Richard Tay

Richard Tay
RMIT University | RMIT · School of Business IT and Logistics

PhD

About

214
Publications
73,373
Reads
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4,312
Citations
Introduction
Richard’s expertise is in applying multidisciplinary theory and evidence based approaches to improving road safety, and other transportation or safety related issues. He has been invited to speak at and has chaired technical sessions at many road safety conferences around the world. He has also been invited to many government and non government expert panels, technical committees, advisory boards and task forces. He has been awarded numerous research grants and consultancy contracts.
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - February 2015
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Associiate Professor
July 2010 - April 2014
La Trobe University
Position
  • Chair in Road Safety
September 2004 - June 2010
The University of Calgary
Position
  • AMA Chair in Road Safety
Education
August 1986 - May 1990
Purdue University
Field of study
  • Economics
September 1985 - June 1986
Stanford University
Field of study
  • Engineering Economics System
August 1983 - May 1985
Texas Tech University
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering

Publications

Publications (214)
Article
Full-text available
The safety of pedestrians, such as workers who largely walk to and from work, has not been given sufficient attention, especially in the area of traffic safety in developing countries, including Bangladesh. Although the National Road Safety Strategy has a very strong emphasis on road safety education and publicity campaigns, the road safety knowled...
Article
Full-text available
Walking, cycling, and feeder bus/tram for first- and last-mile (FLM) train access are often considered to have better health benefits, lower cost, and less environmental impacts than driving. However, little is known about the road safety impacts of these FLM access modes, particularly at a network level. This paper aims to investigate the impacts...
Chapter
The fourth industrial revolution (i4.0) is transforming the workplace in every sector of the economy, including transport and logistics, with many jobs expected to decline over time while creating new jobs and spurring growth in some existing jobs. With changing employment comes the need for new skills. This chapter provides an overview of the impa...
Article
A consecutive crash consists of a primary crash and one or more secondary crashes that occur subsequently in a short period of time within a certain distance. It often affects a relatively large area of road space and the traffic disruption created can be difficult for traffic managers to control and resolve. This study identifies the factors delin...
Article
Introduction Motorcycle taxis have been an indispensable component of the transport systems in many cities in the Global South. Motorcycle taxi drivers often work long hours, thus having high exposure to weather conditions, air pollution, and traffic environment. However, little is understood about the health issues among the emerging types of moto...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the critical determinants for the adoption of mobile commerce (m-commerce) in Vietnamese small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from the perspective of managers. A perception-based conceptual model is developed with respect to the technology-organization-environment framework. The conceptual model is then tested and valid...
Article
In this paper, a network-wide anticipatory control (AC) framework, incorporating drivers' route choice behaviour, is proposed. The proposed AC, consisting of two main levels of control and route choice, explicitly accounts for road users' responses to the implemented control. Perimeter control, modelled in an MPC framework for real-time application...
Article
Traffic law enforcement is one of the three pillars of road safety. The experience from around the world has shown that it is an effective method to reduce traffic violations and crashes. However, the design of an effective enforcement program will depend on understanding the underlying mechanism, theories, and models. The purpose of this article i...
Article
Emergency vehicles (EVs), such as ambulances, police cars, and fire trucks, are fundamental components of emergency response systems. EV ensures timely response and delivery of vital services during an emergency. Road traffic crashes involving EVs are considered to have greater societal and economic impacts than regular crashes as these unfortunate...
Article
A meta-analysis was performed to review the potential effects of reversible lanes on traffic safety. A systematic review resulted in ten U.S studies, with 155 estimates of safety effects, that were selected for inclusion in the analysis. These studies employed either a simple before-after comparison or a cross-sectional comparison methodology. Stud...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Hit-and-run behavior in crashes is a severe offense worldwide because the identification and emergency rescue of any injured road user is delayed. A motorist’s run from the crash scene is especially serious for a cyclist who would be more prone to be physically injured in a bicycle-vehicle (BV) crash. The objective of this paper is to ex...
Article
While there are broader socio-political, psychological, and structural factors that influence investment decisions (see Harris et al., 2016), in line with the critical approach, this study provides an empirical insight into the notion that financialization, specifically the tendency to prioritise economic over environmental objectives, has a strong...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the responses of underground train passengers to an open ended question ‘In an emergency evacuation situation what would you do?’ A survey of 796 train passengers shows that respondents are more likely to depend on instructions from train station staff or public announcements rather than being active and evacuating quickly or al...
Article
Since motorcycle taxi drivers often work long hours, fatigue would affect their riding abilities, impacting crash risks. However, there is limited understanding about motorcycle taxi drivers’ fatigue-related crashes. This study investigates self-reported fatigue-related crashes among motorcycle taxi drivers in Hanoi, Vietnam. Results from a survey...
Article
Full-text available
The traffic on the roads in many countries has been increasing in recent decades, and the increases in congestion and carbon emission are contributing significantly to climate change. To minimize these adverse effects, the use of more sustainable travel modes, such as public transit, walking, bicycling, carpool and ridesharing, has been widely prom...
Article
The main purpose of this research is to examine the effect of game-based learning on knowledge acquisition and retention of road rules. A secondary purpose of this study is to investigate possible gender differences related to such an approach. The third purpose is to explore the relationship between beliefs and knowledge acquisition. This quasi-ex...
Article
Full-text available
Jaywalking is a traffic violation that contributes significantly to vehicle–pedestrian crashes at intersections. Although public education campaigns have been widely used in road safety, relatively little research has been conducted to understand the underlying process or mechanisms that influence their effectiveness for pedestrian safety, especial...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between overweight, obesity, or body mass index (BMI) and crashes among drivers of passenger cars, vans, and trucks has been the focus of much research. However, little is understood about this relationship among motorcyclists, particularly motorcycle taxi drivers who tend to work long hours. Motorcycle taxis are an increasingly po...
Article
This paper investigates the critical determinants of mobile commerce (m-commerce) adoption in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam. A comprehensive review of the related literature leads to the development of a conceptual framework to better understand m-commerce adoption in organisations. This framework is then tested and validated...
Article
Crashes involving heavy trucks and vulnerable road users are a major road safety concern because of the higher likelihood of fatal and serious injury. This research identified the socioeconomic characteristics affecting injury severity in collisions involving trucks and vulnerable road users. Specifically, the influences of the sociodemographic cha...
Article
Full-text available
Hard shoulder running (HSR) has been increasingly used as a sustainable and viable way to increase road capacity. This study investigated the safety effect of HSR on freeways in South Korea using the empirical Bayes method. This study found an increase in the total number of crashes. In terms of crash severity, a higher proportion of crashes (25.3%...
Article
This paper aims to explore three walking behaviors of older pedestrians that may increase their crash risks when crossing urban streets. Older and younger pedestrians’ start-up delay in initiating a crossing and number of head turns during street crossing are observed at 30 pedestrian crossings in Seoul, South Korea, using video recorders. In addit...
Article
The problem of collisions on local roads has received little specific attention despite the considerable number of such collisions that occur each year. First part of this study identifies the factors that influence local road collision frequency at traffic analysis zone (TAZ) level with a particular focus on the planning and policy related variabl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traffic demand is growing worldwide and the increased carbon emission from transport and travel activities is contributing to greenhouse gas emission and climate change. As the oil and gas capital of Canada, the city of Calgary has a very high carbon footprint per population and the reduction of automobile use is an important policy goal...
Article
Full-text available
Many recent studies have been done on the development of evacuation systems and plans. There are also several studies on human behaviour in fire. However, little research has been done to understand how peoples’ likely behaviour relates to their perceived ability to get out safely during an emergency, especially in a major transport hub like an und...
Chapter
Purpose – Intersections are hazardous locations and to improve their safety we need to understand the factors contributing to crashes at these locations and provide evidence-based recommendations to reduce them. This chapter provides a summary of the findings on infrastructure-related factors contributing to crashes at urban and rural intersections...
Article
Despite their ongoing popularity in Australia and around the world, relatively little research has been conducted to understand the effects of roadside memorials on drivers' behaviors. Although a few studies have been conducted to examine the effects of roadside memorials on drivers’ behaviors, none has examined how it works or which driver segment...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study provides some simulated cases to demonstrate that including highly correlated variables, as measured by correlation coefficients and variance inflation factor, in the estimation models will not necessarily create significant estimation problems, at least terms of coefficient estimates. Therefore, depending on the purpose of the research,...
Article
In the recent decade, Rectangular Rapid-Flashing Beacon (RRFB) has been introduced and widely installed across North America to improve pedestrians’ safety at crosswalks. While the treatment has been reported to be effective in improving safety, relatively few studies have been conducted to explore the factors associated with its effectiveness. Thi...
Article
Road freight transport is considered as an important aspect of the Australian economy. Due to the operational characteristics (e.g. acceleration/deceleration, manoeuvrability) and physical specifications (e.g. length, size) of heavy vehicles, they impose negative impacts on surrounding traffic. These negative impacts include increasing traffic cong...
Article
Purpose: The number of mobility aid users continues to rise as the population ages. While mobility aid users rely on public transport due to its affordability, evidence suggests access can be difficult. This study aims to describe people who use mobility aids to access public transport and the role of public transport access in influencing mobility...
Conference Paper
Truck crashes are a major road safety concern due to the higher likelihood of a fatal or serious injury outcome. The primary objective of this research is to identify the neighbourhood socioeconomic characteristics affecting injury severity in truck collisions. Specifically, the influences of the socio-demographic characteristics of the neighbourho...
Article
Background: Young drivers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of road traffic injuries than their peers. Increased risk correlates with poor hazard perception skill. Few studies have investigated hazard perception training using computer technology with this group of drivers. Objectives: *Determine the presenc...
Article
Ageing drivers experience a higher risk of intersection crashes because of their decrease in driving efficiency, including the decline in cognitive ability, head and neck flexibility, and visual acuity. Although several studies have been conducted to examine the factors associated with ageing driver crashes at intersections, little research has bee...
Article
Socioeconomic factors are known to be contributing factors for vehicle-pedestrian crashes. Although several studies have examined the socioeconomic factors related to the location of the crashes, limited studies have considered the socioeconomic factors of the neighborhood where the road users live in vehicle-pedestrian crash modelling. This resear...
Article
Full-text available
Although rental cars experience a higher collision rate per registered vehicle compared to nonrental cars, little research has been conducted to understand the differences in the factors contributing to crashes involving rental cars and nonrental cars, especially driver-related factors. This study develops a conceptual framework to compare the driv...
Article
Objectives: Every year, about 1.24 million people are killed in traffic crashes in the world and more than 22% of these deaths are pedestrians. Therefore, pedestrian safety has become one of the significant traffic safety issues in the world. In order to develop effective and targeted safety programs, the location and time-specific influences on ve...
Article
The objective of this research is to identify the factors differentiating between single heavy vehicle collisions at intersections and midblocks by using a binary logit model. Our results show that single vehicle crashes involving heavy vehicle at intersections are more likely to occur on main roads and highways, whereas crashes at midblocks are mo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pedestrians are some of the most vulnerable road users, especially in large congested cities in developing countries. In order to develop appropriate countermeasures to improve safety, research has to be conducted to understand the factors contributing to vehicle-pedestrian collisions. Objective This study aims to identify the factors c...
Article
This paper explores the likely behaviours of train passengers in an emergency evacuation and examines four crucial theoretical issues on the passengers’ evacuation, including reactive vs. proactive behaviours, cooperative vs. competitive behaviours, symmetry breaking, and route/exit choice. A survey of 1134 train passengers shows that respondents...
Conference Paper
Crashes involving heavy vehicles are a major road safety concern because of the higher likelihood of fatal and serious injury outcomes. The primary objective of this research is to identify the factors contributing to injury severity in angle crashes involving heavy vehicles. The skewed logistic (Scobit) model is applied to data on two-vehicle angl...
Article
Since observational data are often used and variables in real life are often correlated, correlations among the variables are common in transportation research. In practice, this problem is often addressed by examining the correlations among the explanatory variables and estimating the variance inflation factors. More importantly, it is a common pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vehicle-pedestrian crashes are a major concern in many urban areas. Between 2004 and 2013, about 34 pedestrians have been killed every year in traffic crashes in Melbourne Metropolitan area in Australia and vehicle-pedestrian crashes account for 24% of all fatal crashes. Although many studies have analysed the variables affecting pedestrian crashes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Passenger crowd behaviours and safety under emergency situation in train stations have been a major challenge in theory and practice. In past, several natural or man-made disasters in major train stations have prompted the mass evacuation of passengers, resulting in fatalities and injuries. This paper explores the behaviours of train passengers in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: Every year about 1.24 million people are killed in traffic crashes in the world and more than 22% of these deaths are pedestrians. Therefore, pedestrian safety has become one of the significant traffic safety issues in the world. In order to develop the most effective safety programs, targeting the most impactful countermeasures, locati...
Conference Paper
Australia is extensively using large heavy vehicles to transport goods and material. In Melbourne, road freight has grown by about 5 per cent per annum between 1971 and 2003 and it is estimated to grow from 10.3 billion tonne-kilometres in 2003 to 16.9 billion tonne-kilometres in 2020. With the increase in road freight, there will be an increase in...
Article
In the Melbourne metropolitan area in Australia, an average of 34 pedestrians were killed every year between 2004 and 2013 in traffic crashes, and vehicle-pedestrian crashes accounted for 24% of all fatal crashes. Mid-block crashes accounted for 46% of the total pedestrian crashes in the Melbourne metropolitan area and 49% of the pedestrian fatalit...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand consumer preferences for green vehicles with low fuel consumption and emission. It will examine six important vehicle attributes, including fuel efficiency and CO 2 emissions, and determine the impacts of increasing demand for green attributes on the domestic car industry in Sweden. Design/methodo...
Article
This paper examines the passengers' way finding in a train station under normal and emergency conditions, with a particular focus on the passengers' understanding and rating of the location of emergency exit signs, emergency buttons, evacuation maps and the assembly area. A questionnaire survey of 1127 passengers in a train station in Melbourne, Au...
Article
Full-text available
According to a report issued by the Indonesian National Police, in 2010 in every 1 hour there are about 3-4 people die from road traffic accidents. Road safety campaigns have been widely used in many jurisdictions, including Indonesia and Australia, to reduce deaths and injuries but few campaigns have been designed using scientific theories or eval...
Article
Full-text available
According to a report issued by the Indonesian National Police, in 2010 in every 1 hour there are about 3-4 people die from road traffic accidents. Road safety campaigns have been widely used in many jurisdictions, including Indonesia and Australia, to reduce deaths and injuries but few campaigns have been designed using scientific theories or eval...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of personality traits on the perception of key message characteristics in road safety advertising. Design/methodology/approach – The advertisement uses visual imagery and imagery methods to examine key message characteristics. An online survey questionnaire was used to obtain response...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the effect of different street pattern, road infrastructure and other physical attributes on the share of bicycle trips in a community area. Using the 2011 census data and the road infrastructure data of Calgary city, the study finds that different street patterns have significant effects on bicycle usage and thus, should be con...
Article
Full-text available
Travel demand is increasing in many countries and the transportation sector produces about 14% of the global greenhouse gas emission, which has been linked to the current climate change. As the oil and gas capital of Canada, the City of Calgary has a very high carbon footprint per population. Hence, the increase usage of transit and the reduction o...
Article
The binary logistic model has been extensively used to analyze traffic collision and injury data where the outcome of interest has two categories. However, the assumption of a symmetric distribution may not be a desirable property in some cases, especially when there is a significant imbalance in the two categories of outcome. This study compares t...
Article
Taxis experience a higher risk of a motor vehicle crash partly because of their much higher levels of exposure on the roads. Although several studies have been conducted to examine the factors associated with the frequency and severity of taxi collisions, little research has been conducted to examine the differences in the factors associated with o...
Article
Full-text available
Pedestrian crashes account for 11% of all reported traffic crashes in Melbourne metropolitan area between 2004 and 2013. There are very limited studies on pedestrian accidents at mid-blocks. Mid-block crashes account for about 46% of the total pedestrian crashes in Melbourne metropolitan area. Meanwhile, about 50% of all pedestrian fatalities occur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pedestrians are some of the most vulnerable road users, especially in large congested cities in developing countries. In order to develop appropriate countermeasures to improve safety, research has to be conducted to understand the factors contributing to vehicle-pedestrian collisions. Using data from the capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, this study fi...
Article
This paper evaluates the performance of a deterministic method (Newton–Raphson, NR) and a heuristic method (Genetic Algorithm, GA) for solving the maximum likelihood estimation in spatial logistic analysis. A spatial logistic regression model equipped with a filtering process is formulated to examine the relationship between land use change and var...
Article
Intersections are hazardous locations and many studies have been conducted to identify the factors contributing to the frequency and severity of intersection crashes. However, little attention has been devoted to investigating the differences between crashes at urban and rural intersections, which have different road, traffic and environmental char...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Male drivers in the 16- to 19-year age group have a nine-fold increase in their crash risk compared with 25- to 34-year-olds who have a relative risk of 2.3. Crash risk in young drivers has been directly linked to risk-taking behaviour. This paper reports the development of a video risk assessment tool for use with drivers. Aim/object...
Article
SUMMARY This study proposed a behavioral theory-based approach to better assess pedestrian levels of service for sidewalks, using the concepts of personal space and pedestrian evasive movements. Data from pedestrian interviews and video recordings at 28 commercial, residential, and leisure locations were used to analyze the effects of pedestrian mo...
Article
Police attendance at a motor vehicle crash scene is important for investigating the causes of crashes, reducing secondary crashes, managing traffic, and reducing congestion. However, very little research has been conducted to examine the factors contributing to the likelihood of police attendance. This study hypothesizes that the policies of the po...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions for improving driving outcomes in young drivers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has not been established. Such interventions are of interest to occupational therapists who work with this population to attain driving independence. This research article had two aims: (1) to...
Article
This article investigates factors affecting the performance of students in economics in Singapore. Results contrary to those found in the United States and the United Kingdom are reported.
Article
A most commonly identified exogenous factor that significantly affects traffic crash injury severity sustained is the collision type variable. Most studies consider collision type only as an explanatory variable in modeling injury. However, it is possible that each collision type has a fundamentally distinct effect on injury severity sustained in t...
Article
Although a proficient knowledge of the road rules is important to safe driving, many drivers do not retain the knowledge acquired after they have obtained their licenses. Hence, more innovative and appealing methods are needed to improve drivers’ knowledge of the road rules. This study examines the effect of game based learning on drivers’ knowledg...
Article
This study presents the results of an investigation made to determine the dominant influencing factors and their specific impacts on motorist detour making for variable message sign (VMS) placements on a freeway. This was necessary to provide engineers with a tool for evaluating VMS cost-effectiveness and feasibility. The research found that additi...
Article
Full-text available
Intersections are hazardous locations, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh where an increasing trend of injury severity in the past nine years has been observed. In this study, a partially constrained generalized ordered logit model is applied to a sample of crash data from 1998 to 2006 to determine the factors contributing to severi...