Robert Guinness

Robert Guinness
Finnish Geodetic Institute · Department of Navigation and Positioning

About

32
Publications
14,608
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804
Citations
Introduction
PLEASE NOTE: I do not keep this profile up-to-date or complete. I only have an account here because it seems more and more researchers are using this site. I am not really a fan. If you judge a researcher/scientist by a number next to their name, you don't know the first thing about science.

Publications

Publications (32)
Chapter
Navigation in the Arctic is of growing importance in the 21st century. This chapter discusses current methods of ice navigation as well as foreshadows future technologies. It begins with current maritime technologies used in the Arctic today along with their limitations and challenges. This includes challenges with poor sea chart quality, mapping,...
Article
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Safety for conventional and autonomous navigation in ice-covered waters is a topic of rising importance. Here, we propose a generic extendable framework to provide the optimal route from multiple route planning objectives. These objectives are attained by an evaluation of multi-source input data, including state-of-the-art model data for ice condit...
Article
Practical knowledge about the performance of a ship while navigating in ice is crucial for the selection of safe and efficient route for a ship. Existing route finding tools estimate ship performance in ice adopting numerous approaches, ranging from model tests and engineering models to experts-based guidelines. Therein ship performance is usually...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vulnerabilities of GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) or non-GNSS based localization include (1) unintended disruptions of the position or timing solution, (2) malicious attack on the physical or virtual infrastructure of the localization engine, (3) theft of information from the localization engine or its associated modules, and (4) loopho...
Article
The project Enhanced Situational Awareness to Improve Maritime Safety in the Baltic (BONUS ESABALT) studies the feasibility of data crowdsourcing among marine stakeholders in the Baltic Sea for enhancing maritime safety. This paper describes the system architecture, and by use of practical maritime scenarios demonstrates the system utility. These s...
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In recent years advances in positioning technologies have led to improved accuracy and availability of location services in mobile devices. This in turn has led to unprecedented abilities of various actors to track the location of large numbers of people via mobile devices. What does this mean for privacy, which is considered in many parts of the w...
Conference Paper
Today, companies such as Google and Apple require you to accept broad-reaching license agreements in order to enable location services on mobile devices (e.g. smartphones), which give them the legal right to share your location information with third-parties of their choosing (e.g. Google, 2014; Apple, 2014). This collected information includes at...
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This paper presents the key assumptions and preliminary research on an integrated system called ESABALT, for enhancing maritime safety, which incorporates the latest technological advances in positioning, e-Navigation, Earth observation systems and multi-channel cooperative communications. The most novel part of the ESABALT concept, however, is a f...
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This paper presents the results of research on the use of smartphone sensors (namely, GPS and accelerometers), geospatial information (points of interest, such as bus stops and train stations) and machine learning (ML) to sense mobility contexts. Our goal is to develop techniques to continuously and automatically detect a smartphone user's mobility...
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This paper presents the methodology and research results on identification of potential users of the ESABALT system, which is targeted towards improving the situational awareness in the Baltic Sea region. We describe the technique of analysing the stakeholders involved in maritime sector processes, especially in maritime transport processes, while...
Conference Paper
In this article we present the P3 (Public Precise Positioning) Service project where network GNSS data are combined with a consumer-grade receiver. P3 utilizes the Finnish national FinnRef GNSS network which is operated by the Finnish government and available free of charge to the general public. The project investigates the use of network real-tim...
Conference Paper
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We present a method for ice-aware maritime route optimization. Our aim is to increase the safety and efficiency of maritime transport under icy conditions. The proposed method is based on the A∗ algorithm, developed by Hart et al. It uses a model of maritime navigation, consisting of (1) a sea spatial model, (2) ship maneuverability model, (3) sea...
Conference Paper
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Microphone arrays, also known as acoustic antennas, have been extensively used for sound localization. Small-scale microphone arrays have especially been used in teleconferences and game consoles due to their small dimension and easy deployment. In this article, we present an approach to locating a sound source using a small linear microphone array...
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Indoor navigation is nowadays promisingly achievable in practice with the integration of different sensors available in a single device popularly known as the smart phone. Thanks to the advances in smart phone technology which makes it possible to obtain measurements from many different sensors like accelerometer, gyroscope, magnetometer, Wireless...
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This research focuses on sensing context, modeling human behavior and developing a new architecture for a cognitive phone platform. We combine the latest positioning technologies and phone sensors to capture human movements in natural environments and use the movements to study human behavior. Contexts in this research are abstracted as a Context P...
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Smartphone positioning is an enabling technology used to create new business in the navigation and mobile location-based services (LBS) industries. This paper presents a smartphone indoor positioning engine named HIPE that can be easily integrated with mobile LBS. HIPE is a hybrid solution that fuses measurements of smartphone sensors with wireless...
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The paper presents an indoor navigation solution by combining physical motion recognition with wireless positioning. Twenty-seven simple features are extracted from the built-in accelerometers and magnetometers in a smartphone. Eight common motion states used during indoor navigation are detected by a Least Square-Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM) c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An increasing number of WiFi and Bluetooth terminals, tags, and other mobile devices drives a growing demand for integration and coexistence of these two technologies. This paper gives the preliminary results of WiFi positioning in a WiFi and Bluetooth coexistence environment. The received signal strength indication is introduced as an observation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Indoor navigation requires the integration of different sensors to be able to perform continuous position determination of the user. Along with Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), other technologies like WLAN, UWB, RFID and aiding sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers, etc. can be integrated in a multi-sensor system. The...
Article
We report isotopic ratio measurements of small SiC and Si3N4 grains, with special emphasis on presolar SiC grains of type Z, and new nucleosynthesis models for 26Al/27Al and the Ti isotopic ratios in asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. With the NanoSIMS we analyzed 310 SiC grains from Murchison (carbonaceous CM2 chondrite) separate KJB (diameters...
Article
With a new type of ion microprobe, the NanoSIMS, we determined the oxygen isotopic compositions of small (<1μm) oxide grains in chemical separates from two CM2 carbonaceous meteorites, Murray and Murchison. Among 628 grains from Murray separate CF (mean diameter 0.15 μm) we discovered 15 presolar spinel and 3 presolar corundum grains, among 753 gra...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Archived project
Project
STORMWINDS contributes to operational and strategic management of ecological risks to the Northern Baltic Sea, emerging from maritime transportation incidents and accidents. Focus is on wintertime conditions as most accidents in the area occur in the ice season. To achieve these aims, advances are made to support operational risk management in two ways. First, a holistic cross-border and cross-sector analysis of the vessel traffic control and emergency response services is performed, using a systems-theoretic approach. This analysis is further placed in context with maritime spatial planning, leading to policy-relevant recommendations. The systems-theoretic approach is furthermore applied to probabilistic, indicator-based safety management modelling for vessel traffic services operation and training. Second, specific tools for operational risk management are developed. Accident prevention is enhanced through the development of e-navigation services related to ship routing and ship performance in ice. Accident response is enhanced through the development of smart response services for shipping accidents. STORMWINDS addresses strategic risk management through the development of a risk management model for spill response effectiveness in wintertime conditions, resulting in recommendations regarding fleet organisation. Both the operational and strategic risk management work require scientific advances in various fields, which are used in parallel to achieve the overall aims.