Rie Shimizu

Rie Shimizu
University of Zurich | UZH · Institut für Evolutionsbiologie und Umweltwissenschaften

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68
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (68)
Preprint
Interspecific gene flow by hybridization may weaken species barriers and adaptive divergence, but can also initiate reinforcement of reproductive isolation trough natural and sexual selection. The extent of interspecific gene flow and its consequences for the initiation and maintenance of species barriers in natural systems remain poorly understood...
Article
Full-text available
Background Whole genome duplication (WGD) events are common in the evolutionary history of many living organisms. For decades, researchers have been trying to understand the genetic and epigenetic impact of WGD and its underlying molecular mechanisms. Particular attention was given to allopolyploid study systems, species resulting from an hybridiza...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the progress made in DNA sequencing over the last decade, reconstructing telomere-to-telomere genome assemblies of large and repeat-rich eukaryotic genomes is still difficult. More accurate basecalls or longer reads could address this issue, but no current sequencing platform can provide both simultaneously. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium peren...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in genomics have expedited the improvement of several agriculturally important crops but similar efforts in wheat (Triticum spp.) have been more challenging. This is largely owing to the size and complexity of the wheat genome¹, and the lack of genome-assembly data for multiple wheat lines2,3. Here we generated ten chromosome pseudomolecul...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive amounts of metal ions in soil are toxic for most plant species, yet metal can also facilitate plant survival by elemental defense against herbivores and pathogens. Zinc and cadmium hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri is known to be effective for the defense against natural enemies. The allotetraploid species A. kamchatica, derived fr...
Article
Full-text available
Bread wheat is a major crop that has long been the focus of basic and breeding research. Assembly of its genome has been difficult because of its large size and allohexaploid nature (AABBDD genome). Following the first reported assembly of the genome of the experimental strain Chinese Spring (CS), the 10+ Wheat Genomes Project was launched to produ...
Article
Full-text available
Polyploidization is pervasive in plants, but little is known about the niche divergence of wild allopolyploids (species that harbor polyploid genomes originating from different diploid species) relative to their diploid progenitor species and the gene expression patterns that may underlie such ecological divergence. We conducted a fine‐scale empiri...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary speciation provides a unique opportunity to directly observe the traits and environmental responses of a new species. Cardamine insueta is an allotriploid species that appeared within the past 150 years in a Swiss village, Urnerboden. In contrast to its two progenitor species, Cardamine amara and Cardamine rivularis that live in wet an...
Article
Full-text available
Wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata Blyth) living in the highland and lowland areas of Yakushima are known to have different diets, with highland individuals consuming more leaves. We aim to clarify whether and how these differences in diet are also reflected by gut microbial composition and fermentation ability. Therefore, we conduct an in vitr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whole genome duplication (WGD) events are common in the evolutionary history of many living organisms. For decades, researchers have been trying to understand the genetic and epigenetic impact of WGD and its underlying molecular mechanisms. Particular attention was given to allopolyploid study systems, species resulting from an hybridization event...
Preprint
Full-text available
Contemporary speciation provides a unique opportunity to directly observe the traits and environmental responses of a new species. Cardamine insueta is an allotriploid species that appeared within the past 150 years in a Swiss village, Urnerboden. In contrast to its two progenitor species, C. amara and C. rivularis that live in wet and open habitat...
Article
Full-text available
The trade‐off between reproduction and self‐maintenance is a cornerstone of life history theory, yet its proximate underpinnings are elusive. Here, we used an artificial selection approach to create replicated lines of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) that differ genetically in their reproductive investment. Whole transcriptome sequencing reveale...
Preprint
Full-text available
Interspecific gene flow by hybridization may weaken species barriers and adaptive divergence, but can also initiate reinforcement of reproductive isolation trough natural and sexual selection. The extent of interspecific gene flow and its consequences for the initiation and maintenance of species barriers in natural systems remain poorly understood...
Article
Full-text available
Allopolyploids possess complete sets of genomes derived from different parental species and exhibit a range of variation in various traits. Reproductive traits may play a key role in the reproductive isolation between allopolyploids and their parental species, thus affecting the thriving of allopolyploids. However, empirical data, especially in nat...
Article
Full-text available
To study the genetic structure of clonal plant populations, genotyping and genet detection using genetic markers are necessary to assign ramets to corresponding genets. Assignment is difficult as it involves setting a robust threshold of genetic distance for genet distinction as neighbouring genets in a plant population are often genetically relate...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cassava is an important food crop in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. In Africa, cassava production is widely affected by cassava mosaic disease (CMD), which is caused by the African cassava mosaic geminivirus that is transmitted by whiteflies. Cassava breeders often use a single locus, CMD2, for introducing CMD resistance...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, increasing attempts have been made to understand how plant genes function in natura. In this context, transcriptional profiles represent plant physiological status in response to environmental stimuli. Herein, we combined high-throughput RNA-Seq with insect survey data on 19 accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana grown at a field site in Swit...
Article
Full-text available
Background Genetic variation in plants alters insect abundance and community structure in the field; however, little is known about the importance of a single gene among diverse plant genotypes. In this context, Arabidopsis trichomes provide an excellent system to discern the roles of natural variation and a key gene, GLABRA1, in shaping insect com...
Preprint
Full-text available
Polyploidization, or whole genome duplication, is one of the major mechanisms of plant speciation. Allopolyploids (species that harbor polyploid genomes originating from hybridization of different diploid species) have been hypothesized to occupy a niche with intermediate, broader, or fluctuating environmental conditions compared with parental dipl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recently, increasing attempts have been made to understand how plant genes function in natura studies. To determine whether plant defense genes are activated under multiple biotic stimuli, we combined a high-throughput RNA-Seq with insect survey data on 19 accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana growing on the field site of Switzerland. We found that ge...
Article
Full-text available
Genome duplication is widespread in wild and crop plants. However, little is known about genome-wide selection in polyploids due to the complexity of duplicated genomes. In poly-ploids, the patterns of purifying selection and adaptive substitutions may be affected by masking owing to duplicated genes or homeologs as well as effective population siz...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Genetic variation in plants alters insect abundance and community structure in the field; however, little is known about the importance of a single gene among diverse plant genotypes. In this context, Arabidopsis trichomes provide an excellent system to discern the roles of natural variation and a key gene, GLABRA1 , in shaping insect c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although genome duplication is widespread in wild and crop plants, little is known about genome-wide selection due to the complexity of polyploid genomes. In allopolyploid species, the patterns of purifying selection and adaptive substitutions would be affected by masking owing to duplicated genes or ‘homeologs’ as well as by effective population s...
Article
Full-text available
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) is an important crop for food security because of its tolerance to drought, which is expected to be exacerbated by global climate changes. Nevertheless, it is often classified as an orphan/underutilized crop because of the paucity of scientific attention. Among several small millets, finger millet is co...
Article
Genome-wide markers enable us to study genetic differentiation within a species and the factors underlying it at a much higher resolution than before, which advances our understanding of adaptation in organisms. We investigated genomic divergence in Metrosideros polymorpha, a woody species that occupies a wide range of ecological habitats across th...
Article
Full-text available
Population genetics studies of allopolyploid species lag behind those of diploid species because of practical difficulties in analysis of homeologs-duplicated gene copies originating from hybridized parental species. Pool-Seq, i.e. massive parallel sequencing of pooled individuals, has high potential for detecting nucleotide polymorphisms within an...
Article
Nature Plants 2 , 16167 (2016); published 31 October 2016; corrected 7 November 2016. This Letter should have been published under a Creative Commons licence according to the Nature policy on publishing the primary sequence of an organism's genome for the first time.
Article
Full-text available
Finding causal relationships between genotypic and phenotypic variation is a key focus of evolutionary biology, human genetics and plant breeding. To identify genome-wide patterns underlying trait diversity, we assembled a high-quality reference genome of Cardamine hirsuta, a close relative of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. We combined compa...
Article
Full-text available
Finding causal relationships between genotypic and phenotypic variation is a key focus of evolutionary biology, human genetics and plant breeding. To identify genome-wide patterns underlying trait diversity, we assembled a high-quality reference genome of Cardamine hirsuta, a close relative of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. We combined compa...
Article
The self-incompatible species Arabidopsis halleri is a close relative of the self-compatible model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. The broad European and Asian distribution and heavy metal hyperaccumulation ability makes A. halleri a useful model for ecological genomics studies.We used long-insert mate-pair libraries to improve the genome assembly of t...
Article
Full-text available
Allopolyploidization combines parental genomes and often confers broader species distribution. However, little is known about parentally transmitted gene expression underlying quantitative traits following allopolyploidization because of the complexity of polyploid genomes. The allopolyploid species Arabidopsis kamchatica is a natural hybrid of the...
Article
Full-text available
The habitats of polyploid species are generally distinct from their parental species. Stebbins described polyploids as "general purpose genotypes," which can tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions. However, little is known about its molecular basis because of the complexity of polyploid genomes. We hypothesized that allopolyploid species...
Article
Whole genome sequences, which can be provided even for non-model organisms owing to high-throughput sequencers, are valuable in enhancing the understanding of adaptive evolution. Metrosideros polymorpha, a tree species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, occupies a wide range of ecological habitats and shows remarkable polymorphism in phenotypes among...
Article
Full-text available
Pitchers are modified leaves used by carnivorous plants for trapping prey. Their fluids contain digestive enzymes from the plant and they harbor abundant microbes. In this study, the diversity of bacterial communities was assessed in Nepenthes pitcher fluids and the composition of the bacterial community was compared to that in other environments,...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of DNA sequence information for most non-model organisms impairs the design of primers that are universally applicable for the study of molecular polymorphisms in nuclear markers. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques nowadays provide a powerful approach to overcome this limitation. We present a flexible and inexpensive method to ide...
Article
The coexistence of hermaphrodites and female-sterile individuals, or androdioecy, has been documented in only a handful of plants and animals. This study reports its existence in the plant species Cardamine amara (Brassicaceae), in which female-sterile individuals have shorter pistils than seed-producing hermaphrodites. Morphological analysis, in s...
Article
Full-text available
Self-incompatibility (SI) systems in flowering plants distinguish self- and non-self pollen to prevent inbreeding. While other SI systems rely on the self-recognition between specific male- and female-determinants, the Solanaceae family has a non-self recognition system resulting in the detoxification of female-determinants of S-ribonucleases (S-RN...
Article
Full-text available
Genome duplication with hybridization, or allopolyploidization, occurs commonly in plants, and is considered to be a strong force for generating new species. However, genome-wide quantification of homeolog expression ratios was technically hindered because of the high homology between homeologous gene pairs. To quantify the homeolog expression rati...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes the use of cytogenomic and molecular approaches to explore the origin and evolution of Cardamine schulzii, a textbook example of a recent allopolyploid, in its ∼110-year history of human-induced hybridization and allopolyploidy in the Swiss Alps. Triploids are typically viewed as bridges between diploids and tetraploids but r...
Conference Paper
Inter-species hybridization and polyploidy are playing a crucial role in speciation of land plants. Cardamine schulzii (Brassicaceae) is one of the few textbook examples of recent (<100 yrs) allopolyploid plant species. The presumably autoallohexaploid (2n=6x=48, RRRRAA) species originated at Alpine meadows of Urnerboden (Switzerland) from the trip...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Nepenthes, a carnivorous plant, has a pitcher to trap insects and digest them in the contained fluid to gain nutrient. A distinctive character of the pitcher fluid is the digestive enzyme activity that may be derived from plants and dwelling microbes. However, little is known about in situ digestive enzymes in the fluid. Here we examined...
Article
近年,実験室の制御環境と野外の変動環境とで遺伝子機能が大きく異なるケースが指摘され始めている.本章では,過去・現在・将来の気候変動に対する生 物の応答として,表現型可塑性と進化的応答を論じる.まず,開花遺伝子FLCの発現量を野外環境の植物で2年間毎週測定したデータを用い,システムバイオロジー的解析によって可塑的応答を予測する研究を紹介する.続いて,シロイヌナズナが自家不和合性の雄遺伝子SCR/SP11の変異によって自家和合性に進化し たのは,氷河期・間氷期サイクルの分布拡大への進化的応答であった可能性を論じる.さらに,こうした研究に欠かせない分子生物学と生態・進化学の共同研究による定量的予測モデルについて議論する.
Article
Full-text available
Ever since Darwin's pioneering research, the evolution of self-fertilisation (selfing) has been regarded as one of the most prevalent evolutionary transitions in flowering plants. A major mechanism to prevent selfing is the self-incompatibility (SI) recognition system, which consists of male and female specificity genes at the S-locus and SI modifi...
Article
Polyploidization, or genome duplication, has played a critical role in the diversification of animals, fungi and plants. Little is known about the population structure and multiple origins of polyploid species because of the difficulty in identifying multiple homeologous nuclear genes. The allotetraploid species Arabidopsis kamchatica is closely re...
Article
The evolution from outcrossing based on self-incompatibility (SI) to a selfing system is one of the most prevalent transitions in flowering plants. It has been suggested that the loss of SI in Arabidopsis thaliana is associated with pseudogene formation at the SCR male component of the S locus. Recent work, however, suggests that alternative allele...