Richard R Rosenkranz

Richard R Rosenkranz
University of Nevada, Las Vegas | UNLV · Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences

PhD

About

212
Publications
50,141
Reads
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3,446
Citations
Citations since 2016
105 Research Items
2492 Citations
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Introduction
My background includes behavioral science, public health nutrition, and physical activity. I have focused my research on the identification of modifiable influences of healthful eating and physical activity leading to theory-based health promotion and chronic disease prevention. The crux of this work is to understand person–environment interactions within behavioral settings, then to develop, implement, and evaluate interventions designed to impact the influences on health behaviors.
Additional affiliations
June 2019 - July 2019
Flinders University
Position
  • Honorary Visiting Scholar
March 2019 - present
Kansas State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2014 - March 2019
Kansas State University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
August 2016 - December 2017
Kansas State University
Field of study
  • Public Health
January 2005 - May 2008
Kansas State University
Field of study
  • Human Nutrition
August 1998 - December 2001
Kansas State University
Field of study
  • Kinesiology

Publications

Publications (212)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine differences in rural community children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and participation in out-of-school activities from fall 2019 to fall 2020 and explore enacted PA opportunity modifications post initial COVID-19 disruption. Design: Mixed methods study using the validated Youth Activity Profile (YAP), a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Out-of-school time (OST) organized group youth activities (e.g., afterschool programs, clubs) can reduce health inequalities by increasing physical activity (PA). However, unlike youth sport, PA is not the primary focus of many organized activities. This study examined the association between rural children’s demographic factors and OST...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the potential for a definitive home-based trial, this study tested the feasibility of participant recruitment, delivery, and rigorous evaluation for an innovative girls-only health coaching intervention model. Results indicated the intervention model was feasible and can progress to a potentially effective fully powered trial.
Article
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Abstract Sedentary behavior negatively impacts mental health, which can decrease employee productivity. Employee mental well-being and work performance may improve with sedentary reduction interventions, especially strategies that include environmental workplace modifications and behavior-changing strategies. However, such interventions have not be...
Article
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Background Numerous studies have tested school-based interventions promoting healthy behaviors in youth, but few have integrated dissemination and implementation (D&I) frameworks. Using D&I frameworks can inform if and how an evidence-based intervention is implemented and maintained and provide strategies to address contextual barriers. Such applic...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Childhood obesity is a principal concern worldwide. Guatemalan households have the highest prevalence of double burden of malnutrition in the world. These households are self-identified as indigenous and live with lower incomes in rural communities. However, there are limited data on risk factors for childhood obesity and limited info...
Article
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD, i.e., disease of the heart and blood vessels) is a major cause of death globally. Current assessment tools use either clinical or non-clinical factors alone or in combination to assess CVD risk. The aim of this review was to critically appraise, compare, and summarize existing non-clinically based tools for assessing CV...
Article
Background The School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health (SWITCH) intervention has demonstrated feasibility as an implementation approach to help schools facilitate changes in students’ physical activity (PA), sedentary screen time (SST), and dietary intake (DI). This study evaluated the comparative effectiveness of enhanced (individualize...
Article
Children and adolescents often have poor dietary habits, including consumption of excess energy-dense foods and beverages (e.g., cheese pizza, sugar-sweetened beverages) and insufficient consumption of nutrient-dense foods and beverages (e.g., whole grains, fruits, vegetables, fish, dairy). Such dietary habits may interfere with academic learning a...
Article
Objective: This study examined the individual and combined effects of a height-adjustable desk and an online behavioral intervention on sedentary behavior and health among university employees working from home. Methods: Participants (N = 95) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: Desk Only, Program Only, Desk + Program, or Control. D...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate and effective local data collection systems are needed to inform community change on youth health behaviors such as physical activity (PA). Systematic methods are particularly important for understanding PA behaviors that may be influenced by individual, interpersonal, organizational, and regional factors. The purpose of this study was to...
Article
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Whole-of-community interventions delivered across entire geospatial areas show promise for improving population health for youth cancer prevention. The aims of this scoping review were to synthesize the whole-of-community intervention literature on six modifiable risk factors in youth for cancer prevention (alcohol use, diet, obesity, physical acti...
Article
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A common way to address rural population health issues is through community stakeholders working together. Youth physical activity (PA) happens in adult-led in-school and out-of-school group opportunities that vary across communities and generally occur in isolated settings. This study explores similarities and differences in rural community system...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The need for sustainable and scalable comprehensive school wellness interventions is evident, and the lack of attention toward capacity-building models warrants investigation. Furthermore, there is a dearth of understanding regarding implementation determinants grounded in dissemination and implementation (D&I) frameworks. This study sou...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Although comprehensive approaches to student health promotion through wellness policy implementation show potential for scale-up, scant empirical research has been conducted to meaningfully integrate dissemination and implementation (D&I) in evaluation procedures. Such application is necessary to understand how and why interventions are...
Article
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Despite clear evidence of the potential benefits gained by being physically active, children and adolescents (collectively youth) often fail to achieve the recommended daily 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Focusing on youth physical activity in context provides the starting point for intervention design, but the design and...
Article
Full-text available
Background Physical activity, a high-frequency health behavior, varies by where children live, learn, and play. Children accumulate physical activity in adult-led in-school and out-of-school settings. Youth sport is a potential setting for physical activity, but there are differences in youth sport participation based on age, sex, and socioeconomic...
Article
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This two-part study aimed to first evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of a brief staff training intervention to promote physical activity among children attending an after-school program, and then to determine the feasibility of delivering the training to a larger number of sites. Two Boys and Girls Club after-school sites (intervention, contro...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Schools provide an ideal setting for promoting healthy lifestyles in youth, but it has proven difficult to promote the adoption and implementation of evidence-based programming by school leaders. The SWITCH® (School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health) intervention is a capacity-building process designed to help school leaders l...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Physical activity, a high-frequency health behavior, varies by where youth live, learn, and play. Youth accumulate physical activity in adult-led in-school and out-of-school settings. Youth sport is a potential setting for physical activity, but there are differences in youth sport participation based on age, gender, and socioeconomic st...
Article
Full-text available
Background School wellness programming is important for promoting healthy lifestyles and academic achievement in youth; however, research is needed on methods that can help schools implement and sustain such programs on their own. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors within and outside the school environment that influenced school c...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that the dietary quality (DQ) of school lunches meeting the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) requirements may vary significantly. Possible drivers of variation include factors, such as socioeconomic status (SES) and rurality. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether there was variation in nutrient con...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing sedentary behavior in the workplace has become an important public health priority; however, some employers have expressed concerns regarding the potential for reduced productivity if employees are not seated while at work. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between workplace sedentary behavior (sitting time...
Article
Full-text available
Background: National School Lunch Program (NSLP) standards have improved school lunch dietary quality (DQ), however, further improvements could be made. Acceptability and feasibility of higher DQ are potential barriers. Thus, the purpose is to compare acceptability and feasibility of best practice (BPSL, optimizing DQ) with typical school lunches...
Article
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Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of an ecological, multi-component adolescent obesity prevention intervention called School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health-Middle School (SWITCH-MS). Methods: Following the effectiveness-implementation hybrid type 3 quasi-experimental design, seve...
Preprint
Full-text available
Our multi-level model is offered as a proposed approach for youth physical activity intervention efforts to focus heavily on setting leaders, by addressing capability, opportunity, motivation, and behavior (COM-B) model components to improve physical activity leadership behaviors. Leadership behavior can then foster the provision of high-quality op...
Article
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In many applications of zero-inflated models, score tests are often used to evaluate whether the population heterogeneity as implied by these models is consistent with the data. The most frequently cited justification for using score tests is that they only require estimation under the null hypothesis. Because this estimation involves specifying a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: School wellness programming is important for promoting academic achievement and healthy lifestyles in youth; however, research is needed on methods that can help schools implement and sustain programs on their own. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors within and outside the school environment that impacted school capacit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: School wellness programming is important for promoting healthy lifestyles and academic achievement in youth; however, research is needed on methods that can help schools implement and sustain such programs on their own. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors within and outside the school environment that influenced school...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: School wellness programming is important for promoting healthy lifestyles and academic achievement in youth; however, research is needed on methods that can help schools implement and sustain such programs on their own. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors within and outside the school environment that influenced school...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: School wellness programming is important for promoting academic achievement and healthy lifestyles in youth; however, research is needed on methods that can help schools implement and sustain programs on their own. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors within and outside the school environment that impacted school capacit...
Chapter
Full-text available
As technological innovations continue to be developed and introduced within healthcare, public health, and our daily lives, human beings now have access to sophisticated and powerful tools that could be used in a variety of ways to change health behaviours. Information and communications technology (ICT) features prominently among 21st century inno...
Chapter
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Health behaviour change programs that utilise IT-based delivery have great potential to improve health. Whilst more static Web 1.0 technologies have been somewhat effective, they often failed to promote longer-term user engagement required for greater health promotion impact. With Web 2.0 technologies, however, there is potential for greater engage...
Article
Background Early childhood education programs provide a setting to reach children and parents to modify home environments to prevent obesity. The Healthy Opportunities for Physical Activity and Nutrition Home (HOP’N) Home project was a novel approach that linked Family Child Care Homes (FCCH) to home environments by developing children’s asking ski...
Article
As technology advances and offers enjoyable sedentary alternatives to sport, active recreation, and transportation, there is a growing need to understand and harness the drivers of physical activity and exercise among children and adolescents. Determining how youth perceive their physical capabilities and their opportunities and what motivates them...
Article
Full-text available
School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health (SWITCH ®) is a school wellness implementation initiative focused on building capacity for schools to plan and coordinate wellness programming. Grounded in Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), the purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of the web-based, self-regulation system on physical activ...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is a complex problem involving the coexistence of under- and over-nutrition within the same individual, household or population. This review aimed to discuss the correlates of the double burden of malnutrition through the socio-ecological model (SEM); (2) Methods: The PubMed database was syste...
Article
Objective: To explore whether basketball player’s self-determined motivation interacts with environmental contexts and coach training to influence percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (%MVPA). Methods: A secondary analysis of data from 76 girls (mean ± SD, 10.5 ± 1.0 years) was conducted. Players were classified as high self-de...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Recent research suggests the possibility for significant variability in nutrient content and dietary quality (DQ) of school lunches, even when meeting National School Lunch Program (NSLP) nutrition standards. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were differences in nutrient content and DQ by socioeconomic status (SE...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background/Purpose: Schools often need support and assistance to set up and manage ‘whole-of-school’ programs focused on promoting healthy lifestyles in students. The School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health (SWITCH) initiative is designed to build capacity for schools to plan, implement and sustain effective school wellness programming....
Article
Full-text available
Background This study aimed to investigate the validity of the Active Australia Survey across different subgroups and its responsiveness to change, as few previous studies have examined this. Methods The Active Australia Survey was validated against the ActiGraph as an objective measure of physical activity. Participants (n = 465) wore the ActiGra...
Article
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Introduction: Double burden of malnutrition in the form of stunted child and overweight/obese mother has been increasing in countries experiencing nutrition transition. This study aimed to compare maternal nutrition, literacy, dietary diversity, and food security of households categorised by nutritional status of mother-child pairs. Methods: This c...
Article
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1) Background: In households experiencing the double burden of malnutrition, stunted children are in a better position for growth improvement when parents are able to direct their resources to support nutrition requirements. This study assesses the effectiveness of maternal nutrition education to reduce child stunting. (2) Methods: This was a Rando...
Article
Girl Scouts (GS) is a setting with large reach to target increased moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in girls. The Scouting Nutrition and Activity Program (SNAP) increased MVPA during intervention troop meetings; therefore, further examination of implementation of SNAP components is warranted to determine the processes contributing to i...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify the extent to which sedentary behavior interventions are being implemented in Kansas worksites. The WorkWell KS Physical Activity Assessment was administered online to 111 worksites across Kansas from October 2016 through April 2018. Each worksite identified a point of contact to complete the worksite-level...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a need to identify strategies that enhance the implementation of evidence-based school wellness intervention programs in real-world settings. The present study evaluates the feasibility of empowering school wellness leaders to deliver an evidence-based, childhood obesity-prevention program called Switch ™. We specifically evalu...
Article
BACKGROUND School lunches must meet National School Lunch Program (NSLP) requirements to receive reimbursement. In this study, we sought to determine whether there are significant differences in nutrient content and nutritional quality between 2 menus meeting NSLP requirements. METHODS A cross‐sectional content analysis compared 6 weeks of a typic...
Article
Full-text available
Research into associations between lifestyle behaviours and health has largely focused on morbidity, mortality and disease prevention. Greater focus is needed to examine relationships between lifestyle behaviours and positive health outcomes such as well-being. This study aims to examine the associations between multiple lifestyle behaviours and ex...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify the extent to which sedentary behavior interventions are being implemented in Kansas worksites. The WorkWell KS Physical Activity Assessment was administered online to 111 worksites across Kansas from October 2016 through April 2018. Each worksite identified a point of contact to complete the worksite-level...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: There is a need to identify strategies that enhance the implementation of evidence-based school wellness interventions in real-world settings. The present study evaluates the feasibility of empowering school wellness leaders to deliver an evidence-based, childhood obesityprevention initiative called SWITCH™ (School Wellness Integration T...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract:Objective: To examine the effectiveness of tailored, online, video-based training on Girl Scout troop leaders’ wellness promotion self-efficacy, intention, and knowledge regarding physical activity and fruit and vegetable practices during troop meetings. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Thirty Girl Scouts leaders were randomiz...
Article
BACKGROUND: Time spent engaging in sedentary behavior represents a growing public health concern, with many national physical activity guidelines now also including recommendations on reducing sedentary time. Sedentary behavior contributes to a range of poor health outcomes. Web-based interventions are increasingly used in health promotion given th...
Article
ACSM Abstract Implications of direct observation methods for describing drivers of children’s physical activity Chelsey R. Schlechter, Justin M. Guagliano, Richard R. Rosenkranz, FACSM & David A. Dzewaltowski Direct observation (DO) is a popular objective method to describe children’s physical activity (PA) and setting context. DO is a category o...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: (1) Background: The double burden of malnutrition has been increasing in countries experiencing the nutrition transition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between household food insecurity and the double burden of malnutrition, defined as within-household stunted child and an overweight/obese mother (SCOWT). (2) Methods: A c...
Article
This cross-sectional study of 504 community-dwelling Australian adults (328 females, 176 males, mean age 50.8 ± 13.0 years) sought to examine the reliability and validity of measurement scales for physical activity (PA) self-efficacy and outcome expectations. Participants completed demographic and anthropometric measurements, and a 23-item psychoso...