Robert Hanus

Robert Hanus
Rzeszów University of Technology · Department of Metrology and Diagnostic Systems

PhD Eng

About

133
Publications
32,352
Reads
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1,414
Citations
Citations since 2017
53 Research Items
1170 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Introduction
Additional affiliations
April 1988 - May 2021
Rzeszów University of Technology
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
This paper concerns the application of the gamma radiation absorption method in the measurements of dispersed phase velocity in two-phase flows: liquid–gas flow in a horizontal pipeline and liquid–solid particles in a vertical pipe. Radiometric sets containing two linear 241Am gamma radiation sources and two NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors were use...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main problems in oil fields is the deposition of scale inside oil pipelines, which causes problems such as the reduction of the internal diameter of oil pipes, the need for more energy to transport oil products, and the waste of energy. For this purpose, the use of an accurate and reliable system for determining the amount of scale insid...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the application of the radioisotope absorption method in the study of two-phase water–air flow in a horizontal pipe. The measurement principle and the test stand are briefly described. The main part of the article presents the signal analysis methods applied to data obtained from scintillation detectors. Because these signals...
Conference Paper
Knowledge of the two-phase flow structure is essential for the proper conduct of industrial processes. Description of liquid-gas flow regimes is possible by using of data analysis in time, frequency, or state-space domain. In this research studies, the autocorrelation function is applied for analysis of signals obtained for liquid-gas flow by use g...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, gamma attenuation has been utilised as a veritable tool for non-invasive estimation of the thickness of scale deposits. By simulating flow regimes at six volume percentages and seven scale thicknesses of a two phase-flow in a pipe, our study utilised a dual-energy gamma source with Ba-133 and Cs-137 radioisotopes, a steel pipe, and a...
Article
Full-text available
In the current paper, a novel technique is represented to control the liquid petrochemical and petroleum products passing through a transmitting pipe. A simulation setup, including an X-ray tube, a detector, and a pipe, was conducted by Monte Carlo N Particle-X version (MCNPX) code to examine a two-by-two mixture of four diverse petroleum products...
Article
Full-text available
In this research study, the comprehensive metrological analysis is investigated for a 4-hole orifice with module m = 0.25 installed in the pipeline with an internal diameter of 50 mm. A detailed numerical simulation was performed for the turbulence models: k-ε-realizable and k-ω-BSL. The novelties of the research include model validation by compari...
Article
Full-text available
Two phase flows are of particular importance in various research fields. In the current article, a novel system consists of an X-ray tube and one sodium iodide crystal detector with ability of determining type of flow regime as well as void fraction percentage of a two phase flow, is proposed. MCNP-X code was used for physical modelling of the prop...
Article
Full-text available
Segmental orifices are often used to measure flows of heterogeneous mixtures, especially in flow meters in the power industry, for example. The orifice (with module m= 0.25) was installed in a stainless-steel pipe with internal diameter of 50 mm, placed in a hydraulic water system. The research was performed for Reynolds numbers ranging from 9,000...
Article
Full-text available
Radiation-based instruments have been widely used in petrochemical and oil industries to monitor liquid products transported through the same pipeline. Different radioactive gamma-ray emitter sources are typically used as radiation generators in the instruments mentioned above. The idea at the basis of this research is to investigate the use of an...
Article
Full-text available
Liquid-gas flows in pipelines appear in many industrial processes, e.g. in the nuclear, mining, and oil industry. The gamma-absorption technique is one of the methods that can be successfully applied to study such flows. This paper presents the use of the gamma-absorption method to determine the water-air flow parameters in a horizontal pipeline. T...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the feasibility of using an X-ray tube instead of radioisotope sources for measuring volume fractions of gas, oil, and water in two typical flow regimes of three-phase flows, namely, annular and stratified, is evaluated. This study’s proposed detection system is composed of an X-ray tube, a 1 inch × 1 inch NaI detector, and one Pyrex...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of the present research is to combine the effect of scale thickness on the flow pattern and characteristics of two-phase flow that is used in oil industry. In this regard, an intelligent nondestructive technique based on combination of gamma radiation attenuation and artificial intelligence is proposed to determine the type of fl...
Article
In this investigation, a fan-beam photon attenuation based system, including one X-ray tube and two sodium iodide crystal detectors, combined with group method of data handling (GMDH) neural network is proposed to recognize type of flow regime and predict gas-oil-water volume fractions of a three phase flow. One GMDH neural network was considered f...
Article
Determining the type of flow pattern and gas volumetric percentage with high precision is one of the vital topics for researchers in this field. For this, in this paper, three different types of liquid-gas two-phase flow regimes, namely annular, stratified, and homogenous were simulated in various gas volumetric percentages ranging from 5% to 90%....
Chapter
The article presents the results of simulation studies of four methods of time delay estimation for random signals using cross-correlation with the Hilbert Transform. Selected models of mutually delayed stochastic signals were used in the simulations, corresponding to the signals obtained from scintillation detectors in radioisotope measurements of...
Article
Determination of the volumetric percentages and type of flow regime in two-phase fluids is a significant parameter in various industries such as oil, gas and petrochemical industries. In current paper, to distinguish this important parameters, the structure consist of one 137Cs source and just one sodium iodide (NaI) detector has been simulated. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The article analyses the impact of the Reynolds number on the estimated uncertainty of the mass flow rate measurement using an orifice plate. The objects of the research were two types of orifices: centric (ISA) and eccentric, with the diameter ratio β = 0.5. Studies were performed by Monte Carlo simulation and experiments for Reynolds numbers in t...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the correlation method for time delay estimation, its disadvantages, and drawbacks. It is shown that the correlation method for material velocity measurement based on images of instantaneous changes of the concentration material inside measured by twin planes electrical tomography has serious limitations, especially in the ca...
Article
Full-text available
The photovoltaic module temperature depends on many parameters and becomes an important parameter from the system efficiency point of view. For this reason, in this research, a comprehensive analysis of the photovoltaic modules has been done using in-situ experimental measurement and computer simulation. The objective of the current work is to mode...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents an analysis of the purification of experimental mass flow measurement results from systematic interactions. The influence of performing such a procedure on changing the value of the flow estimation and the uncertainty of type A is presented. The results of the obtained analyzes allow to confirm the validity of controlling the s...
Chapter
This paper describes a proposition of use of Hilbert Transform to time delay estimation in radioisotope measurements of two-phase flow. It presents results of simulation study of the modified crosscorrelation method, in which the Hilbert Transform of one measured signal is used. The simulations have been carried out for models of stochastic signals...
Chapter
In this paper, the use of the gamma-absorption method applied in the investigation of the two-phase liquid-gas flow in the pipeline is described. An example of its application to the air transported by water in a horizontal pipeline is evaluated. In the measurements, Am-241 radioactive sources and probes with Nal (Tl) scintillation crystals have be...
Article
Full-text available
Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems connected to the traditional power suppliers are an interesting technological solution in the field of energy engineering and the integration of renewable systems with other energy systems can significantly increase in energy reliability. In this paper, an analysis and optimization of the hybrid energy system, which...
Article
This paper presents an application of the Hilbert Transform (HT) in the time delay estimation (TDE) of random signals by cross-correlation function (CCF). The use of HT in the cross-correlation analysis provided a CCFHT function that reaches zero value for transportation time delay τ0. This allowed replacing the traditional τ0 designation by lookin...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the structure of a flow is significant for the proper conduct of a number of industrial processes. In this case, a description of a two-phase flow regimes is possible by use of the time-series analysis in time, frequency and state-space domain. In this article the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) is applied for analysis of signals obta...
Article
Full-text available
Standard orifice flowmeters are widely used in the chemical and energy industry. Therefore, it is essential to know how accurate the measurements made with these instruments are. The paper presents an estimation of measurement uncertainty of a liquid mass flow using the orifice plate. The authors will present the influence of ranges of the Reynolds...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the analysis of signals from a radiometric system consisting of two scintillation probes and two gamma radiation sealed sources. Calculations and interpretation were carried out for the bubble flow of the water-air mixture in the horizontal pipeline. The analysis of the obtained signals was done in time and frequency domain. In...
Article
Full-text available
Most non-invasive blood pressure measurements are based on the blood flow during the arm cuff deflation. In this paper, the measurement system for an investigation of a blood flow in the partially occluded brachial artery is presented. It allows us to record simultaneously the cuff pressure, Korotkoff sounds and the blood flow during the arm cuff d...
Chapter
Liquid-gas flows frequently occur in the mining, energy, chemical, and oil industry. One of the well-known non-contact method applied for measurement of parameters for such flows is the gamma-ray absorption technique. An analysis of the signals from scintillation detectors allows us to determine the flow parameters and to identify the flow structur...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a new investigation is underway with the primary objective of the weather parameters impacton the wind turbine power. Therobust and straightforward dynamic model for accurate predicting wind turbine output power waspresented. The evaluation has been done for thewhole environmental components influencing on the model and output power....
Chapter
The paper presents the application of artificial neural networks in lithology identification on the basis of well logging data. The problem is very important considering petroleum geophysics as it allows to find sweet spots -potential deposits of hydrocarbons (oil and gas). The use of advanced statistical methods such as artificial neural networks...
Poster
Full-text available
The authors present the influence of ranges of the Reynolds number on the estimated uncertainty, obtained on the basis of simulation and laboratory experiments. The research was conducted for the central orifice in the Reynolds number 8,000 < Re < 21,000. The results of estimating the extended uncertainty of the measurement of water flow using simu...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the possibilities of using the function of conditional average value of a delayed signal (CAV) and the function of conditional average value of a delayed signal absolute value (CAAV) to determine the time delay estimation (TDE) of random signals. For discrete CAV and CAAV estimators, the standard uncertainties of the estimation...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the application of the gamma absorption method in combination with selected artificial intelligence methods to identify the structure of liquid-gas flow in a horizontal pipeline. For the signals from the radiometric set, a number of features were distinguished based on time domain analysis. These features were then applied to i...
Article
Two-phase liquid-gas flows occur frequently in the mining, energy, chemical, and petrochemical industries. One of non-contact methods used to analyse these flows is the gamma ray absorption method. However, the signals received from radiation detectors contain a significant stochastic noise, which makes them difficult to analyse. The article descri...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents application of the gamma-absorption method to a two-phase liquid-gas flow investigation in a horizontal pipeline. The water-air mixture was examined by a set of two Am-241 radioactive sources and two NaI(Tl) scintillation probes. For analysis of the electrical signals obtained from detectors the cross-spectral density function (C...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the parameters of two-phase flows using radioisotopes, usually two detectors are used. Knowing the distance between them, the velocity of the dispersed phase is calculated based on time delay estimation. Such a measurement system requires the use of two gamma-ray sealed sources. But in some situations it is also possible to determine v...
Article
The article presents an estimation of measurement uncertainty of a liquid mass flow using the orifice plate. This subject is essential because of the widespread use of this type of flow meters. Not only the quantitative estimation but also the qualitative results of those measurements are important. To achieve these results the authors of the paper...
Article
Measuring the density and velocity of fluids is one of the important tasks in oil and petroleum industries. The article demonstrates the measurements of these parameters precisely for different fluids and various diameters of pipes by using radiotracer injection and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The required data for training and testing the ANN...
Article
Liquid-gas flows in pipelines occur frequently in the mining, nuclear, and oil industry. One of the non-contact techniques useful for studying such flows is the gamma ray absorption method. An analysis of the signals from scintillation detectors allows us to determine the number of flow parameters and to identify the flow structure. In this work, f...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid development of tomography methods particularly electrical, X and gamma rays allows for a wide range of the information about flow structure. However, all of such methods are quite complicated. At the same time much simpler systems as the measuring system of gamma rays absorption, allows to obtain a all key flow information which describe...
Article
Full-text available
This work investigates the effect of the dust deposition and temperature on the photovoltaic module working under varying environmental conditions. The impact of the module temperature caused by the dust deposition, as well as direct impact caused by the dust particle absorption, scattering and reflectance on module performance, has been analysed....
Article
The article presents application of the gamma-ray absorption method to determine the parameters of the liquid-gas flow in a horizontal pipeline. The signals from radiometric set were used for determining the velocity of the dispersed phase, void fraction and identification of flow structure. Results of experiments carried out on a laboratory stand...
Article
The article discusses a study on hydrotransport of solid particles (ceramic models of polymetallic nodules) in a vertical pipeline using two different radioisotope methods: tracer and gamma-ray absorption. The radiotracer method makes it possible to determine the velocity of selected solid particles representing specified size fractions while the a...
Article
Full-text available
Microflow sensors offer great potential for applications in microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip systems. However, thermal-based sensors, which are commonly used in modern flow sensing technology, are mainly made of materials with positive temperature coefficients (PTC) and suffer from a self-heating effect and slow response time. Therefore, the design...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents estimation of measurement uncertainty of a liquid mass flow using the orifice plate. This subject is essential because of the widespread use of this type of flow meters, which renders not only the quantitative estimation but also qualitative results of this type so those measurements are important. To achieve this goal, the aut...
Article
Full-text available
One of the simplest and commonly used instruments for measuring the flow of homogeneous substances is the rotational flow meter. The main part of such a device is a rotor (vane or screw) rotating at a speed which is the function of the fluid or gas flow rate. A pulse signal with a frequency proportional to the speed of the rotor is obtained at the...
Article
Full-text available
In the two-phase flow measurements a method involving the absorption of gamma radiation can be applied among others. Analysis of the signals from the scintillation probes can be used to determine the number of flow parameters and to recognize flow structure. Three types of flow regimes as plug, bubble, and transitional plug – bubble flows were cons...
Article
Full-text available
The greatest part of industrial mass transfer is based on continuous transportation of different substances throughout especially constructed installations. In that kind of practice, a flow of such mass in each part determines the process unit and can be described by the residence time distribution (RTD) of the substance inside this unit. This para...
Article
Full-text available
Turbulent non-isothermal fully developed channel flow with solid particles was investigated through Direct Numerical Simulation combined with the point-particle approach. The focus was on the interactions between discrete and continuous phase and their effect on the velocity and the temperature of the particles. It has been found that low momentum...
Article
Full-text available
Autocorrelation of signals and measurement data makes it difficult to estimate their statistical characteristics. However, the scope of usefulness of autocorrelation functions for statistical description of signal relation is narrowed down to linear processing models. The use of the conditional expected value opens new possibilities in the descript...
Article
Full-text available
Full description of a two-phase liquid-gas flow requires the designation of lot parameters. First one, which describes which part of the pipeline is fulfilled by the gas, is the void fraction. Moreover the share of gas in a flowing mixture determines the structure of the flow and also affects the velocity of the individual phases. In that case void...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the experimental data of the measured velocity field of a water and air-water system within a laboratory flotation chamber at various rotational speeds of the rotor and aeration. These results were used to verify the gas-phase distribution in the flotation chamber of a process conducted under specified hydrodynamic and physicoch...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a method of determining time delays of random signals using conditional averaging of the delayed signal module. An evaluation of selected metrological properties was prepared for the proposed statistical models of extreme characteristics. The theoretical relations were compared with the results of modelling and measurements.
Article
The design of radiation measurement systems includes a modelling phase which ascertains the best 3D geometry for a projected gauge. To simulate measured counts by a detector, the widely-used rigorous phenomenological model is used. However, this model does not consider possible source or/and detector movement during a measurement interval. Therefor...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents gamma-radiation proposal to control a multiphase flow, independently from circumstances. So this method may be applied even in compound industrial or environmental processes. Moreover in many cases, it is the only method for applications for dense mixture containing coarse angular grains. The constructed equipment allows continuo...
Article
Full-text available
In the presented paper, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) has been used to investigate flow pattern and turbulent structure in the model of blind drift. The presented model exist in mining, and has been analyzed to resolve ventilation issues. Blind region is particularly susceptible to unsafe methane accumulation. The measurement system allows us to...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents gamma radiation application to two-phase flow investigation in a vertical pipeline, where the flow of solid particles transported by water was examined by use of both: radiotracers and gamma-absorption method. The simultaneous use of two methods allows analyzing of important parameters of solid particles hydrotransport. In the de...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an application of radioisotopes with reference to the determination of the solid phase volumetric concentration in a hydromixture by calibration of the measuring set. It shows how the gamma absorption equipment consisting of radioactive isotopes 241Am and scintillation probe, may be applied to the measurement of solid particles...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an application of the gamma-absorption method to study a gas-liquid two-phase flow in a horizontal pipeline. In the tests on laboratory installation two 241Am radioactive sources and scintillation probes with NaI(Tl) crystals have been used. The experimental set-up allows recording of stochastic signals, which describe instantane...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the structure of a flow is really significant for the proper conduct a number of industrial processes. In this case a description of a two-phase flow regimes is possible by use of the time-series analysis e.g. in frequency domain. In this article the classical spectral analysis based on Fourier Transform (FT) and Short-Time Fourier Tra...