Richard James Cooper

Richard James Cooper
University of East Anglia | UEA · School of Environmental Sciences

PhD Environmental Science (UEA)

About

54
Publications
13,471
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,141
Citations
Introduction
I am a Lecturer in Catchment Science within the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (UEA). My research has included work on nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment, pesticides, biobeds, cover crops, reduced tillage regimes, indirect nitrous oxide emissions, invasive signal crayfish, integrated constructed wetlands and sediment fingerprinting.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
University of East Anglia
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer in Catchment Science
July 2018 - July 2020
University of East Anglia
Position
  • Lecturer
April 2015 - July 2018
University of East Anglia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Investigating the extent to which on-farm mitigation measures can cost-effectively reduce the impacts of agricultural water pollution on river ecology whilst maintaining food production capacity.
Education
October 2011 - October 2014
University of East Anglia
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences
September 2007 - July 2011
University of East Anglia
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
A high-temporal resolution fluvial sediment source apportionment model, set within an empirical Bayesian framework, is presented for the River Wensum Demonstration Test Catchment (DTC), UK. Direct X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) analysis of sediment covered filter papers were used in...
Article
Many of the commonly used analytical techniques for assessing the properties of fluvial suspended particulatematter (SPM) are neither cost effective nor time efficient, making them prohibitive to long-term high-resolution monitoring. We present an in-depth methodology utilizing two types of spectroscopy which, when combined with automatic water sam...
Article
Full-text available
We present an annually resolved reconstruction of spring-summer precipitation variability in East Anglia, UK (52–53°N, 0–2°E) for the period AD 900–2009. A continuous regional network of 723 living (AD 1590–2009) and historical (AD 781–1790) oak (Quercus sp.) ring-width series has been constructed and shown to dis-play significant sensitivity to pr...
Article
Full-text available
We present a millennial long dendroclimatic reconstruction of spring/summer precipitation for southern-central England. Previous research identified a significant moisture stress signal in ring-width data measured from oak trees growing in southern England. In this study, we build upon this earlier work, specifically targeting south-central England...
Article
Full-text available
We present an annually resolved reconstruction of spring-summer precipitation variability in East Anglia, UK (52–53�N, 0–2�E) for the period AD 900–2009. A continuous regional network of 723 living (AD 1590–2009) and historical (AD 781–1790) oak (Quercus sp.) ring-width series has been constructed and shown to display significant sensitivity to pre...
Article
The transfer of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from land to watercourses plays a major role in the carbon cycle, and in the transport and fate of associated organic and inorganic contaminants. We investigated, at global scale, how the concentrations and properties of riverine DOC depend upon combinations of terrestrial source solutions. For topsoil...
Article
Sewage effluent discharged from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a major driver of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) enrichment, but tertiary treatment methods such as P-stripping have previously been shown to mitigate eutrophication risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impacts of sewage effluent discharged from WWTPs with contrastin...
Data
This dataset contains riverine hydrochemical data generated at monthly intervals between 2010 and 2016 from 20 sites across the River Wensum catchment, UK. Data were obtained via manual grab sampling of river water from each of the 20 locations across the catchment, followed by subsequent laboratory analysis to determine concentrations of nutrients...
Data
High-resolution water quality data recorded at the outlet of the Blackwater Drain, Norfolk, between 2011 and 2019 by an in-situ automated bankside monitoring station.
Article
In 2010, the UK government launched the Demonstration Test Catchments (DTC) platform to evaluate the extent to which on-farm mitigation measures can cost-effectively reduce the impacts of agricultural water pollution on river ecology whilst maintaining food production capacity. In this paper, we compare the impacts on soil health of two types of co...
Article
Full-text available
The nutrient removal efficiency of two integrated constructed wetlands (ICWs) installed at commercial wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Norfolk, UK, is assessed – the River Ingol ICW (1 year old) and the River Mun ICW (5 years old). Analysing water samples collected across the ICWs between February and September 2019, significant reductions in...
Article
In 2010, the UK government established the Demonstration Test Catchment (DTC) initiative to evaluate the extent to which on-farm mitigation measures can cost-effectively reduce the impacts of agricultural water pollution on river ecology whilst maintaining food production capacity. A central component of the DTC platform was the establishment of a...
Chapter
This chapter provides an introduction to the ecosystem services and assessment methods associated with catchment water resources. It considers the main pressures on such resources and the different techniques that can be used to monitor and evaluate the state of water quality and quantity in a catchment. Issues associated with the design of monitor...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the range of measures that can be used to mitigate the impacts of water pollution and flooding. It makes a distinction between source measures which aim to reduce the amount of water or pollutant initially mobilised, pathway interventions which seek to slow the flow of pollutant enriched water once it has become mobilised and...
Article
Full-text available
Mitigating agricultural water pollution requires changes in land management practices and the implementation of on-farm measures to tackle the principal reasons for water quality failure. However, a paucity of robust empirical evidence on the hydrological functioning of river catchments can be a major constraint on the design of effective pollution...
Presentation
Full-text available
Evidence presented from the River Wensum Demonstration Test Catchment (DTC)
Article
Metalled roads have been shown to act as a major pathway for land-to-river sediment transfer, but there currently exists limited research into mitigation solutions to tackle this pollution source. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of three roadside constructed wetlands, installed in September 2016, at reducing sediment enrichmen...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Wastewater effluent discharged into rivers from sewage treatment works (STWs) represents one of the most important point sources of soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) pollution and is a major driver of freshwater eutrophication. In this study, we assess the ability of riverbed sediments to act as a self-regulating buffering system to reduce...
Presentation
Full-text available
Farming to protect our water resources - results from UK farm trials: 2011-2018
Article
Full-text available
Excess nutrients in surface waters, such as phosphorus (P) from agriculture, result in poor water quality, with adverse effects on ecological health and costs for remediation. However, understanding and prediction of P transfers in catchments have been limited by inadequate data and over-parameterised models with high uncertainty. We show that, wit...
Article
Full-text available
Excess nutrients in surface waters, such as phosphorus (P) from agriculture, result in poor water quality, with adverse effects on ecological health and costs for remediation. However, understanding and prediction of P transfers in catchments have been limited by inadequate data and over-parameterised models with high uncertainty. We show that, wit...
Article
Recent advances in sediment fingerprinting research have seen Bayesian mixing models being increasingly employed as an effective method to coherently translate component uncertainties into source apportionment results. Here, we advance earlier work by presenting an extended Bayesian mixing model capable of providing a full Bayes treatment of geoche...
Article
The efficacy of cover crops and non-inversion tillage regimes at minimising farm-scale nutrient losses were assessed across a large, commercial arable farm in Norfolk, UK. The trial area, covering 143 ha, was split into three blocks: winter fallow with mouldboard ploughing (Block J); shallow non-inversion tillage with a winter oilseed radish (Rapha...
Article
Agriculture is a major source of nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, a potent greenhouse gas. Whilst direct N2O emissions from soils have been widely investigated, indirect N2O emissions from nitrogen (N) enriched surface water and groundwater bodies are poorly understood. In this contribution, indirect N2O emissions from subsurface agricultural field d...
Article
Indirect nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions produced by nitrogen (N) leaching into surface water and groundwater bodies are poorly understood in comparison to direct N2O emissions from soils. In this study, dissolved N2O concentrations were measured weekly in both lowland headwater streams and subsurface agricultural field drain discharges over a two-ye...
Article
Agricultural point source pesticide pollution arising from contaminated machinery washings and accidental spillages pose a significant threat to river water and groundwater quality. In this study, we assess the effectiveness of a three-stage on-farm biobed for treating pesticide contaminated waste water from a large (20 km2) commercial arable estat...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose A small number of recent studies have linked daily cycles in stream turbidity to nocturnal bioturbation by aquatic fauna, principally crayfish, and demonstrated this process can significantly impact upon water quality under baseflow conditions. Adding to this limited body of research, we use high-resolution water quality monitoring data to...
Article
Full-text available
Climate model projections suggest widespread drying in the Mediterranean Basin and wetting in Fennoscandia in the coming decades largely as a consequence of greenhouse gas forcing of climate. To place these and other “Old World” climate projections into historical perspective based on more complete estimates of natural hydroclimatic variability, we...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sedimentary basins in the South Atlantic contain multiple petroleum systems with source rocks formed in different depositional environments. Published information on organic geochemistry of source rocks in these basins is still very limited. Lacking in particular are molecular level studies that integrate biomarker and stable isotope methodologies....
Conference Paper
This paper describes a study on the Salle Farms estate in Norfolk to assess the effectiveness of a cover crop (oilseed radish) and reduced tillage methods as mitigation measures for controlling diffuse pollution from agriculture. Results from porous pot sampling of nitrate in soil water indicate a substantial contrast between the fields with and wi...
Article
Whilst the processes involved in the cycling of dissolved phosphorus (P) in rivers have been extensively studied, less is known about the mechanisms controlling particulate P concentrations during small and large flows. This deficiency is addressed through an analysis of large numbers of suspended particulate matter (SPM) samples collected under ba...
Thesis
Full-text available
Sediment fingerprinting is a commonly employed technique for estimating sediment contributions from various eroding terrestrial sources to fluvial sediment load via a mixing model approach. However, there remain significant shortcomings in sediment fingerprinting practice, specifically relating to difficulties in producing high-temporal resolution...
Article
Full-text available
Mixing models have become increasingly common tools for apportioning fluvial sediment load to various sediment sources across catchments using a wide variety of Bayesian and frequentist modeling approaches. In this study, we demonstrate how different model setups can impact upon resulting source apportionment estimates in a Bayesian framework via a...
Code
Sensitivity of fluvial sediment source apportionment to mixing model assumptions: A Bayesian model comparison RJ Cooper, T Krueger, KM Hiscock, BG Rawlins Water Resources Research (2014) 50, 9031-9047, doi. 10.1002/2014WR016194
Code
Sensitivity of fluvial sediment source apportionment to mixing model assumptions: A Bayesian model comparison RJ Cooper, T Krueger, KM Hiscock, BG Rawlins Water Resources Research (2014) 50, 9031-9047,
Code
Sensitivity of fluvial sediment source apportionment to mixing model assumptions: A Bayesian model comparison RJ Cooper, T Krueger, KM Hiscock, BG Rawlins Water Resources Research (2014) 50, 9031-9047, doi. 10.1002/2014WR016194
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A high-temporal resolution fluvial sediment source apportionment model, set within an empirical Bayesian framework , is presented for the River Wensum Demonstration Test Catchment (DTC), UK. Direct X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) analysis of sediment covered filter papers were used i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many of the commonly used analytical techniques for assessing the properties of fluvial suspended solids are neither cost-effective nor time-efficient, making them prohibitive to long-term high-resolution monitoring.We propose a novel methodology utilising two types of spectroscopy which, when combined with automatic water samplers, can generate ac...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Diffuse and point source pollution from agriculture are major drivers behind the degradation of freshwater systems, causing an array of detrimental economic and environmental impacts that threaten the ability of these systems to provide ecosystem services. Achieving reductions in agricultural water pollution requires changes in land management practices and the implementation of mitigation measures to tackle the principal reasons for water quality failure. This Special Issue of Water seeks to evaluate the extent to which on-farm mitigation measures can cost-effectively reduce the impacts of agricultural water pollution on river ecology while maintaining food production capacity. Contributions are invited across this theme and could include (but are not limited to) studies that evaluate the effectiveness of sediment, nutrient, or pesticide mitigation measures; studies that demonstrate the value of high-resolution monitoring for improving our understanding of hydrological and geochemical functioning and pollutant pathways; studies that investigate the spatial and temporal dynamics of agricultural water pollution; studies exploring the responses of aquatic organisms to agricultural pollution exposure; and social science studies exploring ways to influence land manager behaviour and environmental awareness around agricultural water pollution.
Project
To provide evidence to test the hypothesis that it is possible to cost effectively reduce the impact of agricultural diffuse water pollution on ecological function while maintaining food security through the implementation of multiple on-farm measures across whole river catchments using local expertise to solve local problems.