Richard A. Noske

Richard A. Noske
The University of Queensland | UQ · Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science

PhD, Grad Dip Ed

About

106
Publications
28,920
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1,423
Citations
Citations since 2016
28 Research Items
623 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Richard Noske was a Senior Lecturer in biology at Charles Darwin University in Darwin, Australia, for 26 years before retiring and moving to Brisbane, Queensland. He was President of Birds Queensland from 2012 to 2015, and is an Adjunct Senior Fellow with University of Queensland. He has written or co-written over 100 peer-reviewed journal papers, 14 book chapters, three books, and numerous other articles. His major research interest is avian life histories and breeding biology in Australia, Indonesia and New Guinea.

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
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The Grey-crowned Babbler Pomatostomus temporalis is a group-living, cooperatively breeding species in which offspring of both sexes are equally philopatric, but only male helpers inherit the natal territory. We quantified helping efforts in a tropical population of the babbler, and tested the hypothesis that inter-sexual differences in helping effo...
Article
Many longitudinal studies of regional avifaunas have been conducted in Australia, but the majority concern temperate inland regions. We examined changes in the avifauna of the Rockhampton region (10 500 km2) in subtropical, coastal Central Queensland, Australia, over 130 years, comparing accounts from 1888, 1925 and 1973–1974 with survey data from...
Article
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The avifauna of the Rockhampton region, in central coastal Queensland, was first documented in 1887, based on six months of observations, then again in 1924, based on sightings made during a campout of one week. These and other historical records of birds in the region (comprising c.10,500 km 2), as well as in the neighbouring Shoalwater Bay Traini...
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We studied the pattern of acquisition of breeding positions among helpers in a population of Grey-crowned Babblers Pomatostomus temporalis rubecula in the monsoon tropics of northwestern Australia, using both behavioural and molecular data. In particular, we focused on sex differences, kinship, and their interactions among emigrating helpers. Moreo...
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Due to its remoteness and restricted access, Arnhem Land remains one of the least ornithologically explored regions of Australia. This paper documents records of nine bird species which result from bird tours and surveys in the area surrounding Arnhem Land Barramundi Lodge, south of Maningrida, western Arnhem Land, from 2008 to 2018, and assesses t...
Article
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The vast majority of records of the Northern Shrike-tit (Falcunculus whitei) in the Top End of the Northern Territory are from eucalypt woodlands in inland localities, mostly in the Katherine-Maranboy region, approx. 250 km from the nearest coastline. This report summarises observations of a small resident population of these rare birds which is la...
Article
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The breeding biology of forest partridges (genus Arborophila) is poorly understood, with nest and eggs described for just over half of all 20 recognised species. Herein we provide the first formal description of the eggs of the endemic Sumatran Partridge, based on a single preserved clutch in the Naturalis Biodiversity Centre, Leiden. Information a...
Article
Devising strategic conservation plans to curb Indonesia's wild bird trade is pivotal to protect species. However, limited understanding of nationwide trade network patterns could hinder this urgently necessary action. Currently, available information either have restricted geographical scope or is focused on trans-national analysis, limiting unders...
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Formerly considered a rare migrant to Australia, the New Zealand-breeding Shining Bronze-Cuckoo Chalcites l. lucidus is shown to be a regular visitor to Southeast Queensland, mainly during March-April and September-October, coinciding with its presumed passage migration to and from known wintering grounds in northern Melanesia. Several records in J...
Article
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The White Cockatoo Cacatua alba is endemic to the North Molucca islands and is considered Endangered mostly due to unsustainable levels of trapping for the pet trade. Little is known about its breeding biology in the wild, except that it nests in tall trees during the early part of the year. We made brief observations of two active nests of White C...
Article
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Bowers are display structures built by male bowerbirds (Ptilonorhynchidae) to court females. Avenue bowers consist of two parallel walls of upright sticks. Visiting females enter the avenue between the walls to watch the male displaying on a platform at either end of the bower. According to the "Optimal Illumination" hypothesis, bowers are oriented...
Article
Mangrove Gerygones Gerygone levigaster were banded at six sites in the Greater Brisbane region, Queensland over 5.5 years, and at three sites in Darwin, Northern Territory, over 8-9 years. The species was highly sedentary in both regions, and no movements were recorded among sites at either location. In Darwin, males were larger than females in thr...
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Thought to be restricted to coastal mangrove forests in Australia, the Mangrove Robin (Peneothello pulverulenta) (formerly Peneonanthe pulverulenta), is also known to occur locally in subcoastal paperbark swamp forest in New Guinea, and less often further inland in riparian reed-beds mixed with shrubs. Here we report the existence of a population i...
Article
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The breeding biology of the monsoon-tropical Arafura Fantail (Rhipidura dryas) is poorly known. The only descriptions of the eggs of this species in Australia prior to 1998 were based on one full clutch and two partial clutches collected from the Top End of the Northern Territory about 100 years earlier. The Nest Record Scheme (administered by Bird...
Article
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Despite its large distribution, very few studies have been done on the reproductive ecology of the genus Gerygone, a member of the family of Australo-Papuan warblers. Mangrove Gerygone and Large-billed Gerygone use mangrove habitats for breeding in the Top End of Australia. This study attempted to reveal the nesting success of those species. Both c...
Article
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We monitored nesting of a pair of Changeable Hawk-Eagles Nisaetus cirrhatus at Gunung Halimun–Salak National Park, West Java, in two consecutive years (2012 and 2013). The single egg was laid in July in the first year, and June in the second. This is consistent with data from the early 20th Century which suggests these are the peak laying months fo...
Article
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Ringkasan. Catatan ini mengenai publikasi perbiakan kedua Meninting Cegar Enicurus ruficapillus dan berasal dari individu betina yang teramati sedang aktif bersarang pada ketinggian 854 m dpl di jalur pendakian Gunung Talamau, Sumatera Barat. Sarang berada di pinggir sungai kecil.dan berisi dua telur berwarna putih dengan bercak coklat merah muda p...
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The literature on predation of birds' eggs and nestlings is voluminous, but there are few published records of predation of adult birds in Australia by animals other than raptors and non-indigenous, carnivorous mammals. Here we report observations of an adult Russet-tailed Thrush Zoothera heinei being consumed on its nest by a Carpet Python Morelia...
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Direct observations of predators taking birds' eggs and nestlings in Australia are rare, especially those involving mammals, which are largely nocturnal. Here we present photographic evidence of a Subtropical Antechinus Antechinus subtropicus (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae) taking a Noisy Pitta Pitta versicolor nestling from the nest, despite being small...
Article
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South temperate Australian passerines are generally long-lived compared to birds of the north temperate region. However, few data are available on the survivorship of tropical and subtropical Australian birds. We examined survival in the Mangrove Gerygone Gerygone laevigaster at a subtropical location in Brisbane, southeast Queensland. Based on a d...
Article
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Thanks to the work of ornithologists during the early and mid-1900s, the basic breeding biology of the birds of the Greater Sundas—Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali—to the west of the famous Wallace’s Line, is reasonably well known. However, this contrasts sharply with the situation in the area to the east of Wallace’s Line and west of New Guinea, kno...
Chapter
The Top End of the Northern Territory lies within the monsoon or wet-dry tropics of Australia, where virtually year-round high temperatures and humidity test the endurance of non-indigenous people. The first British garrisons and convicts that attempted to settle the north during the 1820s and following decades had to suffer the harsh conditions, a...
Article
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Starlings rose Pastor roseus not been recorded in Indonesia, but never recorded in Sabah, eastern Malaysia as a kind of nomad. These birds recorded in the park near Ambarukmo Plaza Yogyakarta and in coastal areas Serangan Island, Bali in the migration season 2013-2014. These birds are thought to migrate together starling starling China and the Phil...
Article
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Traditionally, there are five subspecies of bird Robin clown who occupy different mountainous areas along the central mountain ranges of New Guinea. However, several recent studies, explained that the nominate form in the Peninsula of West Papua Vogelkop genetically and morphologically distinct from the forms that were in the eastern part, which ha...
Article
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The Northern Territory population of the Torresian Imperial-Pigeon Ducula spilorrhoa was once considered to be completely migratory, departing for New Guinea in February and returning to breed in August. However, reporting rates from Darwin suggest that since at least the early 1990s a substantial proportion of birds 'over-winter' in the region. We...
Article
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Among the activities promoted by the original Council of the Queensland Ornithological Society (QOS, now known as Birds Queensland) in 1969 were participation in the Nest Record Scheme (NRS) of the Royal Australasian Ornithological Union (now BirdLife Australia) and involvement in bird banding studies. In this review I evaluate the contribution of...
Article
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The content of The Sunbird, journal of Birds Queensland (Queensland Ornithological Society), over 44 years from 1970 to the end of 2013, is reviewed and compared with that of The Australian Bird Watcher (ABW), published by the Bird Observers Club over 44 years, from 1959 to 2002 (Ley 2011). Given its restricted geographical scope (mainly Queensland...
Article
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Mangrove habitats are under severe land use pressure throughout the world and Australia is no exception. Here we describe the heterogeneity of mangrove habitat and its relationship with mangrove bird diversity. We examined the role of mangrove habitat complexity in determining the richness of avian mangrove dependent species (MDS) and interior spec...
Article
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Telah teramati perilaku display “sayap patah” sebagai tindakan pengalih perhatian yang dilakukan oleh seekor Berencet Kecil (Pnoepyga pusilla) terhadap manusia pengganggu sarangnya, yang berlokasi pada jalur pendakian di Gunung Singgalang, Sumatera Barat. Perilaku display ini sepertinya menjadi yang pertama didokumentasikan untuk jenis ini, dan bar...
Book
Birds of the Darwin Region is the first comprehensive treatment of the avifauna of Darwin, a city located in Australia's monsoon tropics, where seasons are defined by rainfall rather than by temperature. With its mangrove-lined bays and creeks, tidal mudflats, monsoon rainforests, savanna woodlands and freshwater lagoons, Darwin has retained all of...
Article
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Anis kuning Turdus obscurus umumnya tercatat dalam jumlah kecil atau sedang (>100 burung) di daerah perbukitan atau pegunungan di Sumatera. Keberadaan sekitar 1.000 burung yang teramati pada tanggal 12 Januari 2013 di perkebunan kelapa sawit Desa Perjito, Kecamatan Gunung Megang, Kabupaten Muara Enim (Propinsi Sumatera Selatan); dan informasi masya...
Chapter
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The largest and highest tropical island on earth, New Guinea, supports the third largest contiguous tract of old growth tropical rainforest wilderness after Amazonia and the Congo Forest. Its highly endemic avifauna comprises about 800 species of birds, more than the whole Australian continent, and includes the vast majority of the spectacular bird...
Article
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Mangrove bird communities in north Australia comprise relatively few passerine species compared with other arboreal habitats in the region. Mangroves are dominated by a few tree species and there are potentially few resource axes available for partitioning by terrestrial birds. Competition for limited resources is predicted to cause strong niche di...
Article
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Previous observational studies near Darwin, Northern Territory, revealed that males of a population of the western subspecies of the Great Bowerbird (Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis nuchalis) gathered only green objects as coloured decorations for their bowers. To test whether collection of certain coloured objects by Bowerbirds was caused by the skew of...
Article
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Nest predation rates often depend on how well a nest is concealed. Many tropical birds build their nests over water and/or build large pendant nests that closely resemble clumps of vegetation or flood debris, behaviours that are universally assumed to reduce nest predation rates by deterring or confusing nest predators, respectively. Yet this hypot...
Article
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Nest-building is a costly activity and natural selection may sometimes favour usurpation of existing nests. Few quantitative studies have investigated the effect of usurpation of nests on the reproductive success of the usurped species. Here we studied 27 instances of usurpation of Grey-crowned Babbler (Pomatostomus temporalis) nests (n = 310 nests...
Article
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Male bowerbirds (Ptilonorhynchidae) build bowers, and adorn them with decorations to attract mates. We investigated preference for, and spatial arrangement of, decorations of different colours at bowers in a population of the western subspecies of the Great Bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis nuchalis, near Darwin, Northern Territory. Decorations ma...
Article
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It is well known that wild game provides a significant proportion of the dietary protein of the indigenous people of the eastern half of New Guinea (PNG), but almost nothing is known of its importance in the western half (the Indonesian province of Papua or Irian Jaya). We quantified hunting effort, harvest rates and wild meat consumption and sale...
Article
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Taktarau iblis Eurostopodus diabolicus yang ditemukan kembali pada tahun 1996, merupakan jenis yang kurang dikenal hingga saat ini dan termasuk jenis burung malam endemik hutan pegunungan Sulawesi dengan dua catatan tentang sarangnya. Di sini, kami akan menjabarkan lebih lanjut mengenai dua catatan tentang sarang dari jalur Anaso di Taman Nasional...
Article
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Mangroves are threatened worldwide yet they host diverse avian assemblages, especially in Australia. We examined the diversity, density and habitat use of birds in northern Australian mangroves to determine the influence of habitat patch-size and floristic composition on the structure of mangrove bird assemblages. Birds were surveyed using line tra...
Article
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Wilson's Bird-of-paradise Cicinnurus respublica is endemic to two islands of the Raja Ampat island group off the western tip of the Bird's Head peninsula of the island of New Guinea. Due to its remote home, it is little known, and its courtship behaviour in the wild was not described until the 1990s. To attract females for mating, males create and...
Article
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The breeding biology of the Dusky Honeyeater Myzomela obscura is poorly known, despite the species' wide distribution and use of a broad range of habitats. In the Northern Territory, breeding was recorded in all months, but just over 50% of estimated laying dates were in April and May, corresponding with the transition from the wet to the dry seaso...
Article
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We present the results of bird surveys conducted in 2000 and 2006 at 13 sites in the interior lowlands and foothills (<400 m asl) of Central and East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The study area spans c.170 km east-west between the middle and upper reaches of the Barito and Mahakam Rivers, and more than 100 km north-south from the foothills of the Muller...
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To the Editor: Melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease of humans and animals caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, which inhabits soil and surface water in the disease-endemic regions of Southeast Asia and northern Australia (1). The aim of this study was to assess the potential for birds to spread B. pseudomallei....
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We compared the bird and woody plant communities of 2 to 24-year-old rehabilitation areas at Gove bauxite mine (20 km2) in the seasonal tropics of northern Australia, where Alcan has maintained a consistent rehabilitation program since it began operation in 1974. Birds were censused every second month over 2 years in 30 widely separated 0.25-ha plo...
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抄録 オーストラリア熱帯モンスーン地域に生息するセアカオーストラリアムシクイの非繁殖期群の群れ構成に与える野火の影響に関して研究を行った。全体として,平均群れサイズは乾季の中頃で大きく,季節の進行とともに縮小した。大きな群れは野火で焼け出された地域に多く出現し,野火の及ばなかった地域では2個体だけの群れが多く,平均群れサイズは焼けた地域より小さかった。野火は生息場所を破壊し,生息個体の移出を引き起こした。一方,野火の及ばなかった地域は,一時的な避難場所となったが, このような安定した地域は小サイズの群れのなわばりで飽和しており,移入個体は再移出を余儀なくされた。野火の後,焼け出された地域には多くの個体が周辺部から移入し,不安定な大サイズの群れを形成した。これらの群れも,季節の進行とともに,群...
Article
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抄録 オーストラリア北部の熱帯地域の海岸に広がるマングローブ林では,巣への捕食圧が高いことが知られている。この地域には,2種のセンニョムシクイ類(ハシブトセンニョムシクイGerygone magnirostris とマングローブセンニョムシクイ G. levigaster)が同所的に生息している。ハシブトセンニョムシクイは主に,暗く生い茂ったマングローブ林内に潮汐によって生じる小川(tidal creek)の周辺に営巣し,マングローブセンニョムシクイはマングローブ林縁の干潟(salt flat)に点在する薮や孤立木に営巣する。近縁な両種は,ともにドーム型の巣を造るが,巣の大きさや色彩,形態が大きく異なる。このような営巣環境の違いと巣の外観の違いは,両種の巣への捕食と関連があるかもしれない 。...
Article
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Fire plays an important role in the evolution of life-history characteristics of organisms living in fire-prone regions. Although there are many reports of plants exhibiting adaptations to reduce the harmful or lethal effects of fire, little is known about fire-resistance mechanisms among animals, other than fleeing responses. Here, we report obser...
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Male courtship displays commonly involve multiple sexual signals. While there has been considerable interest in female choice for male multiple signals, few studies have investigated how these signals interact. We analyzed courtship behaviours of male Great Bowerbirds Chlamydera nuchalis, which include both acoustical elements, including ticking so...
Article
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As avian brood parasitism usually reduces hosts' reproductive success, hosts often exhibit strong defence mechanisms. While such host defences at the egg stage (especially egg rejection) have been extensively studied, defence mechanisms at the nestling stage have been reported only recently. We found a previously unknown anti-parasitism behaviour i...
Conference Paper
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Indonesia has more endemic bird species than anywhere else in the world, but also the highest number of threatened bird species for any nation. The major causes of this avian diversity crisis are high rates of deforestation, with conversion of logged forest to plantations, and a thriving wildlife trade. However, anthropogenic climate change represe...
Article
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Rates of nest predation have frequently been shown to differ between fragmented and unfragmented habitats, but have rarely been compared among natural habitats in the same geographic region. In this study, artificial nests of two types (open cup and domed) were placed in four habitats (mangroves, monsoon rainforests, eucalypt woodlands and paperbar...
Article
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A 4-year study of cooperative breeding in the Grey-crowned Babbler Pomatostomus temporalis was conducted in the monsoon-tropics of northern Australia. Most groups comprised a single socially monogamous pair with up to seven helpers. We found no floaters. The sex ratio was almost unity for each year. Helpers included philopatric offspring, immigrati...
Article
Full-text available
The grey-crowned babbler (Pomatostomus temporalis) is a cooperative breeding bird species in which nonbreeding helpers of both sexes care for the young of breeding individuals. To measure the genetic relatedness between breeders and their offspring and helpers, we developed nine microsatellite markers. Most of the loci were highly polymorphic. Thes...
Article
Full-text available
A 4-year study of cooperative breeding in the Grey-crowned Babbler Pomatostomus temporalis was conducted in the monsoon-tropics of northern Australia. Most groups comprised a single socially monogamous pair with up to seven helpers. We found no floaters. The sex ratio was almost unity for each year. Helpers included philopatric offspring, immigrati...
Article
Full-text available
All three species of specialized bark-climbing birds in eucalypt forests of north-eastern New South Wales exhibited sexual differences in their foraging behaviour. The degree of these differences was weakest in the least social species and strongest in the most social species, suggesting that intersexual niche segregation is an adaptation to reduce...
Article
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Abstract  The estimation of arthropod biomass is often important in studies of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function, including analyses of the relative importance of different arthropod taxa in the diet of insectivorous animals. In order to estimate arthropod biomass in eucalypt woodlands and rehabilitated mine-land in the monsoonal tropics...
Article
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Radio-telemetry was used to investigate the home range and den characteristics of the brush-tailed rabbit-rat (Conilurus penicillatus) from three sites in the monsoonal tropics of the Northern Territory, Australia. Radio-tracking was conducted in a series of discontinuous 4-17-day sessions, over a 2-year period. The home ranges of 61 C. penicillatu...
Article
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The diet of the brush-tailed rabbit-rat (Conilurus penicillatus) was assessed by microscopic analysis of faecal samples from 35 individuals collected from three different sites in the Northern Territory (Garig Gunak Barlu National Park (Cobourg Peninsula), Kakadu National Park and Melville Island) at various times of the year during 2000-02. Seed w...
Article
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The Rainbow Pitta, Pitta iris, is endemic to the monsoon rainforests of the wet–dry tropics of north-western Australia. In the Darwin region, Northern Territory, the breeding season lasted 3–4 months, eggs being laid from mid October to late February over three years (1992–95). This period coincided with the wet season, and the start and length of...
Article
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Sexual differences in foraging behaviour are common among bark-foraging birds. I compared the foraging behaviour of male and female Crested Shrike-tits, Falcunculus frontatus, a species well known for its bark-tearing habits, at two localities in the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales during winter. At both Wollomombi Falls and Armidale males v...
Article
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Gerygones comprise 19 species of small (mostly 6–7 g) foliage-gleaning insectivores distributed from south-east Asia to New Zealand. I collected breeding data on the Mangrove Gerygone,Gerygone laevigaster, from several populations in and around Darwin, Northern Territory. The egg-laying season extended from March to October, coinciding with the lat...
Article
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AimTo examine and compare patterns of species richness and prominence across the Australian continent for taxonomic and ecological subsets of the granivorous bird fauna.LocationThe Australian continental mainland and island of Tasmania.Methods Bird species records from the Atlas of Australian Birds (Blakers et al., 1984) were arranged in degree cel...
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