Rita Castilho

Rita Castilho
Center for Marine Sciences, Faro, Portugal

PhD

About

117
Publications
29,071
Reads
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2,727
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
1100 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
January 1994 - December 1998
May 1986 - December 2012
Universidade do Algarve
May 1986 - present
Universidade do Algarve
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
An explanation for variation in impacts of sea star wasting disease across asteroid species remains elusive. Although various traits have been suggested to play a potential role in sea star wasting susceptibility, currently we lack a thorough comparison that explores how life-history and natural history traits shape responses to mass mortality acro...
Article
Mass mortality events are increasing globally in frequency and magnitude, largely as a result of human-induced change. The effects of these mass mortality events, in both the long and short term, are of imminent concern because of their ecosystem impacts. Genomic data can be used to reveal some of the population-level changes associated with mass m...
Article
Full-text available
Marine species exhibiting wide distributional ranges are frequently subdivided into discrete genetic units over limited spatial scales. This is often due to specific life-history traits or oceanographic barriers that prevent gene flow. Fine-scale sampling studies revealed distinct phylogeographic patterns in the northeastern Atlantic and the Medite...
Article
Full-text available
Background The order and orientation of genes encoded by animal mitogenomes are typically conserved, although there is increasing evidence of multiple rearrangements among mollusks. The mitogenome from a Brazilian brown mussel (hereafter named B1) classified as Perna perna Linnaeus, 1758 and assembled from Illumina short-length reads revealed an un...
Article
Full-text available
Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) are exceptionally vocal among baleen whale species. While extensive research has been conducted on humpback whale songs, gaps remain in our understanding of other forms of communication, particularly non-song calls. Here, we compare the spectral features and temporal parameters of non-song calls recorded fro...
Article
Full-text available
Buccinum undatum is a commercially important marine gastropod with limited dispersal capabilities. Previous genetic studies utilising microsatellites and Double-digest Restriction-site Associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-seq) provided evidence that B. undatum exhibits fine-scale genetic structure. Using ddRADseq, 128 individuals from the southern Nort...
Article
The olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) occupies a wide range within the tropical and subtropical areas of the Pacific, Indian, and Southern Atlantic Oceans. Although occurring in large numbers, the IUCN status for this species is "vulnerable" due to existing threats in their nesting sites. We report the first genetic data on L. olivace...
Article
No PDF available ABSTRACT Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) are one of the most social of all baleen whale species. Despite extensive research into humpback whale song, gaps remain in the understanding of humpback whale communication. These gaps are particularly evident with respect to humpback whale non-song social vocalizations. This study...
Article
The cover image is based on the Original Article Distinctive genetic signatures of two fairy shrimp species with overlapping ranges in Iberian temporary ponds, by Lopes da Cunha et al. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.13782.
Article
Full-text available
Background Understanding the interplay between climate and current and historical factors shaping genetic diversity is pivotal to infer changes in marine species range and communities’ composition. A phylogeographical break between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean has been documented for several marine organisms, translating into limited dispersa...
Article
• Temporary lentic water bodies host biotic assemblages adapted to the transient nature of these freshwater habitats. Fairy shrimps (Crustacea, Branchiopoda, Anostraca) are one of the most important biological components of these unique environments and have a fossil record dating back to the Middle Jurassic (>150 million years). • Some anostracan...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic diversity is the raw foundation for evolutionary potential. When genetic diversity is significantly reduced, the risk of extinction is heightened considerably. The long-snouted seahorse ( Hippocampus guttulatus ) is one of two seahorse species occurring in the North-East Atlantic. The population living in the Ria Formosa (South Portugal) de...
Article
Marine fisheries management models have traditionally considered biological parameters and geopolitical boundaries. The result is the existence of fisheries management units that do not match genetic populations. However, this panorama is changing with the contribution of genetic and genomic data. Pagellus bogaraveo is a commercially important spar...
Article
Full-text available
Science-based management of marine fisheries and effective ecosystem monitoring both require the analysis of large amounts of often complex and difficult to collect information. Legislation also increasingly requires the attainment of good environmental status, which again demands collection of data to enable efficient monitoring and management of...
Article
Science-based management of marine fisheries and effective ecosystem monitoring both require the analysis of large amounts of often complex and difficult to collect information. Legislation also increasingly requires the attainment of good environmental status, which again demands collection of data to enable efficient monitoring and management of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ICES Working Group on Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture (WGAGFA) is composed of 51 members from 17 ICES Member States. There is a high level of commitment by the WGAGFA members to their group: During the WGAGFA cycle 2018 to 2020, the annual working group meetings were attended in average by 26 delegates from 11 ICES Member S...
Article
Full-text available
The displacement of species from equatorial latitudes to temperate locations following the increase in sea surface temperatures is among the significant reported consequences of climate change. Shifts in the distributional ranges of species result in fish communities tropicalisation, i.e., high latitude colonisations by typically low latitude distr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Evolutionary patterns of scleractinian (stony) corals are difficult to infer given the existence of few diagnostic characters and pervasive phenotypic plasticity. A previous study of Hawaiian Montipora (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) based on five partial mitochondrial and two nuclear genes revealed the existence of a species complex, grou...
Article
Full-text available
Human activities such as trade and transport have increased considerably in the last decades, greatly facilitating the introduction and spread of non-native species at a global level. In the Iberian Peninsula, Fundulus heteroclitus , a small euryhaline coastal fish with short dispersal, was found for the first time in the mid-1970s. Since then, F....
Data
Haplotype networks for all species from Jenkins et al. 2018.
Data
Mismatch analyses for all species from Jenkins et al. 2018.
Article
Full-text available
Background Comparative phylogeography enables the study of historical and evolutionary processes that have contributed to shaping patterns of contemporary genetic diversity across co-distributed species. In this study, we explored genetic structure and historical demography in a range of coastal marine species across the northeast Atlantic to asses...
Data
Raw FASTA files for each dataset used in this study.
Data
Haplotype networks (all species/lineages)
Data
Summary of the mutation rates and other parameters used for timing population expansions.
Data
PRISMA flow diagram detailing the screening of articles in the meta-analysis.
Data
Mismatch graphs (all species/lineages)
Preprint
Full-text available
Phylogenetic relationships within sea lettuce species belonging to the genus Ulva is a daunting challenge given the scarcity of diagnostic morphological features and the pervasive phenotypic plasticity. With more than 100 species described on a morphological basis, an accurate evaluation of its diversity is still missing. Here we analysed 277 chlor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human activities such as trade and transport have increased considerably in the last decades, greatly facilitating the introduction and spread of non-native species at a global level. In the Iberian Peninsula, Fundulus heteroclitus , a small euryhaline coastal fish with short dispersal, was found for the first time in the mid-1970s. Since then, F....
Preprint
Human activities such as trade and transport have increased considerably in the last decades, greatly facilitating the introduction and spread of non-native species at a global level. In the Iberian Peninsula, Fundulus heteroclitus , a small euryhaline coastal fish with short dispersal, was found for the first time in the mid-1970s. Since then, F....
Article
Paucity of data on population structure and connectivity in deep sea species remains a major obstacle to their sustainable management and conservation in the face of ever increasing fisheries pressure and other forms of impacts on deep sea ecosystems. The roughhead grenadier Macrourus berglax presents all the classical characteristics of a deep sea...
Article
Full-text available
Two genera of terrestrial slugs (Arion and Geomalacus) display a striking disproportion in species richness in the Iberian Peninsula. While there are 17 Iberian endemic species in Arion, morphological criteria only recognize four species within Geomalacus. Sequence data were used to test whether these differences could result from: (1) cryptic dive...
Article
Full-text available
Small pelagic fishes have the ability to disperse over long distances and may present complex evolutionary histories. Here, Old World Anchovies (OWA) were used as a model system to understand genetic patterns and connectivity of fish between the Atlantic and Pacific basins. We surveyed 16 locations worldwide using mtDNA and 8 microsatellite loci fo...
Article
The study of the interplay between speciation and hybridization is of primary importance in evolutionary biology. Octocorals are ecologically important species whose shallow phylogenetic relationships often remain to be studied. In the Mediterranean Sea, three congeneric octocorals can be observed in sympatry: Eunicella verrucosa, Eunicella cavolin...
Article
Full-text available
Transition zones are of high evolutionary interest because unique patterns of spatial variation are often retained. Here, we investigated the phylogeography of the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo, a small marine intertidal fish that inhabits rocky habitats of the Mediterranean and the adjacent Atlantic Ocean. We screened 170 individuals using mitochon...
Data
Pairwise FST and ΦST and Djost values; AMOVA and SAMOVA results; Mantel test results.
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian Peninsula has an extensive record of species displaying strong genetic structure as a result of their survival in isolated pockets throughout the Pleistocene ice ages. We used mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data to analyze phylogeographic patterns in endemic land snails from a valley of central Portugal (Vale da Couda), putatively a...
Data
Bioclimatic variables Bioclimatic variables for current conditions retrieved from WorldClim dataset (Hijmans et al., 2005).
Data
List of individuals, COI and ITS1 haplotypes, haplogroups and location sites
Data
Sample location and statistics Sample location and summary statistics for the genus Candidula.
Data
Evolutionary divergence between haplogroups Estimates of net evolutionary divergence between haplogroups (axis on the left, dark grey bars ± standard deviation) and within lineages (axis on the right, light grey bars ±standard deviation), based on Tamura-Nei distances.
Article
Full-text available
Oceanic archipelagos are the ideal setting for investigating processes that shape species assemblages. Focusing on keyhole limpets, genera Fissurella and Diodora from Cape Verde Islands, we used an integrative approach combining molecular phylogenetics with ocean transport simulations to infer species distribution patterns and analyse connectivity....
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Working Group on the Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Mariculture (WGAGFM) met in Olhão, Portugal, 2–5 May 2017. Nineteen participants from 11 countries discussed the four Terms of Reference (ToR) and associated matters. Specifically, there was a focused discussion concerning the proposal by the ICES Science Committee to establish Aquac...
Article
Full-text available
A large array of species and species complexes from the Iberian Peninsula display strong genetic subdivisions indicative of past population isolation in separate glacial refugia as a result of survival throughout the Pleistocene ice ages. We used mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data to analyse phylogeographic patterns in a group of endemic land...
Article
Full-text available
A large array of species and species complexes from the Iberian Peninsula display strong genetic subdivisions indicative of past population isolation in separate glacial refugia as a result of survival throughout the Pleistocene ice ages. We used mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data to analyse phylogeographic patterns in a group of endemic land...
Article
The boreo-montane wetland butterfly species Colias palaeno has a European distribution from the Alps to northern Fennoscandia. Within its European range, the species’ populations have shrunk dramatically in recent historical times. Therefore, detailed baseline knowledge of the genetic makeup of the species is pivotal in planning potential conservat...
Article
Full-text available
The European anchovy has been the focus of numerous population genetic studies, most of which exposing high levels of haplotype diversity. However, Keskin and Atar (2012) revealed rather singular results of null haplotype diversities. We therefore call for caution when considering these findings.
Article
Full-text available
Ice ages within Europe forced many species to retreat to refugia, of which three major biogeographic basic types can be distinguished: "Mediterranean", "Continental" and "Alpine / Arctic" species. However, this classification often fails to explain the complex phylogeography of European species with a wide range of latitudinal and altitudinal distr...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological uniformity in geographically widespread species may cause genetically distinct entities to pass unnoticed if they can only be detected by molecular approaches. The importance of uncovering such cryptic diversity is prompted by the need to understand the putative adaptive potential of populations along species ranges and to manage biod...
Article
Full-text available
The processes and timescales associated with ocean-wide changes in the distribution of marine species have intrigued biologists since Darwin’s earliest insights into biogeography. The Azores, a mid-Atlantic volcanic archipelago located 41000 km off the European continental shelf, offers ideal opportunities to investigate phylogeographic colonisatio...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological niche modelling (ENM) determines habitat suitability of species by relating records of occurrence to environmental variables. Here, we investigated habitat suitability of four terrestrial slugs of the genus Geomalacus from the Iberian Peninsula using ENM. The potential distribution of these species was estimated using maximum entropy mod...
Article
Full-text available
The processes and time scales associated with ocean-wide changes in the distribution of marine species have intrigued biologists since Darwin’s earliest insights into biogeography. The Azores, a mid-Atlantic volcanic archipelago located more than 1000 km off the European continental shelf, offers ideal opportunities to investigate phylogeographic c...
Article
Intraspecific variability is seen as a central component of biodiversity. We investigated genetic differentiation, contemporary patterns of demographic connectivity and intraspecific variation of adaptive behavioural traits in two lineages of an intertidal mussel (Perna perna) across a tropical/subtropical biogeographic transition. Microsatellite a...
Article
Full-text available
Natural populations of widely distributed organisms often exhibit genetic clinal variation over their geographical ranges. The European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, illustrates this by displaying a two-clade mitochondrial structure clinally arranged along the eastern Atlantic. One clade has low frequencies at higher latitudes, whereas the other...
Article
Full-text available
Ancient oceanic archipelagos of similar geological age are expected to accrue comparable numbers of endemic lineages with identical life history strategies, especially if the islands exhibit analogous habitats. We tested this hypothesis using marine snails of the genus Conus from the Atlantic archipelagos of Cape Verde and Canary Islands. Together...