Rinad S Beidas

Rinad S Beidas
University of Pennsylvania | UP · Department of Psychiatry; Medical Ethics and Health Policy; Medicine

PhD

About

266
Publications
63,833
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7,492
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - present
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (266)
Article
Full-text available
Effective implementation of evidence-based practices often involves multi-level strategies targeting individual-, organizational-, and system-level determinants of change. Although these multi-level implementation approaches can successfully facilitate EBP uptake, they tend to be complex and resource intensive. Accordingly, there is a need for theo...
Article
Attention to health equity is critical in the implementation of firearm safety efforts. We present our operationalization of equity-oriented recommendations in preparation for launch of a hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial focused on firearm safety promotion in pediatric primary care as a universal suicide prevention strategy. In Step 1 of o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Clinical decision support (CDS) is a promising implementation strategy for improving uptake of HIV testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, little is known regarding provider perspectives on acceptability, appropriateness, and feasibility of CDS for HIV prevention in pediatric primary care, a key implementation setting. Met...
Article
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Background Implementation science is at a sufficiently advanced stage that it is appropriate for the field to reflect on progress thus far in achieving its vision, with a goal of charting a path forward. In this debate, we offer such reflections and report on potential threats that might stymie progress, as well as opportunities to enhance the succ...
Article
Background The current gold standard for measuring fidelity (specifically, adherence) to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is direct observation, a costly, resource-intensive practice that is not feasible for many community organizations to implement regularly. Recent research indicates that behavioral rehearsal (i.e., role-play between clinician...
Article
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Background Implementation mapping is a systematic, collaborative, and contextually-attentive method for developing implementation strategies. As an exemplar, we applied this method to strategy development for Managed Problem Solving Plus (MAPS+), an adapted evidence-based intervention for HIV medication adherence and care retention that will be del...
Article
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Background Implementation science has grown rapidly as a discipline over the past two decades. An examination of how publication patterns and other scholarly activities of implementation scientists are weighted in the tenure and promotion process is needed given the unique and applied focus of the field. Methods We surveyed implementation scientis...
Article
Background: Managed problem solving (MAPS) is an evidence-based intervention that can boost HIV medication adherence and increase viral suppression, but it is not widely used in community clinics. Deploying community health workers to deliver MAPS could facilitate broader implementation, in support of the Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) initiative's...
Article
Statement of Purpose: Pediatric firearm access is a significant risk factor for unintentional injury and suicide. This study investigated parents’ perspectives on an adapted firearm safety program, S.A.F.E. Firearm, to ensure acceptability and optimize effectiveness prior to the launch of an upcoming hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial. Metho...
Article
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Background: Theory and empirical research suggest organizational climate for evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation may be an important and malleable target to improve clinician use of EBPs in healthcare; however, this work has been criticized for overreliance on self-report measures of implementation outcomes and cross-sectional designs. Th...
Article
Background Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease associated with excess risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Guidelines recognize psoriasis as a CVD risk enhancer; however, psoriasis patients often do not have CVD risk factors identified nor managed. Objective This study examines strategies to improve CVD prevention care from the perspective o...
Article
Clinician fidelity to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an important mechanism by which desired clinical outcomes are achieved and is an indicator of care quality. Despite its importance, there are few fidelity measurement methods that are efficient and have demonstrated reliability and validity. Using a randomized trial design, we compared thr...
Article
Coaching caregivers of young children on the autism spectrum is a critical component of parent-mediated interventions. Little information is available about how providers implement parent coaching for children on the autism spectrum in publicly funded early intervention systems. This study evaluated providers’ use of parent coaching in an early int...
Article
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Psychiatric disorders are the number one cause of disability in adolescents worldwide. Yet, in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), where 90% of adolescents reside, mental health services are extremely limited, and the majority do not have access to treatment. Integration of mental health services within primary care of LMICs has been proposed...
Article
Implementation science offers a rigorous set of tools to help mitigate long-standing and worsening gender disparities in academia.
Article
Implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) is a key component in improving care quality. Stakeholders in behavioral health care surveyed in this study consistently ranked financial incentives as most useful and performance feedback as the least useful for implementing EBPs.
Article
Mental health organizations that serve youth are under pressure to adopt measurement-based care (MBC), defined as the continuous collection of client-report data used to support clinical decision-making as part of standard care. However, few frameworks exist to help leadership ascertain how to select an MBC approach for a clinical setting. This pap...
Article
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Numerous evidence-based programs (EBPs) exist for delivery in schools to promote youth mental health outcomes. However, school systems often lack the internal infrastructure to support the effective implementation and sustainment of EBPs when external supports are withdrawn, resulting in notable attenuation in the benefits in youth clinical outcome...
Article
Importance: Patients with psoriatic disease are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is a leading cause of mortality in this population. However, many of these patients do not have an active relationship with a primary care physician, and there may be a role for specialist-led care in prevention of CVD. Objective: To explore...
Article
Implementation science (IS) has garnered attention within oncology, and most prior IS work has focused on adult, not pediatric, oncology. This narrative review broadly characterizes IS for pediatric oncology. It includes studies through 2020 using the following search terms in PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Cochrane: "implementation science," "pediatric...
Article
In implementation science, contextual inquiry guides the implementation process for successful uptake of evidence-based practices. However, the conceptualization and measurement of context varies across frameworks and stakeholders. To advance implementation science, future efforts to advance the understanding of context should incorporate input fro...
Article
Study objectives: To describe the adaptation, feasibility, and initial outcomes of Sleep Well!, an intervention for early childhood insomnia and insufficient sleep, designed for families from lower-socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds presenting to large metropolitan primary care sites. Methods: Fifteen caregiver-child dyads (caregivers: 92.3%...
Article
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Lay abstract: Providers' beliefs about an intervention's fit with a family can affect whether or not they use that intervention with a family. The factors that affect providers' decisions to use evidence-based practices for young autistic children have not been studied. These factors may play a role in the major differences we see in the quality o...
Article
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Background Trauma narratives are a critical, exposure-based component of trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy, yet community therapists rarely use them. Given evidence that intentions to deliver elements of cognitive behavioral therapy vary by component, and that intentions to deliver exposure are the weakest, this study focused specifically...
Article
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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and in utero exposure increase the risk of neurocognitive deficits, but comprehensive neurocognitive screening is unavailable in settings with high HIV prevalence (e.g., Sub-Saharan Africa). The Penn Computerized Neurocognitive Battery (PennCNB) was culturally adapted and translated for use among childre...
Article
We sought to aggregate common barriers and facilitators to screening adolescents for sensitive health topics (e.g., depression, chlamydia) in primary care, as well as those that are unique to a given health topic. We conducted a literature search of three databases (PsycInfo, MEDLINE, and CINAHL) and reference lists of included articles. Studies fo...
Article
Objective: Efforts to improve mental health treatment delivery come at a time of rising inequality and cuts or insufficient increases to mental health funding. Public mental health clinicians face increased demands, experience economic stress, and treat underresourced patients disproportionately burdened by trauma. The authors sought to understand...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most individuals with depression go unidentified and untreated. In 2016 the US Preventive Services Task Force released guidelines recommending universal screening in primary care to identify patients with depression and to link them to treatment. Feasible, acceptable, and effective strategies to implement these guidelines are needed. Me...
Article
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Background: Implementation strategies used to enhance the implementation of interventions during efficacy and effectiveness studies are rarely reported. Tracking and reporting implementation strategies during these phases has potential to improve future research studies and real-world implementation. We present an exemplar of how this might be exe...
Article
HIV infection and in utero exposure, common in Sub-Saharan Africa, are associated with pediatric neurocognitive impairment. Cognitive screening can identify impairments, but it is rarely used in this setting. The Penn Computerized Neurocognitive Battery (PennCNB), an evidence-based cognitive screening tool, was adapted for use in Botswana. To facil...
Article
Objective We identified common and unique barriers and facilitators of evidence-based suicide prevention practices across primary care practices with integrated behavioral health services and specialty mental health settings to identify generalizable strategies for enhancing future implementation efforts. Method Twenty-six clinicians and practice...
Article
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Introduction Mechanisms explain how implementation strategies work. Implementation research requires careful operationalisation and empirical study of the causal pathway(s) by which strategies effect change, and factors that may amplify or weaken their effects. Understanding mechanisms is critically important to replicate findings, learn from negat...
Article
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Background Serious illness conversations (SICs) are an evidence-based approach to eliciting patients’ values, goals, and care preferences that improve patient outcomes. However, most patients with cancer die without a documented SIC. Clinician-directed implementation strategies informed by behavioral economics (“nudges”) that identify high-risk pat...
Article
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Background Insights from behavioral economics, or how individuals’ decisions and behaviors are shaped by finite cognitive resources (e.g., time, attention) and mental heuristics, have been underutilized in efforts to increase the use of evidence-based practices in implementation science. Using the example of firearm safety promotion in pediatric pr...
Article
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Funding is a major barrier to implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in publicly-funded community mental health clinics (CMHCs). Understanding how best to deploy implementation strategies that address this barrier requires greater clarity on the financial context within agencies. We developed the Agency Financial Status Scales (AFSS) to...
Article
Importance: National guidelines recommend against continuous pulse oximetry use for hospitalized children with bronchiolitis who are not receiving supplemental oxygen, yet guideline-discordant use remains high. Objectives: To evaluate deimplementation outcomes of educational outreach and audit and feedback strategies aiming to reduce guideline-d...
Article
As is the case in most fields, the research‐to‐practice gap in family law is wide. The field of implementation science has emerged to attenuate these research‐to‐practice gaps. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of implementation science because drawing from efforts to reduce research‐to‐practice gaps in health care and other relate...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Serious illness conversations (SICs) are an evidence-based approach to eliciting patients’ values, goals, and care preferences that improve patient outcomes. However, most patients with cancer die without a documented SIC. Clinician-directed implementation strategies informed by behavioral economics (“nudges”) that identify high-risk pat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Behavioral economic insights have yielded strategies to overcome implementation barriers. For example, default strategies and accountable justification strategies have improved adherence to best practices in clinical settings. Embedding such strategies in the electronic health record (EHR) holds promise for simple and scalable approaches...
Article
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Objective Nudges are interventions that alter the way options are presented, enabling individuals to more easily select the best option. Health systems and researchers have tested nudges to shape clinician decision-making with the aim of improving healthcare service delivery. We aimed to systematically study the use and effectiveness of nudges desi...
Article
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Background The implementation of evidence-based practices in critical care faces specific challenges, including intense time pressure and patient acuity. These challenges result in evidence-to-practice gaps that diminish the impact of proven-effective interventions for patients requiring intensive care unit support. Research is needed to understand...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Most individuals with depression go unidentified and untreated. In 2016 the US Preventive Services Task Force released guidelines recommending universal screening in primary care to identify patients with depression and to link them to treatment. Feasible, acceptable, and effective strategies to implement these guidelines are needed. Me...
Article
Psychiatric disorders account for more years lived with disability globally than any other disease category. Currently, effective mental health treatments are variably deployed in community practice and patient outcomes in real life are less robust than they are in clinical trials. A major frontier in psychiatry is the development of strategies tha...
Article
Objective: We examined whether in the presence of trauma exposure, non-traumatic stress-related symptoms are interpreted by mental health clinicians as less salient than the trauma exposure and are de-emphasized as a treatment target, consistent with a diagnostic overshadowing bias. Methods: Using an adapted version of a diagnostic overshadowing bi...
Preprint
Background: Efforts to increase the implementation of evidence-based interventions come at a time of rising inequality and cuts to public mental health funding. Clinicians in publicly funded mental health clinics face increased demands, work long hours, experience financial stress, and treat clinically severe, under-resourced patients. A detailed u...
Article
Objective: The presence of unlocked firearms in the home is associated with increased risk of suicide and unintentional injury in youth. We adapted an evidence-based program for promoting safe firearm storage, Safety Check, to enhance its acceptability as a universal suicide prevention strategy in pediatric primary care. Methods: We applied ADAP...
Article
Evidence-based practices (EBPs) are frequently proposed as an approach to close the quality chasm in behavioral health treatment, and many U.S. municipalities are investing in EBPs as a primary way to improve the quality of care delivered to individuals most in need. In this Open Forum, the authors argue that EBPs often cannot be successfully imple...
Article
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Clinical supervision can be leveraged to support implementation of evidence-based practices in community mental health settings, though it has been understudied. This study focuses on 32 supervisors at 23 mental health organizations in Philadelphia. We describe characteristics of supervisors and organizations and explore predictors of supervision c...
Article
Background: In March 2020, a rapid shift to telehealth occurred in community mental health settings in response to the need for physical distancing to decrease transmission of the COVID-19 virus. Whereas treatment delivered over telehealth was previously utilized sparingly in community settings, it quickly became the primary mode of treatment deli...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In March 2020, a rapid shift to telehealth occurred in community mental health settings in response to the need for physical distancing to decrease transmission of the virus causing COVID-19. Whereas treatment delivered over telehealth was previously utilized sparingly in community settings, it quickly became the primary mode of treatmen...
Article
Full-text available
While contextual inquiry, or in-depth mixed-methods work to study the implementation context, is critical for understanding the setting in which a behavioral health evidence-based practice (EBP) will be implemented, current methods to determine potential barriers and facilitators to implementation are often conducted in a single setting and/or for...
Article
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Background: Developing pragmatic assessment tools to measure clinician use of evidence-based practices is critical to advancing implementation of evidence-based practices in mental health. This case study details our community partnered process of developing the Therapy Process Observation Coding Scale-Self-Reported Therapist Intervention Fidelity...
Article
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Background: Community behavioral health clinicians, supervisors, and administrators play an essential role in implementing new psychosocial evidence-based practices (EBP) for patients receiving psychiatric care; however, little is known about these stakeholders' values and preferences for implementation strategies that support EBP use, nor how bes...
Article
Full-text available
Background Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is an evidence-based intervention for youth with posttraumatic stress disorder. An important component of TF-CBT is the trauma narrative (TN), a phase in the intervention in which youth are guided to process the memories, thoughts, and feelings associated with their traumatic experienc...
Article
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On page 73 in the Methods section, we added clarification to the criteria applied for counting practice elements that would eliminate an apparent discrepancy in the manuscript.
Article
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We demonstrate the application of NUDGE (Narrow, Understand, Discover, Generate, Evaluate), a behavioral economics approach to systematically identifying behavioral barriers that impede behavior enactment, to the challenge of evidence-based practice (EBP) use in community behavioral health. Drawing on 65 clinician responses to a system-wide crowdso...
Article
Objective: Continuous pulse oximetry monitoring (cSpO2) in children with bronchiolitis does not improve clinical outcomes and has been associated with increased resource use and alarm fatigue. It is critical to understand the factors that contribute to cSpO2 overuse in order to reduce overuse and its associated harms. Methods: This multicenter q...
Article
Objective: The authors evaluated suicide risk rates detected via a depression screener administered within a large pediatric primary care system and examined 1-year follow-up care after adolescents' endorsement of suicide risk. Methods: Retrospective electronic health record data were extracted to examine both suicide risk rates from items endor...
Article
Full-text available
Background Innovative models of family engagement and support are needed in the intensive care unit (ICU) during times of restricted visitation such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Limited understanding of the factors affecting the uptake and outcomes of different family support models hinders the implementation of best practices. We aimed to conduct a r...
Article
Background Although exposure is a key evidence-based intervention for anxiety, it is infrequently used in clinical settings. This study employed a novel training strategy, experiential learning, to improve exposure implementation. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of experiential training and preliminary training effectiv...
Article
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Background Although comprehensive reporting guidelines for implementation strategy use within implementation research exist, they are rarely used by clinical (i.e., efficacy and effectiveness) researchers. In this debate, we argue that the lack of comprehensive reporting of implementation strategy use and alignment of those strategies with implemen...
Article
Background Tobacco use disorder (TUD) rates are 2–3 times higher among people with serious mental illness (SMI) than the general population. Clinicians working in outpatient community mental health clinics are well positioned to provide TUD treatment to this group, but rates of treatment provision are very low. Understanding factors associated with...
Article
Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the systematic uptake of effective practices into routine care settings with the broad goal of ensuring that scientific discoveries realize their potential and improve people's lives. As a field, implementation science includes three primary foci: (a) understanding the context in which indiv...
Article
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Background Current approaches to increasing the rates of clinician use of exposure therapy for anxiety disorders in community settings are limited. Research underscores the importance of addressing contextual variables to facilitate clinician use of evidence‐based practices; however, no studies have identified the innovation‐specific organizational...