Robert A. Cooke

Robert A. Cooke
University of Illinois at Chicago | UIC · Department of Managerial Studies

Pd.D. Organizational Behavior, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

About

42
Publications
86,214
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,807
Citations
Education
September 1969 - September 1973
Northwestern University. Kellogg School of Management
Field of study
  • Organization Behavior

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
The Life Styles Inventory (LSI) is among the first and most widely used 360◦ feedback surveys for management and leadership development. The LSI measures 12 thinking and behavioral styles reflecting three, more general, personal orientations that are related to managerial effectiveness. Previous studies demonstrated the reliability and validity of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Writings on organizational culture suggest that cultural values and norms are influenced by factors at the organizational, industry, and societal levels. While the effects of societal and organizational factors have been researched extensively, those of industry factors have not received commensurate attention. This paper investigates the r...
Article
Full-text available
This research project seeks to contribute to the literature on management by presenting and testing a model of leadership linking leadership styles directly to culture type and indirectly to firm effectiveness. The authors selected a four-factor theory of leadership and examined how it directly impacted organizational culture, and indirectly impact...
Article
This paper presents a conceptual-theoretical model for the organizational study of hospital emergency services (HES). HES is viewed as a complex work-performing and problem-solving subsystem of the hospital. It is characterized by certain basic system properties: differentiation; interdependence within the system; patterning; internal continuity; e...
Article
This report presents preliminary findings from a 3-year comparative organizational study of hospital emergency services which assessed effectiveness of emergency outpatient units operated by 30 general hospitals in HEW Region V. The results presented here are primarily descriptive and deal with the following areas of study: basic characteristics of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose - This paper clarifies distinct aspects of firm culture, delineates its effects on performance outcomes, and examines culture intensity on theoretic grounds with attention to its effects and limits. Design/methodology/approach - The study analyzes a data set of 2,657 individual cases that are empirically aggregated into 302 organizational...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to describe how organizational culture is manifested in behavioral norms and expectations, focusing on 12 sets of behavioral norms associated with constructive, passive/defensive, and aggressive/defensive cultural styles. Design/methodology/approach – The organizational culture inventory, a normed and validated instrument...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traditionally, culture has been assessed by qualitative methods. However, quantitative approaches such as culture surveys offer important advantages for both cross-sectional organizational research and knowledge-based cultural change initiatives. The organizational culture inventory© (OCI), an instrument designed for such uses, profiles the culture...
Article
Full-text available
As part of an integrative model of leadership, transformational (versus transactional) styles are proposed to be related to subordinates' motivation and commitment to quality, the strength of empowering norms at the subunit level, and organizational productivity. Transformational and transactional styles also are proposed to be related to the self-...
Article
Virtual teams are typically made up of geographically dispersed experts, supported by computer-based communication technologies. Though increasingly popular this is still a relatively unstudied organizational form. Virtual team membership is typically based solely on needed expertise; the teams rarely have any history of interaction and their perfo...
Article
In this cross-sectional study, registered nurses from 36 emergency rooms completed an abridged version of the Organizational Culture Inventory (Cooke & Lafferty, 1989) and responded to nine hypothetical conflict vignettes. Stepwise regressions were performed with nurse conflict style intentions as dependent variables and 10 independent variable (th...
Article
Research on group interaction styles and problem-solving effectiveness suggests that group behavior can be analyzed in terms of three general styles: constructive, passive, and aggressive. Empirical studies, however, have tended to focus on only one or two of these styles in examining their relation to measures of problem-solving effectiveness. Usi...
Article
The Organizational Culture Inventory (R. A. Cooke and J. C. Lafferty, 1983) measures 12 sets of shared behavioral expectations associated with 3 types of cultures: constructive, passive-defensive, and aggressive-defensive. These cultural norms are hypothesized to influence thinking and behavior, motivation and performance, and satisfaction and stre...
Article
Persons left suddenly unemployed can be bewildered by a complex array of unpredictable problems. The problems, moreover, may differ significantly from person to person. Traditional outplacement programs - aimed at assisting individual employees in finding new jobs - are helpful but may be inadequate in situations involving largescale layoffs, plant...
Article
The Management Effectiveness Profile System (MEPS) provides managers with feedback on fifteen different task skills (e.g., decision making, planning), people skills (e.g., managing conflict, developing subordinates), and personal factors (e.g., time management, commitment level) hypothesized to be related to their overall job performance. Self-desc...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluated the theoretical framework underlying the Organizational Culture Inventory by R. A. Cooke and J. C. Lafferty (1983, 1986), which profiles the culture of organizations and their subunits in terms of behavioral norms and expectations. Data provided by members of diverse organizations are used to illustrate that there was agreement within org...
Article
Psychological and physiological symptoms of strain are investigated with consideration of five personal orientations hypothesized to be causally related to health and illness: self-image, locus of control, interpersonal orientation, goal orientation, and time orientation. The Stress Processing Report, an instrument designed to measure dysfunctional...
Article
Full-text available
Managers participating in management development programs provided self-report data on their thinking and behavioral styles as measured by Level I: Life Styles Inventory. Five co-workers (superiors, subordinates, peers) also described each manager on a parailel form of the inventory, Level II: Description by Others. These data were used to assess t...
Article
An extensive amount of research has focused on the relative performance of groups versus individuals in problem-solving situations. The results of this research have been inconsistent. To some extent these inconsistent findings can be attributed to differences in the variables used to represent individual and group output and the methods employed t...
Article
An empirical study that compares the relative effectiveness of groups vs. individuals in developing a project plan and focuses on two aspects of planning effectiveness (quality and acceptance) is presented. Members of 80 groups completed a simulation, the Project Planning Situation, first individually and then as interacting groups. The results sho...
Article
The Stress Processing Report is a self-administered instrument designed to measure thinking styles that are causally related to psychological and physiological symptoms of strain. The instrument is intended to measure 19 thinking styles relevant to self-image and to the way in which individuals think about their relations with others and their work...
Article
Attempts by organizational researchers to conceptualize and explicate the concepts of technology and structure have been subject to inconsistencies and misspecifications. These problems stem from the absence of an integrative framework that considers these concepts simultaneously. Such a framework is developed here, rooted both in the theoretical w...
Article
Used questionnaire and interview data from 200 elementary and high school teachers (primarily 21–55 yrs old) to examine the relationship between family roles and work-role expectations and stress and strain. Results are consistent with role theory's prediction that multiple roles can lead to stressors (work overload and interrole conflict) and to s...
Article
Data collected from 1,000 managers and nonmanagers through the Life Styles Inventory were analyzed to assess the direct and moderating effects of personal orientations on strain. Neither subgroup analysis nor regression with interaction terms indicated that personal orientations acted as moderators. However, a modest direct relationship between the...
Article
Level I: Life Styles Inventory is a personal assessment instrument which has been used as a diagnostic tool in various programs for organizational change and individual development. The inventory measures twelve different life styles that are postulated to fall into four general areas of concern: Task/satisfaction; people/satisfaction; task/securit...
Article
Focused on identifying the way in which individual and organizational variables affect the classroom leadership behavior of teachers. Data gathered from a questionnaire designed for this study were collected from 147 teachers and 2,430 students in 10 community colleges. Results indicate that the openness of interpersonal relations among the teachin...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a model of problem solving that specifies the way in which system properties give rise to a set of generic problems that must be resolved by all organizations. The adequacy of an organization's problem solving is hypothesized to be related to the resources (inputs) available to the system and to the appropriateness of its stru...
Article
This paper describes an organization development program for edu cational systems and reviews an experiment conducted to assess its im pact on elementary schools and their teaching staffs. The OD program was designed to establish collective decision-making structures in schools and to initiate survey feedback and group problem-solving proc esses at...
Article
Full-text available
On January 16, 1975, MN Industries announced their decision to phase out operations at their Great River, Michigan plant. The announcement triggered a course of events that culminated in an innovative social experiment, the impact of which cannot be fully known. The experiment melded management, union, university, and community representatives into...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports a study of the activities and performance of institutional review boards to protect human research subjects. Researchers and institutional review board members were generally supportive of the review system, although substantial criticisms were also heard. Institutional review boards had some direct impact on half of the propos...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the importance of treating participation in decision making in a multidimensional manner. Ques tionnaire results indicate that participation in different decision domains is differentially related to teacher satisfaction. A practical implication is that efforts to increase teacher influence should focus on...
Article
Full-text available
Culture change initiatives can lead to real financial returns. This presentation summarizes the results of a series of studies that demonstrate the strong relationship between constructive organizational cultures and financial performance. First we review cross-sectional studies confirming that constructive cultures are related to financial outcome...

Network

Cited By