Rob van Tulder

Rob van Tulder
Erasmus University Rotterdam | EUR · Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

PhD

About

176
Publications
69,380
Reads
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5,142
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 1997 - present
Rotterdam School of Management
Position
  • Professor
March 1997 - present
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Position
  • Professor
June 1990 - March 1997
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 1989 - June 1993
University of Amsterdam
Field of study
  • Social Sciences

Publications

Publications (176)
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to reflect on the importance of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework as a milestone for concerted efforts to tackle the underlying grand challenges. Design/methodology/approach This viewpoint is predominantly conceptual in nature. However, this study adapts the University of Auckland's SDG key word...
Article
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The world is facing a large number of interrelated crises that have seriously increased the level of uncertainty and ambiguity in many areas. In 2018, the UN anticipated that the world was careering toward a global water crisis with a 40% shortfall in freshwater resources by 2030 coupled with a rising population. This nascent crisis represents a “c...
Article
Access to credit presents a distinct problem for smallholding farmers and lenders alike. As a consequence, in the Philippines—as in many other developing economies—a sizable “agriculture credit gap” exists. This paper explores whether it is possible to rethink existing credit arrangements to support inclusive development goals. Our observations are...
Conference Paper
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This report summarises the research we have done since 2015 on the role of companies in achieving the SDGs. It consists of three major parts. First, we introduce a method for establishing evidence-based links between companies’ activities and the SDGs. Second, we analyse companies’ impacts on SDGs and introduce four types of sustainability challeng...
Article
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Companies play a decisive role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, as most of the world’s sustainability challenges are interconnected and systemic in their nature, how can companies ensure that their strategies effectively contribute to sustainable development? This interdisciplinary paper draws from the social-ecologic...
Article
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted in 2015 by all UN member states and have been embraced by many multinational enterprises (MNEs) and international NGOs. They created a ‘hybrid governance’ platform in which companies, governments, NGOs, and knowledge institutes can work on achieving common goals through targeted action and serve...
Article
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The alignment between corporate strategies and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be an indicator of long-term sustainability success. But which types of companies are most, and which are least, aligned with the SDGs? This paper scores how 67 economic activities – as a proxy for companies’ operations and the goods or services they deliver...
Article
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The literature on Base of the Pyramid (BoP) strategies emphasizes that creating social value requires collaborative, multi-stakeholder business approaches. However, there is limited understanding of how businesses can successfully coordinate such value creation processes in the developing economies that face significant institutional voids. This st...
Article
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Partnering with the private sector is a key modality in development cooperation to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Despite their increasing importance, such Public-Private Partnerships for Development (PPPD) experience major challenges in defining, assessing and reporting on their actual impact. This paper explores why, and how th...
Technical Report
Nature and biodiversity are being lost worldwide, and the capacity of ecosystems to provide services to people is deteriorating. Most of the targets for 2020 of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will not be achieved, and if the trends of the last decades persist, biodiversity will continue to decline. A new agreement to end biodiversi...
Article
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide a realistic approach to navigate societies through and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. But the SDG Agenda is not without flaws. Even before the pandemic, progress towards achieving the SDGs has been too slow. COVID-19 presents a stress test for the SDG approach. The SDG Agenda provides three 'logics' t...
Article
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The promise-implementation gap is a particularly salient feature in promoting individuals’ pro-environmental behavior (PEB). Many individuals are becoming aware that their past behavior has not actually been in line with the norms they have made promise to. Prior studies have suggested an array of constraints restricting individuals’ pro-environmen...
Chapter
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Why do firms adopt inclusive business practices that aim to alleviate poverty or address other social issues? We consider how the nature of motivations, which range from purely intrinsic to purely extrinsic/economic, can lead to variations in strategies towards addressing social issues. Based on a conceptual model, the study develops a set of hypot...
Article
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The success of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) depends on solving the ‘nexus’ challenge: how can positive interactions between SDGs be optimised, and negative interactions minimised, in order to create co-benefits and reduce trade-offs? Due to their varying impacts on the SDGs, the economic activities undertaken by organisations present a...
Article
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Drawing on a longitudinal case study of a 10‐year cross‐sector partnership for development in Colombia, this paper makes three contributions to current discussions on new collaborative governance approaches in which business, non‐governmental organizations and development agencies jointly address development challenges. First, our study explores ho...
Article
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Inclusive businesses that combine profit making with social impact are claimed to hold the potential for poverty alleviation while also creating new entrepreneurial and innovation opportunities. Current research, however, offers little insight on the processes through which for-profit business organizations introduce social innovations that can pro...
Article
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Historically, academia has paid much attention to environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) associated hypotheses, and the EKC per se has triggered conflicting reactions since first posited. Yet, all controversies seem not to have any base framework to address further pollution-related strategies. Built upon an extensive critical review of the extant EKC l...
Article
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Context This article focuses on partnerships working on inclusive development and food security in agri‐food chains and agribusiness clusters that may feature institutional arrangements reinforcing inequality or inducing exclusion. Research question The article develops a theory‐driven capacity framework for investigating how intervention strategi...
Chapter
Responsible governance increasingly poses a multi-sector, multi-level challenge for managers. It relates to the effective management of a large number of societal interfaces along which companies, government and civil society organizations have to develop distinct means, ways and principles for dealing with sustainability issues. Most sustainabilit...
Preprint
Responsible MNE-managers encounter intricate challenges in taking up international responsibility and developing cross-border business cases for sustainability. The intention-realization gap they face strongly hinges on the earlier adoption of specific business models and prevalent responsibility approaches. Responsible MNE-managers find themselves...
Article
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Ondernemingen worden steeds meer verantwoordelijk gesteld voor de aanpak van complexe maatschappelijke vraagstukken. Klimaat, armoede, voedselzekerheid, gezondheid – de lijst van uitdagingen is lang. Deels is deze trend het gevolg van maatschappelijke druk. Deels nemen ondernemingen die verantwoordelijkheid zelf op zich. Ze moeten wel: het vertrouw...
Article
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Mobile money innovations are expanding rapidly in developing countries, where they appear to be on track to extend financial services to billions of 'unbanked' populations. However, adoption rates differ significantly across countries, and the success of innovations is radically different within countries. To understand the factors that affect the...
Article
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Purpose Multinational enterprises (MNEs) attempting to create social value in base of the pyramid (BoP) economies are encumbered by unique market and institutional barriers. To overcome these challenges, BoP scholars have advocated the strategy of using embeddedness as a replacement for inefficient formal institutions. Reliance on informal social t...
Chapter
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Sustainability-oriented innovation strategies are often based on assessments of what is ‘material’ for companies in the short run. Materiality assessments are increasingly used as the basis for sustainability strategies. Extant practice, however, often leads to reactive approaches that might be less innovative than required for the sustainability i...
Article
The volume of data collected by multiple devices, such as mobile phones, sensors, satellites, is growing at an exponential rate. Accessing and aggregating different sources of data, including data outside the public domain, has the potential to provide insights for many societal challenges. This catalyzes new forms of partnerships between public, p...
Article
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cannot be achieved without the contributions of multinational enterprises (MNEs). However, extant international business research hardly covers the private sector’s role in achieving international policy goals. This article conceptualises the SDGs as a goal-based institution. Building on institutional theory...
Article
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Systems change requires complex interventions. Cross-sector partnerships (CSPs) face the daunting task of addressing complex societal problems by aligning different backgrounds, values, ideas and resources. A major challenge for CSPs is how to link the type of partnership to the intervention needed to drive change. Intervention strategies are there...
Article
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Governments around the world are adopting inclusive growth agendas. The ambition to align economic growth ambitions with broader-based social benefits is increasingly embraced by corporations to limit the ‘negative externalities’ and enhance the ‘positive externalities’ of their operations. Therefore, micro-level corporate strategies and macro-leve...
Chapter
Distance is a central theme in international business (IB) research. A simple search for the word "distance" in the abstracts and titles of papers published in five leading IB journals over the period 1990-2015 illustrates the importance of the topic: overall, 341 papers have addressed the phenomenon, either in their titles or abstracts (Internatio...
Article
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Publieke organisaties worden geconfronteerd met complexe vraagstukken, zoals structurele armoede en snel veranderende technologie. Daar adequaat op inspringen vereist veel van het innovatieve en experimenterende vermogen van deze organisaties. Uitkomsten en bijbehorende interventies staan op voorhand niet vast. Tegelijkertijd vraagt de maatschappij...
Chapter
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Inclusive business strategies exemplify how the private sector could contribute to inclusive and sustainable development. Little is known about inclusive businesses in Africa, specifically regarding the social issues private organisations prioritise, the strategies they use, and the challenges they encounter. This chapter presents exploratory resul...
Article
Governance literature identifies so-called ‘leader firms’ as the directors of global value chains. But in what direction are they leading? Some leader firms actively try to make a transition towards sustainable supply chain practices, but how can this be assessed? Supply chain management literature provides fragmented insights into the antecedents...
Book
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This PIBR volume examines a number of idiosyncratic elements in the internationalization strategies of BRIC MNEs and, in particular, in their relationship with home country policies: 1. The theoretical challenge: do we need different or more specific theories of EMNEs to assess the phenomenon of BRIC multinational? 2. The empirical challenge: wha...
Article
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This paper addresses the topic of this special symposium issue: how to enhance the impact of cross-sector partnerships. The paper takes stock of two related discussions: the discourse in cross-sector partnership research on how to assess impact and the discourse in impact assessment research on how to deal with more complex organizations and projec...
Article
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The rapidly changing and volatile institutional environments, within which Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) must operate, have put traditional organisational forms under pressure. Globalization and regionalism develop at the same time, whereas regulation facilitating Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) runs parallel to ‘reverse measures’ frustrating FD...
Article
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Purpose – This paper aims to understand the role resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps play in internationalisation strategies, thereby contributing to a modern theory of the multinational enterprises (MNEs) based on experiences of rising power firms. Since 2004, the Chinese Government; state-owned policy banks; and oil, mining and construction...
Article
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Purpose – This paper presents a framework for an improved understanding of actual internationalization motives. Answers to a key question in IB studies – why companies internationalize – contain considerable flaws. There are theoretical, disciplinary and methodological reasons for this state of affairs. In practice, the lacking attention for motiva...
Chapter
PurposeThis chapter provides an overview of various new streams in international business (IB) research that will have an important impact on IB studies in the years to come, both from a conceptual and a methodological perspective. Methodology/approachThe authors discuss a set of 18 chapters, all included in this research volume, and highlight both...
Article
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PurposeThis chapter presents an exploratory study aiming at understanding how the largest multinational enterprises (MNEs) engage small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in their (inclusive) business strategies, either as suppliers, distributors, customers, innovators or as a target of their (Corporate Social Responsibility) CSR policies. Method...
Article
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The on-going debate on aid effectiveness highlights that in order for capacity development interventions to remain relevant and their results sustainable, their planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation need to be flexible and case-specific. It is not only important to account for end results, but also to adjust interventions during their...
Article
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This book identifies four different archetypes of business cases and related business models that business students and managers can use to identify phases and related attitudes towards sustainability. The book provides in-depth analysis and insight into: • theoretical concepts and an overview of the relevant literature. • the different business ca...
Article
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Firms can play an important role in addressing the issue of animal welfare by creating marketsfor animal friendly products. This essay analyses th e co-creation of a market for animal friendlymeat products by the joint effort of a Dutch NGO and the meat industry. The different stages of the process, from opposition to alignment, are analyzed and ge...
Article
Multi-stakeholder support is crucial to chain parties delivering against the (latent) demand and consumption of animal-friendly products. Actors take an ambiguous position in dealing with the issue of animal welfare improvements, partly because such improvements deviate from the dominant business model aimed at efficient delivery to export markets....
Article
Over the past few decades, European multinational enterprises (MNEs) have been faced with a rapidly changing and difficult-to-predict international policy environment. Waves of privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation have alternated with periods of reregulation and institutional volatility. The proclaimed era of ‘globalisation’ turned out to...
Article
Purpose – This chapter considers the question whether firms can contribute to poverty alleviation through engaging in ‘inclusive business’, thereby linking the macro concept of ‘inclusive growth’ to the micro concept of ‘inclusive business’. A key element in this approach is how to take so-called cross-sector partnerships into account. Partnerships...
Article
The scholarly attention devoted to entrepreneurship in the international business (IB) literature has been relatively modest. Most of the ‘mainstream’ literature on entrepreneurship in management studies (Casson, 1982; Covin & Slevin, 1991; Lumpkin & Dess, 1996; Shane, 2000) has focused on issues such as the determinants of entrepreneurial behaviou...
Article
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Companies operating in multiple countries face different and often changing regimes of environmental regulation. This regulatory turbulence raises the question of what environmental strategies multinational enterprises with a portfolio of divergent regulatory regimes should develop in relation to their international business expansion strategies. W...
Article
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This paper intends to analyze multi-stakeholder partnership in the microfinance sector from a game theory perspective. The major questions to be discussed in this paper are: To what extent is the success of microfinance dependent upon these partnerships? How important are they? Does partnering present a new business model? What are the important fa...
Article
Asian agriculture is faced with major new challenges as a result of globalisation, urbanisation and environmental problems such as climate change. To meet these challenges, Asian agriculture needs to become more knowledge intensive and innovation oriented. This article frames the new Asian challenge in terms of innovation theory, emphasising the im...
Article
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This paper explores whether and what kind of distance can be considered a relevant factor for managers of multinational enterprises (MNEs). In the so-called era of globalization, traditional measures such as geographical, cultural or psychic distance have become less relevant or surrounded by growing ambiguity. Instead, institutional distance, gove...
Chapter
Corporate interest in the issue of poverty is as old as the industrial revolution. In the nineteenth century, the founders of major corporations not only invested in the establishment of their factories, but also created ‘company villages’ and ‘social programmes’ with a view to enhancing the social well-being of their workers. Most strategies repre...
Chapter
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The recent emergence of a number of high-profile multinational enterprises (MNEs) from emerging markets has triggered considerable research and debate on how to understand and appraise this phenomenon. This is notwithstanding the fact that in relative terms, measured as a share of total international foreign direct investment (FDI), the magnitude o...
Article
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While attention to the social and environmental impacts of international business (IB) is not new, the past years have seen renewed interest due to pressing global problems such as climate change and poverty. Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are regarded as playing a specific role given their global influence and activities in which they are confro...
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It is well accepted that multinational enterprises (MNEs) prefer equity joint ventures (JVs) over wholly owned subsidiaries (WOSs) in foreign countries where the formal and informal external environment is highly uncertain. Many entry mode studies have modeled the external uncertainty faced by MNEs in foreign countries as the cultural distance to t...
Article
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This article examines whether the involvement of stakeholders in the design of corporate codes of conduct leads to a higher implementation likelihood of the code. The empirical focus is on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH). The article compares the inclusion of OSH issues in the codes of conduct of 30 companies involved in International Framewor...
Article
The literature on the nature, shape and logic of internationalization of extractive industry TNCs is rather fragmented and poorly developed. This is a mounting problem since extractive industries are not only becoming increasingly important, but their operations have also become increasingly controversial. This article takes stock of three types of...
Article
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This article explores whether the internationalization trajectories—patterns over time in the level, pace, variability, and temporal concentration of international expansion—of large firms from China and India are fundamentally different from those of developed country firms. A longitudinal cross-country comparative study of 256 large firms for the...
Article
Bij investeringen in de landbouwsector in ontwikkelingslanden zijn multinationale ondernemingen centrale spelers. Dit artikel bespreekt recente trends in de internationalisering van de landbouwsector en onderzoekt de voorwaarden waaronder deze internationalisering bij kan dragen aan duurzame groei in ontwikkelingslanden
Article
The potential contribution of companies as partners in furthering development objectives is frequently mentioned, but has received limited research attention. What has also remained unclear is to what extent companies can play such a role via the various individual and collaborative means available to them. Collaborative efforts include not only th...