Richard Pennell

Richard Pennell
University of Melbourne | MSD · School of Historical and Philosophical Studies

Doctor of Philosophy

About

56
Publications
5,785
Reads
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271
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
104 Citations
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Introduction
History of piracy
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
This article examines Year 8 history textbooks (13–14-year-old students) that follow the Australian National and Victorian Curricula. It argues that the sometimes inaccurate accounts they give of Islam and the early modern Ottoman Empire largely have their origins in the detailed prescriptions given in the history curricula.
Article
In late 1827, the crew of a Brazilian slaver, the Defensor de Pedro, mutinied and became pirates. The article follows the narrative of their attacks on ships, including the British Morning Star off Ascension Island in February 1828 and the American merchant Topaz. The Spanish authorities in Cádiz captured most of the crew and tried and executed the...
Article
Archival material on the Libyan revolution and the civil war that followed is very scarce. This article discusses two born digital collections – the Libya Uprising Archive of tweets collected during the rising against Qaddafi, and the collections of asylum appeal tribunals in several English-speaking liberal democracies. Neither collection has been...
Article
During the Algerian Civil War of the 1990s responsibility for both targeted assassinations of prominent politicians and political activists and largescale massacres was frequently ascribed to both the government and the Islamic insurgents of the GIA. The same was true of the more mundane but much more numerous level of individuals who fell foul of...
Article
This paper examines the differences between archived material that was always a digital record and hard-copy archives that were subsequently digitised. It considers the rationales behind the digitisation of archives in established western democracies as digitised collections and ad-hoc files are made available online. It compares this with how the...
Article
The centenary of the Rif War in Morocco (1921–1926) has nearly arrived. This article considers how accounts of the war have been transmitted as acts of memory. It surveys European and American publications on the war from the early military histories through to political accounts explaining the war from imperialist and anti-imperial perspectives. I...
Article
Teaching modern Middle East history at the University of Melbourne raises problems of culture. Students are not generally acquainted with the Middle East and North Africa—even those whose families originate there—news coverage is patchy, and Australia is far away. Not all students are even arts students let alone history majors: our degree structur...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines how the repressive systems of two authoritarian political regimes, Morocco and Libya affected family relationships and how kinship, neighbourhood and other social relations intersected with state oppression. It is based on an analysis of first-hand material originating with individuals who suffered oppression and derives from...
Article
his article examines how evidence given in refugee appeals tribunals is processed and transformed from an oral to a written form and then summarised and analysed for legal purposes. Its sources are the determinations of tribunals in New Zealand, Australia, Britain and Ireland which cite what refugees have said when they provide the reasoning for th...
Article
This article examines the use of the title amīr al-mu'minīn in the modern jihadist movement and sets it in the context of the history of how it was used extensively in northern Africa before colonialism. The use of the title did not necessarily signify a claim to caliphate as it is usually taken to be, but described a certain form of activist leade...
Article
Paolo Xuereb, a Maltese migrant in Tunis in the mid nineteenth century, was tried for murder in the court of the Bey of Tunis. Two contemporary documents describing the trial exist. One is a translated (into English) “transcript” made by the US consulate, the other is an Arabic statement of the verdict and sentence validated by some of the principa...
Chapter
This chapter examines the tensions between claims to territorial and personal jurisdiction, as the British government tried to prevent its subjects from committing crimes overseas. The primacy of territorial jurisdiction resulted from the need to delimit territorial boundaries in order to impose uniform laws and allow no place for lawless individua...
Book
In 2005, the Australian Federal Police referred eight Islamic books to the Australian Classification Board. The goal was to secure a ban of the books, all of which were alleged to advocate 'terrorist acts'. After nearly a year of review, and intense public debate, two of the books were refused classification and effectively banned in a move that wo...
Article
The passing of the Foreign Jurisdiction Act of 1843 has been described as an early stage in the extension of British hegemony over the Ottoman empire and a ‘juridical simulation of “conquest”’. This article argues that it was really designed to extend British jurisdiction over disorderly individuals, not over territory. It was part of an effort to...
Article
AyacheGermain, Les origines de la Guerre du Rif (Paris: Editions de la Sorbonne, and Rabat: SMER, 1981). Pp.374 + 3 maps. - Volume 16 Issue 3 - C. R. Pennell
Article
This article is based on a close comparative examination of the Treaties between the North African States of the Ottoman Empires, and Morocco on the one hand and the states of Western Europe and North America on the other in the early modern period. It shows that they formed a corpus of regulations and understandings that underpinned a ‘customary’...
Article
In 1996 two British nurses in Saudi Arabia were arrested for the murder of an Australian colleague. After they were tried and found guilty, one was sentenced to death and the other to be flogged. In the British and Australian press liberal commentators said that the case showed how human rights flaws were intrinsic to the Saudi legal system, and th...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the trial in 1843 and 1844 of Giovanni Battista Caruana, a Maltese, for the murder of a Jew in Tripoli. He was found guilty but was not executed because the victim's impoverished wife agreed to accept compensation. The case took place against the background of the British government's increasing impatience with what they saw a...
Article
Abdellah Hammoudi describes the ceremonial occasions when the Sultan came into public view in the pre-colonial period. He suggests that what was happening was a ceremonial system designed to emphasise distance, both inspiring fear of and engendering love for the imam, which were the foundation of obedience. This was true both of ceremonies in which...
Article
The frontier between the Spanish enclave of Melilla and the surrounding territory of Morocco was disorderly for much of the nineteenth century. On the Moroccan side the control of the Sultan was often ephemeral, and the border itself was marked by raiding, and even more frequent smuggling. On the Melillan side, conflicts between individual Moroccan...
Article
Authority in Morocco has often been based on lineage. Thus genealogy has been a crucial part of dynasty and regime legitimation, as David Hart has shown. However, discourse based on genealogy is neither history nor an accurate description of sociopolitical order as the genealogical memory rarely extends beyond six generations. As a result, alongsid...
Article
Indigenous resistance to colonial rule is usually categorised as ‘primary’ or ‘secondary’ resistance, the first being ‘the hostile reaction of unmodified tribal forms’ and the second, the ‘muter protest’ of indigenous movements including political parties created under colonial influence. In the Islamic world, this was often paralleled by a distinc...
Article
The use of law in pre‐colonial Morocco was a political and ideological weapon in the lands of both Moroccans and Europeans. Before 1912 Moroccans frequently made use of the Consular Courts in disputes with Europeans and exploited the system of consular protection to their own benefit. This process continued after the colonial regimes had been insta...
Article
During the 19th century, the populations of the Rifian coast engaged in trade with surrounding areas in what was to become Algeria, with Gibraltar and with Spain. Although the makhzan was aware of such trade, it was unable to control it because of its lack of political control over the Rif. As a result, it was increasingly left to European powers w...
Article
MIDDLE EAST STUDIES IN DENMARK. Edited by LARS ERSLEV ANDERSEN. Odense, Odense University Press, 1994. 215pp. DKK 200.APPROACHES TO THE HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE EAST: INTERVIEWS WITH LEADING MIDDLE EAST HISTORIANS. By NANCY ELIZABETH GALLAGHER. Reading, Garnet Publishing, 1994. viii, 197pp.A HISTORY OF THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST. By WILLIAM L. CLEVELAND....
Article
Pirates operating in small boats attacked European shipping through the Straits of Gibraltar in the early nineteenth century. Although these waters had always been the scene of privateering and corsairing by big ships authorized by both Muslim and Christian states, these small boat pirates were acting beyond any recognized authority. Environmental...
Article
LE MAROC MÉDITERRANÉEN, LA TROISIÈME DIMENSION. Edited by HABIB EL MALKI. Casablanca, Editions le Fennec, 1992. 175 pp. Charts, tables. Dh48 (pb).LE MAROC ET SON ESPACE MÉDITERRANÉEN. By FOUAD ZAIM. Rabat, Confluences, 1990. 216 pp. Maps, illustrations. Dh70 (pb).REVUE MAROC‐EUROPE. Special edition ‘Le Maroc et la Mer’, no 2, 1992. Rabat, Editions...
Article
Research on Libya during the first Ottoman and Qaramanli periods has been handicapped by the lack of a theme. Much work on these periods has been done to a large extent as spin-off from other research contingent on Libya, and new publications in European languages have been few. Their effect has been to cast a bright light on some corners of the su...
Article
THE HISTORY OF AL‐TABARl (TA'RIKH AL‐RUSUL WA ‘L‐MULÜK). (An annotated translation] (Bibliotheca Persica) (SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies):VOLUME II: PROPHETS AND PATRIARCHS. Translated and annotated by WILLIAM M. BRINNER. Albany, State University of New York Press, 1987. xii, 207pp.VOLUME IV: THE ANCIENT KINGDOMS. Translated and annotated by...
Article
FIHRIS AL‐KHIZANAH AL‐'ILMIYYA AL‐SUBAYHIYYA BI‐SALA. CATALOG OF SUBAIHEYYA LIBRARY IN SALA. By MUHAMMAD HAJJI. Kuwait, MaTiad al‐Makhtūtat al‐'Arabiyya (Institute of Arab Manuscripts), 1985.722pp., illus.i. FIHRIS MAKHTÜTAT MAKTABAT KÜPRILI. CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS IN THE KÖPRÜLÜ LIBRARY. Prepared by RAMAZAN SESEN, CEVAT İZGİ, CEMIL AKPINAR. Ista...
Article
This article attempts to investigate the role of women in rural society in Morocco, and by extension in the Muslim world of the Near and Middle East. It does so by examining the evidence thrown up by a major crisis, the Rif war of the 1920s. The mobilization and organization of tribal society by Muhammad bin ‘Abd al-Karī;m (Abdelkrim) to fight the...
Article
The economic poverty of Tripoli in the Seventeenth century was such that the piratical activities of its corsair fleet were of major importance to both the town and the Ottoman regime. An unpublished journal written by Thomas Baker (British Consul between 1679–1685) contains detailed information about the arrival and departure of both merchant ship...
Article
Why the world heard little about the tyrannical regime of the former President-for-life, Francisco Macias
Article
In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries there were a number of armed attempts by people in the Arab world, and particularly in the Maghrib countries, to resist European penetration and colonialism. Historians have made considerable efforts to categorize these attempts as being either examples of ‘primary’ resistance or of ‘modern nationalis...
Article
This thesis examines the course and political action of the war in the Rif mountains in northern Morocco between 1921 and 1926. After the declaration of a joint Franco-Spanish Protectorate over Morocco in 1912, the Spanish army attempted to impose its authority over the part of north Morocco which was included in its zone. After the end of the Fir...

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How do I stop getting suggestions/ articles about medicine. I ahve not followed any medicine projects as far as I know

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