Richard Peter Haigh

Richard Peter Haigh
University of Huddersfield · School of Applied Sciences

BSc (Hons), PhD

About

447
Publications
259,105
Reads
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3,106
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
University of Huddersfield
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 2003 - August 2008
University of Salford
Position
  • Lecturer
August 2001 - September 2003
University of Salford
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (447)
Conference Paper
The COVID-19 pandemic gave rise to several unprecedented challenges, including an emergency shift to online learning and distance education. Although many consider it normal to own devices like mobile phones, laptops and computers, studies suggest that about 46% of the global learning population remains offline. Consequently, inclusive education an...
Conference Paper
The COVID-19 pandemic gave rise to several unprecedented challenges, including an emergency shift to online learning and distance education. Although many consider it normal to own devices like mobile phones, laptops and computers, studies suggest that about 46% of the global learning population remains offline. Consequently, inclusive education an...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has showcased the systematic nature of risks. Its effects have spanned beyond the health sector causing severe economic disruptions. Sri Lanka's GDP contracted by 3.6% in 2020 from a 2.3% growth in 2019, reflecting the largest economic downturn recorded in the country's history. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has been largely perceived as...
Article
Full-text available
The recent global acknowledgement of the importance of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in steering the world towards sustainable development can be discerned in the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015-2030 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Ironically, certain DRR strategies like planned relocation have often undermined agricultural productio...
Article
Full-text available
Synergized impacts of simultaneous hazards amidst COVID-19 have called for the need for highly collaborative multi-sectoral approaches for disaster preparedness planning. In such a context, this study aims at evaluating the network of stakeholders in the National Early Warning System of Sri Lanka during preparedness planning. Social Network Analysi...
Article
Purpose Addressing the housing needs of the displaced communities is an essential part of a recovery programme that has distinct links to livelihoods, health, education, security and social and family stability. The housing factor acts as a social centre for family and friends, a source of pride and cultural identity and a resource that commands bo...
Article
Full-text available
A cohesive society is not only characterised by the availability of basic services and facilities, but also promotes economic equality and inclusion, democracy, and social solidarity. Forced displacement due to disasters and conflict constantly disrupt the path to a sustainable and cohesive society. Displaced communities often struggle with a lack...
Article
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has identified the climate change education as a key motivation for improving energy efficiency, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction by encouraging changes in the attitudes and behaviour and helping adapt to climate change-related trends. Delivering climate change education via Mass...
Chapter
As a result of the massive death and destruction caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, developing effective disaster preparedness strategies became a priority among countries in the region. The Indian Ocean end-to-end tsunami warning and mitigation system was established in the years following the tsunami and became fully operational in 2013. A...
Chapter
COVID-19 pandemic has given insights into the systemic risks of a hazard, demonstrating the potency of biological hazards to not only render one sector dysfunctional but also fail the entire system. The grave and devastating impacts of the current COVID-19 call for the need to assess the state of global and national preparedness for future pandemic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper elaborates on the key elements of pandemic preparedness and response. As an output of the paper authors present a comprehensive framework that is based on the epidemic and pandemic preparedness and response, special focus on early warning and multi-hazard preparedness.
Poster
Full-text available
5th Global Summit of GADRI: Engaging Sciences with Action 31st August to 2nd September 2021 Intercontinental Virtual Conference http://gadri.net/summit/
Chapter
Full-text available
Covid-19 pandemic, one of the most significant humanitarian and development setbacks faced by humankind in the known history, imposes immeasurable risks to the progress of sustainable development and human wellbeing. It is a health crisis that went beyond anyone’s control, leading to a global pandemic, but on the other end, it is an economic catast...
Chapter
Full-text available
Covid-19 has affected both developed and developing countries. Sri Lanka is no exception to other countries in the region, and was able to manage the pandemic at the initial stage with a certain element of success. The local government authorities have also contributed towards the pandemic response measures, though they do not have any legitimate d...
Chapter
Full-text available
A year after the first human cases of Covid-19 were identified in late 2019, the global Covid-19 pandemic had already killed more than 2.25 million people and infected more than 103 million people. By late 2020, the disease caused by this novel coronavirus had resulted in devastating health, economic, social and environmental impacts on countries a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic in Sri Lanka has not only posed a severe threat to human health and longevity but also cascaded into a large scale economic downturn and bleak social effects signifying the systemic nature of risks. This study examines the major economic and social effects caused by the first wave of COVID-19 in the country and the manner in w...
Article
Purpose - The current National Early Warning System for Sri Lanka (NEWS: SL) was established after the devastations of the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004. Although early warning (EW) systems and evacuation procedures are in place, several areas which need improvements have been emphasized in recent studies carried out in the country. Therefore, this...
Chapter
With the rapid increase of coastal hazards, many scientists have commended on the significance of effective coastal hazard early warning systems worldwide. An early warning system comprises four elements: detection and monitoring, risk analysis, warning dissemination, and preparedness and response mechanisms with three phases: upstream, interface a...
Chapter
Social media is a prevalent and evolving communication channel that allows users to create contents, consume and share with a wider community. It is seen that there is a high potential to adapt social media in disaster risk reduction and management (DRR&M) as an advanced communication channel by facilitating communication and dissemination of disas...
Chapter
Focusing on human behavioral aspects are significant in the effective delivery of Early Warnings to the community on time. In that context, the extent of trust towards the Multi-Hazard Early Warning mechanism plays a major role. This deals with delivering the warning messages related to several hazard categories and the cascading disaster risks tri...
Chapter
Full-text available
Covid-19 has affected both developed and developing countries. Sri Lanka is no exception to other countries in the region, and was able to manage the pandemic at the initial stage with a certain element of success. The local government authorities have also contributed towards the pandemic response measures, though they do not have any legitimate d...
Chapter
Full-text available
A year after the first human cases of Covid-19 were identified in late 2019, the global Covid-19 pandemic had already killed more than 2.25 million people and infected more than 103 million people. By late 2020, the disease caused by this novel coronavirus had resulted in devastating health, economic, social and environmental impacts on countries a...
Article
This paper seeks to improve the conceptual understanding of the process of participation in early warning systems (EWS) through a review of participatory EWS examples in the academic literature. Specifically, the paper asks: who is involved, what responsibilities do participants hold, what activities are they involved in, and what are the associate...
Chapter
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak has caused severe disruptions in health, social, economic, and political sectors highlighting the need for focusing on the dynamic nature of systemic risks. The cascading impacts of the COVID-19 have already evidenced the systemic nature of risks related to biological outbreaks. Therefore, the emulation of a multi-sectoral app...
Chapter
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic in Sri Lanka has not only posed a severe threat to human health and longevity but also cascaded into a large scale economic downturn and bleak social effects signifying the systemic nature of risks. This study examines the major economic and social effects caused by the first wave of COVID-19 in the country and the manner in w...
Chapter
Full-text available
The entire world is in an unprecedented dysfunction since 11 th March 2020 when the WHO declared a global pandemic as unprecedented health and socioeconomic issues emerged with the outbreak of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its associated 53 coronavirus diseases (COVID-19). This challenging pandemic has created...
Article
Purpose It is significant to assess the societal trust toward the new advancements in multi-hazard early warnings (MHEW) with the focus on disaster risk reduction (DRR). Based on this, the purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of societal trust behavior along with the parameters such as mode of communication and institutions of issuing ear...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores explore the main elements and key stages of epidemic and pandemic early warning through literature and identify the critical elements in order to analyse the interconnectedness between different elements in an effective epidemic and pandemic early warning mechanism
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the findings of a study that was conducted with the aim of assessing the long term outcomes of the Kegalle Resettlement Program, which was designed and implemented by the Government of Sri Lanka with the technical assistance of the National Building Research Organisation [NBRO] and the participation of other relevant stakeholde...
Chapter
Full-text available
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) are two practices designed to tackle vulnerabilities to disasters. It is commonly recognized that there are several key similarities between the two and the linkages between them have been highlighted throughout recent global agendas. Although there is wide recognition that a cohesiv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses how the pandemic response in Sri Lanka could be more decentralized and embedded into the existing DRR framework with special focus to increase the involvement of multi-stakeholders.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes what are the policy challenges of disaster risk governance in the context of systemic risk with special focus to Covid19 health pandemic
Chapter
Coastal hazards make significant impacts on lives and economies across the world. Asia reported the highest number of coastal hazards during recent decades. Among many initiatives introduced to minimize devastating impacts of coastal hazards, multi-hazard early warning (MHEW) has been identified as an effective way of dealing with coastal and other...
Article
Purpose The extreme climatic events are a result of modern human lifestyles and activities. Climate literacy is one of the significant factors to redefine aggravated human behaviours related to climate change and energy efficiency. Therefore, education relevant to energy efficiency and climate change is identified as a vital requirement in the pres...
Chapter
The alerts given accurately on time via Early Warning mechanisms can save thousands of lives as well as can minimize the level of damage to the Critical Infrastructure to a greater extent. With the rapid occurrence of natural hazards day by day, more emphasis on Disaster Risk Reduction strategies are concerned in order to minimize the disaster-rela...
Chapter
Global human population continues to boom which consequently necessitates the provision for more buildings. Predominantly in developing countries, these buildings, built to accommodate the influx of more people comply with local and national building laws and regulations which have been outdated and do not resist to natural hazards and rapidly chan...
Book
This book presents a collection of papers under the theme of multi-hazard early warning and disaster risks. These were selected from the presentations made at the International Symposium on Tsunami and Multi-Hazard Risks, Early Warning and Community Awareness in supporting implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 started in China and then spread to other countries. The Indonesian government officially announced the first case of COVID-19 on 2nd March 2020. Previously, on 4th February, the Ministry of Health issued a Decree of the Minister of Health number HK.01.07 of 2020 regarding “Determination of Novel Coronavirus Infection (2019-Ncov Infection)...
Article
Full-text available
Simulation of flood inundation in urban areas longer important, given the magnitude of potential loss and disruption associated with non-river based, urban flooding. The complexity of the urban environment and lack of high-resolution topographic and hydrologic data compromise the development and implementation of models. Low impact development (LID...
Book
Full-text available
This international symposium on multihazard early warning and disaster risk reduction provides an important opportunity to reflect upon our progress our progress to date in tackling disaster risk, but also to consider some of the challenges and opportunities that lay ahead.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic that has been engulfing the world for the past year has forced lives to come to a halt and created a new definition of the ‘normal’. The pandemic has portrayed the systemic nature of risk compelling most states to take sudden and spontaneous decisions in response. These decisions have curtailed the spread of the virus in the s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is based on findings of an ERASMUS+ funded Advancing Skill Creation to ENhance Transformation (ASCENT) project that aimed (2016-2019) to build research and innovation (R&I) capacity in the Asia Region 6 (as per ERASMUS+ guidelines) to enable the development of societal resilience to disasters. In collaboration with some Asian partner ins...
Article
Full-text available
The interface mechanism in a tsunami early warning system (TEWS) occurs between receiving tsunami information at the country level and disseminating warning and evacuation orders to the public. Three crucial actions take place during the interface: issuing the warning, disseminating it, and ordering an evacuation. Using two case studies in Indonesi...
Article
Full-text available
Disaster induced displacement and relocation is a frequently occurring phenomenon in the Sri Lankan context. Resettlement has been recognized as a regular result of disasters such as landslides due to the large-scale property damage that occurs. This paper investigates the impact of the disaster-induced relocation process on displaced communities....
Chapter
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) are two practices designed to tackle vulnerabilities to disasters. It is commonly recognised that there are several key similarities between the two and the linkages between them have been highlighted throughout recent global agendas. Although there is wide recognition that a cohesiv...
Article
Full-text available
The Global Response to Infectious Diseases [GRID] index was introduced based on a research study commissioned by the Institute of Certified Management Accountants, Australia. The index was created to rank countries across the globe taking into account the effectiveness and efficiency of leadership and preparedness of health systems in each country...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Natural flood defence mechanism is an ecosystem service (ES) that reinforces the community’s resilience to flooding. The unprecedented urban development with the extensive growth of built up areas over the last century has absurdly weakened the natural flood defence mechanism resulting in high intensive flood exposure and damages. Hence, disaster r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster Risk Reduction has become an essential element of sustainable development as it ensures current development gains are safeguarded for future generations. Building codes which demarcate the minimum construction standards are instrumental in ensuring the safety of communities and built environment during natural hazards. In the Sri Lankan co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster induced displacement and relocation is one of the frequently occurring phenomenon in the Sri Lankan context. Resettlement has been recognized as a regular result of disasters such as landslides due to the large scale property damage they occur. This paper investigates the relationship between the disaster-induced relocation process and the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Natural flood defence-mechanism is an ecosystem service (ES) that reinforces the community's resilience to flooding. The unprecedented urban development with the extensive growth of built-up areas over the last century has absurdly weakened the natural flood defence mechanisms resulting in highly intensive flood exposure and damages. Hence, disaste...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this webinar, we explored how to better manage the current crisis and better prepare for the next. The guest panel presented a global perspective on the latest research and analysis through short presentations and an interactive discussion. They offered wider policy perspectives, but also insights from Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the UK at the nati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The devastating impact of the 26 December 2004 Indonesia earthquake and Indian Ocean Tsunami tragically demonstrated what could happen without an effective tsunami warning system. Though they may be rare, tsunamis are among the most devastating natural hazards. They know no coastal borders. Coastal communities, often concentrated in low-lying and h...
Article
Full-text available
The interface mechanism in a tsunami early warning system (TEWS) occurs at the point between where regional tsunami information is received at the country level and before any warning or evacuation orders are disseminated to the public. Three crucial actions take place during the interface: issuing the warning; disseminating the warning; and, order...