Rita Faria

Rita Faria
University of Porto | UP · School of Criminology

Degree in Law; Master in Sociology; PhD in Criminology

About

49
Publications
3,638
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Citations
Introduction
Rita Faria currently works at the School of Criminology, University of Porto. Rita does research in White-Collar Crime, Research Misconduct and the use of Qualitative Methods in Criminology.

Publications

Publications (49)
Chapter
In this chapter the author puts forward reflections on the results obtained with the empirical study, as well as future research directions that may be enriching for criminology. Research misconduct is considered to be an inspiring topic for white-collar, occupational, and organizational crime scholars. The chapter also provides some wider context...
Chapter
This chapter answers the question ‘what is research misconduct?’ from conceptual, empirical, and theoretical standpoints, by producing an overview of the relevant scientific literature on the topic. It aims to describe how it has been defined, what is known about it, how it has been explained, and what has been done to prevent it. Strict and wide d...
Chapter
In this chapter, an account is given of the methodological choices and procedures that enabled the author to conduct empirical research on research misconduct. A research design mainly centred on qualitative methods was chosen, in contrast to most of the existing current studies using quantitative methodologies. An account of specificities to take...
Presentation
Several scandals have been damaging the reputation of some entrepreneurial initiatives. The present work is part of a study designed to prevent misconduct in entrepreneurship, supported by literature centered on entrepreneurship's potential damaging features prone to produce harmful outcomes and victims. This range of harmful consequences appears t...
Chapter
This collection of essays is about analysing what is distinctly European about white-collar and corporate crimes in Europe. The essays in the book put forward European perspectives on white-collar and corporate crimes, exploring the white-collar crime related dynamics and tensions that exist within and between the nation-states of Europe, and with...
Chapter
This essay introduces the book’s rationale and purpose, foregrounding the need for analysing what is distinctly European about the nature of white-collar and corporate crimes in Europe. The essay argues for European perspectives on white-collar and corporate crimes, and for exploring white-collar crime related dynamics and tensions that exist withi...
Book
From corporate corruption and the facilitation of money laundering, to food fraud and labour exploitation, European citizens continue to be confronted by serious corporate and white-collar crimes. Presenting an original series of provocative essays, this book offers a European framing of white-collar crime. Experts from different countries foregro...
Article
Entrepreneurs create businesses and employment. However, their behaviors might generate negative outcomes. Since external funding for startups is vital and challenging to get, this ecosystem becomes a breeding ground for unethical behaviors. This paper will explore the association between the tolerance to unethical behaviors and the Dark Triad Trai...
Presentation
In this presentation, the results of the first phase of MiscRisk (Risk for Misconduct in Entrepreneurship) project will be addressed. MiscRisk aims to prevent misconduct in entrepreneurship following the literature according to which entrepreneurship may have destructive features generating harmful consequences and victims, such as stakeholders and...
Presentation
Access to hard-to-reach samples is frequently difficult in criminological research. There are several challenges to reach populations such as people who perceive themselves as law-abiding citizens when asking about sensitive topics (deviant or criminal behaviors, victimization). In this presentation, methodological difficulties will be discussed, g...
Chapter
This chapter presents several interview models that can be applied while conducting interviews with the powerful. ‘Informal’ interviewing that often takes place in ethnographic contexts is outlined, as well as the ‘classical’ doxastic interviewing. We then move on to more specific interview models, such as the ‘looking glass’ model, where researche...
Chapter
Specificities regarding interviewing the powerful do not end once the recorder is switched off. They persist when making sense of qualitative data, reflecting on potential drawbacks of strategies used, and when presenting research results. Therefore, this chapter provides an overview of specific attention points while analyzing EEI. We discuss topi...
Chapter
The chapter enters conceptual discussions on the notions of ‘the powerful’, ‘elites’ and ‘experts’. It discusses what makes elite and expert interviewing specific and why researchers would be interested in conducting qualitative interviews with the powerful, particularly within the study area of criminology. Simultaneously, the chapter highlights h...
Chapter
In this chapter, we try to help the reader find the necessary balance between openness and preparedness. Therefore, we offer practical tips for constructing interview protocols and topic lists as well as probing. Moreover, in interviewing the powerful, the interviewer is expected to be up to date and acquainted with different institutional, nationa...
Chapter
This chapter presents practical clues and special considerations when conducting interviews with elites and experts, especially on sensitive topics including crime and crime control. We discuss the course of the interview and ways to improve the quality of the data collected. Dimensions covered here range from how to build interaction with intervie...
Chapter
The chapter delves into practical issues of respondent selection, and of finding and accessing expert and elite participants for research interviews. It discusses powerful participants’ specificities and offers solutions for improving the chances of generating samples of respondents and collecting high-quality data. After addressing sampling techni...
Chapter
The current chapter will allow a better understanding of refugee women's situation in global-forced migration. It also offers a comprehensive account of the ways in which refugee women's experiences of violence are shaped by gendered relations and structures. Furthermore, the chapter will analyze the interactions between the gender identity formati...
Book
This book offers practical advice on designing, conducting and analyzing interviews with ‘elite’ and ‘expert’ persons (or ‘socially prominent actors’), with a focus on criminology and criminal justice. It offers dilemmas and examples of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ practices in order to encourage readers to critically asses their own work. It also addresses me...
Article
Full-text available
Exige-se à ciência atual que estreite relações com stakeholders económicos e políticos. No entanto, esta proximidade pode conduzir a formas não publicitadas de conflitos de interesse ou à interferência da entidade financiadora no processo de investigação. O presente artigo dá conta das perceções dos académicos sobre tais situações e sublinha a resp...
Article
Science is being asked to connect with social stakeholders. However, such connection may give rise to undisclosed conflicts of interest, or interference from commissioners of research into the research process. The paper presents the perceptions of researchers concerning such issues, and further shows a general lack of its regulation. Social harms...
Chapter
Results of the empirical research conducted on the topic of research misconduct are presented. It is argued that the qualitative and grounded analysis undertaken offers insight into what situations interviewees consider to fall under research misconduct or, at least, to be problematic and reproachable. Situations of dubious and fraudulent authorshi...
Chapter
In this chapter, the need for a criminological approach to research misconduct is defended. It is argued that criminology is especially well prepared, from a theoretical, conceptual, and methodological point of view, to produce empirical knowledge about the topic, and to sustain theories about its causes, processes, and harms, as well as about the...
Chapter
In the first part of this chapter, the results of interviews with scholars about perceived social control mechanisms of research misconduct are presented: the results show a general lack of known rules, procedures, and consequences of research misconduct. It is argued that inefficient social control may be regarded as organizational misconduct and...
Book
This book explores the subject of research misconduct: its definition, what behaviours should fall under its label, and the types of preventive and repressive procedures that should be put to practice to combat it. Adopting a criminological perspective, Faria views research misconduct as a locus of analysis for corporate and white-collar crime. Bas...
Chapter
Neste artigo, procuraremos fornecer uma visão sintética da génese e desenvolvimento dos estudos sobre o crime, o criminoso e o controlo social a partir de meados do século XIX e até meados do século XX. Para tal, consideraremos concretamente as seguintes linhas de investigação e de intervenção: a) a linha do Saber, na qual se visa conhecer as rea...
Chapter
Neste trabalho, iremos propor que a compreensão do fenómeno de research misconduct (RM) não pode ser desligada das atuais exigências profissionais nas instituições de ensino superior e de investigação, nos países ocidentais. Nesse sentido, serão brevemente apresentados os resultados de um trabalho de investigação desenvolvido, partindo-se do pressu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper categorises the nature of what we have labelled as the potential for 'GrImpact', in the evaluation of the wider influence of research, beyond academia. As the impact agenda broadly defined grows to include more formally criteria that consider the value of research beyond academia, so too does the pressure to ensure that these assessments...
Thesis
Full-text available
The current research seeks to know more about problematic behaviours and practices in scientific research and higher education. For that purpose, three studies were conducted to access three dimensions of the phenomenon. The micro dimension of analysis was obtained by way of semi-structured interviews to 27 European scholars, on their perception on...
Article
Full-text available
This paper suggests the use of the Social Harm Approach (Hillyard, Pantazis, Tobs & Gordon, 2004) to problematic behaviours occurring in scientific research and higher education. By analysing data collected through interviews with scholars, it is possible to state that fabrication, falsification and plagiarism are the most criticized deviant behavi...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This research aims at developing risk assessment and situational intervention tools for screening and preventing misconduct in entrepreneurship. Considering the relevance of entrepreneurship on economic growth, this project intends to assess, describe and prevent misconduct committed by entrepreneurs. Such approach considers the interaction between personality characteristics of the entrepreneur and organizational environment. While these behaviours are not considered crime, they have been considered as misconduct producing externalities, endangering business moral environment, trust of stakeholders, investors, and consumers. The project will create a "Misconduct in Entrepreneurship Scale", correlating personality profiles and endorsement of misconduct among a sample of entrepreneurs. Measures of organizational culture, including ethical climate and prevention of misconduct, will be assessed. Intervention mechanisms for prevention of misconduct in entrepreneurship will be created. More information at: https://miscrisk.org
Project
The goal of the project is to produce conceptual clarifications, theoretical analysis and empirical data on scientific misconduct in Europe, from a Criminological standpoint. Specifically, by using approaches on occupational crime and deviance. Scientific misconduct may include FFP (falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism), and QRP (questionable research practices), and commission of such behaviours should be addressed in the professional context scholars encounter. As such, organizational environment, and European science policies, ought to be simultaneously analyzed, especially focusing on existing social control mechanisms.