Robert Schleip

Robert Schleip
Ulm University | UULM · Division of Neurophysiology

Dr. biol.hum. (PhD), Dipl.Psych (MA)

About

136
Publications
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Introduction
Director, Fascia Research Group, Ulm University, Germany Research Director, European Rolfing Association e.V.
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - December 2013
Ulm University

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Full-text available
Background The myofascial system plays a fundamental role in the mechanics of the body, in body tension regulation and the etiology of pathological states like chronic pain. Moreover, it contains contractile elements and preliminary evidence suggests that its properties are linked to psychological factors. The aim of the present research was to inv...
Article
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Prior studies have shown that self- and manual massage (SMM) increases flexibility in non-adjacent body areas. It is unclear whether this also influences performance in terms of force generation. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of SMM on the plantar surface on performance in the dorsal kinetic chain. Seventeen young participants took...
Article
Dr. Robert Schleip (RS), Humanbiologe, Dipl.-Psychologe und Faszienforscher, trifft auf den Physio- und Manualtherapeuten sowie Autor zahlreicher Fachbücher Frans van den Berg (FB) (Abb. 1).
Article
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Background: Foam rolling is a type of self-massage using tools such as foam or roller sticks. However, to date, there is no consensus on contraindications and cautions of foam rolling. A methodological approach to narrow that research gap is to obtain reliable opinions of expert groups. The aim of the study was to develop experts' consensus on con...
Article
Background and purpose Nonspecific neck pain (NNP) is a common idiopathic disorder in the general population that affects the trapezius muscle (TM) and blood supply, thereby compromising the fascial system. Myofascial reorganization (MR) is a physical therapy technique that can influence the dynamics of local fluids reducing excessive muscle tensio...
Article
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Nociceptive innervation of the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) has been investigated over the past few decades; however, these studies have not been compiled or collectively appraised. The purpose of this scoping review was to assess current knowledge regarding nociceptive innervation of the TLF to better inform future mechanistic and clinical TLF resea...
Article
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Background: Spine shape parameters, such as leg length and kyphotic or lordotic angle, are influenced by low back pain. There is also evidence that the thoracolumbar fascia plays a role in such pathologies. This study examined the immediate effects of a myofascial release (MFR) technique on the thoracolumbar fascia and of an osteopathic treatment...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nociceptive innervation of the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) has been investigated over decades, however these studies have not been compiled or collectively appraised. The purpose of this scoping review was to assess current knowledge regarding nociceptive innervation of the TLF to better inform future mechanistic and clinical TLF research targeting...
Article
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Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability. It significantly impacts the patient’s quality of life, limits their daily living activities, and reduces their work productivity. To reduce the burden of LBP, several pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options are available. This review summarizes the role of superficial heat the...
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(1) Background: Clinical approaches have depicted interconnectivity between the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia. This concept has been applied in rehabilitation, prevention, and in conservative management plans, yet potential anatomical and histological connection is not fully understood. (2) Objective: To explore the possible explanation th...
Preprint
Background: Spine shape parameters, such as leg length, kyphotic or lordotic angle, are influenced by low back pain. There is also evidence that the thoracolumbar fascia plays a role in such pa-thologies. This study examined the immediate effects of a myofascial release technique (MFR) on the thoracolumbar fascia and of an osteopathic treatment (OM...
Preprint
Full-text available
Low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability. It significantly impacts the patient’s quality of life, limits their daily living activities, and reduces work productivity. To reduce the burden of LBP, several pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options are available. This review summarizes the role of heat therapy in the manage...
Article
Fibrotic diseases are still a serious concern for public health, due to their high prevalence, complex etiology, and lack of successful treatments. Fibrosis consists of excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix components. As a result, the structure and function of tissues are impaired, thus potentially leading to organ failure and death in se...
Preprint
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Background: Recent work has examined an association between leg length discrepancy (LLD) and acute low back pain (aLBP). Myofascial release (MFR) techniques are thought to be frequently applied in the treatment of aLBP. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a practical measure of LLD and the feasibility of an MFR technique in a randomised con-t...
Article
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Musculoskeletal pain is often associated with pain referred to adjacent areas or skin. So far, no study has analyzed the somatosensory changes of the skin after the stimulation of different underlying fasciae. The current study aimed to investigate heterotopic somatosensory crosstalk between deep tissue (muscle or fascia) and superficial tissue (sk...
Article
Introduction ; Maintaining flexibility, often defined as range of motion (ROM), is important. Recently, self-massage using a foam roller (FR) has been used in clinical and/or sports settings to effectively and immediately improve ROM. Many studies have found significant increases in ROM following the FR intervention; however, the mechanism of the e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Foam rolling is a type of self massage using tools such as foam rollers or roller massagers. As no consensus on contraindications and cautions of foam rolling exists to date, current suggestions in the literature are drawn from the field of therapeutic massage. A methodological approach to help closing the gap in the current research la...
Article
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The management of pelvic floor dysfunctions might need to be based on a comprehensive neuro-musculoskeletal therapy such as The Rolf Method of Structural Integration (SI). The aim of the study was to evaluate the pelvic floor muscle (PFM) after the tenth session of SI by using surface electromyography (sEMG). This was a randomized, interventional s...
Article
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Fascia can become rigid and assume a fibrotic pattern due to inflammatory processes. Manipulation of the fascial system (MFS), manual technique targeting connective tissues, is commonly used in clinical practice in pain management. We aimed to verify MFS effects on the connective tissue inflammatory changes in mice. Swiss Mus musculus male mice (n...
Article
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Introduction: There are multiple theories surrounding the physiological impact of structural integration (SI) with little evidence or research corroborating any of these. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of 10 sessions of SI on fascial tissue (FT) superficial blood perfusion, stiffness, and elasticity in 13 healthy women. Metho...
Article
Mental imagery (MI) research has mainly focused to date on mechanisms of effect and performance gains associated with muscle and neural tissues. MI's potential to affect fascia has rarely been considered. This paper conceptualizes ways that MI might mutually interact with fascial tissue to support performance and cognitive functions by, among other...
Article
Background Manual palpation is a core skill in physical examination. Assessing elastic properties such as tissue stiffness has the potential for being an important diagnostics tool in the detection of cancer and other diseases. Objective The study describes the newly developed Stiffness Comparison Test (SCT). The aim of our study was to test the S...
Article
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Aging is a one-way process associated with profound structural and functional changes in the organism. Indeed, the neuromuscular system undergoes a wide remodeling, which involves muscles, fascia, and the central and peripheral nervous systems. As a result, intrinsic features of tissues, as well as their functional and structural coupling, are affe...
Article
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Background: Myofascial (self-)treatments, such as foam rollers to therapeutic instruments in manual therapy, are utilized increasingly in prevention and therapy in healthy people, athletes, and patients suffering from chronic back pain. However, there is limited knowledge about the effectiveness of treatment and the underlying mechanisms of myofas...
Article
Context: Several studies have reported that self-massage using a foam roller (FR) increased joint range of motion (ROM) immediately. However, the mechanism of increasing ROM by the FR intervention has not been elucidated. Objective: To clarify the mechanism by investigating properties and morphological changes of muscles targeted by the FR inter...
Article
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EINFÜHRUNG: Die Interdisziplinäre Faszien-Therapie (IFT-Methode) ist eine neuartige Behandlungsmethode für chronische Rückenschmerzen. Bei dieser Behandlung wird die instrumentell gestützte und manuell basierte Faszientherapie mit der Stimulation des Zwerchfells kombiniert, um den Vagaltonus des parasympathischen Nervensystems durch eine spezielle...
Article
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The term fascia is increasingly used not only by anatomists but also by other professionals and authors in different health‐oriented fields. This goes along with an inconsistent usage of the term, in which many different tissues are included by different authors causing an increasing amount of confusion. The Fascia Research Society acted to address...
Article
Yoshimura, A, Inami, T, Schleip, R, Mineta, S, Shudo, K, and Hirose, N. Effects of self-myofascial release using a foam roller on range of motion and morphological changes in muscle: a crossover study. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Self-myofascial release using a foam roller (FR) is effective in improving range of motion (ROM) in at leas...
Article
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The ubiquitous network of fascial tissues in the human body is usually regarded as a passive contributor to musculoskeletal dynamics. This review aims to highlight the current understanding of fascial stiffness regulation. Notably the ability for active cellular contraction which may augment the stiffness of fascial tissues and thereby contribute t...
Article
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Fascial tissues form a ubiquitous network throughout the whole body, which is usually regarded as a passive contributor to biomechanical behavior. We aimed to answer the question, whether fascia may possess the capacity for cellular contraction which, in turn, could play an active role in musculoskeletal mechanics. Human and rat fascial specimens f...
Article
Although the fascia has been studied for a long time, science has only recently begun to pay more attention to the exploration of this network in our bodies. The essential role the fascia plays for body perception and the mobility of body structures is now being explored. After a brief look at the fascia as a specialized connective tissue, we intro...
Article
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The fascial system builds a three-dimensional continuum of soft, collagen-containing, loose and dense fibrous connective tissue that permeates the body and enables all body systems to operate in an integrated manner. Injuries to the fascial system cause a significant loss of performance in recreational exercise as well as high-performance sports, a...
Article
Context: Foam Rolling (FR) increases joint range of motion (RoM), but the opti mal training parameters are unknown. Objective: To investigate the effect of FR velocity on RoM and tissue stiffness. Design: Randomized, controlled crossover trial. Setting: University. Participants: Seventeen healthy, physically active adults (25±2 years, 10 females)...
Article
Obwohl schon lange mit Faszien gearbeitet wird, schenkt die Wissenschaft erst seit Kurzem der Erforschung dieses Netzwerks in unserem Körper zunehmende Beachtung. So wird die wesentliche Rolle erforscht, die Faszien für die Körperwahrnehmung und die Beweglichkeit der Körperstrukturen spielen. Nachdem wir einen kurzen Blick auf die Faszie als spezia...
Article
Introduction: Quantification of myofibroblasts is a promising method for assessing tissue properties in the field of fascia research. This is commonly performed by immunohistochemistry for α-smooth muscle actin. However, usually larger tissue samples sizes are required for quantification. The aim of this investigation was to explore whether a micr...
Article
Recent research indicates that fascia is capable of changing its biomechanical properties. As it, moreover, links the skeletal muscles, forming a body-wide network of multidirectional myofascial continuity, the classical conception of muscles as independent actuators has been challenged. The present synthesis review hence aims to characterize the m...
Chapter
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The posterior layer of the lumbar fascia is innervated by unmyelinated nerve endings which have a nociceptive capacity. Although indications about tissue injuries in this tissue have been documented, it is not clear to which degree these contribute to the frequent finding of idiopathic low back pain in modern humans. In vivo studies on low back pai...
Article
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The lumbodorsal fascia (LF) has been proposed to represent a possible source of idiopathic low back pain. In fact, histological studies have demonstrated the presence of nociceptive free nerve endings within the LF, which, furthermore, appears to exhibit morphological changes in patients with chronic low back pain. However, it is unclear how these...
Chapter
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Eine manuelle osteapathische Behandlungstechnik ist- neben psychosozialenund anderen relevanten Wirkungsebenen - ein Versuch, den Körper mittels körperlicher manueller Berührung zu beeinflussen. Im Gegensatz zum auf die Biochemie fokussierten Ansatz der pharmazeutischen Medizin versucht der Osteopath, das Gewebe hierbei in erster Linie mittels biom...
Article
Muscle and connective tissues are structures that provide stability and movement to organisms belonging to the animal kingdom. Fascia and muscle tissues structurally and functionally integrate to form a musculofas-cial system with exceptional biomechanical properties, which allow animals to accomplish complex tasks. Mechanical overload through inte...
Article
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Fascia is a widely used yet indistinctly defined anatomical term that is concurrently applied to the description of soft collagenous connective tissue, distinct sections of membranous tissue, and a body pervading soft connective tissue system. Inconsistent use of this term is causing concern due to its potential to confuse technical communication a...
Article
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Complementary and integrative treatments, such as massage, acupuncture, and yoga, are used by increasing numbers of cancer patients to manage symptoms and improve their quality of life. In addition, such treatments may have other important and currently overlooked benefits by reducing tissue stiffness and improving mobility. Recent advances in canc...
Article
Eine manuelle osteopathische Behandlungstechnik ist – neben psychosozialen und anderen relevanten Wirkungsebenen – ein Versuch, den Körper mittels körperlicher manueller Berührung zu beeinflussen. Im Gegensatz zum auf die Biochemie fokussierten Ansatz der pharmazeutischen Medizin versucht der Osteopath, das Gewebe hierbei in erster Linie mittels bi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction While two laboratory techniques are commonly used to assess the tensile properties of muscle tissue, emerging evidence suggests that the fascial components of these tissues also serve an active role in force generation. Hence, we investigated whether these techniques are sensitive for assessment of fascial micromechanics. Methods Forc...
Article
Background: This study comprehensively evaluated a myofascial triggerpoint release (MTR) technique for shoulder pain. Methods: Twenty-three (from an initial sample of 25) patients experiencing shoulder pain received MTR, in four 10-min sessions over a period of 2 weeks, applied exclusively on the more painful shoulder, with assessments being rec...
Article
Most manual therapists are familiar with the nociceptive and proprioceptive functions of fascial tissues. However, these tissues are also densely innervated by free nerve endings which serve an interoceptive function. These receptors project to the cortical insula, an area in the brain which in primates is more directly connected with the periphera...
Article
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Fascia is composed of collagenous connective tissue surrounding and interpenetrating skeletal muscle, joints, organs, nerves, and vascular beds. Fascial tissue forms a whole-body, continuous three-dimensional viscoelastic matrix of structural support. The classical concept of its mere passive role in force transmission has recently been disproven....
Article
Malignant hyperthermia is a dreaded complication of general anaesthesia. Predisposed individuals can be identified using the standardised caffeine/halothane in-vitro contracture test on a surgically dissected skeletal muscle specimen. Skeletal muscle is composed of muscle fibres and interwoven fascial components. Several malignant hyperthermia-asso...
Chapter
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Die Wiederentdeckung der Faszien Biomechanische Eigenschaften der Faszien Nozizeption, Neuroplastizität und Schmerzmediatoren in Faszien Kollagenes Bindegewebe als Schmerzquelle Nervenkompressionssyndrome Ausblick Literatur