Robby Robson

Robby Robson
Eduworks

PHD

About

84
Publications
10,695
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
601
Citations
Introduction
Robby Robson is cofounder and CEO at Eduworks. He does research in learning technology, interoperability standards, and applications of AI and other leading edge technologies to systems used for education and training. He was Principal Investigator of the Competency and Skills System project (www.cassproject.org) and is now PI on the SkillSync project (https://www.eduworks.com/press-release/Skillsync-sept2020.html),

Publications

Publications (84)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Motivated by the need to upskill workers rapidly and equitably in response to changes in work and the workplace, a team funded by the US National Science Foundation Convergence Accelerator program has developed and piloted an application called SkillSync connects companies to college non-degree programs and facilitates the exchange of training requ...
Chapter
Full-text available
As the market embraces adaptive instructional systems (AISs) and related data-intensive learning technologies, effective and economical deployment of products from multiple vendors will require critical infrastructure components. Four important types of data must be managed and securely shared across applications: the learner’s background and objec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Artificial Intelligence" (AI) refers to technologies that emulate human intelligence, but the term is so broad that it is often hard to tell what is meant by it, how it is applied, and what value it brings. This presents a serious problem for those attempting to understand and evaluate the use of AI in training. This paper, which draws on work of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Having measurable LOs is the first step in assessing the effectiveness of a pedagogical approach or specific learning activity, but the LOs defined for an educational activity are naturally biased towards those that can be measured in the context of the activity itself. As pointed out by Brittain and Bernotavicz, competencies targeted by learning a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AI algorithms perform better with more data, whether they are embedded in self-driving cars, medical devices, or adaptive instruction systems. In the latter case, in education and training, AI-enhanced products will use five important types of data that must be managed and securely shared across applications: •Learner identity and characteristics •...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the market embraces adaptive instructional systems (AISs) and related data-intensive learning technologies, effective and economical deployment of products from multiple vendors will require critical infrastructure components. Four important types of data must be managed and securely shared across applications: the learner's background and objec...
Book
Full-text available
This is the second in a series of Adaptive Instructonal System (AIS) worskhops conducted under the auspices of IEEE. This workshop is intended to document the evolution of proposals for AIS standards. Six keynote papers were presented as part of four discussion sessions conducted over a period of two days. The talks, papers, and discussion are docu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technical standards often shape the economics of how new technologies are disseminated and applied. After Web-based instruction and computer-based simulation emerged in the late 1990's, a wave of new standards that included the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM), Distributed Interactive Simulation (DIS) and High-Level Architecture (HLA...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the purpose, goals, and guiding questions for the Adaptive Instructional System (AIS) standards workshop within the 2018 Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) Conference Industry Track. Adaptive instructional systems (AISs) use human variability, learner goals and preferences, and other learner/team attributes along with instructi...
Article
We present a spatialization of digital library content based on item similarity and an experiment which compares the performance of this spatialization relative to a simple list-based display. Items in the library are elementary school, middle school, and high school science and engineering learning resources. Spatialization and visualization are a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Competencies"-which in this paper include skills, knowledge, abilities, learning objectives, and outcomes-play a fundamental role in education, training and career advancement. This is reflected in the many standardized lists of competencies ranging from occupational standards (MOS and O*Net) and task lists (UJTL) to educational standards (Common C...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Effective learning interventions (online courses, SIMS, live instruction, and self-directed activities) must be strongly aligned with instructional goals. Programs such as the Personal Assistant for Learning (PAL) being developed by the US Advanced Distributed Learning initiative and the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) develop...
Article
Full-text available
We tested the effectiveness of an intensive, on average 17-session, adaptive and computerized working-memory training program for improving performance on untrained, paper and pencil working memory tasks, standardized school achievement tasks, and teacher ratings of classroom behavior. Third-grade children received either a computerized working mem...
Article
Multiple ongoing open-source and commercial efforts are researching and implementing personalized, adaptive learning systems. These efforts include government efforts such as the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) for developing Computer-based Tutoring Systems, the Personalized Assistant for Learning (PAL) for lifelong and just-i...
Chapter
In 1996 Bill Gates wrote an essay entitled “Content is King”. The title has persisted as a meme, but the nature of content and how it is created has changed significantly 1996. At that time, content was static and the Internet was just beginning to take hold as a channel that everyman could use to access and distribute content. Fifteen years later,...
Article
We use tools and methods from real algebraic geometry (spaces of ultrafilters, elimination of quantifiers) to formulate a theory of convexity in KN over an arbitrary ordered field. By defining certain ideal points (which can be viewed as generalizations of recession cones) we obtain a generalized notion of polar set. These satisfy a form of polar d...
Article
What is a Sharable Content Object (SCO) in an instructional design context? The frequency with which this question is asked is symptomatic of a much larger problem: There is no accepted alignment between units of instruction and units of technical standards. The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) community has tried to create alignment...
Article
As with all other businesses, the Internet and globalization are transforming standards. Intellectual property rights and the shifting business models of not-for-profit organizations are also affecting standardization. Here, the author focus on globalization as it might affect the future of standards
Article
Full-text available
Permission is granted to copy and to distribute this paper provided that no alterations are made, the paper is distributed in its entirety and copies are distributed at no cost. 1 Geoff Collier (gcollier@eduworks.com) is a senior partner at Eduworks Corporation and has over 20 years of experience in designing and implementing student administration...
Article
Full-text available
The pressure to transform our institutions of learning continues. Virtually every enterprise and institution is grappling with the disruptions and opportunities caused by Web-enabled infrastructures and practices. New best practices, business models, innovations, and strategies are emerging, including new ways to acquire, assimilate, and share know...
Article
Full-text available
Digital Rights Management (DRM) is the management of rights by digital means, specifically; intellectual property rights applied to digital content and services. DRM is a complex and explosive issue involving a both law and technology and is an issue with which the e-learning community must come to grips. In conjunction with a panel session at the...
Article
Full-text available
Every year, as summer turns to fall, thousands of faculty members across the United States will think about preparing a first-year calculus class. Thousands more will do the same for English literature. And most of them will not share their work. During the next year, tens of thousands of quiz questions will be written for introductory biology. Hun...
Article
Digital Rights Management (DRM) is the management of rights by digital means, specifically; intellectual property rights applied to digital content and services. DRM is a complex and explosive issue involving a both law and technology and is an issue with which the e-learning community must come to grips. In conjunction with a panel session at the...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is the final public draft of IEEE 1484.12.1-2002 The published version is at https://standards.ieee.org/standard/1484_12_1-2002.html
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents web-based tutoring system (W-TCL) for teaching computer programming languages through WWW. In this version, two new features have been added: blackboard module and adaptive interface. With blackboard module a teacher can exchange his expertise with other teachers, and with adaptive interface the novice student will be satisfied...
Article
Full-text available
As more and more on-line resources are becoming available, finding ones suitable for specific educational purposes is becoming increasingly difficult. Not only must the subject matter be appropriate and the content be accurate, but the resources must also match the educational level and background of the user. Once a suitable Web site, graphic, app...
Article
ABET 2000 requires new approaches to quality control and continuous improvement in engineering programs. It is instructive to analyze this control in terms familiar to the engineering community and to consider the implications for classroom and program level practices. A common approach to program assessment is to monitor student and graduate succe...
Article
Full-text available
. Metadata and interoperability standards are essential to support the educational and commercial effectiveness of learning technology. A number of related and cooperating organizations are working to develop such standards. This paper briefly explains why such standards are important, who is involved in their development, and what standards are be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ABET 2000 requires new approaches to quality control and continuous improvement in engineering programs. It is instructive to analyze this control in terms familiar to the engineering community and to consider the implications for classroom and program level practices. A common approach to program assessment is to monitor success statistically. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
this paper was delivered under the title "Probability Park".
Article
Authoring and delivery environments for Web-based instruction should be based on information and knowledge constructs and not on the manipulation of data. This higher level approach can be realized using the object-oriented paradigm, not just as applied to software but also to instructional design. This note summarizes our work in this direction an...
Article
This article gives an overview of the first generation of course-support systems designed to support World Wide Web (WWW)-based learning. It starts with a perspective in terms of pedagogic and technological time scales, traces their origin, discusses their features, reports on their numbers, elucidates their architecture, and talks about the potent...
Article
The State of Oregon is undergoing massive standards-based school reform. This has created immediate and wide spread professional development demands. We have piloted an on- line professional development environment that targets probability and statistics standards and is designed to meet these demands in a scalable and cost effective fashion. The e...
Article
The three technical issues addressed are technological currency, technical infrastructure to support academic integrity, and providing educational access to persons with disabilities. The focus of the technological currency issue is the initiative by the Instructional Management Systems Project to develop metadata specifications for learning materi...
Article
Full-text available
Let R R be an arbitrary ordered field, let R ¯ \bar R be a real closure, and let R ~ \tilde R and R ~ n {\tilde R^n} denote the real spectra of R ¯ [ X ] \bar R[X] and R ¯ [ X 1 , … , X n ] \bar R[{X_1}, \ldots ,{X_n}] . We prove that a closed convex subset in R n {R^n} may be separated from a point not in it via a continuous "linear" functional ta...
Article
Let R be an arbitrary ordered field, let R be a real closure, and let R and Rn denote the real spectra of R[X] and R[X1,…, Xn]. We prove that a closed convex subset in Rn may be separated from a point not in it via a continuous “linear” functional taking values in R and that there is a Ä-valued metric on Rn. The methods rely on the ultrafilter inte...
Article
Given an extension of the theory of commutative rings with 1 admitting elimination of quantifiers, we set up a spectrum functor -Spec from the category of commutative rings with 1 into the category of topological spaces. -Spec A consists of equivalence classes of homomorphisms of A into models of . ‘Closed’ formulae - defined as those equivalent to...
Chapter
Let F be a real closed field and let \(\tilde F^n = SperF\left[ {X_1 ,...X_n } \right]\). If \(V \subseteq \tilde F^n \) in an open constructible set, an abstract function on V is a section of the natural projection π : \(\tilde F^{n + 1} \to \tilde F^n \) over V. In this paper we undertake a study of abstract functions in general, extending the no...
Article
This paper treats the theory of semianalytic function germs over real closed fields more general than . An ordered field is microbial if it has a non-zero element whose powers converge to zero. The fields we treat are direct limits of countable microbial subfields. We define local rings of analytic function germs algebraically and use the Weierstra...
Article
Typescript (photocopy). Thesis (Ph. D.)--Stanford University, 1981. Includes bibliographical references (leaves [72]-74).
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines digital rights management from the perspective of the research and education community. It proposes a set of digital rights management requirements for this community and looks at the technologies, standards and community initiatives that are evolving to support these requirements. About the Authors Geoff Collier (gcollier@eduwo...
Article
Full-text available
A new m-learning architecture will support creation, brokerage, delivery and tracking of learning and information contents, using ambient intelligence, location-dependence, personalization, multimedia, instant messaging (text, video) and distributed databases. Field trials cover "blended learning" (as part of formal courses); "adventitious, locatio...
Article
Papers resulting from a course held at the University of California at Berkeley, 1990-91 and the AMS Special Session on Real Algebraic Geometry and Quadratic Forms held in San Francisco, Jan. 1991, both comprising the special year dubbed RAGSQUAD Incluye bibliografía

Network

Cited By