Rita Tinoco Torres

Rita Tinoco Torres
University of Aveiro | UA · Department of Biology

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124
Publications
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776
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Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Eucalyptus plantations, the second most economically important exotic tree in Europe, cover circa 1,5 million hectares on this continent. However, little is known about their effect on the ecological patterns of widely distributed and increasing populations of wild ungulates. This lack of knowledge jeopardizes our ability to correctly manage these...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Trophic rewilding is considered a valuable conservation tool and a welcome initiative towards the restoration of trophic chain interactions under an ongoing scenario of biodiversity loss. Despite being a common practise worldwide, there is lack of scientific evidence regarding the ecological consequences of trophic rewilding, which may result in un...
Article
Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales have been classified as critical priority pathogens by the World Health Organization (WHO). ESBL are universally distributed and, in 2006, were firstly reported on a wild animal. Understanding the relative contributions of wild animals to ESBL circulation in the environment is urgentl...
Article
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous bacterium, successfully exploiting a variety of environmental niches due to its remarkable metabolic versatility. The World Health Organization classifies P. aeruginosa as a “priority pathogen” due to its a great ability to overcome the action of antimicrobials, including carbapenems. Hitherto, most studies ha...
Article
Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathobiont (i.e., a commensal microorganism that is potentially pathogenic under certain conditions), a nosocomial pathogen and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. S. aureus is also a commensal and pathogen of companion animals and livestock. The dissemination of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) S. au...
Article
Full-text available
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) is associated with several syndromes affecting swine, also known as porcine-circovirus-associated diseases, of which post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome stands out due to its high economic impact on swine production. Recent data suggest the increasing circulation of the PCV-2d genotype in several countries...
Article
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is the most prevalent HEV genotype in Europe causing mostly asymptomatic infections in humans, but can also sporadically cause severe acute hepatitis, chronic liver disease, chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised patients, and extra-hepatic manifestations. Although much is today known about the swine reservoir, no...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The INCREMENTO project attempts to evaluate the consequences of a progressive increase of wild ungulate (red deer, Cervus elaphus) abundance on the structure and functioning of two Mediterranean environments (Quintos de Mora, Toledo and Muela de Cortes, Valencia). We are conducting a manipulative approach based on the release of herds of female red...
Poster
Full-text available
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is one of the most endangered felid species in the world. Conservation efforts have increased its population size and distribution and reinforced their genetic diversity through captive breeding and reintroduction programmes. Among several threats that the Iberian lynx faces, infectious and parasitic diseases have u...
Poster
Full-text available
Measures of performance in wild ungulates must consider density dependent and stochastic factors such as parasitic rates (as natural enemies in intimae relation with hosts) along with the impact of population management. In order to standardize parasite counts to be useful ecological indicators, it is essential to test host and parasite responses t...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) can be highlighted as one of the most significant health concerns among the last decades, for which antimicrobial drug use in food-producing animals has contributed as one of the major drivers. Food-producing animals are one of the most important and rapidly expanding commercial agricultural sectors worldwide but ther...
Article
Full-text available
The environment is considered a major reservoir of antimicrobial resistant microorganisms (AMR) and antimicrobial resistance genes (ARG). Colistin, a “last resort” antibiotic, is used for the treatment of severe infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. The global dissemination of mobile colistin resistance genes (mcr) in nat...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring trends in animal populations is essential for the development of appropriate wildlife management strategies. However, long‐term studies are difficult to maintain mainly due to the lack of continuous funding. In this scenario, the collaboration between local stakeholders and researchers can be a fruitful partnership to monitor game specie...
Poster
Background: Plasmid-mediated colistin resistance gene (mcr) was first detected in 2015, in China, from samples of livestock and humans but since then multiple studies have described mcr-positive microorganisms in food, livestock, humans and the wider environment worldwide. Colistin is an important last resort antibiotic to MDR-bacteria at hospital...
Poster
Background: The emergence of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriales is reported worldwide representing severe threats to human health in clinical settings. The present study evaluated the presence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriales in Douro River, Porto district, Portugal. Materials/methods: Ten samples of water from Douro River, collected...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, detection of antibiotic resistant bacteria from wildlife has received increasing interest, due to the potential risk posed by those bacteria to wild animals, livestock or humans at the interface with wildlife, and due to the ensuing contamination of the environment. According to World Health Organization, cephalosporins are crit...
Presentation
Presentation as guest speaker at the first symposium of One Health Lab, promoted by Fiocruz and University of Aveiro. The event was held within the framework of the International Platform for Science, Technology and Innovation in Health (PICTIS).
Poster
Full-text available
Enterococci are Gram-positive commensal bacteria present in animal enteric systems. However, they have pathogenic potential. The most prevalent species are Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium, representing more than 90% of the isolates in humans. This study aims to evaluate the Enterococcus species diversity in wild animal intestinal flo...
Article
Full-text available
Measures of performance in wild ungulates must consider density dependent and stochastic factors such as parasitic rates (as natural enemies in intimae relation with hosts) along with the impact of population management. In order to standardize parasite counts to be useful ecological indicators, it is essential to test host and parasite responses t...
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is one of the most endangered felid species in the world. Conservation efforts have increased its population size and distribution and reinforced their genetic diversity through captive breeding and reintroduction programmes. Among several threats that the Iberian lynx faces, infectious and parasitic diseases have u...
Article
Full-text available
The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is native and widespread in Europe and its phylogeography has been clarified in the last decades. Southern peninsulas are considered as reservoirs of genetic diversity and the source for the recolonization of Europe after the last glacial maximum. Even though roe deer populations have been genetically characterize...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex and global problem. Despite the growing literature on AMR in the medical and veterinary settings, there is still a lack of knowledge on the wildlife compartment. The main aim of this study was to report the global trends in AMR research in wildlife, through a bibliometric study of articles found in the We...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the main public health problems today, being responsible for thousands of deaths annually around the world. From a one health perspective, animals play a key role in the spread of AMR as they are considered reservoirs of resistance genes. Wildlife animals, due to their ecological importance, ar...
Presentation
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex and global problem. Despite the growing literature on AMR in the medical and veterinary settings, there is still a lack of knowledge and research on the wildlife compartment. We report the global trends in AMR research in wildlife. A rising interest in the last decades towards this topic is evident. Durin...
Poster
Full-text available
Parasites have an undeniable key role on ecosystem functioning and health, affecting directly or indirectly wildlife community structure. The accelerating anthropogenic impacts on the ecosystems have triggered changes on land-use and climate, enhancing the spread and persistence of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) with a zoonotic significance, e...
Article
The human dimension of wildlife is a subject of increasing interest, especially considering the potential impact of people's perceptions on decision-making concerning wildlife management and thus on species' distribution and abundance. This is particularly important for species that inhabit human-dominated landscapes, where conflicts are likely to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex and global problem. Despite the growing literature on AMR in the medical and veterinary settings, there is still a lack of knowledge and research on the wildlife compartment. The main aim of this study was to report the global trends in AMR research in wildlife, through a bibliometric study of articles fo...
Article
• Throughout recent years, ungulates have experienced significant increases in numbers and geographic range sizes in Europe, becoming locally overabundant populations in some regions. Changes in legislation regarding poaching, abandonment of land and re‐naturalisation of habitats, and decreasing numbers of hunters, among other things, have led to a...
Article
Public attitudes are vital for the successful implementation of management strategies and conservation programs. However, contradictory interests among different stakeholders can create important setbacks, creating barriers to achieve conservation goals. The endangered Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) occupies now only 20% of its historical dist...
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) is a top predator that inhabits the Iberian Peninsula. In Portugal, its numbers and distribution declined throughout the 20th century, due to human persecution, habitat degradation and prey decline, which have led to higher predation rates of livestock in the remaining packs. In Montesinho Natural Park (north...
Article
Full-text available
Wild ungulates have expanded their geographical range across Europe and Portugal is no exception. Despite the known benefits associated with the increase of these populations (e.g. increased prey for wild carnivores), the negative impacts also need to be taken into account (e.g. damages in agriculture and forestry, ungulate–vehicle collisions). Add...
Article
Size‐selective harvesting of wild ungulates can trigger a range of ecological and evolutionary consequences. It remains unclear how environmental conditions, including changes in habitat, climate, and local weather conditions, dilute or strengthen the effects of trophy hunting. We analyzed horn length measurements of 2,815 male ibex (Capra pyrenaic...
Poster
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been identified as a global problem for public health, animal and environment. The increasing incidence of AMR in humans and livestock has been linked to the emergence of AMR in wildlife and the global dissemination of resistant bacteria by wildlife has severe implications on ecosystem and human health. Wild ungul...
Conference Paper
AIM: To systematically summarize the current knowledge of wild boar as a reservoir of antibiotic resistant bacteria, and its possible use as sentinel species for surveillance, in Europe. Bibliometrics (bibliometrix package in R) was used to evaluate and quantify the number and growth trend of the publications. The temporal trend in publication show...
Article
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been recognized as an emerging and growing problem worldwide. Knowledge concerning AMR bacteria circulating in wildlife is currently limited, although it could provide important insights into AMR emergence and persistence. Across Europe, wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations have dramatically increased their distribu...
Article
As a top predator, the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) plays a major role shaping interactions within food webs. Due to its conservation status in Portugal, i.e. endangered, it is important to understand the role of parasites in this population, since they can be a limiting factor for the population fitness and trophic interactions and, ultimat...
Conference Paper
Intense and deregulated trophy hunting can trigger phenotypic and evolutionary trait changes in wild bovids (Coltman et al., 2003; Pigeon et al., 2016), however it remains largely unexplored how individual performance, population structure and composition, as well as a multitude of environmental factors, including climate and habitat changes, weake...
Article
Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) reintroductions are part of this species’ conservation program to ensure its re-establishment and survival in areas of historical presence. Release protocols include hard-release, directly in the field, and soft-release, allowing reintroduced animals to acclimatize to the new environment site, which may lead to higher s...
Article
Full-text available
A resistência de bactérias oportunistas ou patogénicas a antibióticos é um problema global. O aumento da incidência de infeções, no Homem e em animais domésticos, causadas por bactérias resistentes tem sido associado à emergência de resistência em bactérias da microflora intestinal de animais selvagens. A expansão demográfica do javali na Europa, i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Bacterial diarrhea is one of the most common causes for medical consultations, mortality and morbidity in the world. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) and non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are major intestinal pathogens in developing countries, and the indiscriminate use of antibiotics has greatly contributed to resistant strains. Hence,...
Presentation
Full-text available
Wild ungulates have expanded their geographical range across Europe in the last decades, and Portugal is no exception. Despite all the benefits from this increase, there are also negative impacts, such as agriculture and forestry damages and ungulates vehicle collisions. Although these are serious management problems, the role of ungulates as reser...
Conference Paper
La cabra montés (Capra pyrenaica) ha sido intensamente estudiada en los macizos montañosos más representativos de la Península Ibérica con poblaciones, pero apenas hay datos sobre la especie fuera de estas zonas y no conocemos estudios detallados que cuantifiquen la gestión cinegética que se está llevando a cabo con la misma. En el presente trabajo...
Presentation
Nas últimas décadas, tem-se verificado uma expansão dos ungulados selvagens por toda a Europa, e Portugal não é exceção. Apesar de todos os benefícios deste aumento, existem também aspetos negativos, como os danos nas culturas agrícolas, o aumento dos acidentes rodoviários envolvendo ungulados selvagens, bem como a transmissão de doenças infeciosas...
Article
Full-text available
The Western European population of wild boar (Sus scrofa) has increased its distribution over the past several decades, and some populations have colonized areas strongly influenced by human activity. Wild boars are known carriers of antibiotic-resistant bacteria acquired from the environment, and urban populations of wild boars may be more exposed...
Article
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are zoonotic pathogens that live in the gastrointestinal tract of wildlife and cattle without causing disease. In humans, their colonization and infection lead to life-threatening disease. We investigated the occurrence of STEC in wild ungulates (wild boar, red deer and roe deer) inhabiting areas differ...
Article
Aim: The management of the rapid expansion of wild ungulate populations is a challenging task and a societal priority. Using a progressive database of red (Cervus elaphus) and roe (Capreolus capreolus) deer colonization over the last three decades, we estimate the range expansion rates and the underlying mechanisms involved in the expansion pattern...
Article
Full-text available
The stone marten (Martes foina) is one of the most common species of marten in Europe. Due to increased urbanization and forest degradation, it is now often found in urban habitats, which increased the possibility of parasites transmission between wildlife-domestic animals and humans. Our preliminary study of this mustelid in Portugal, aimed to ass...
Poster
Full-text available
Related publication abstract: ”Human population expansion has promoted contact between wildlife and domestic animals with severe ecological consequences, such as anthropogenic hybridization. In Portugal, Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) populations are considered “Endangered” and co-habit with humans so the risks of hybridization with free-rangi...
Poster
Full-text available
Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) reintroductions are part of this species conservation program to ensure its re-establishment and survival in areas of its historical presence. Release protocols include hard-release, directly in the field, and soft-release, allowing reintroduced animals to acclimatize to the new environment site, which may lead to highe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Covering all wild pig and peccary species, this forthcoming volume brings together the contributions of almost 100 international experts on the ecology, conservation status and management of the Suidae and Tayassuidae families providing: • A comprehensive review of current knowledge on evolution, taxonomy and domestication of wild pigs and peccarie...