additional affiliations
June 2010 - present
G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara
Position
  • Full Professor of Histology
January 2005 - present

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
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After the outbreak of the pandemic due to COVID-19 infection, several vaccines were developed on short timelines to counteract the public health crisis. To allow the administration of mRNA vaccines through a faster-paced approval process, the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) was applied. The Ba.5 (omicron) variant of SARS-CoV-2 is the predominant...
Article
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Perinatal tissues, such as placenta and umbilical cord contain a variety of somatic stem cell types, spanning from the largely used hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells to the most recently described broadly multipotent epithelial and stromal cells. As perinatal derivatives (PnD), several of these cell types and related products provide an inter...
Article
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Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a complication of certain pharmacological treatments such as bisphosphonates, denosumab, and angiogenesis inhibitors. There are currently no guidelines on its management, particularly in advanced stages. The human amniotic membrane (hAM) has low immunogenicity and exerts anti-inflammatory, anti...
Article
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Skeletal muscle consists of long plurinucleate and contractile structures, able to regenerate and repair tissue damage by their resident stem cells: satellite cells (SCs). Reduced skeletal muscle regeneration and progressive atrophy are typical features of sarcopenia, which has important health care implications for humans. Sarcopenia treatment is...
Article
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Pterygium is a progressive disease of the human eye arising from sub-conjunctival tissue and extending onto the cornea. Due to its invasive growth, pterygium can reach the pupil compromising visual function. Currently available medical treatments have limited success in suppressing efficiently the disease. Previous studies have demonstrated that cu...
Article
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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) therapy is based on patient blood-derived T cells and natural killer cells, which are engineered in vitro to recognize a target antigen in cancer cells. Most CAR-T recognize target antigens through immunoglobulin antigen-binding regions. Hence, CAR-T cells do not require the major histocompatibility complex presentat...
Article
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Background: The current propagation models of COVID-19 are poorly consistent with existing epidemiological data and with evidence that the SARS-CoV-2 genome is mutating, for potential aggressive evolution of the disease. Objectives: We looked for fundamental variables that were missing from current analyses. Among them were regional climate heterog...
Article
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In the framework of space flight, the risk of radiation carcinogenesis is considered a “red” risk due to the high likelihood of occurrence as well as the high potential impact on the quality of life in terms of disease-free survival after space missions. The cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) is overexpressed both in haematological...
Article
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Curcuma longa is a perennial herb that belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. To date, literature includes more than 11.000 scientific articles describing all its beneficial properties. In the last 3 decades various surveys by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concluded that curcumin, the most active ingredient of the drug, is a “generally...
Article
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Thanks to their biological properties, amniotic membrane (AM), and its derivatives are considered as an attractive reservoir of stem cells and biological scaffolds for bone regenerative medicine. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the benefit of using AM and amniotic membrane-derived products for bone regeneration. An electronic...
Article
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The aim of the present study is to assess the clinical and histological healing of a post-extractive alveolus following the procedure for socket preservation, in a patient receiving oral bisphosphonates for more than 6 years. After the extraction, enzymatically-deantigenated horse bone granules and an equine pericardium membrane were used to preser...
Article
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Human second trimester Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells (hAFSCs) harbour the potential to differentiate into cells of each of the three germ layers and to form Embryoid Body (EB)-like aggregates, without inducing teratoma formation and with no ethical concerns. However, in spite of the number of reports on hAFSCs-EBs and their characterization, a thorough...
Article
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from tumor cells are actively investigated, since molecules therein contained and likely transferred to neighboring cells, supplying them with oncogenic information/functions, may represent cancer biomarkers and/or druggable targets. Here, we characterized by a proteomic point of view two EV subtypes isolated b...
Article
curcumin has been used since ancient times as a treatment for a wide range of pathologies. For centuries, it has been considered to be an effective aid for common human diseases. Curcuma longa has been reported to possess various beneficial properties and actions, including anti‑inflammatory, proapoptotic, antiangiogenic and cortisone-like actions....
Article
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Progress in the understanding of the biology of perinatal tissues has contributed to the breakthrough revelation of the therapeutic effects of perinatal derivatives (PnD), namely birth-associated tissues, cells, and secreted factors. The significant knowledge acquired in the past two decades, along with the increasing interest in perinatal derivati...
Article
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The present study was aimed at identifying a new scaffold/stem cell combination useful to treat large bone defects. Human amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) were expanded in vitro, labeled with a fluorescent cell‐permeable dye (PKH26) and transplanted in vivo in a femoral injured rat model. The femoral defect was left untreated (control rats) or fil...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective To delineate the genetic and environmental determinants of COVID-19 spreading. Design Retrospective case series. Setting Spain, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Norway. Participants All laboratory-confirmed infection cases (n=168,089) collected from February 21st to April 14th 2020. Main outcome measures Infection spreading velocity according to v...
Article
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Human Amniotic Epithelial Cells (hAEC) isolated from term placenta are a promising source for regenerative medicine. However, it has long been debated whether the hAEC population consists of heterogeneous or homogeneous cells. In a previous study, we investigated the characteristics of hAEC isolated from four different regions of the amniotic membr...
Article
Current treatments of large bone defects are based on autologous or allogenic bone transplantation. Human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) were evaluated for their potential in bone regenerative medicine. In this study, hAFSCs were transduced with lentiviral vector harboring red fluorescent protein to investigate their role in the regeneration of...
Article
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Tissue engineering is widely recognized as a promising approach for bone repair and reconstruction. Several attempts have been made to achieve materials that must be compatible, osteoconductive, and osteointegrative and have mechanical strength to provide a structural support. Composite scaffolds consisting in biodegradable natural polymers are ver...
Data
S1. DPSC immunophenotyping: data reported show the representative immunophenotype profile of DPSCs isolated from the third molar at passage 4. Cells were found negative for the lymphocyte-related CD45 (protein tyrosine phosphatase) and slightly positive for SSEA4 (stage-specific embryonic antigen 4), while they significantly express CD90 (Thy-1), C...
Article
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The human placenta is an important source of stem cells that can be easily collected without ethical concerns since it is usually discarded after childbirth. In this study, we analyzed the amniotic membrane (AM) from the human placenta with the aim of mapping different regions with respect to their morpho-functional features and regenerative potent...
Data
Supplemental Material, supp - Mapping of the Human Placenta: Experimental Evidence of Amniotic Epithelial Cell Heterogeneity
Article
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Pterygium is a relatively common eye disease that can display an aggressive clinical behaviour. To evaluate the in vitro effects of Curcuma longa on human pterygium-derived keratinocytes, specimens of pterygium from 20 patients undergoing pterygium surgical excision were collected. Pterygium explants were put into culture and derived keratinocytes...
Article
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Cyclic AMP response element binding (CREB) protein is a member of the CREB/activating transcription factor (ATF) family of transcription factors that play an important role in the cell response to different environmental stimuli leading to proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and survival. A number of studies highlight the involvement of CREB...
Article
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Background IgA nephropathy (IgAN) exhibits a variable course ranging from a benign condition to progressive renal failure with a high proportion of patients undergoing end-stage renal disease in the long term. It is unclear how to predict the risk of this progression. Mesangial C4d deposition has been found to be associated with a poor prognosis. O...
Article
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Silver-based products have been proven to be effective in retarding and preventing bacterial growth since ancient times. In the field of restorative dentistry, the use of silver ions/nanoparticles has been explored to counteract bacterial infections, as silver can destroy bacterial cell walls by reacting with membrane proteins. However, it is also...
Article
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Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), a member of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) proteins, is aberrantly expressed or deregulated in tumors and plays pivotal roles in cancer onset and metastatic progression. ZNF216 gene has been identified as one of Immediate Early Genes (IEGs) induced by RTKs. Overexpression of ZNF216 protein...
Article
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Multidrug resistance (MDR) protein 1, which is also known as permeability glycoprotein (Pgp), and tissue factor (TF) are recurrently overexpressed on the surface of cancer cells, likely in response to stimuli such as chemotherapy. Microparticles (MPs) released from cancer cells into the bloodstream express tumour markers on their surface that may b...
Article
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Background The nasal mucosa plays a key role in conditioning the inhaled air and in regulating the immune response. These functions led many authors to recommend mucosal sparing techniques for the surgical management of inferior turbinate hypertrophy. However, the histological modifications of chronic diseases retain the inflammatory activity and p...
Article
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Composite materials are increasingly used as dental restoration. In the field of biomaterials, infections remain the main reason of dental devices failure. Silver, in the form of nanoparticles (AgNPs), ions and salt, well known for its antimicrobial properties, is used in several medical applications in order to avoid bacterial infection. To reduce...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of Cyclic-nucleotide Response Element-Binding (CREB) family members and related nuclear transcription factors in the radiation response of human B lymphoma cell lines (Daudi and Ramos). Unlike the more radiosensitive Daudi cells, Ramos cells demonstrated only a moderate increase in early apop...
Article
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Shear stress is determined by three physical components described in a famous triad: blood flow, blood viscosity and vessel geometry. Through the direct action on endothelium, shear stress is able to radically interfere with endothelial properties and the physiology of the vascular wall. Endothelial cells (ECs) have also to sustain biochemical stre...
Article
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Mesenchymal Stem Cells derived from Amniotic Fluid (AFMSCs) are multipotent cells of great interest for regenerative medicine. Two predominant cell types, i.e. Epithelial-like (E-like) and Fibroblast-like (F-like), have been previously detected in the amniotic fluid (AF). In the present study, we examined the amniotic fluid from 12 donors and obser...
Article
AFSCs represent an attractive cell model for transplantation therapy due to the lack of significant immunogenicity, tumorigenicity and ethical issues (De Coppi et al., 2007). Although AFSCs have been investigated for bone repair, the cellular distribution and post-implantation viability remain key issues (Dupont et al., 2010). The present study was...
Article
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The nasal respiratory mucosa plays a key role in conditioning the inhaled air and in regulating the immune response against foreign particles. Many authors recom- mend mucosal sparing techniques for the surgical management of the inferior turbinate hypertrophy, such as laser surgery, radiofrequency electrocautery, cryosurgery, etc. In spite of thei...
Article
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Background and Aims GDM is associated with increased oxidative stress and overexpression of inflammatory cytokines, both of which might lead to endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. As such, GDM could be viewed as a sort of “short lived” metabolic syndrome. Since umbilical cord vessels represent a suitable model for the study of vascular al...
Article
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Human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSCs) represent a novel class of broadly multipotent stem cells sharing characteristics of both embryonic and adult stem cells. However, both the origin of these cells and their actual properties in terms of pluripotent differentiation potential are still debated. In order to verify the presence of features...
Article
Chondrocytes are the only cell type found in human cartilage consisting of proteoglycans and type II collagen. Several studies on chondrocytes cultured either in Space or on a ground-based facility for simulation of microgravity revealed that these cells are very resistant to adverse effects and stress induced by altered gravity. Tissue engineering...
Article
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Satellite cell (SC) proliferation and differentiation have critical roles in skeletal muscle recovery after injury and adaptation in response to hypertrophic stimuli. Normal ageing hinders SC proliferation and differentiation, and is associated with increased expression of a number of pro-apoptotic factors in skeletal muscle. In light of previous s...
Article
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Amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) harbour the potential to differentiate into cells of any of the three germ layers and to form embryoid bodies (EBs) without inducing teratoma formation (De Coppi et al., 2007; Antonucci et al., 2012). However, no previous findings have been reported regarding embryoid body in vitro development and ultrastructural o...
Article
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Multidrug resistance (MDR) to anticancer chemotherapy is often mediated by the overexpression of the plasma membrane drug transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp) encoded by multidrug resistance gene (MDR1). Various chemosensitizing agents are able to inhibit Pgp activity but their clinical application is limited by their toxicity. Furthermore, hepatotoxic...
Article
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Ageing has been defined as the process of deterioration of many body functions over the lifespan of an individual. In spite of the number of different theories about ageing, there is a general consensus in identifying ageing effects in a reduced capacity to regenerate injured tissues or organs and an increased propensity to infections and cancer. I...
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The biological activity of TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) was analyzed in primary human erythroblasts derived from mononuclear cells of blood donors, kept in culture in the presence of 20 percent foetal calf serum, growth factors (EPO, SCF, IL-3) and glucocorticoids (10-6 M dexamethasone, 10-6 M oestradiol) or under growth factor and...
Article
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Multidrug resistance (MDR) to cancer therapy is frequently associated with the over-expression of the multidrug transporter MDR1 gene product P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in several types of human tumours. Various chemosensitizers have been used to inhibit Pgp activity but toxicity limits their clinical application. Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is a pl...
Article
H9c2 are rat heart embryonic myoblasts, with skeletal muscle properties, which terminally differentiate by fusing and forming multinucleated myotubes. Here we investigated the possible involvement of Protein Kinases C (PKCs) in H9c2 cell differentiation and explored the interplay of these enzymes both with reactive oxygen species (ROS), upstream ph...
Article
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Cell death and differentiation represent different types of cell response to environmental stimuli. The focus of the present issue is to outline physical and chemical conditions responsible for inducing various modes of cell damage and death useful for successful anti-cancer treatment. In recent years new demanding fields of research have developed...
Article
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Radioresistance stands as a fundamental barrier that limits the effectiveness of radiotherapy in cancer treatment. Recent evidences suggest that radioresistance is due to tumour repopulation and involves several signalling pathways, including p53/MDM2 interaction. Ionizing radiation induces p53-dependent MDM2 gene transcription that, in turn, inhib...
Article
Morphological features of granulosa cells can reflect their functional status. The present study was aimed at comparing possible differences in the fine structure of human granulosa cells exposed to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist or antagonist treatment during ovarian stimulation. Cells were obtained from follicular aspirates of 21...
Article
The activation of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) is one of the early responses to various growth factors and it is known that these functions are altered with ageing. In the present investigation, the expression and cellular distribution of PLC isoenzymes in immunocompetent T lymphocytes from a test group of healthy individuals ove...
Article
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Among the molecular events underlying erythroid differentiation, we analyzed the signalling pathway leading to cAMP response element binding (CREB) nuclear transcription factor activation. Normal donor blood light density cells differentiated to pro-erythroblasts during the proliferative phase (10 days) of the human erythroblast massive amplificati...
Article
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Molecular targeted therapies have changed the landscape of cancer research. Agonistic monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) targeting TRAIL-death receptors (TRAIL-Rs) have been developed and currently used in clinical trials. Binding of such antibodies to TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 results in death inducing signalling complex (DISC) formation and induction of a...
Article
We recently demonstrated the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K/Akt) survival pathway in Jurkat T leukemia cells known for their sensitivity to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)/Apo2L cytotoxic action. The present investigation was done to elucidate the role of cAMP-response element-binding (C...
Article
K562 are human erythroleukemia cells inducible to differentiate into megakaryocytic or erythroid lineage by different agents. Cyclic nucleotide Response Element Binding (CREB) protein, a nuclear transcription factor which mediates c-AMP signaling, is a potential candidate involved in the occurrence of erythroid differentiation and adaptive response...
Article
A selective involvement of protein kinase C-zeta (PKC-zeta) in the events regulating cell proliferation has been recently proposed. Here we report a flow cytometric method allowing the simultaneous association of intracellular PKC-zeta expression or phosphorylation with each cell cycle phase. Current methods for flow cytometry analysis were applied...
Article
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Peroxiredoxins (Prx) comprise an extended family of small antioxidant proteins which conserve a thioredoxin-dependent catalytic function that can contribute to cell protection from reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS generation is one of the deleterious intracellular effects of ionizing radiation, but the role of Prx during radiation treatment has n...
Article
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To compare levels of apoptosis in granulosa cells from women treated with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triptorelin or the GnRH antagonist cetrorelix. Randomized, prospective study. University hospital. Thirty-two women undergoing assisted reproduction techniques after ovulation induction with recombinant follicle-stimulating ho...
Article
We have recently demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) increases endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation, NOS activity, and nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), without inducing apoptotic cell death. Although an important factor that regu...
Article
The aim of this work was to evaluate the involvement of survival pathways in the response of Jurkat T leukaemic cells sensitive to the cytotoxic action of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)/Apo2L. Jurkat T cells express TRAIL-R2/DR5 and TRAIL-R4/DcR2 receptors and start to die by apoptosis early (3 h) upon TRAIL...
Article
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a cytokine that mediates tumor necrosis. To date, 20 different members of the TNF super-family and 21 different receptors have been identified. All ligands of the TNF super-family have been found to activate transcription factor NF-kappa B and c-Jun kinase. Members of this family have diverse biological effects, inclu...