Richard Collins

Richard Collins
The Internet Foundation · Policy and Planning


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Gravitational imaging arrays, integrating global sensor networks, simplifying global collaborative networks so they are more efficient. Planning to close out the Internet Foundation this summer. 23 Jul 2023 is the 25th anniversary.


Publications (5)
I am using Bard and ChatGPT every day. I have to discount its mistakes and watch carefully. But I cover lots of topics you might be interested in. I try to ask simple questions, then slowly lead it to more complicated issues. I almost always try to lead it to issues related to the role of AIs in human society, and tests its methods. Here I am talk...
Full-text available
Richard Talks to GPT about A trip to the moon and coming back, ship and ground based field methods, synthetic 3D acceleration fields This is a little tongue in cheek because GPT 4 is not reliable for any calculations and a pain to work with. But the basic outline is about right, and gives what I have been working on for some decades. More the last...
Full-text available
An LRC model has a second order differential equation for current in an LRC circuit. There is a voltage. There must be be a similar model for pressure and volumetric flow in pipes. Can you tell me the correspondence between these two models, with proper units and dimensions. I use SI units, so I am interested in the Volts, Amperes, Coulombs, Meters...
Full-text available
This is a Project Log for the Solar System Gravimetry and Gravitational Engineering Project I had on ResearchGate until they arbitrarily deleted support for Projects 31 Mar 2023. If they had asked me, I would have suggested several ways to help the ResearchGate community to share preliminary, real time, or continuing research. The true nature of re...
Experiment Findings
If you read my notes, you will see I have been interested in scanning the interior of the earth and sun for quite a while now. But we do not have tools yet that are easy enough for one person to do the data gathering and data processing. But it should be possible to use LIGO, electromagnetic, gravitational, magnetic and "quantum" networks of many s...


Questions (8)
I am reading about Neanderthals, and also happened to go over the migration of Native Americans to the American continent. The ice age that lowered the sea level by 400 feet and allowed that migration. Was there any similar land bridge events before that?
If so, and the Neanderthals were active well before "modern humans", would they have migrated to the America's before? Say 40,000 years ago or 80,000 or 120,000, or 200,000+?
It is hard to search because all anyone on the web wants to talk about is the last ice age. "Our" ice age.
I am not being facetious. This question seemed interesting enough to share. I could just add it to my personal list of thousands of such questions. But ResearchGate is maturing and growing every day. It ought to be a collaborative site.
Could Neanderthals could have crossed during the last 250,000 years?
I found this page at where its says "last 20,000 years" but, thankfully, the chart of sea level goes back 140,000 years. At least it was narrower. Would it have frozen over? Could it have ice intermittently (ice islands, ice sheets, frozen areas)?
This is not something I know about that well. But it seems to me there have been many periods where humans (our humans) paddled and made their way across waters. And where ice might make a difference. Or maybe Neanderthals, so well adapted for cold, just loved to paddle long distance through the ice. The Bering Strait varies in depth from 100 to 165 feet (today).
So where might such adventurers have wanted to live in their new continent? Probably caves? Probably Alaska? I don't know. I am not ever sure how to go about it. So I am asking this large and thoughtful group, if anyone has some ideas?
I just ordered all the Jean Auel books again. I have not read them in a long time. Her Neanderthals were a bit hidebound and brutish. (Pardon me, Jean). But Bruniquel Cave is about 176,500 years ago. And they had fire, organization, tents, strength and purpose. If they were smart enough to build a shelter inside a cave, it seems they knew how to stay warm and comfortable.
Early Neanderthal constructions deep in Bruniquel Cave in southwestern France
I don't know. I think it could be important. I think it could be fun.
Richard Collins, The Internet Foundation
I searched "Neanderthals in North America" and came up with this page, but it requires registration or pay.
Five Breakthrough Signs of Early Peoples in the Americas at
This is so confusing. But 130,000 years ago in California sounds about right. That is 46,500 years after Bruniquel. I once walked 2700 miles when I got my first Fitbit. Over a long time, but steady, 10-20 miles a day. If people could go, so would other species (reindeer, elk, moose, bear, sloths, mammoths, birds, etc etc etc. Plants?).
Ice Age Footprints | Full Episode | NOVA | PBS (23,000 Humans) at
Evidence of humans in North America during the Last Glacial Maximum at
Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo at 5500 years ago to "New World"
Neanderthal Life No Tougher than That of "Modern" Inuits at
Inuit people have the same 'caveman genes' that helped an extinct type of human survive the last Ice Age at
("Inuit" OR "eskimo") ("neanderthal") has 2.07 Million entry points (3 Jun 2022 Google)
Denisovan DNA at "Native Americans and people from East Asia have more Neanderthal DNA, on average, than Europeans"
There is a lot going on. But it is scattered over many sites, publishers, groups, individuals, styles and methods.