Robert V. Levine

Robert V. Levine
California State University, Fresno | Fresno State · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

40
Publications
60,723
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,139
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Poster
Full-text available
The present study sought to investigate the relationship between the time perspectives and environmental concern. Time perspective concerns the degree to which each temporal dimension (past, present, and future) affects a person’s thoughts and behavior. This study utilized the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) and the New Ecological Paradi...
Poster
Full-text available
Participants described their current and future life satisfaction and answered questions concerning the pace of their lives, the extent to which they feel stuck in the present, plan out their days in advance, feel busy, and feel rushed. Three diverse groups were sampled: homeless individuals in Fresno, California, Fresno State University students,...
Poster
Full-text available
The present study examined the relationship between different dimensions of time and psychological well-being in three groups that differ profoundly on many factors: (1) Homeless individuals living in tent-like housing at a homeless resource center (The Poverello House); (2) HIV positive individuals at The Living Room, (a support center at a free m...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter focuses on social and cultural aspects of time. It examines the diversity of ways that people from different cultures measure, use and conceive time and some of the consequences of these different ways of thinking and behaving. It describes the author’s field experiments that have measured the pace of life in cities across the United S...
Chapter
Full-text available
The guiding mantra of modern academic social psychology is the power of the situation—the belief that features of the situation exert considerably more influence on our behavior than people generally think they do. In this chapter, we take a broad view of what this means by exploring aspects of the situation at multiple levels, including not only t...
Article
Full-text available
The embeddedness cultural value orientation regards the extended in-group, not the individual, as the key social unit. Embedded cultures focus on the welfare of the in-group, limiting concern for outsiders’ well-being. Therefore, the authors hypothesized that people in high-embeddedness cultures are less helpful to strangers in need. They related c...
Article
Three field studies compared helping behavior across a sample of 24 small, medium and large cities across the United States. The relationship of helping to statistics reflecting the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of these communities was then examined. The strongest predictors of city differences in helping were population size,...
Article
Students' expectations are likely to affect the learning, motivation, and enjoyment of their courses as well as their evaluation of instructors. Attention to the accuracy and realism of student expectations may offer benefits to instructors. I describe an approach designed to foster more realistic expectations among students. This realistic course...
Article
A voluntary worker may have both self-serving and altruistic motivations for helping, which may be positively or negatively linked together. Multilevel analyses of World Values Survey data, representatively sampled from 13, 584 inhabitants of 33 countries, uncover a pattern of cross-cultural differences in balancing these self-and other-directed he...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter focuses on some of the special challenges and difficulties in conducting cross-cultural research. In particular, it describes some of the problems my colleagues and I have faced in our own research: a series of studies in which helpfulness toward strangers was assessed in 36 cities across the United States and 23 large cities around th...
Article
In a random sample of just over 300 medical doctors and consultants throughout Germany, various job-related variables were assessed together with sociodemographic data including time-related parameters work, and specific categories of accidents (moving vehicle and work-related). Occupational stress was related to number of weekly working hours, dur...
Article
Full-text available
Independent field experiments in 23 large cities around the world measured three types of spontaneous, nonemergency helping: alerting a pedestrian who dropped a pen, offering help to a pedestrian with a hurt leg trying to reach a pile of dropped magazines, and assisting a blind person cross the street. The results indicated that a city’s helping ra...
Article
This study looked at seven attitudinal and three personality variable correlates of three measures of pace of life. Pace of life was operationalised as three distinct measures; walking pace, postal service speed, and clock accuracy. Correlational and multiple regression analyses revealed that achievement motivation and competitiveness were highly p...
Article
Full-text available
This study compared the pace of life in large cities from 31 countries around the world. Three indicators of pace of life were observed: average walking speed in downtown locations, the speed with which postal clerks completed a simple request (work speed), and the accuracy of public clocks. Overall, pace of life was fastest in Japan and the countr...
Article
Full-text available
College students from secondary population centers in India, Pakistan, Thailand, Mexico, Brazil, Japan, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Australia, England, and the United States were asked to rate the importance of love for both the establishment and the maintenance of a marriage. Love tended to receive greatest importance in the Western and Westernize...
Article
Full-text available
A series of experiments examined the relationship of urbanism to helping. Six types of helping behaviors were studied in a cross-sample of 36 small, medium, and large cities across the United States. The relationship of helping to a series of statistics reflecting the demographic, social, environmental, and economic characteristics of these communi...
Article
A series of experiments examined the relationship of urbanism to helping. Six types of helping behaviors were studied in a cross-sample of 36 small, medium, and large cities across the United States. The relationship of helping to a series of statistics reflecting the demographic, social, environmental, and economic characteristics of these communi...
Article
We developed the Hmong Adaptation of the Beck Depression Inventory (HABDI) and evaluated the instrument's psychometric characteristics. Also examined was the relationship between depression and demographic variables such as age, sex, length of stay in America, English-speaking ability, and social support in Hmong refugees. One hundred twenty-three...
Article
The relationship between the pace of life and coronary heart disease (CHD) was examined in a total of 36 small, medium, and large metropolitan areas across the United States. Four indicators of pace were observed: walking speed, articulation rate (talking speed), bank teller speed (work speed), and the proportion of individuals wearing watches (con...
Article
First, 286 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) were ranked on four indicators of psycho-social pathology: rates of alcoholism, suicide, divorce, and crime. An overall index of psycho-social pathology was also computed from these four scores. Second, the relationship of the pathology indices to social/environmental conditions, such as th...
Article
Cross-cultural differences in attitudes and behaviors concerning time, punctuality, and pace of life, and the relationship of these measures to coronary heart disease, were investigated in a series of studies in Japan, Taiwan, Indonesia, Italy, England, and the United States. Study 1 found that public clocks were most accurate in the most economica...
Article
Past research has found a self-defensive bias in males and a self-derogatory bias in female achievement attributions. Dispositional explanations for these differences were examined in the present study. Subjects completed measures of Need for Achievement, Self-Esteem, Fear of Success, Attitudes Toward Women, and Androgyny. They later competed in sa...
Article
A 2 2 2 factorial design with country of origin (U.S. or Brazil), education (high school or college), and sex (male or female) as independent variables was used to investigate cross-national differences concerning: the number of natural children wanted and expected, the number of adopted children wanted and expected, and concern about overpopulatio...
Article
Full-text available
Conducted 3 cross-national experiments to investigate the hypothesis that differences between Americans (A's) and Brazilians (B's) in punctuality may be explained by divergent standard errors in their perception of time. Results of Exp I show that public clocks were less accurate in Brazil (B) than in the US. Results of Exp II with 205 A's and 202...
Article
Male subjects, classified high or low on chronic self-esteem and high or low on internality-externality, received bogus feedback of pass or fail on a person perception task. They then attributed their performances to ability, effort, task difficulty and luck. As predicted, externals were more likely than internals to attribute their failures, but n...
Article
Professors from four departments developed a model for an interdisciplinary student experience where the whole was greater than the sum of its parts.
Article
Sex differences in self-attributions following winning or losing in a highly competitive achievement-type situation were investigated. Subjects competed in same- or mixed-sex pairs on an anagram task which was prearranged in difficulty so that one subject would clearly defeat his/her partner. A significant sex of subject outcome interaction emerged...
Article
76 male and 91 female undergraduates rated the attractiveness and personality characteristics of an actor in a taped conversation. In one condition the actor boasted throughout and then apologized for boasting at the end of the conversation. In a second condition the actor boasted but did not apologize for his behavior. In the third condition the a...
Article
Full-text available
stiff wind blowing dust everywhere. Suddenly a man carrying a huge bag of peanuts called out in pain and fell to the ground. I then witnessed an aston- ishing piece of choreography. Appear- ing to have rehearsed their motions many times, a half dozen sellers ran from their stalls to help, leaving unat- tended what may have been the totali- ty of th...
Article
Traducción de: A Geography of Time: The Temporal Misadventures of a Social Psychologist, or How Every Culture Keeps Time Just a Little Bit Differently Se presenta el modo en que la gente interpreta el tiempo de su vida dentro de una diversidad de percepciones de cada cultura, de cada ciudad e incluso de cada vecino. Nos enfrentamos a un concepto co...

Network

Cited By

Projects