Robert Balas

Robert Balas
Polish Academy of Sciences | PAN · Institute of Psychology

PhD

About

24
Publications
15,030
Reads
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280
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2005 - present
Polish Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2003 - September 2013
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (24)
Chapter
In affective computing, the system should accurately read the user’s emotional states and respond to them adequately. It can also influence the user while having information about his temporary affective state. A vital psychological mechanism that refers to changes in affective responses due to simple pairings of stimuli is the evaluative condition...
Article
For children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a reduction of inattention by biofeedback has been shown in several studies. As evidenced by previous reports, biofeedback (BFB) with virtual reality (VR) allows for controlling distractors, providing an environment that captures participants' attention. The purpose of this study wa...
Article
Full-text available
Earlier reports showed the co-occurrence of a motivation deficit in children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of extrinsic motivation on selected aspects of attention in children with ADHD, as well as to measure corti-cal activity and dimensions of motivation as per the self-determination theory. The study included 30 c...
Article
Commonly proven abnormalities in the structure and functioning of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are related to cognitive deficits in children with ADHD. The purpose of the randomized controlled study was to assess the efficacy of intervention using hemoencephalographic biofeedback (HEG BFB) in PFC in ADHD and neurotypical children. The final cohort c...
Article
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The original online version of this article was revised due to the omission of “Objective of Study” at the end of Introduction section.
Article
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Evaluative conditioning is one of the most widely studied procedures for establishing and changing attitudes. The surveillance task is a highly cited evaluative-conditioning paradigm and one that is claimed to generate attitudes without awareness. The potential for evaluative-conditioning effects to occur without awareness continues to fuel concept...
Preprint
Full-text available
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is one of the most widely-studied procedures for establishing and changing attitudes. The surveillance-task (Olson & Fazio, 2001) is a highly cited EC paradigm, and one that is claimed to generate attitudes without awareness. The potential for EC effects to occur without awareness continues to fuel conceptual, theoretic...
Article
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is defined as the change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced unconditioned stimulus (US). Expanding on the debate between dual-process and propositional accounts, two studies investigated the relative effectiveness of counter-conditioning and counter-instructions in revers...
Article
Full-text available
Prezentowane badanie dotyczy kształtowania preferencji i postaw na drodze warunkowania ewaluatywnego. Warunkowanie ewaluatywne (WE) to efekt polegający na zmianie oceny pierwotnie neutralnego bodźca, którą można przypisać jego wielokrotnej prezentacji z innym nacechowanym afektywnie bodźcem. Przeprowadzono badanie polegające na częściowej replikacj...
Article
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is defined as the change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced unconditioned stimulus (US). According to propositional accounts, EC effects should be qualified by the relation between the CS and the US. Dual-process accounts suggest that relational information should qualify...
Article
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is defined as the change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced uncondi-tioned stimulus (US). Because EC involves the acquisition of evaluative responses, previous EC research has paid relatively little attention to the processes involved in the expression of evaluative respo...
Article
Full-text available
Short-term memory (STM) search, as investigated within the Sternberg paradigm, is usually described as exhaustive rather than self-terminated, although the debate concerning these issues is still hot. We report three experiments employing a modified Sternberg paradigm and show that whether STM search is exhaustive or self-terminated depends on task...
Article
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is defined as the change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) because of its pairing with a valenced unconditioned stimulus (US). Counter to views that EC is the product of automatic learning processes, recent research has revealed various characteristics of nonautomatic processing in EC. The current researc...
Article
Full-text available
Recent literature reported that judgments of semantic coherence are influenced by a positive affective response due to increased fluency of processing. The presented paper investigates whether fluency of processing can be modified by affective responses to the coherent stimuli as well as an automaticity of processes involved in semantic coherence j...
Article
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is defined as the change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced unconditioned stimulus (US). Counter to views that EC is the product of automatic learning processes, recent research has revealed various characteristics of nonautomatic processing in EC. The current research in...
Article
Full-text available
The presented study investigates attitude change using a cross-modal evaluative conditioning (EC) paradigm. EC is a change in evaluative responses towards initially neutral stimulus (CS) due to its repeated pairing with affectively valenced stimulus (US). A positive scent of instant chocolate (US+) was used together with pictures of homeless people...
Article
Full-text available
Recently proposed accounts of intuitive judgments of semantic coherence assume that processing fluency results in a positive affective response leading to successful assessment of semantic coherence. The present paper investigates whether processing fluency may indicate semantic incoherence as well. In two studies, we employ a new paradigm in which...
Article
The evaluative conditioning (EC) effect is defined as a change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced unconditioned stimulus (US). The current research investigated the controllability of EC effects by asking participants to either promote or prevent the influence of CS–US pairings before they provided e...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has shown that coherence judgements of semantically related word triads are facilitated by a subtle positive response triggered by their increased fluency of processing. Such positive affective response serves as a cue indicating semantic coherence. However, we argue that the fluency of processing is not the only source of affective...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluative conditioning (EC) is considered to play an important role in the attitude formation. One of the ongoing debates in this field concerns the impact of contingency awareness (i.e., awareness of the contingent relationship between conditioned and unconditioned stimulus, CS-US) on the EC occurrence. Despite the claims that EC does not require...
Article
Full-text available
Studies presented in the article examine the effect of emotional content on working memory performance. According to Cowan model of WM we hypothesized that emotional stimuli would have higher activation which should result with better and longer availability for the central executive system. We asked participants to perform a modified Sternberg tas...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The goal is to disentangle the contribution of associative and propositional mechanisms in US revaluation effect in attitude formation and change.