Richard C Oude Voshaar

Richard C Oude Voshaar
University of Groningen | RUG · Faculty of Medical Sciences

Prof.dr.

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348
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Publications

Publications (348)
Article
Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility, usability and clinical value of daily diary assessments combined with actigraphy in older persons with cognitive impairment. Methods: For 63 days, patients ≥60 years with cognitive impairments filled out a daily diary (including standardized questionnaires and cognitive test battery), and wore an actiwatc...
Article
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Schema group therapy is an effective treatment for personality disorders, but its focus on cognitive techniques may be a limitation for older adults. This article describes the rationale and initial evaluation of a group schema therapy protocol enriched with psychomotor therapy (GST+PMT) for older adults in geriatric mental health care. We conclu...
Article
Organ donation after euthanasia (ODE) is rarely performed but the number has gradually increased over the years. It has been suggested that the preparatory investigations for organ donation parallel to the medical-legal procedures for euthanasia may be too much of a burden for the patients and their relatives. Furthermore, dying in an intensive car...
Article
Although the public importance of frailty is widely acknowledged by the World Health Organization, physical frailty is still largely neglected in geriatric mental health care. Firstly in this narrative review, we summarize the knowledge on the epidemiology of the association between depression and frailty, whereafter implications for treatment will...
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Euthanasia was first legalized in the Netherlands and Belgium in 2001 and 2002, respectively. Currently they are among the few countries that also allow euthanasia on the basis of dementia, which is still considered controversial, both from a scientific and societal perspective. To date, euthanasia in dementia constitutes a small proportion of all...
Article
The use of schema therapy to treat personality disorders in older adults is gaining scientific attention. Personality disorders are prevalent in one out of ten older adults and have a detrimental effect on quality of life. Although 24% or more of nursing home residents may have personality disorders, psychotherapeutic treatment options in the case...
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Objectives: Much is unknown about the combination of Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS) and alexithymia in later life, but it may culminate in a high disease burden for older patients. In the present study we assess the prevalence of alexithymia in older patients with either MUS or Medically Explained Symptoms (MES) and we explore physical, psyc...
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Background Child abuse is a major global burden with an enduring negative impact on mental and physical health. A history of child abuse is consistently associated with worse cognitive performance among adults; data in older age groups are inconclusive. Since affective symptoms and cognitive functioning are interrelated among older persons, a syner...
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Objectives: Polypharmacy and late-life depression often congregate in the geriatric population. The primary objective is to identify determinants of polypharmacy in patients with depression, and second to examine polypharmacy in relation to various clinical phenotypes of depression and its course. Methods: A longitudinal observational study usin...
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Background Although personality disorders are common and consequential, they are largely ignored in geriatric mental healthcare. We examined the relative contributions of different aspects of personality disorders and comorbid mental disorders to the impairment of mental wellbeing in older adults. Methods Baseline data were used of 138 patients wh...
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Background Comorbidity between depression and cognitive impairment is common in older adults, increases the disease burden disproportionally, and leads to diagnostic uncertainty. Insight into individual daily associations between affect and cognitive performance may help in personalizing diagnosis and treatment decisions. Our objective was to get i...
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Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders in older adults and leads to considerable decreases in health, well‐being, and impaired functioning. Intervention studies have focused on the effects on symptomatic recovery, and most do not include functional recovery as an outcome. Reduction of functional limitations as a treatment goal in...
Article
Background/Objectives – Frailty is highly prevalent with increasing age. Based on the concept of depression as a disorder of accelerated ageing and its association with inflammation and metabolic dysregulation, we examined whether frailty measures at baseline and over time differed between immuno-metabolic subtypes of late-life depression. Methods...
Article
Introduction Little is known about the raising number of specialized units for patients with dementia and very severe challenging behavior in the Netherlands. This study describes organizational and treatment characteristics of a sample of these units. Methods The organizational and treatment characteristics were studied with digital questionnaire...
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Background To examine the mortality risk of current and life-time depressive as well as anxiety disorders, whether this risk is moderated by sex or age, and whether this risk can be explained by lifestyle and/or somatic health status. Methods A cohort study (Lifelines) including 141,377 participants (18–93 years) which were followed-up regarding m...
Article
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a universal risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Since depression is consistently associated with low vitamin D levels as well as several adverse health outcomes, vitamin D supplementation may be especially relevant for depressed persons. This review examines the potential benefits of vitamin D for (somatic)...
Article
In the Netherlands, euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) in psychiatric disorders is legal in certain circumstances. Guidelines recommend a second opinion to independently check diagnosis and treatment resistance. A 68-year-old patient, diagnosed with bipolar I disorder, with a request for euthanasia because of tiredness, repeated falls and racing...
Article
Objectives Decision making (DM) is a component of executive functioning, essential for choosing appropriate decisions. Executive dysfunctioning is particularly common in late-life depression, however the literature is scarce on DM. This case-control study aimed to evaluate the DM profile and performance in participants with and without unipolar maj...
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Background Individuals with a parental family history of dementia have an increased risk of developing dementia because they share their genes as well as their psychosocial behaviour. Due to this increased risk and their experience with dementia, they may be particularly eager to receive information regarding dementia risk reduction (DRR). This stu...
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Background Frailty marks a process of increasing dysregulation of physiological systems which increases the risk of adverse health outcomes. This study examines the hypothesis that the association between multiple cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) becomes stronger with increasing frailty severity. Methods Cross-s...
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Objectives Previous studies on the interrelationship between sleep and agitation relied on group-aggregates and so results may not be applicable to individuals. This proof-of-concept study presents the single-subject study design with time series analysis as a method to evaluate the association between sleep and agitation in individual nursing home...
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Introduction Depressive disorder has been conceptualised as a condition of accelerated biological ageing. We operationalized a frailty index (FI) as marker for biological ageing aimed to explore the bidirectional, longitudinal association between frailty and either depressive symptoms or depressive disorder. Methods – A cohort study with 6-year fo...
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Objectives The aim of the present study was to investigate whether late-life depression (LLD) is associated with incident frailty over time.DesignProspective cohort study, one-year follow-up.SettingGeriatric outpatient clinic, Southwestern of Brazil.Participants181 follow-up participants aged 60 years or over.MeasurementsDepressive disorders were c...
Article
Objectives Significant weight loss and/or loss of appetite is a criterion of a depressive episode. While malnutrition is associated with many adverse health outcomes, the impact of malnutrition in late-life depression has hardly been examined. The present study aims to (1) evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in depressed older inpatients, and (...
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Objectives Frailty marks an increased risk for adverse health outcomes. Since childhood trauma is associated with the onset of physical and mental health diseases during the lifespan, we examined the link between childhood trauma and multidimensional frailty. Method A cross-sectional study embedded in a clinical cohort study (ROM-GPS) of older (≥6...
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Background Increasing age as well as borderline personality pathology are associated with a lower level of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). Our objective was to investigate whether the presence of borderline personality traits modifies the association between age and HR-QoL in the general population. Methods Cross-sectional data from 5,303...
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Objective: Frailty is a clinical phenotype that predicts negative health outcomes, including mortality, and is increasingly used for risk stratification in geriatric medicine. Similar to frailty, late-life depression is also associated with increased mortality rates. Therefore, we examined whether frailty and frailty-related biomarkers predict mort...
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Objectives To investigate the presence, nature and direction of the daily temporal association between depressive symptoms, cognitive performance and sleep in older individuals. Design, setting, participants Single-subject study design in eight older adults with cognitive impairments and depressive symptoms. Measurements For 63 consecutive days,...
Article
Introduction : Anorexia of aging (AA) is classically associated with depression. However, robust evidence is lacking regarding general clinic populations. Our aim was to evaluate the association between AA and major depressive disorder (MDD) in geriatric outpatients from a middle-income country. Methods : We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of...
Preprint
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Background Individuals with a parental family history of dementia have an increased risk of developing dementia because they share their genes as well as their psychosocial behaviour. Due to this increased risk and their experience with dementia, they may be particularly eager to receive information regarding dementia risk reduction (DRR). This stu...
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Full-text available
Background The frailty index (FI) is a well-recognized measurement for risk stratification in older people. Among middle-aged and older people, we examined the prospective association between the FI and mortality as well as its course over time in relation to multimorbidity and specific disease clusters. Methods A frailty index (FI) was constructe...
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Objectives – While vitamin D is involved in frailty as well as depression, hardly any study has examined the course of vitamin D levels prospectively. The objective of this study is to examine whether a change of vitamin D in depressed older adults is associated with either depression course, course of frailty, or both. Methods – The study populati...
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The aim of the current study was to investigate trends in frailty and its relationship with mortality among older adults aged 64-84 years across a period of 21 years. Data from 1995 to 2016 were used from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. A total of 7,742 observations of 2,874 respondents in the same age range (64-84 years) across six measure...
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Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects millions of people worldwide and is a leading cause of disability. Several theories have been proposed to explain its pathological mechanisms, and the “neurotrophin hypothesis of depression” involves one of the most relevant pathways. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important neurotrophin, and...
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Background: To investigate whether an exercise intervention using the VIVIFRAIL© protocol has benefits for inflammatory and functional parameters in different frailty status. Methods/design: This is a randomized clinical trial in an outpatient geriatrics clinic including older adults ≥60 years. For each frailty state (frail, pre-frail and robust),...
Article
Objectives: This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows:. To assess the effects of CBT (CT, BT, CBT and third-wave CBT interventions) on severity of anxiety symptoms compared with minimal management for anxiety and related disorders in older adults, aged 55 years or over. To assess the effects of CBT (CT,...
Chapter
Late-onset late-life depression (LLD, depression with an age of onset above 60 years) appears to differ from depression with early onset in its association with cerebral small vessel disease, beta-amyloid and tau deposition, and neurodegenerative processes. Multimodality imaging (SPECT, PET, MRI) supports this concept and the notion that late-life...
Article
Objectives Accumulating evidence shows depression as a risk factor for frailty, but studies are mainly population-based and widely differ in their assessment of either depression or frailty. We investigated the association between depression and frailty among geriatric outpatients using different assessment instruments for both conditions. Method...
Article
Background: In clinical practice it is often challenging to determine whether mood disturbances should be considered a state or trait characteristics. This study is important to understand the influence of temperaments in the diagnosis of depression. The objective of the present study was to compare the frequency of three types of affective temper...
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Background To explore the mutual relationship between multimorbidity, mental illness and frailty, we have set-up the Multimorbidity and Mental health Cohort Study in FRAILty and Aging (MiMiCS-FRAIL) cohort. At the population level, multimorbidity, frailty and late-life depression are associated with similar adverse outcomes (i.e. falls, disability,...
Article
As no curative treatments for dementia are yet available, prevention is a key element to counteract the dementia epidemic. Our aim is to investigate the uptake and effectiveness of a tailor‐made online‐lifestyle‐program for dementia‐risk‐reduction targeting risk and protective factors for dementia among middle‐aged descendants of people with recent...
Article
Individuals with a parental family history (PFH) of dementia have an increased risk to develop dementia, as they do not only share their genes but also their psychosocial behavior (Borenstein et al., 2016). This study will explore the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes towards dementia‐risk‐assessment and dementia‐risk‐reduction by changing health be...
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Objective Studies on the course of depression often ignore comorbid anxiety disorders or anxiety symptoms. We explored predictors of complete remission (no depression nor anxiety diagnoses at follow-up) and of the course of comorbid anxiety symptoms. We additionally tested the hypothesis that the course of anxiety disorders and symptoms in depresse...
Article
Objective We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, clinical determinants, and consequences (falls and hospitalization) of frailty in older adults with mental illness. Design Retrospective clinical cohort study. Setting We collected the data in a specialized psychogeriatric ward, in Boston, USA, between July 2018 and June 2019. Participants Two hundr...
Article
Objectives This study aimed to investigate whether frailty could be an explanatory factor of the association between depression and the number of geriatric syndromes. Methods Cross-sectional baseline data from a cohort study (MiMiCS-FRAIL) were analyzed in a sample of 315 older adults. Depression was measured according to DSM-5 criteria and a self...
Article
Introduction Depression and cognitive impairments often co-occur in older adults and account for a high disease burden. Insight into how affect and cognitive function influence one another on a daily basis could be helpful in the diagnostic process and treatment decisions for individual patients. However, little is known about the daily association...
Article
Introduction Frailty is a common clinical syndrome in older adults that carries an increased risk for poor health outcomes. Early identification of frailty may help optimizing quality of care. Fried's frailty criteria are often used as the gold standard of frailty. However, it takes too much time and the availability of a hand grip strength meter t...
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Introduction: Behavioural activation is an effective treatment for depression, but little is known about its working mechanisms. Theoretically, its effect is thought to rely on an interplay between activation and environmental reward. Objective: The present systematic review examines the mediators of behavioural activation for depression. Metho...
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Background Inflammation and metabolic dysregulation are age-related physiological changes and are associated with depressive disorder. We tried to identify subgroups of depressed older patients based on their metabolic-inflammatory profile and examined the course of depression for these subgroups. Methods This clinical cohort study was conducted i...
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The effects of the COVID-19 virus on mental healthcare for older people in The Netherlands. - Debby L Gerritsen, Richard C. Oude Voshaar
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Background – Societal measures in context of the COVID-19 outbreak forced us to transform our schema therapy-based day-treatment for older adults with chronic affective disorders and personality problems into an online program. The objective of this paper is to present first impressions of this transformation. Methods – Using over-the-phone instru...
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Objectives Frailty is characterized by a functioning decline in multiple systems accompanied by an increase in individual’s vulnerability to stressors. It appears to be higher in low and middle-income countries compared with high-income ones. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of frailty in non-institutionalized Brazilian older adults.Desi...
Article
Background With increasing age, symptoms of depression may increasingly overlap with age-related physical frailty and cognitive decline. We aim to identify late-life related subtypes of depression based on measures of depressive symptom dimensions, cognitive performance and physical frailty. Methods A clinical cohort study of 375 depressed older p...
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Background: Empirical studies on the clinical characteristics of older persons with medically unexplained symptoms are limited to uncontrolled pilot studies. Therefore, we aim to examine the psychiatric characteristics of older patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) compared to older patients with medically explained symptoms (MES), al...
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Background: Comorbid personality disorders are assumed to negatively interfere with the treatment outcome of affective disorders. Data on late-life panic disorder remain unknown. We examined the association of personality pathology and treatment outcome related to age and treatment modality. Methods: An observational study on the effectiveness o...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed everyday life tremendously in a short period of time. After a brief timeline of the Dutch situation and our management strategy to adapt geriatric mental health care, we present a case-series to illustrate the specific challenges for geriatric psychiatrists.
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Functional somatic symptoms refer to physical symptoms that cannot be (bio) medically explained. The pattern or clustering of such symptoms may lead to functional syndromes like chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, among many others. Since the underlying pathophysiology remains unknown, several explanatory models have b...
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Objectives: Older adults with psychiatric disorders have a substantially lower life expectancy than age matched controls. Knowledge of risk factors may lead to targeting treatment and interventions to reduce this gap in life expectancy. In this study we investigated whether frailty independently predicts mortality in older patients following an ac...
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Objective: Depression has been associated with increased mortality rates, and modifying mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. We examined whether specific subtypes or characteristics of late-life depression predict mortality. Methods: A cohort study including 378 depressed older patients according to DSM-IV criteria and 132 never depressed compa...
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Objectives: A systematic review of the relationship between subclinical small vessel disease (SSVD) in the general population and apathy to examine the hypothesis that apathy has a vascular basis. Methods: We searched for studies on associations between apathy and SSVD, operationalized as white matter hyperintensities (WMH) or white matter diffu...
Article
Objectives: To evaluate whether fall risk in older adults is associated with the use of selective serotonin receptor inhibitor (SSRI) monotherapy among geriatric outpatients, and whether this association is moderated by the presence of depressive disorder and/or frailty. Methods: Prospective cohort study with a 12-month follow-up and including 811...
Article
Purpose/background: The duration of untreated depression is a predictor for poor future prognosis, making rapid dose finding essential. Genetic variation of the CYP2D6 isoenzyme can influence the optimal dosage needed for individual patients. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of CYP2D6 pharmacogenetic screening to accelerate...
Article
Background: In mental health research, functional recovery is increasingly valued as an important outcome in addition to symptomatic remission. Methods: Course types of functional limitations among depressed older patients and its relation with symptomatic remission were explored in a naturalistic cohort study (Netherlands Study of Depression in...
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Background: Long-term antidepressant use has increased exponentially, though this is not always according to guidelines. Our previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) showed that participants using antidepressants long term without a proper indication were apprehensive to stop: only half were willing to attempt to discontinue their antidepressant...
Article
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been associated with both early- and late-life depression. This study investigated whether baseline MetS and its individual components are associated with the course of depression over six years among older persons with a formal depression diagnosis. Methods: Data were used from 378 older persons with a...
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Background: Affective disorders, encompassing depressive-, anxiety-, and somatic symptom disorders, are the most prevalent mental disorders in later life. Treatment protocols and guidelines largely rely on evidence from RCTs conducted in younger age samples and ignore comorbidity between these disorders. Moreover, studies in geriatric psychiatry a...
Article
Although previous studies have underlined the protective role of social support for physical and psychological health, no self-report questionnaires are validated for measuring social support in large-scale psychiatric epidemiological studies. In the current study, we aim to validate the shortened version of the Close Persons Questionnaire (CPQ), a...
Article
Background: Prevention of problematic alcohol use is mainly focused on younger adults, while heavy drinking in middle-aged and older adults might be more frequent with more impact on functioning and health care use. Therefore, alcohol use and alcohol disorder in both age groups was compared. To facilitate age-specific prevention, it was examined w...
Article
Background/objectives Aging related physiological changes like metabolic dysregulation and physical frailty are associated with depression and worsen its prognosis. Since central obesity is a key component of the metabolic syndrome and sarcopenia of physical frailty, we examined the association of sarcopenic obesity with depression cross‐sectional...