Richard Chalfen

Richard Chalfen
Boston Children's Hospital · Division of Adolescent Medicine, Center on Media and Child Health

Ph.D.

About

87
Publications
14,705
Reads
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1,981
Citations
Citations since 2017
9 Research Items
653 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Introduction
Richard Chalfen currently works at the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Center on Media and Child Health, Boston Children's Hospital. Richard does research in Visual Sociology, Communication and Media and Qualitative Social Research.
Additional affiliations
June 1980 - October 2014
Boston Children's Hospital
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 1972 - May 2004
Temple University
Position
  • Professor Emeritus

Publications

Publications (87)
Chapter
This chapter applies a social psychological approach to contemporary dilemmas with personal photographs used in “sexting” by young people. Specifically, Urie Bronfenbrenner's (1917-2005) Ecological Systems Theory is used to examine a collection of agents and agencies attracted to sexting. The theory identifies five types of nested environmental sys...
Article
Full-text available
Chapter
The chapter presents findings from recent studies that feature a model of doctor-patient collaboration called Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA), a research methodology that engages patient-participants in sharing their life stories on video, communicating their concerns and teaching their doctors what it means to live with a chronic il...
Article
Family photography, a ubiquitous domestic tradition in the developed world, is now more popular than ever thanks to the development of digital photography. Once uploaded to PCs and other gadgets, photographs may be stored, deleted, put in albums, sent to relatives and friends, retouched, or put on display. Moreover, in recent years family photograp...
Article
First the authors examine the concept of ‘voice’ in one model of participant media research (PMR) giving special attention to parallel variables of hearing, begging questions about the ‘listening’ component of any communication process. Second, they describe the use of a research programme entitled Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA) and...
Article
Jerome Mintz Retrospective: 1968–1986 The Shoemaker. 1978, black‐and‐white, 34 minutes. Pepe's Family. 1978, black‐and‐white, 41 minutes. Perico the Bowlmaker. 1978, black‐and‐white, 45 minutes. The Shepherd's Family. 1978, black‐and‐white, 22 minutes. All produced, directed, and edited by Jerome Mintz; Camera and Sound: Jerome Mintz; Narration: Ru...
Article
The chapter presents findings from recent studies that feature a model of doctor-patient collaboration called Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA), a research methodology that engages patient-participants in sharing their life stories on video, communicating their concerns and teaching their doc-tors what it means to live with a chronic i...
Article
The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
Full-text available
Some Japanese snapshot photographs are believed to include images of ghosts, known in Japan as shinrei shashin. This phenomenon is examined in a series of personal interviews and an historical overview of ghost beliefs in Japan. Japanese ghost belief, imagery, and reference have roots in myth, folklore, and theater and can be found in mass media in...
Article
Krippendorfs Tribe (1998); Director: Todd Holland, Cast: Richard Dreyfuss, Jenna Elfman, Lily Tomlin, Rachel Winfree; Screenplay: Charlie Peters; 100 min.; US Distribution: Touchstone Pictures; Rated PG-13.
Article
Between 1958 and 2005, graduating seniors at a preparatory school in Cambridge, Massachusetts produced a total of 3640 decorated ceramic tiles for display on interior school walls. This article examines the meaning of such a practice for past and current members of the school community as part of the school's visual culture. Topics include visual h...
Article
Anthropologists can make a valuable contribution by studying media as an agent of modernization and cultural change.
Article
This paper examines how Japanese social documentary photographer, Hashiguchi George (b. 1949) explores his own society and culture much like a visual sociologist. Little known outside of Japan, Hashiguchi implicitly poses questions and provides pictorial responses to problems of social order and Japanese social organization. Much of Hashiguchi's wo...
Article
Full-text available
Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA) is grounded in themes central to applied anthropology and combined with selective threads of visual, medical, and media anthropology. VIA emphasizes the use of a multifunctional channel of audiovisual communication in the roles of information and cultural brokerage. Young patients were instructed to fo...
Article
The paper suggests a model for linking the realisation and the articulation of both knowledge and accumulation of skills by fourth year students who have majored in visual anthropology. One central component is the integration of student‐generated intellectual autobiographies into electronic demonstration portfolios, a formula and strategy that can...
Article
This paper examines the content, display and communicative value of snapshot photographs found in Japanese pet cemeteries and identified as doubutsu no haka no shashin (animal grave pictures). A case study from Jindaiji Pet Cemetery in Tokyo explores how ordinary people illustrate Berger's anthropomorphization theme through observed relationships b...
Article
To examine explanatory models of asthma and health-related behaviors. Children and adolescents with poorly controlled asthma used Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA) to generate visual illness narratives. Visual narratives were logged, structured using ATLAS.ti software, and coded for asthma-related beliefs and behaviors. Participants' k...
Article
This paper addresses ways and means by which ordinary people attribute a sense of evidence to non-art vernacular images such as snapshots and related forms of home media. Advantages of using the intentionally ambiguous phrase, “How they looked”, are presented for understanding shifts in constructing meaning and evidence attached to pictures “from t...
Article
This commentary questions certain relationships between verbal and visual/pictorial expression, emphasizes that metaphors are hindering better research, and stresses the notion that pictures don't "say" anything - people do the work. Second, some material on picture-generated narrative is presented to illustrate the problematic notion of photograph...
Article
The authors examine the popularity of a new form of photographic representation in Japan, namely Print Club, or Purikura. Print Club machines initially delivered a page of 16 postage‐stamp‐sized photographs of their patrons, but many other formats have become common. This paper describes the 1995 emergence and development of the technology, image c...
Article
To better understand the issues and needs of adolescents with chronic health conditions, the Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA) integrates video technology with qualitative research methods to obtain a patient-centered perspective on illness and health care. Young people with chronic disease are interviewed for condition-specific verbal...
Article
Full-text available
Improved medical outcomes and patient satisfaction with health care may not always result from effective interventions on disease. Asthma is increasing in prevalence, morbidity, and mortality, despite a revolution in medical technology. Patient-created illness narratives were used to move beyond the biomedical model of disease to understand the soc...
Article
Makiko's New World. 1999. 57 minutes, color. film by the Media Production Group of the Asian Educational Media Service, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. Distributed by Documentary Educational Resources, 101 Morse Street, Water town, MA 02472.
Article
John Adair was an anthropologist whose career covered several different aspects of the anthropological discipline: Native American art studies, visual anthropology, and applied anthropology. He was a photographer and a cinematographer, and his work almost always had an applied and an interdisciplinary element. Adair died in December 1997; it is too...
Article
The Last Vaudevillian: On the Road with Travelogue Filmmaker John Holod. 1998. Directed and Produced by Jeffrey Ruoff. cinematography by Philippe Rogues. video editing by Ken Robinson. Vaudeville Vérlté, Film/Video, WrightTheater, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT 05753, 30 minutes.
Article
Full-text available
In this article we examine an innovative application of visual communication and social science methods, moving the study of indigenous media from the purely academic realm into pediatric health research. Through Video Intervention/Prevention Assessment (VIA), children and adolescents who share a medical condition create visual narratives of their...
Article
Full-text available
Snapshot Versions of Life is an important foray into the culture of photography and home life from an anthropologist’s perspective. Examining what he calls “Home Mode” photography, Richard Chalfen explores snapshots, slide shows, family albums, home movies, and home videos, uncovering what people do with their photos as well as what their per...
Article
Chalfen, Richard M., “Photography's Role in Tourism: Some Unexplored Relationships,” Annals of Tourism Research,” October/December 1979, VI(4):435–447. While photography is one of the most common attributes of tourist behavior, its role in tourism has never been studied. Tourist photography is understood as both photographs made by tourists and pho...
Article
The exploration of nonverbal forms of culture and communication has led to the development of visual anthropology courses within the anthropology department at Temple University. Visual anthropology is conceptualized as the study of human nonlinguistic forms of communication involving film making for data collecting and analysis. Several areas of r...
Article
As part of a research project, a group of adolescent black girls living in an urban poor community was invited to create a film on any topic of the girls' choice. Reactions to the filmmaking activity, and to the nine-minute, 1 6-mm film that resulted, illustrate many problems of a mental health clinic in dealing with and doing research in a poor co...

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