Risto Heiskala

Risto Heiskala
Tampere University | UTA · Institute for Advanced Social Research

Professor

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67
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473
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Publications

Publications (67)
Chapter
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With the aim to facilitate a debate between social and political theory for a better understanding of the societal totality, this chapter probes the ways to understand power, regulation, and social order. It starts from the morally laden conceptions of political theory in the Antiquity and then proceeds from the political theory of early modernity...
Chapter
By the term intersemiosis, I refer to that condition where we, in semiosis, constantly face signifying wholes which we are forced to interpret on the basis of contextual self-evidences other than those which informed their emergence. In such conditions, the emergence of meaning is not controlled by an individual actor but follows a pattern which we...
Chapter
The most common way to understand the relationship between structuralist semiology, pragmatist semiotics and phenomenological sociology is to conceive them as mutually exclusive alternatives. This view sees each of them as a bunker into which theoreticians can dig and from which they can fire on the occupants of the other two bunkers. Going against...
Chapter
Power is a theme approached in sociology from several different theoretical frameworks. More often than not these different theoretical currents understand other frameworks of interpretation as their enemies. Sometimes this is well grounded, but it is not unusual for social scientists to jump conclusions and interpret contradictory such conceptions...
Chapter
My last substantial chapter before the conclusion is on Erving Goffman’s sociology for three reasons. First, sociologists tend either to take interpretation of meaning for granted as lay actors of society do or approach it on the basis of some simplistic assumptions such as Durkheim’s collective representations or Weber’s ideal types (Heiskala, 200...
Book
Semiotic Sociology recalls classics of the field, such as Economy and Society by Neil Smelser and Talcott Parsons or Pierre Bourdieu’s Logic of Practice, in its scope, ambition, and subtle synthesis of remarkably different insights from opposed traditions of thought. Heiskala’s brilliance allows him to show how debates central to social theory for...
Article
Talcott Parsons was the most important synthesizer of sociology and the major representative of the “grand theory” tradition within it. His “action frame of reference” was a creative reinterpretation of Weber's work and his later structural functionalism a creative reinterpretation of Durkheim. Building on those classics as well as other theoretica...
Chapter
The neo-Weberian theoretical model, which Michael Mann presents in his The Sources of Social Power , reduces the multitude of relations of interaction in social networks to ideological, economic, military, and political sources of social power. Taking Mann’s IEMP model as its point of departure this chapter makes an attempt to develop such an appro...
Chapter
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This chapter revisits the Extended Social Grid Model based on empirical work exploring the model. It summarizes the main findings around four basic points: first, the need to move beyond economic space as markets if social innovation for the marginalized is to be analysed in its full complexity and the variety of provision appreciated beyond a redu...
Article
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The paper builds a research programme reaching beyond the contemporary fragmentation of social sciences toward a holistic approach considering society as one whole and capable of bridging the gap between the human and natural sciences. It is based on Michael Mann’s IEMP model studying the Ideological, Economic, Military, and Political power sources...
Chapter
In this chapter we continue the analysis begun in Chap. 4 involving a description of the symbolic universe implied by the EU’s Europe 2020 strategy. However, we extend the analysis of the European Union (EU) from its growth, innovation and trade policy to cover its security strategy, to obtain a better picture of how the union sees its position in...
Chapter
In the mid-1980s, the then President of the European Commission, Jacques Delors, described the European Community (EC), the predecessor of the European Union (EU), as a UPO or ‘unidentified political object’. He was emphasising its unique nature as a political institution that was neither a federal state nor simply a set of international treaties (...
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In this chapter I gather together some, but not all, of the most important results of the previous chapters. In other words, it is worth reading each chapter in its own right, as the current chapter simply uses the other results to the degree that they contribute to its main focus, the chimera of the realistic future scenarios of the union. I first...
Chapter
Brexit, the immigration crisis, Europe-wide economic stagnation, rising geopolitical tension in the eastern and southern border areas, populist, EU-critical political mobilisation in all member states, and increasing difficulties in striking a deal about anything in the union. These are some of the well-known current problems of the European Union....
Chapter
In this chapter we probe a classical topic for sociologists who, since Max Weber (1978), have asked questions about the relationship between the economy and the rest of society in a world in which the relative significance of markets has increased compared to other means of co-ordinating joint actions. However, we do this in a new context, and ask...
Book
This edited collection addresses a paradox at the heart of the European Union: if it is a constantly enlarging empire of governance, how can almost thirty member states design policies as an administrative whole, whilst narrowly approaching all political issues from one economic point of view? The contributors to this collection approach this by st...
Chapter
Abstract The origin of the word ego is the Latin first‐person pronoun ego, meaning “I.” In the current academic world, it is used mainly in psychology, social psychology, and microsociology. Its psychological use originates in Freud's structural model of superego, ego, and id. Several schools, of which ego psychology is the most influential, have...
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What is social theory? This paper opens with a conception of social theory as an ontological approach explicating the nature of the worldview that we should adopt provided that the results of the most advanced empirical social science are true. After loosening the limitations of such a realist conception by introducing normative standards and dialo...
Article
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Departing from the common view according to which structuralist semiology (the Saussurean tradition), pragmatist semiotics (the Peircean tradition) and phenomenological sociology (Husserl, Schutz, Berger and Luckmann, Garfinkel) are seen as mutually exclusive alternatives, the article attempts to outline their synthesis. The net result of the synth...
Chapter
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Sosiologiassa yhteiskuntien kehitystä tarkastellaan usein modernisoi-tumisena, jonka myötä eri järjestelmät samanaikaisesti eriytyvät ja ovat vuorovaikutuksessa toistensa kanssa. Tavanomaista on kiinnit-tää huomiota esimerkiksi elinkeinorakenteen ja kaupungistumisen vuorovaikutukseen, mutta sen ohella kyse on talouden ja valtion eriy-tymisestä muus...
Article
Phenomenological sociology was founded at the beginning of 1930s by Alfred Schutz. His mundane phenomenology sought to combine impulses drawn from Husserl's transcendental phenomenology and Weber's action theory. It was made famous at the turn of 1960s and 1970s by Garfinkel's ethnomethodology and Berger & Luckmann's social constructionism. This pa...
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Modernization, in the sociological tradition, was usually understood as increasing differentiation. Theorists as different as Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Parsons all shared the view that modernization meant the opening of new horizons. The publication of Lyotard's The Postmodern Condition transformed the discursive universe: contrary to the tradition...
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English The great transformation to modernity made the economy the major organizing factor of the social synthesis, thus bringing forth the issue of the economy/society relationship as the central problem of modern social theory. This article deals with two broad approaches to this problem: Parsons's and Habermas's variants of structural-functional...
Book
'A very relevant and insightful perspective on institutional change and economic renewal in regions, countries and corporations.' - Yves L. Doz, INSEAD, France. This book examines the nature of social innovation processes which determine the economic and social performance of nations, regions, industrial sectors and organizations. © Sitra, the Finn...
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Gender system can be understood as a cultural system rooted on biological differences. Semiotically speaking, it is a binary sign system (male : female) with some variation involved (transsexuals, homosexuals etc.). In the process of modernity, the biological motivation of the gender system is being loosened by technological innovations such as con...
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The article is an attempt to develop a synthetic conception of power based on Weber's, Parsons's and Foucault's writings. The aim is, first, to build a bridge between the so-called resource theories of power (Weber, Parsons) and the structural approach (Foucault) and, second, to do this in the form of a conception which would be usable on both macr...
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Ne en 1922, Erving Goffman a publie son premier article On face work en 1955 et est devenu celebre grâce a son ouvrage The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life paru en 1959. Tout au long de sa vie, il a publie des ouvrages et des articles sur une grande variete de sujets et a notamment developpe le concept de cadre, une structure abstraite servant...
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The article discusses the idea of modern society which Marx presented in his critique of political economy. According to Marx, modern society is born in the mode of capitalism but will only be actualised in its full wealth when capitalism is thrown over in favour of communism The problem with Marx's conceptual strategy, however, is that he only dis...
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64 t i e t e e s s ä ta pa h t u u 3 – 4 / 2 0 0 8 Patomäen akateeminen tutki-mus on lujasti ankkuroitu suureen tietomäärään ja aikaisempaan tut-kimukseen. Teknisesti ajatellen teos edustaa kansainvälisen politiikan tutkimusta; se sijoittuu erityisesti rauhan-ja konfliktintutkimuksen sekä kansainvälisen poliittisen ta-loustieteen alueille. Tekstin...

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