Richard Gary Greenleaf

Richard Gary Greenleaf
Providence College | PC · Department of Sociology

Ph.D.

About

23
Publications
6,482
Reads
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434
Citations
Citations since 2017
3 Research Items
214 Citations
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - August 2022
University of St. Thomas
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
September 1988 - August 1993
University of Florida
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Using Twitter messages published online from October 2018 to June 2019, and opinion mining (OM) technology, the current study analyzes the geographic sentiments toward police in 82 metropolitan areas within the United States. Building on the frameworks of the neighborhood social contextual models, the construct validity of “sentiment toward the pol...
Article
Full-text available
The public regularly encounter law enforcement. In an era of the Blacks Lives Matter movement and associated discord with law enforcement, understanding the contours of police-public relations and its potential consequences are paramount. Using national level data of police stops, we attempt to identify factors that influence attitudes of respect a...
Article
Full-text available
The "Blackstone ratio," positing that "it is better that ten guilty individuals escape, than that one innocent suffer," is a well-known principle of criminal justice. The methods of implementing the legal policy of maximum possible certainty of guilt congruent with Blackstone's ratio consists of a constellation of constitutional and statutory right...
Article
Full-text available
The “Blackstone ratio,” positing that “it is better that ten guilty individuals escape, than that one innocent suffer,” is a well-known principle of criminal justice. The methods of implementing the legal policy of maximum possible certainty of guilt congruent with Blackstone's ratio consists of a constellation of constitutional and statutory right...
Article
Most fear-of-crime research uses resident's neighborhood as a key reference location to measure fear, yet the location effects of one's own dwelling unit on crime-specific fear has not been explicitly studied theoretically in the literature. Drawing upon routine activities theory, this study undertakes an investigation into the levels and determina...
Article
IntroductionIn order to maintain social order and keep normal life for its citizens, every society needs to prevent and control criminal or aberrant behavior. The same is true regarding cultural and other mores as societies may employ varying forms of social control. It is commonly believed and empirically confirmed that the USA is more inclined to...
Article
Little is known about how police-youth experiences influence adolescents’ views toward police, particularly when the officer is White and the youth is African American. The contours of this association and its potential consequences are investigated. Using data of police stops culled from a previous study, a series of regression analyses are used t...
Article
This study assessed the correlates of self-control and police contact in a sample of Chicago public high school students. The investigation examined the effects of parental attachment/identification, family structure, and peer association on self-control and the effects of parental attachment/identification, family structure, peer association, and...
Article
This article examines incidents of intimate partner violence (IPV). The study involved a large sample of female victims and male perpetrators of IPV from Framingham, Massachusetts, just west of Boston. Physical injuries to IPV victims, which are sometimes serious and can be a harbinger of intimate partner homicide, were explored in order to explain...
Article
Full-text available
Race is one of the most powerful variables explaining public attitudes toward the police. The majority of studies on race and perceptions of the police have explored differences between African Americans and Whites. The emphasis of previous research on black-white comparisons has left unanswered many questions about minority group differences in at...
Article
Youths' opinions about the police matter and can affect officers' ability to perform their duties. The relationship between police officers and youths, however, is often highly strained. Despite the importance of trust in effective police programming, little is known about youngsters' trust in the police and the association between trust and other...
Article
In a large sample of public high school students in Chicago, this study explored gang members' attitudes toward school and the police, prosocial beliefs, and experiences with the police. It also investigated the relationship between fear of police and fear of gangs and youth's membership in gangs. Gang members were compared with nongang members (wh...
Article
This study examines the distribution of police traffic warning citations in a large northwestern city. Warning tickets were instituted to document the exercise of police discretion in the disposition of traffic stops. The paper tests three competing hypotheses about how these citations are distributed: law enforcement, traffic enforcement, and grou...
Article
While it has been more than a quarter of a century since Austin Turk proposed his non-partisan conflict theory in Criminality and Legal Order, little effort has been made to assess this work empirically. This study applies Turk's theory to police-citizen encounters at domestic disputes in a southern city. Five hypotheses are advanced and analyzed....
Article
This study explores the detention of youth in one large county in a northwestern state. The sample included Hispanic and White juveniles detained during Jul 2001 to June 2002. Using quantitative analyses, the following variables were examined to assess what facors influence the decision to detain youth: ethnicity, gender, current offense, number of...
Article
The present study focused on firsthand and vicarious encounters between youths and police officers and the relationship between perceived police behaviors on youths’ attitudes toward the police and youths’ feelings of safety in their neighborhoods. Self-report surveys were administered to public high school students in a large urban area (Chicago)....
Article
Turk's theory of norm resistance describes how authority relations can be structured in ways that hold different probabilities of overt conflict between subjects and authorities. His theory is premised on social norms of deference. This article develops Turk's argument by advancing hypotheses about how deference by race and age reinforces or underm...
Article
This study used police reports to examine the impact of a proarrest policy change for domestic disturbances. Insofar as the new policy reflected a “get tough” approach, the policy was expected to have a “trickle-up effect”: more official attention would be given to cases stereotyped as being less serious. Seven indicators, reflecting both legal and...
Article
Turk's theory of norm resistance is discussed and applied to the problem of police-citizen encounters. This theory is examined critically in an effort to generate hypotheses about over conflict between police and citizens in field encounters. Specific hypotheses about deference reversals, culture conflict, congruence between behavior and official n...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Florida, 1993. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 179-190).

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