Rina Ghose

Rina Ghose
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee | UWM · Department of Geography

Ph.D.

About

52
Publications
10,555
Reads
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1,452
Citations
Introduction
I am a multi-disciplinary scholar, with expertise in Urban Studies, GIScience, Demography, Environmental Science. Research Projects: 1. Examining opioid crisis in Milwaukee through a data driven approach. 2. Analyzing food and health inequalities in Urban America; 3. Examining Covid-19 related social media disinformation; 4. Public Participation GIS, Citizen Science, VGI; 5. Smart City.
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - September 2015
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1998 - May 2003
Illinois State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
The effects of the opioid crisis have varied across diverse and socioeconomically defined urban communities, due in part to widening health disparities. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has coincided with a spike in drug overdose deaths in the USA. However, the extent to which the impact of the pandemic on overdose deaths has varied across differ...
Article
Natural disasters may cause a substantial but spatially uneven increase in online activity among users in disaster zones seeking food, shelter, and medical assistance through social media. However, the presence of a digital divide affects social media participation among users. Therefore, the social and spatiotemporal inequality in the usage of soc...
Article
Full-text available
To provide data that can guide community-targeted practices, policies, and interventions in urban metropolitan areas, we used geospatial analysis to examine the community-level opioid overdose death determinants and their spatial variation across a study area. We obtained spatial datasets containing multiple, high-quality measures of socioeconomic...
Article
COVID-19 has emerged as a global pandemic caused by its highly transmissible nature during the incubation period. In the absence of vaccination, containment is seen as the best strategy to stop virus diffusion. However, public awareness has been adversely affected by discourses in social media that have downplayed the severity of the virus and diss...
Article
ASBTRACT Urban scholars are greatly indebted to Robert Lake, both for his brilliant scholarship and for his decades of editorial service to the Urban Geography journal. Through his longitudinal and interdisciplinary research, Lake has critically explicated the processes of urban governance, planning, and policy making. This brief essay examines Lak...
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 has emerged as a global pandemic caused by its highly transmissible nature during the incubation period. In the absence of vaccination, containment is seen as the best strategy to stop virus diffusion. However, public awareness has been adversely affected by discourses in social media that have downplayed the severity of the virus and diss...
Preprint
Recent advancements in web-based geospatial software and smartphone technology have popularized the process of voluntary production and sharing of geospatial data by individual citizens. Through such Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) activities, people across the world participate in online mapping projects (such as OpenStreetMap) to insert...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is a draft copy of the publication: Ghose, R. and Welcenbach, T. 2018. ‘Power to the People’ Contesting Urban Poverty and Power Inequities through Open GIS. The Canadian Geographer, vol. 62, no. 1, 67-80.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines the migration motivations of newcomers to American West, leading to rural gentrification.
Article
Full-text available
Rising levels of urban food insecurity and diet-related disease have led to many inquiries into the urban food environment and its relation to health. Community-based food activism and urban agriculture (UA) provide alternatives to conventional food systems and promote food justice. Forms of food activism include community gardens, farmers' markets...
Chapter
Public participation geographic information system (PPGIS) is a global research agenda and practice that aims to broaden the access of GIS technologies to socially marginalized groups in order to facilitate informed participation in decision-making. It prioritizes indigenous or experiential knowledge and advocates its integration with public datase...
Chapter
Public participation GIS (PPGIS) is a global research agenda and practice that aims to broaden the access of GIS technologies to socially marginalized groups in order to facilitate informed participation in decision-making. It prioritizes indigenous or experiential knowledge and advocates its integration with public datasets to contest or reshape p...
Article
Full-text available
Equitable access to local geospatial data continues to pose challenges to the knowledge production efforts of marginalized citizen groups. While local government agencies have provided greater access to public data sets through their internet Geographic Information System (GIS) sites, data cannot always be downloaded and used directly by citizens....
Article
Full-text available
This paper develops a theoretical and conceptual framework for research on urban geographies of food and dietary health. This framework conceptualizes urban dietary health inequities as produced relationally through multiscalar social, political, economic, and biological processes intersecting in place-specific ways. It synthesizes perspectives fro...
Article
Full-text available
GIScience research has enhanced citizen engagement through advancements in web-based geospatial techniques and qualitative GIS methodologies, which provide opportunities for new forms of knowledge production. This paper draws on two interrelated approaches to demonstrate the ways qualitative GIS and Web 2.0 can provide nuanced analysis and foster c...
Chapter
Full-text available
GIScience research has enhanced citizen engagement through advancements in web-based geospatial techniques and qualitative GIS methodologies, which provide opportunities for new forms of knowledge production. This paper draws on two interrelated approaches to demonstrate the ways qualitative GIS and Web 2.0 can provide nuanced analysis and foster c...
Article
Full-text available
Participatory GIS projects are increasingly popular in urban governance. This paper explores the complexities of a community involved pilot project that was implemented in the town of Verona, Wisconsin and critically examines their GIS (Geographic Information Systems) practices and the support structures that played an important role in facilitatin...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of literature conceptualizes urban agriculture and community gardens as spaces of democratic citizenship and radical political practice. Urban community gardens are lauded as spaces through which residents can alleviate food insecurity and claim rights to the city. However, discussions of citizenship practice more broadly challenge t...
Article
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Through the lenses of Critical GIS and political economy, this paper examines the history of the Wisconsin Land Information Program (WLIP), which was created in 1989 and provides an early US example of the adoption of GIS at the local government level. Using a mixed methods approach and a case study design, the authors focus on the cooperation and...
Article
Full-text available
Community gardens play a significant role in challenging neoliberal inequities by serving as spaces of alternative food production and community development activities in marginalized neighborhoods. While past research has explored the production of place in community gardens, less attention is paid to the role of social networks in garden developm...
Article
Privacy has always been a public concern. It can be dated back to "media privacy" of 1361 that was enacted to protect people from peeping toms in England. In 19th century, privacy became a hot issue with the arrival of modern photography and printing press that enabled easy reporting of personal information and pictures, automated data processing t...
Article
Full-text available
With increasing globalization and the integration of various economies, public finance and fiscal policy have acquired a new dimension in countries around the world, including India. This new era has witnessed a massive proliferation of various information and communication technologies ICTs the world over opening novel prospects for information st...
Article
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The process of GIS spatial knowledge production within planning organizations is quite complex. Drawing from implementation and diffusion studies and GIS and Society literature, this study aims to examine GIS construction by Dane County in Wisconsin as a process that is shaped by the societal mores, institutional norms, and political conditions, as...
Chapter
Full-text available
Through the lenses of Critical GIS and political economy, this paper examines the history of the Wisconsin Land Information Program (WLIP), which was created in 1989 and provides an early US example of the adoption of GIS at the local government level. Using a mixed methods approach and a case study design, the authors focus on the cooperation and...
Article
This study explores the origin of GIS in Dane County in the state of Wisconsin, U.S. and traces the role of key actors and network of relations established among the key actors that were critical for the historical development of geographic information systems (GIS) in Dane County. It then discusses the interconnections between the county's past GI...
Chapter
This articles examines the local variability of public participation GIS (PPGIS) by urban community revitalization organizations, arguing that this variability is in part shaped by a variety of organizational factors. Existing research has shown PPGIS production to be highly context dependent, identifying an ever-growing set of key elements of this...
Article
Full-text available
GIS technologies have developed rapidly in urban China, particularly within local governments, over the past decade. However, such GIS practices in non-Western contexts have not been investigated in depth. The present study attempts to address this gap, drawing on insights from critical GIS and political economy. Scholarship in critical GIS has und...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade there has been a significant increase in the use of geographic information systems (GIS) technologies by a plethora of social groups in various fields. Public participation GIS (PPGIS) has emerged to advance more equitable access to and more inclusive use of GIS among resource-poor and traditionally marginalized community-based...
Article
Full-text available
The public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) research agenda has explored the issue of equitable access and use of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial data among traditionally marginalized citizens, in order to facilitate effective citizen participation in inner-city revitalization activities. However, prior research...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, a number of collaborative planning programmes have been introduced in American cities, providing an opportunity for traditionally marginalised citizens to participate formally in inner-city revitalisation tasks. However, this process of citizen participation is quite complex. This paper explores the complexities of citizen particip...
Article
Full-text available
The Rocky Mountain region has experienced significant growth in the last decade, caused mainly by in-migration of population. This paper explores the case of Missoula to examine the nature of this growth and its impacts upon the cultural landscape of the Big Sky country of Montana. Impacts from growth include increasing urbanization and sprawl, cha...
Article
Full-text available
The study of information and communication technologies (ICT) by geographers has evolved over the past third of a century from a concentration on friction of distance and spatial organization toward a set of four interrelated social approaches: ICT as a set of contested terrains, ICT as a means of perception, ICT as a form of embodiment, and ICT as...
Article
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Research shows that the effectiveness and sustainability among community organizations of GIS use, along with its societal and political implications, are variable and complex, simultaneously empowering and disempowering-and highly contingent upon local factors. Because GIS efficacy is so dependent upon the specifics of particular cases, this paper...
Article
Recent discussions in Public Participation Geographic Information Science (PPGIS) research highlight the importance of examining the local contextual factors that shape the PPGIS process. Through ongoing comparative case-study research, we are specifying the local contextual factors that influence PPGIS production and neighborhood planning activiti...
Article
Full-text available
Formulating effective planning strategies and urban policies for revitalizing inner-city neighborhoods is a critical goal in the urban planning process. The development and use of neighborhood indicators can provide data needed for policy-making activities. This article discusses the value of using neighborhood indicators in urban planning. The art...
Article
Full-text available
By virtue of its cost and technological complexity, GIS has been critiqued as an elitist anti-democratic technology. In response there has been an ongoing proliferation of public participation GIS (PPGIS) initiatives in order to facilitate citizen participation in planning. It is critical to conduct case study research ofthese initiatives, in order...
Article
Full-text available
GIS has emerged as an elitist, anti-democratic technology by virtue of its technological complexity and cost. The question of democratizing this technology has been addressed in the GIS and Society literature. This paper addresses the thorny issue of uneven access to GIS and the associated social power it confers. Following the principle that effec...
Article
Neighborhood planners in cities need a process that includes citizens, in particular low-income and minority residents of older urban neighborhoods, in public planning and decision-making. Citizens' knowledge, experience, creativity and participation are essential to creating successful solutions to existing urban problems. Their unique perspective...
Article
Course Objective: Urban planning is increasingly shaped by ideas based on collaborative governance model, in which the urban space is re-shaped through public-private partnerships. In such an approach, state agencies, citizen groups, business communities and other private sector actors work together to address the problems affecting our urban space...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Montana, 1993. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 131-132).
Article
Full-text available
COURSE OBJECTIVE: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is widely used in a range of disciplines, and in public and private sector. Due to its popularity, it is a multibillion dollar global business. In order to be proficient in it, one not only needs to understand the technology, but also the science behind the technology. This course explores a pr...

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Projects

Projects (10)
Project
PI: J. Mantsch (Professor, Pharmacology & Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin), R. Ghose (Professor, Geography, UWM), P. Brunzelle (WisHope). $600,000. Funded by Foundation for Opioid Response Effort (FORE).
Project
This project aims to address the following goals: a. Detection of COVID-19 hotspots b. Identification of vulnerable populations and neighborhoods c. Geospatial analytics for understanding the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 upon racial/ethnic minority population d. Spatial accessibility to healthcare resources among vulnerable population e. Effect of social media (Twitter) on COVID-19 spread