Riikka Kivelä

Riikka Kivelä
University of Helsinki | HY · Molecular/Cancer Biology Laboratory

Ph.D. (Exercise Physiology)

About

89
Publications
10,221
Reads
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2,561
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2008 - present
University of Helsinki
Position
  • University researcher
September 2001 - May 2008
University of Jyväskylä
Position
  • PhD student and Senior assistant

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is an aggressive pediatric soft tissue cancer with features of skeletal muscle. Because of poor survival of RMS patients and severe long-term side effects of RMS therapies, novel RMS therapies are urgently needed. Here we show that the PROX1 transcription factor is highly expressed in RMS tumors regardless of their cell type...
Preprint
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are structural defects of the heart affecting approximately 1% of newborns. CHDs exhibit a complex inheritance pattern. While genetic factors are known to play an important role in the development of CHD, relatively few variants have been discovered so far and very few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been...
Article
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Cell-cell interactions are crucial for organ development and function. In the heart, endothelial cells engage in bidirectional communication with cardiomyocytes regulating cardiac development and growth. We aimed to elucidate the organotypic development of cardiac endothelial cells and cardiomyocyte and endothelial cell crosstalk using human induce...
Article
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Aging, obesity, hypertension and physical inactivity are major risk factors for endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We applied fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), RNA sequencing and bioinformatic methods to investigate the common effects of CVD risk factors in mouse cardiac endothelial cells (ECs). Aging, obesity and p...
Article
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Blocking of myostatin and activins effectively counteracts muscle atrophy. However, the potential interaction with physical inactivity and fasting in the regulation of muscle protein synthesis is poorly understood. We used blockade of myostatin and activins by recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV)-mediated follistatin (FS288) overexpression in...
Article
Background: Recent discoveries have indicated that, in the developing heart, sinus venosus and endocardium provide major sources of endothelium for coronary vessel growth that supports the expanding myocardium. Here we set out to study the origin of the coronary vessels that develop in response to vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) in th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aging, obesity, hypertension and physical inactivity are major risk factors for endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We applied fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), RNA sequencing and bioinformatic methods to investigate the common effects of CVD risk factors on cardiac endothelial cells (ECs). Aging, obesity and pressur...
Article
Full-text available
Arterial networks enlarge in response to increase in tissue metabolism to facilitate flow and nutrient delivery. Typically, the transition of a growing artery with a small diameter into a large caliber artery with a sizeable diameter occurs upon the blood flow driven change in number and shape of endothelial cells lining the arterial lumen. Here, u...
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The vascular system is essential for the development and function of all organs and tissues in our body. The molecular signature and phenotype of endothelial cells (EC) are greatly affected by blood flow-induced shear stress, which is a vital component of vascular development and homeostasis. Recent advances in differentiation of ECs from human ind...
Article
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Introduction We investigated the effects of a supervised progressive sprint interval training (SIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on adipocyte morphology and adipose tissue metabolism and function; we also tested whether the responses were similar regardless of baseline glucose tolerance and sex. Research design and methods 26...
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Endothelial cells (ECs) line the inner surface of all blood and lymphatic vessels throughout the body, making endothelium one of the largest tissues. In addition to its transport function, endothelium is now appreciated as a dynamic organ actively participating in angiogenesis and permeability and vascular tone regulation, as well as in the develop...
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Objective Lymphatics play an essential pathophysiological role in promoting fluid and immune cell tissue clearance. Conversely, immune cells may influence lymphatic function and remodeling. Recently, cardiac lymphangiogenesis has been proposed as a therapeutic target to prevent heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the eff...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rationale Cell-cell interactions are crucial for the development and function of the organs. Endothelial cells act as essential regulators of tissue growth and regeneration. In the heart, endothelial cells engage in delicate bidirectional communication with cardiomyocytes. The mechanisms and mediators of this crosstalk are still poorly known. Furth...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is an aggressive pediatric soft tissue cancer in need for novel therapies. Here we show that the PROX1 transcription factor, which is essential for normal myoblast differentiation, is highly expressed in RMS tumors. We demonstrate that PROX1 is needed for RMS cell stemness and growth in vitro, and for RMS tumor formation in m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Heart failure, which is a major global health problem, is often preceded by pathological cardiac hypertrophy. The expansion of the cardiac vasculature, to maintain adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients, is a key determinant of whether the heart grows in a physiological compensated manner or a pathological decompensated manner. Bidire...
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Activin A and myostatin, members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β superfamily of secreted factors, are potent negative regulators of muscle growth, but their contribution to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate if activin 2B (ACVR2B) receptor ligands contribute to myocardial IR...
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The heart is a complex organ consisting of various cell types, each of which plays an important role in both physiological and pathophysiological conditions. The cells communicate with each other through direct cell-cell interactions and paracrine signaling, and both homotypic and heterotypic cell interactions contribute to the organized structure...
Data
Figure S1 C26 cancer decreases (a) body mass (time x group interaction P < 0.001) and masses of (b) tibialis anterior (TA), (c) gastrocnemius (GA), (d) heart and (e) epididymal fat (eWAT). TL = tibial length. C26 tumour expresses substantially higher levels of (f) Activin A, (g) Il‐6, and (h) Myostatin mRNA than LLC tumour. *, ** and *** = P < 0.05...
Article
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Background Cancer cachexia increases morbidity and mortality, and blocking of activin receptor ligands has improved survival in experimental cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been fully uncovered. Methods The effects of blocking activin receptor type 2 (ACVR2) ligands on both muscle and non‐muscle tissues were investigated in...
Data
Figure S1. (A) Cardiomyocyte size at 2 weeks, (B) Redd1 (Ddit4) mRNA acutely, (C) fibrosis at 4 weeks, and (d) ki67 at 2 weeks (both tissues, left panel) and acutely (right panel) in the heart after single doxorubicin and sACVR2B‐Fc injection. In Figure 1C, representative images of stained transverse heart section and tibialis anterior muscle of di...
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Background: Toxicity of chemotherapy on skeletal muscles and the heart may significantly contribute to cancer cachexia, mortality, and decreased quality of life. Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective cytostatic agent, which unfortunately has toxic effects on many healthy tissues. Blocking of activin receptor type IIB (ACVR2B) ligands is an often used...
Article
Intermittent fasting (IF) has been shown to promote metabolic health in several organisms. Two recent papers show that IF induces white adipose tissue beiging and increases thermogenesis, which improves metabolic health in mice.
Article
Mitochondrial dysfunction elicits various stress responses in different model systems, but how these responses relate to each other and contribute to mitochondrial disease has remained unclear. Mitochondrial myopathy (MM) is the most common manifestation of adult-onset mitochondrial disease and shows a multifaceted tissue-specific stress response:...
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Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) is a potent mediator of vascular, metabolic, growth, and stress responses in the heart, but the effects on cardiac muscle and cardiomyocyte function are not known. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of VEGF-B on the energy metabolism, contractile, and electrophysiological properties of...
Article
Congestive heart failure is one of the leading causes of disability in long-term survivors of cancer. The anthracycline antibiotic doxorubicin (DOX) is used to treat a variety of cancers, but its utility is limited by its cumulative cardiotoxicity. As advances in cancer treatment have decreased cancer mortality, DOX-induced cardiomyopathy has becom...
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The remarkable adaptive and regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle is regulated by several transcription factors and pathways. Here we show that the transcription factor Prox1 is an important regulator of myoblast differentiation and of slow muscle fibre type. In both rodent and human skeletal muscles Prox1 is specifically expressed in slow muscl...
Data
The most significantly changed genes in mouse TA muscle transduced with AAV8-Prox1 (FDR<0.001).
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-6 and Supplementary Table 1
Article
Full-text available
Doxorubicin is a widely used and effective chemotherapy drug. However, cardiac and skeletal muscle toxicity of doxorubicin limits its use. Inhibiting myostatin/activin signalling can prevent muscle atrophy, but its effects in chemotherapy-induced muscle wasting are unknown. In the present study we investigated the effects of doxorubicin administrat...
Article
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Objectives: Cardiac vascular endothelial growth factor-B transgene limits myocardial damage in rat infarction models. We investigated whether heart transplant vascular endothelial growth factor-B overexpression protected against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Materials and methods: We transplanted hearts heterotopically from Dark Agouti to Wistar...
Article
Summary Impaired angiogenesis has been implicated in adipose tissue dysfunction and the development of obesity and associated metabolic disorders. Here, we report the unexpected finding that vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGFB) gene transduction into mice inhibits obesity-associated inflammation and improves metabolic health without changes...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiac hypertrophy accompanies many forms of heart disease, including ischemic disease, hypertension, heart failure, and valvular disease, and it is a strong predictor of increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Deletion of bone marrow kinase in chromosome X (Bmx), an arterial nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, has been shown to inhibit cardiac...
Article
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Identifying coronary artery progenitors and their developmental pathways could inspire novel regenerative treatments for heart disease. Multiple sources of coronary vessels have been proposed, including the sinus venosus (SV), endocardium and proepicardium, but their relative contributions to the coronary circulation and the molecular mechanisms re...
Article
Full-text available
Coronary arteries (CAs) stem from the aorta at 2 highly stereotyped locations, deviations from which can cause myocardial ischemia and death. CA stems form during embryogenesis when peritruncal blood vessels encircle the cardiac outflow tract and invade the aorta, but the underlying patterning mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, using murine mo...
Article
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Vascular endothelial growth factor-B (VEGF-B) has been implicated to play a significant role in coronary vessel growth and endothelial uptake and transport of fatty acids in heart and skeletal muscle. Additionally, recent studies have shown that Vegf-b deficiency protects from high-fat diet (HFD)-induced diabetes and insulin resistance. We compared...
Article
Objective The relation between lipid accumulation and influence of exercise on insulin sensitivity is not straightforward. A proper balance between lipid droplet synthesis, lipolysis, and oxidative metabolism would ensure low local intramyocellular fatty acid levels, thereby possibly protecting against lipotoxicity-associated insulin resistance. Th...
Article
Vascular endothelial growth factor-B (VEGF-B), discovered over 15 years ago, has long been seen as one of the more ambiguous members of the VEGF family. VEGF-B is produced as two isoforms: one that binds strongly to heparan sulfate in the pericellular matrix and a soluble form that can acquire binding via proteolytic processing. Both forms of VEGF-...
Article
BACKGROUND: Hennekam lymphangiectasia-lymphedema syndrome (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man 235510) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, which is associated with mutations in the CCBE1 gene. Because of the striking phenotypic similarity of embryos lacking either the Ccbe1 gene or the lymphangiogenic growth factor Vegfc gene, we searched for co...
Article
Full-text available
Angiogenic growth factors have recently been linked to tissue metabolism. We have used genetic gain- and loss-of function models to elucidate the effects and mechanisms of action of vascular endothelial growth factor-B (VEGF-B) in the heart. A cardiomyocyte-specific VEGF-B transgene induced an expanded coronary arterial tree and reprogramming of ca...
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High-fat diet (HFD) increases fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscles. We hypothesized that this leads to increased oxygen demand and thus to increased capillarization. We determined the effects of high-fat diet on capillarization and angiogenic factors in skeletal muscles of mice that were either active or sedentary. Fifty-eight C57BL/6 J mice we...