Robert Zajicek

Robert Zajicek
Charles University in Prague | CUNI · Department of Burns Medicine (3. LF)

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26
Publications
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247
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Background/aim: We have previously shown that the water extract of Agrimonia eupatoria L. (AE) is a valuable source of polyphenols with excellent antioxidant properties and has clinical potential for the prevention and/or adjuvant therapy of cardiovascular complications associated with diabetes. Inspired by our previously published data, in the pr...
Article
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Active wound dressings are attracting extensive attention in soft tissue repair and regeneration, including bacteria-infected skin wound healing. As the wide use of antibiotics leads to drug resistance we present here a new concept of wound dressings based on the polycaprolactone nanofiber scaffold (NANO) releasing second generation lipophosphonoxi...
Article
Full-text available
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare disease, which predominantly manifests as damage to the skin and mucosa. Antibiotics count among the most common triggers of this hypersensitive reaction. Patients with TEN are highly susceptible to infectious complications due to the loss of protective barriers and immunosuppressant therapy. The aim of th...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive connective tissue accumulation, a hallmark of hypertrophic scaring, results in progressive deterioration of the structure and function of organs. It can also be seen during tumor growth and other fibroproliferative disorders. These processes result from a wide spectrum of cross-talks between mesenchymal, epithelial and inflammatory/immune...
Article
The limited amount of donor sites and loss of dermis are major challenges in the therapy of extensively burned patients. Here, we present a complex treatment approach of an eight-year-old boy with full-thickness burns on 90% of the total body surface area, using simple and efficient techniques of tissue engineering. To obtain sufficient skin for gr...
Article
Serious burn trauma is associated with changes of the immune system, and immunosuppression induced by burn trauma can lead to reactivation of latent infections. Herpetic viruses are known for their lifelong persistence after primary infection and ability to reactivate. Their reactivation in the setting of burn trauma or primary infection can cause...
Article
Introduction: The quality of resulting scar tissue plays an important role in patients return to normal life and full functioning in society. The use of artificial skin substitutes in clinical practice improves functional and cosmetic outcomes. This is true for any patient, and not only those suffering from burns. Material and methods: The colla...
Article
Rapid wound closure in extensively burned patients has remained one of the major unresolved issues of medicine. Integra® is the most widely established artificial skin, which is composed of a porous matrix of cross-linked bovine collagen and chondroitin 6-sulphate covered by a semi-permeable silicone layer. We present here a (immuno)histological st...
Article
Introduction: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, life-threatening autoimmune disease predominantly manifested in the skin and mucous membranes. Today, infectious complications have the dominant share in mortality of TEN patients. Due to the nature of the therapy and administration of immunosuppressive medications, a wide range of potentia...
Article
Material and methodology: This is a multicentric study that included all patients with TEN who were hospitalized between 2000-2015 in specialized centres in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The total catchment area included a population of over 12.5 million inhabitants. The actual implementation of the project was carried out using data obtained f...
Article
Introduction: Artificial skin has become the treatment of choice in extensive, full-thickness thermal injuries. The longest follow-up of the healing process in burn sites covered with the Integra Bilayer Matrix Wound Dressing onto the wound published to date was at around five years after application. In our case report, we describe the clinical an...
Article
Pediatric palmar contact burns are becoming a common trauma, especially in young children. Treatment of this kind of burn is challenging as well as controversial, regarding the choice between split-thickness or full-thickness skin graft to close the defect. The aim of this review was to evaluate the treatment algorithm at our clinic. We conducted a...
Article
Introduction: Microneedling (percutaneous collagen induction therapy) is a new promising miniinvasive therapeutic method for the treatment of skin alterations of different aetiology, including burn scars. Since 2016, it is also available at our department. The microtraumatization of scars with the Dermaroller® leads to an activation of the healing...
Article
Introduction: Integra® dermal replacement has a wide spectrum of use both in burn medicine as well as in reconstructive plastic surgery and traumatology. Since 2002, it has been a part of surgical treatment of patients at Prague Burns Centre of the Královské Vinohrady Teaching Hospital. Study group: Integra® was used in 47 patients in total betw...
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Full-text available
A number of implantable biomaterials derived from animal tissues are now used in modern surgery. Xe-Derma is a dry, sterile, acellular porcine dermis. It has a remarkable healing effect on burns and other wounds. Our hypothesis was that the natural biological structure of Xe-Derma plays an important role in keratinocyte proliferation and formation...
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Full-text available
Electrospun gelatin and poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) nanofibers were prepared using needleless technology and their biocompatibility and therapeutic efficacy have been characterized in vitro in cell cultures and in an experimental model of a skin wound. Human dermal fibroblasts, keratinocytes and mesenchymal stem cells seeded on the nanofibers reveale...
Article
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) are skin disorders characterized by extensive necrosis of the mucous membranes and the epidermis caused by an autoimmune response. To present experience of treating TEN and SJS at the Prague Burn Centre (PBC) 1998-2008. 22 patients with the diagnosis TEN or SJS were enrolled. We co...
Article
Xe-Derma® is a new dry sterile biological cover derived from acellular pig dermis. Hydrated Xe-Derma® displays bio-mechanical features similar to the normal skin. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of Xe-Derma® with hydrocolloid dressing Askina THINSite® for treatment of superficial burns in children in a prospective study. In...
Article
Residential camps for children who have experienced a severe burn have existed for over 20 years. The idea stemmed from recognition that children with burns face additional challenges, both physical and psychological, and therefore need long-term psychosocial support away from the acute care setting. Whilst individual programmes have published posi...
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Full-text available
Fewer than 5 percent of all burn patients sustain other traumatic injuries before, during, or immediately after their accident. Multiple traumas associated with a burn injury create special problems during the care of the thermally injured patients. Conversely, the burn injury often complicates the diagnosis and treatment of the trauma. The combina...
Article
Severe inhalation injury causes a substantial deterioration in the prognosis and increases the general mortality of patients with extensive burns. Recently, in particular due to the development of invasive monitoring of patients and effective treatment of acute burn shock, we encounter with increasing frequency patients who survive the acute stage,...
Article
One of the critical sites of the thermal injuries is the region of the perineum. Burns of the perineum are relatively frequent, while affections of the anus and sphincters are rare. At the Prague Burns Centre, University Hospital Královské Vinohrady, two patients were treated with this kind of injury. The site of the burns proved in both instances...

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Project (1)
Project
The main aim of the intended project is to reduce feeling of procedural pain (when changing bandages) in burn patients through a developed and pilot-verified application for virtual reality (hereinafter VR). The first study on this topic was conducted in the US on two pediatric patients (Hoffmann et al. 2000). In addition to pharmacological pain therapy, there are a number of non-pharmacological options (eg, relaxation techniques) that are based on distracting attention from the feeling of pain. VR appears to be the most promising of these options and, in addition to distraction, it also reduces anxiety and depressive symptoms and enhances patient cooperation (Scapin et al. 2018). The studies also agree on the beneficial role of immersivity; a sense of immersion in VR (Tribert et al. 2014)