Robert Podstawski

Robert Podstawski
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn · Department of Tourism Recreation and Ecology

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About

140
Publications
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610
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
Position
  • Antropomotoryka (Kinesiology
Position
  • Methodology of Physical Kulture
Position
  • Biological Human Development

Publications

Publications (140)
Article
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Citation: Jurasz, M.; Boraczyński, M.; Laskin, J.J.; Kamelska-Sadowska, A.M.; Podstawski, R.; Jaszczur-Nowicki, J.; Nowakowski, J.J.; Gronek, P. Acute Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Responses to Incremental Cycling Exercise in Endurance-and Strength-Trained Athletes. Biology 2022, 11, 643. https://doi.
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Background: The need for a strong grip in ‘ground’ martial arts is undisputed, but it is not obvious in karate. It may be expected that in the case of advanced karate fighters where dynamic combat movements dominate, the level of speed skills will be high. However, does the karate style affect the Ditrich rod dexterity and the strength of the playe...
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The effects of thermal stress on the physiological parameters of obese subjects remain insufficiently researched. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of sauna bathing on the physiological parameters of obese and non-obese physically inactive men. Sixty volunteers aged 18–24 years (20.85 ± 1.46) were divided into two groups (g...
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There is very little research on the anthropometric and physiological profiles of lowerranked young female athletes, even though, in most rowing clubs, such rowers constitute the vast majority. Therefore, this study investigated the anthropometric and physiological profiles of young Hungarian female rowers of different age categories and sports ran...
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Background: The programming of training protocols within a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) framework with appropriate analysis of total training load could deliver optimal training adaptations. This study aims to compare the efficiency of two low-volume HIIT protocols integrated with the regular training regime in professional soccer playe...
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Background: Finnish sauna is presently the most popular type of thermal therapy in Europe. Saunas are widely available in aquaparks, SPA centers and hotels. In Scandinavian countries sauna is regarded not only as a form of treatment, but as a part of the national lifestyle. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate sauna-induced changes in s...
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Aim: One of the problems of modern higher education is the so-called "New core curricula", which oblige PE teachers to make many changes in the way they work. PE teachers face several restrictions to provide PE programs that improve students' physical fitness, cognitive development, and overall health. The research aimed to investigate the working...
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Aim: One of the problems of modern higher education is the so-called "New core curricula", which oblige PE teachers to make many changes in the way they work. PE teachers face several restrictions to provide PE programs that improve students' physical fitness, cognitive development, and overall health. The research aimed to investigate the working...
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The aim of this study was to determine sexual differentiation in the anthropometric and physiological characteristics of Hungarian rowers in different age categories. These characteristics were measured for 15-16-year-old juniors (55 men and 36 women), 17-18-year-old older juniors (52 men and 26 women), and 19-22-year-old seniors (23 men and 8 wome...
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Abstract: Background: High school education took place in the form of distance learning during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic worldwide, including Hungary. Decreased physical activity and an increase in inactive behaviours may lead to an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Aim: Our study targeted changes in physical activity (aero...
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The aim of this study was to determine the effects of thermal stress (TS) on changes in blood biochemical parameters and fluid electrolyte levels in young adult men with moderate and high levels of physical activity. Thirty men (22.67 ± 2.02 years) were exposed to four 12-min sauna sessions (temperature: 90–91 °C; relative humidity: 14–16%) with fo...
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Background: Little is known about the anthropometric and physiological profiles of lower-ranking athletes who aspire to rise to the pinnacle of their profession. Aim: The aim of this study was to create anthropometric and physiological profiles of Hungarian male rowers of different age categories (15–16, 17–18, and over 18 years), sports rankings a...
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various forms of physical activity (PA) among male students in physical education (PE) programs offered by universities in Poland, Hungary and the United Kingdom. The study involved 200 full-time male university students (mean age: 19.86±0.82), enrolled in nine different PA programs. The pa...
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Background: For the majority of students, the transition into higher education seems to have deleterious effects on their physical activity (PA) behaviors and motivation. To tackle students’ physical inactivity, reforms in higher education were supposed to reinvent physical education (PE) programs, revise their objectives and tasks. Nevertheless,...
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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between socioeconomic factors (SES), anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities of female university students. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in 2000-2018 on 3955 female university students aged 19.72 ± 0.75 years who were randomly selected from the population of...
Article
Aim: The aim of this study was to describe changes in the anthropometric and motor characteristics of female students attending the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn between 2000 and 2018. Materials and methods: A total of 4046 randomly selected female university students aged 19–21 years (20.1 ± 1.2) were investigated. The students' body...
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The aim of the study was to determine the effect of repeated hot thermal stress and cold water immersion on the endocrine system of young adult men with moderate and high levels of physical activity (PA). The research was conducted on 30 men aged 19–26 years (mean: 22.67 ± 2.02) who attended four sauna sessions of 12 min each (temperature: 90−91°C;...
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Physical activity, together with its ameliorative effects on Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms, remains a relatively unappreciated factor which may be beneficial for the treatment outcome. Contemporary evidence supports the positive effects of non-pharmacological approaches to PD symptom management, in particular the effects of the exercise on both...
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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a 15-minute bathing session in a Finnish sauna on changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively), heart rate (HR), and body mass. The effects of grouping variables (age, sex, BMI, frequency of sauna use, history of sauna use) were taken into account in the analy...
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The purpose of higher education is to produce active and intellectually well-rounded individuals yet, the transition to higher education seems to have deleterious effects on university and college students' (UCS) fitness levels and physical activity (PA). The aim of this quantitative research was to analyse the influences of organisational factors...
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The purpose of this study was to assess a wide range of physiological and performance variables and investigate whether and to what extent these variables are associated with each other in soccer. Twenty-five male soccer players (25.1 ± 4.56 years; body mass, 75.2 ± 5.92 kg; body height, 180.6 ± 5.45 cm) performed: 5-and 30-m sprints (T5m and T30m,...
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Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of various forms of physical activity (PA) among female students in physical education (PE) programs offered by universities in Poland, Hungary, and the United Kingdom. Methods: Two hundred full-time female university students (mean age: 19.93±0.82) enrolled in various PA programs. The participan...
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Objectives To determine changes in the anthropometric and motor characteristics of young males during the first 20 years of the 21st century in Poland. Materials and Methods The study was conducted in 2000–2018 on 2691 randomly selected male university students aged 19÷25 (20.0 ± 1.1 years). The participants' body mass and height were measured, an...
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Within recent years the popularity of sportive activities amongst older people, particularly competitive activities within certain age groups has increased. The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in the cardiorespiratory output at anaerobic threshold and at maximal power, output during an incremental exercise, among senior and youn...
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Introduction. Anthropometric characteristics and physical activity (PA) levels are often considered as potential variables that can be significantly correlated with specific motor abilities. Aim of Study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities with the use of a methodologic...
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Objective Our study analyses differences in performance between sexes, and changes in performance between age groups at Olympic distance during the ITU Duathlon World Championships, held between 2005 and 2016. During this period, a total of 9,772 duathletes were analysed (6,739 men and 3,033 women). Methods Two-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) wer...
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Physical activity, together with its ameliorative effects on Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms, remains a relatively unappreciated factor which may be beneficial for the treatment outcome. Contemporary evidence supports the positive effects of non-pharmacological approaches to PD symptom management, in particular the effects of the exercise on both...
Article
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Background. In Polish cities, many organizations help senior citizens (60+), and many targeted programs support their healthcare. Rural areas, in contrast, have been very much neglected. The main goal of this study was to obtain data on selected health-related behaviors of seniors living in urban and rural areas. We compared exercise, eating habits...
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Aims The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of barriers, facilitators, strategies and successes in individual vs. group-based weight management programmes. Methods Forty-two, overweight (Body Mass Index ≥ 25-kg.m²) participants (aged 32-63y) volunteered to take part in this study. All participants completed a 3-month weight loss programm...
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This study aimed to determine the effect of 16 minutes of thermal stress followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion on the physiological parameters of fifty-five sedentary men (mean age 20.15±1.30 years), who were exposed to 16 minutes of sauna (temperature: 90-91℃; relative humidity: 14-16%) followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion (12℃)....
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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between socioeconomic factors, anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities of male university students. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 on 2691 male university students aged 19.98 ± 1.05 years, who were randomly selected from students attending obl...
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Background & Study Aim: Anaerobic capacity is defined by the power generated during short-term exercise performed at the maximum intensity or the total work performed during the test. Most tests involve rowing ergometer training, stair climbing tests and repetitive jump tests on a dynamographic platform. The aim of the study was knowledge about sex...
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The aim of this study was to evaluate sex-mediated differences, and the correlations, between anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities of university students performing various motor tests. The study was conducted between 2000-2018 on 4956 first-year full-time female students and 4551 male students (20.0±1.0 years total for both sexes). T...
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The aim of the study: to determine the general and individual factor structure of the preparedness of young tennis players 10-12 years old. Material and methods. 24 tennis players aged 10-12 years (boys) participated in the study. All athletes gave their consent to conduct examinations, which are performed in the tennis section of Kharkiv. The leve...
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The effect of thermal stress, such as sauna, on the physiological parameters of older, overweight and physically active former athletes remains insufficiently investigated. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of sauna first and then the combined effects of sauna and physical training on physiological parameters in overweight former eli...
Article
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of various forms of physical activity (PA) among female students in physical education (PE) programs offered by universities in Poland, Hungary, and the United Kingdom. Methods: Two hundred full-time female university students (mean age: 19.93±0.82) enrolled in various PA programs. The participant...
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Abstract Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in anthropometric indicators, body composition, physical fitness, and physiological parameters in young women and men performing extremely strenuous exercise during the 3-Minute Burpee Test (3-MBT). Post-exercise recovery during a 6-minute break was determined in the teste...
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The aim of this study was to develop international standards for evaluating strength endurance with the use of the 3-Minute Burpee Test. The results of 3862 women (Poland-2502, Great Britain-500, Hungary-412, Serbia-448) and 5971 men (Poland-4517, Great Britain-500, Hungary-451, Serbia-503) aged 18-25 (mean age of 20.36 ± 0.94 and 20.05 ± 1.25 y, r...
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Little is known about the effect of prolonged thermal stress on the physiological parameters of young and sedentary men. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of prolonged thermal stress on the physiological parameters of young men and the correlations with somatic features and body composition parameters. Forty-two sedentary men aged 20...
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Background: Physical inactivity and resultant lower energy expenditure contribute unequivocally to cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease and stroke, which are considered major causes of disability and mortality worldwide. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of physical activity (PA) and exercise on diffe...
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This study evaluated the influence of extreme effort on physiological parameters of males and females with low or moderate levels of physical activity (PA) and different body composition parameters. Ninety-six participants (45 females, aged 20.05±1.81 years; 51 males, aged 20.20±2.71 years) took part in this study. PA levels were evaluated with the...
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Although age is a dominant risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), epidemiological studies have shown that physical activity may significantly decrease age-related risks for AD, and indeed mitigate the impact in existing diagnosis. The aim of this study was to perform a narrative review on the preventative, and mitigating, effects of physical act...
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Background: The effect of thermal stress on the physiological parameters of young overweight and sedentary men who sporadically use the sauna remains insufficiently investigated. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of sauna bathing on the physiological parameters of young overweight, physically inactive men and to test the corr...
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Introduction. Cross triathlon is a sport consisting of three segments: swimming, off-road cycling, and running. Our study analyses the differences in performance between genders and changes in performance in selected age categories at the ITU Cross World Championships held between 2011 and 2016. Material and methods. During this period, a total of...
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Background Governing bodies are largely responsible for the monitoring and management of risks associated with a safe playing environment, yet adherence to regulations is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the current status of medical personnel, facilities, and equipment in Rugby Union clubs at regional level...
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Introduction . Summer camps are the most important form of organised leisure activity for children and adolescents, and their popularity has been increasing year after year. Providing tourism services for this group of recipients constitutes a big challenge for the organisers because they have to satisfy the expectations of not only the participant...
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Background: ‪The latest studies warn of obesity levels and sedentary lifestyles in children, and of the impact this has on health. This study analyses the quantity of physical activity and the use of space during school breaks, according to gender, in four-year-old pupils. Material and methods: ‪Pedometers and behavioural mapping were used as recor...
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Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of sauna-induced heat exposure on body mass loss (BML) and its relationships with basic anthropometric and physiological variables. Methods: The sample comprised 230 healthy adult males aged 21.0 ± 1.08 years (age range: 20.0–24.5 years). Body surface area (BSA) was determined and two g...
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BACKGROUND It is evident that a growing number of studies advocate a wrist-worn accelerometer for the assessment of patterns of physical activity a priori; yet, the veracity of this site over any other body-mounted location for its accuracy in activity classification is hither to unexplored. OBJECTIVE The objective of this review was to identify th...
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Purpose. The aim of the study was to evaluate the reliability of the 8-s Skipping with Hand clapping (8-s SHc) test performed by kindergarteners. Methods. The study involved 60 girls and 57 boys (mean age: 67.80 ± 9.00 and 71.76 ± 6.43 months, respectively). The reliability of the 8-s SHc test was determined on the basis of the calculated values of...
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Abstract: This paper discusses the progressing marginalization of physical education in Polish universities. The number of physical education classes in university programs continues to decrease steadily. These adverse changes are a consequence of the lack provisions of the Higher Education Act, namely Article 13, section 1, point 7 which states th...
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BACKGROUND A sedentary lifestyle may lead to infirmity or disability. This study was undertaken to evaluate the physical activity (PA) levels of rural and urban seniors (60+) in Poland. MATERIAL&METHODS The study was conducted on 274 seniors (60+, 146 urban dwellers, 128 rural dwellers). An interview questionnaire was used to collect data. The resu...
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An evaluation of the reliability of the 8-second Skipping with Hand Clapping (8-s SHC) test with the use of the retest method Abstract Aim of Study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the 8-second Skipping with Hand Clapping (8-s SHC) test performed by young women and men. The presence of a "training trend" was checked during...
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The aim of this study was to describe and compare the drinking behaviours and alcohol preferences of female and male university students. A total of 5514 female and 4264 male students (Poland) participated in the study. Empirical data were collected every 2 years in 2000–2016, with the use of an anonymous questionnaire. The respondents were asked a...
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Abstrakt Cel. Charakterystyka zachowań turystycznych osób 60+ żyjących w województwie war-mińsko-mazurskim. Próba wskazania podobieństw i różnic w zachowaniach podróżni-czych osób starszych w zależności od miejsca zamieszkania na wsi lub w mieście. Metoda. W badaniach uczestniczyło 380 osób (305 kobiet i 75 mężczyzn) w wieku po-wyżej 60 lat. Posłuż...
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Purpose. Describing tourist behavior of people over the age of 60 = living in the countryside and cities. An attempt to indicate differences in behaviour of elderly tourists according to their place of residence. Method. The research included 380 individuals (305 women and 75 men) over the age of 60. The authors used a diagnostic survey and an anon...
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Background This study aimed to determine the motivation of overweight/obese persons to participate in and withdraw from a health promotion program, and to determine the program’s effectiveness. Material/Methods 91 women and 89 men enrolled in the program. Their motivation was described with modified EMI-2. The reasons for withdrawal were given by t...
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Despite the popularity of aquatic recreation and its well-promoted prophylactic and therapeutic values, not a lot is known about how socio-cultural background influences the acquisition of water competency. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of socio-economic and environmental factors on the swimming and rescue skills of male univers...
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Aim: This article presents cross-sectional data collected from the population of first-year students at the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn in 2000-2016. The aim of the study was to investigate changes in the following trends among university students after Poland's accession to the European Union (2004): (1) alcohol consumption, (2) al...
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Purpose. This descriptive-correlational study describes the relationships between anthropometric features, body composition, and anaerobic alactic power (AAP) in elite post-pubertal and mature male taekwondo athletes. Methods. A sample of 41 taekwondo athletes was divided into two groups: post-pubertal (P-P, n = 19, M
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The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between various forms of physical activities and anthropometric parameters and motor abilities of female students. Measurements took place at the beginning and at the end of the summer semester. It involved 303 first-year full-time female students. The body height, body mass and BMI of partic...
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Purpose. The paper describes the relationships between anthropometric features, body composition, and anaerobic alactic power (AAP) in elite post-pubertal and mature male taekwondo athletes. Methods. The sample of 41 taekwondo athletes was divided into two groups: post-pubertal (P-P, n = 19, M age = 15.6 ± 1.1 years) and mature (M, n = 22, M age =...
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Background & Study Aim: Reliability is one of the key adequacy criteria for evaluating motor ability tests and their relevance for physical fitness evaluations and also a verified "training trend". The aim of this study was the reliability of the 3-Minute Burpee Test (3MBT) as criterion of verification of "training trend" young women. Material & M...