Riccardo Guastini

Riccardo Guastini
Università degli Studi di Genova | UNIGE · Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza

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Publications

Publications (77)
Article
En la literatura se encuentran fundamentalmente dos nociones de “fuente (de producción) del derecho”, o “fuente normativa” como también se suele decir 1 (aunque cada una de ellas presenta, en realidad, algunas variantes)
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Generalmente, los documentos normativos, es decir las fuentes del derecho, son formulados no ya en un lenguaje artificial –en el que todos los términos y todos los conectivos sintácticos estén rigurosamente definidos– sino en un lenguaje natural. El lenguaje natural no está sujeto a reglas semánticas y sintácticas bien definidas. El significado de...
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Resumen En sentido estricto, Bostock no es un caso constitucional. Más bien, es un caso de derecho laboral: más concretamente, un despido discriminatorio. Neil Gorsuch, que escribe para la mayoría de la Corte Roberts, limita la cuestión a la interpre-tación de la Ley de Derechos Civiles (1964), sin desarrollar un verdadero "argu-mento constituciona...
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Strictly speaking, Bostock is not a constitutional case. It is an employment law case: more precisely, one of discriminatory dismissal. Neil Gorsuch, who writes for the majority of the Roberts Courts, confines the issue to the interpretation of the Civil Rights Act (1964), without developing a real "constitutional argument." From the perspective of...
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Releyendo. Publicado originalmente como “Comunismo e stato. Un invito a discutere fuori dell' ortodossia” en Problemi del socialismo, n.9, año XIX, 1978, pp. 79-97. Traducción a cargo de Hernán G. Bouvier (CONICET-UNC. Argentina).
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El artículo presenta una versión del escepticismo ante las reglas que evite algunas y supere otras de las dificultades que se le atribuyen. A tal fin, se lo distingue no solo del formalismo y de la teoría ecléctica, sino también de lo que suele ser llamado escepticismo extremo o radical.
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En este texto se sostiene que el fenómeno de las normas inválidas que resultan no obstante aplicables no tiene, a pesar del esfuerzo de Rodríguez, Oruneso y Sucar, nada de misterioso. A menos que se asuma (tácitamente) un concepto de validez tal que las normas inválidas deban, por definición, ser inaplicables, carentes de efectos jurídicos; a menos...
Chapter
Legal positivism is one of the fundamental theories of jurisprudence studied in law and related fields around the world. This volume addresses how legal positivism is perceived and makes the case for why it is relevant for contemporary legal theory. The Cambridge Companion to Legal Positivism offers thirty-three chapters from leading scholars that...
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This paper is an exercise in legal realism. I shall argue in favour of seven purely realistic theses, concerning namely: (1) the relationship between legal realism and legal positivism; (2) the concept of validity; (3) the theory of interpretation; (4) the ontology of law; (5) the epistemology of legal cognition; (6) the nature of the so-called rul...
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Since the Sixties, following Norberto Bobbio, everyone is (or should be) used to distinguish among methodological, theoretical, and ideological legal positivism (LP). By the way, in Italian legal-philosophical literature, LP is often opposed to legal realism (LR). One has to wonder, however: what kind of LP and what kind of LR are we talking about?...
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El trabajo pretende analizar las relaciones entre la derrotabilidad de las normas y las lagunas axiológicas desde la perspectiva de una teoría realista de la interpretación. Algunos ejemplos muestran que los dos conceptos denotan fenómenos que se presentan a lo largo del proceso de interpretación y que dependen de las estrategias interpretativas de...
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This paper is an exercise in legal realism. However, I will not even try to present a comprehensive picture of legal realism. I shall confine myself to arguing, in a straightforward way, in favour of seven purely realistic theses.
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The essay distinguishes a few different senses of ‘interpretation’ and a few different kinds of ‘indeterminacy’ that are relevant for the law. In light of such distinctions, the author defends a ‘moderate’ approach to interpretive scepticism. Under this approach, interpretation has (conceptual, not factual) limits, in the sense that not every sente...
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La aplicación judicial de principios constitucionales comprende (al menos) cuatro tipos de operaciones intelectuales: 1) la identificación de los principios en cuanto tales, vale decir, la adscripción del estatus (del «valor») de principio a determinada disposición constitucional; 2) la interpretación de la adscripción de significado a una disposic...
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The paper is a review of the volume 12 of the Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence, titled Legal Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: The Civil Law World and edited by Enrico Pattaro and Corrado Roversi. It provides an overall view of the two tomes, in which the volume is articulated, and goes to discuss some specific points, name...
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O texto analisa problemas interpretativos suscitados pelo art. 2º da Constituição italiana, mormente no que tange à prescrição “A República reconhece e garante os direitos invioláveis do homem (...)”. São discutidas as questões do reconhecimento ou positivação; dos direitos aos quais a norma se refere e do sentido da inviolabilidade afirmada, concl...
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This paper is about the judicial application of constitutional principles, which involves (at least) four kinds of intellectual operations: (i) identification, (ii) interpretation, (iii) balancing, and (iv) specification. Such different operations cannot be sharply distinguished from a psychological point of view, but each of them is submitted to a...
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The author discusses a number of theses, held by Mario Jori, concerning the "internal" description of legal rules on the ground of the previous choice of a definite "basic norm" or "rule of recognition". (i) A first issue is about the competing conceptions of the rule of recognition - is it a rule of behaviour or a (definitional) criterion of ident...
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Avtor orise eno od oblik analiticnega pravnega realizma kor priredje treh osnovnih tez. Po prvi tezi so razlagalne izjave v pravnem govoru pripisovalne izjave brez spoznavne vloge. Po drugi tezi je pravo skupek vplivnih norm, tj. tistih norm, ki so bile dejansko uporabljene (pri razresevanju zadev) v preteklosti in jih bodo v prihodnosti verjetno u...
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The author outlines one form of analytical legal realism as the junction of three main theses. According to its first main thesis, interpretive sentences in legal discourse are ascriptive sentences with no cognitive function. According to the second thesis, the law is the set of norms in force, i.e. the norms actually applied (that is, used in deci...
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The author discusses a number of problems emerging from the theses held by Francesco Viola on the subject of so-called « human rights », i.e., rights (supposedly) equally and universally distributed to any human being as such. Three main issues are at stake. (i) The first one is about the moral or legal nature of such rights. The author argues that...
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This article spells out an analytical and realistic theory of legal interpretation. Analytical, since its method is the logical analysis ofjurists' and judges' language. Realistic, since it assumes, first, that law is indeterminate and, second, that judicial interpretation is intrinsically discretionary. In the first part, some fundamental distinct...
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A noo de Estado faz parte do vocabulrio bsico do que se costuma designar de direito pblico. Neste artigo, o objetivo a exposio crtica e sistematizada desta noo relacionando-a com aspectos cruciais da teoria do direito e da teoria constitucional.
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Full-text available
The author outlines one form of analytical legal realism as the junction of three main theses. According to its first main thesis, interpretive sentences in legal discourse are ascriptive sentences with no cognitive function. According to the second thesis, the law is the set of norms in force, i.e. the norms actually applied (that is, used in deci...
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The author examines the central ideas in The Concept of Law by H. L. A. Hart to assess and discuss their originality and soundness. The hartian notions of social rule, internal and external point of view, obligation, primary and secondary rules and rule of recognition are under discussion as well as Hart’s theory on legal interpretation and his cri...
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As all legal realists do, also Ross argues that judges create law. However, a scrupulous analysis of such a thesis should emphasize that it recovers many different meanings and more than that, none, is likely to be completely convincing because of Ross’ conceptual confusion.
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A noção de “Estado” faz parte do vocabulário básico do que se costuma designar de “direito público”. Neste artigo, o objetivo é a exposição crítica e sistematizada desta noção relacionando-a com aspectos cruciais da teoria do direito e da teoria constitucional.
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After the author has given a brief literature review about hierarchy of norms in a legal order, he distinguishes four concepts of hierarchy: (i) the formal hierarchy exists between norms ruling law’s creation and the law created on the basis of and in conformity with these norms; (ii) the material hierarchy exists between two norms when any contrad...
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After the author has given a brief literature review about hierarchy of norms in a legal order, he distinguishes four concepts of hierarchy: (i) the formal hierarchy exists between norms ruling law’s creation and the law created on the basis of and in conformity with these norms; (ii) the material hierarchy exists between two norms when any contrad...
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La version francaise de cet article peut etre consultee a:http://ssrn.com/abstract=2426902Italian Abstract: Il realismo giuridico, o almeno una forma di realismo, puo essere raffigurato come la congiunzione di tre tesi strettamente connesse: una tesi ontologica, che risponde alla domanda “Che tipo di entita e il diritto?”; la tesi metodologica che...
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Legal realism, or at least one version of realism, can be pictured as the junction of three closely related theses: an ontological thesis, which answers the question “What type of entity law is?”; a methodological thesis, dealing with interpretation and answering the question “What kind of activity is interpretation?”; and an epistemological thesis...
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Legal realism, at least one version of it, is seen as a junction of three closely related theses: the ontological, which answers the question “What type of entity law is?”; the methodological, dealing with interpretation and answering the question “What kind of activity is interpretation?”; and the epistemological thesis whose subject is the scienc...
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The paper aims at distinguishing between legal science, properly so called, i.e., the neutral description of the law in force, and so-called legal dogmatics, i.e., the actual practice of academic lawyers. A preliminary distinction is made among (different forms of) interpretation and what the author labels “juristic construction”. The author mainta...
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This chapter attempts to connect systematically a couple of ideas encountered in Carlos Alchourrón's and Eugenio Bulygin's legal theory - viz. the idea of axiological gap and the idea of defeasibility - with a sceptic or realistic theory of legal interpretation. It argues that 'defeasibility' is just a novel name for two very well-known techniques...
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The chapter is divided into two parts. The first one states the basic ideas of a sceptical theory of interpretation, whose main features are: (i) a number of distinctions among different kinds of interpretative practices; (ii) the distinction between two kinds of legal indeterminacy (indeterminacy of the legal system v. indeterminacy of any single...
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In this article, the author connects the concept of “axiological gap” and that of “defeasibility of norms” with the “realist” theory of legal interpretation. He gives three examples through which he demonstrates the process of defeating a norm and creating an axiological gap. In the process of interpretation, an interpreter first makes a value judg...
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In this article, the author connects the concept of “axiological gap” and that of “defeasibility of norms” with the “realist” theory of legal interpretation. He gives three examples through which he demonstrates the process of defeating a norm and creating an axiological gap. In the process of interpretation, an interpreter first makes a value judg...
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The author discusses a number of theses pertaining to L. FERRAJOLI’s meta-theory. 1) First, his conception of the subject matter of legal theory, viz. the formal structures of legal systems (the law being simply identified with its formal sources), which casts outside from theoretical investigation the logical and pragmatic analysis of lawyers’ doc...
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The author discusses some features of R. Hernández Marín's theory of interpretation: in particular, the thesis according to which interpretive sentences are descriptive, i.e., true or false sentences. Such a thesis supposes interpretation to be a non-discretional, genuinely cognitive activity. According to the author, on the contrary, each normativ...
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The author discusses a paper by EGV concerning the legal limits, if any, of sovereignty. EGV distinguishes two concepts of sovereign: sovereign-0, i.e. the «first» legislator of the legal system at hand, and sovereign-1, i.e. the higher normative power within an already existent legal system. In his view, there is no sense in talking about legal li...
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The author discusses a number of issues in the theory of legal sources. The first topic is whether sources should be conceived of as acts or texts. The alternatives are connected with two competing theories of legal interpretation (viz., the cognitive theory and the sceptical theory), which entail different concepts of legal rules and law-making. T...
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According to the common thinking of continental European lawyers, a rule is invalid each and every time either it was not produced in accordance with the metarules which govern the production of rules in the system, or it is inconsistent with a “superior” (higher-ranked) rule belonging to the same system. Thus, a better understanding of the concept...
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According to the normative theory of legal science, juristic ought-sentences describe rules, since legal science just deals with rules, and rules cannot be described but by means of ought-sentences. The author challenges this view. Two different constructions of “describing rules” are proposed: Namely, either interpreting or stating the validity of...
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The analysis of the concepts of axiological gaps and of defeasibility from the point of view of a "realistic" theory of interpretation shows -by means of several (not quite fictitious) examples- that both concepts are the result of interpretation of legal texts. Axiological gaps and defeasibility are not objective properties of legal systems, becau...
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Desde hace un tiempo Luigi Ferrajoli viene sosteniendo que, en un régimen de constitución rígida, la ciencia jurídica es una ciencia normativa1: no ya en el sentido (obvio y no problemático) de que tiene que ver con normas.
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In this paper the author deals with the following questions about legal systems: 1. Conceptions. 1.1. A legal system considered as a set of rules. 1.2. A legal system considered as a set of institutions. 2. Components. 2.1. Original norms and derived norms. 2.2. Formulated norms and implicit norms. 2.3. Primary norms and secondary norms. 2.4. Valid...
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The author discusses three topics, viz., the definition of asubjective right, the universality of fundamental rights, andthe non-disposability of such rights. As to the first topic, the author argues that, if a subjectiveright is defined as a claim to which a duty corresponds, thenone cannot maintain that, nevertheless, a right can exist withoutth...
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The author discusses a number of topics related to the concept of legal order and the structure of legal orders. In particular, the following theses are challenged: (1) legal orders are sets of rules; (2) the criterion of membership to such sets is validity; (3) legal orders are dynamic sets; (4) legal orders are provided with a hierarchical config...
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En el artículo se examinan sistemáticamente los diferentes usos del concepto de "Constitución" en el lenguaje jurídico y político. Para ello, sin intentar un estudio exhaustivo, se revisan los cuatro sentidos que el autor considera principales, a saber, el de Constitución como un ordenamiento político de tipo liberal; como el conjunto de normas "fu...
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Dworkin's theory is basically an expression of the rule of law doctrine, since it holds that the existing body of laws is complete, so allowing the judge to find the right answer to a question of law in each case. The System is complete because, along with the rules, it includes implicit principles which the judge must discover and pronounce. The w...
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No doubt, one of the most important tasks for a descriptive theory of legal science is the analysis of actual juristic sentences. However, in juristic discourse (legal doctrine, or legal dogmatics) sentences of different kinds are met. To which among them is it proper to’ pay special attention? In the existing literature reductionist tendencies som...
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By scepticism – in the province of legal interpretation theories – I mean the thesis according to which interpretive statements are neither true nor false. An interpretive statement is a meaning-ascribing sentence, i.e., a sentence to the effect that a legal (e.g., constitutional, statutory, etc.) text T means M or, in a slightly different formulat...
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En la primera parte de este libro se analizan cuatro posturas respecto de la teoría del derecho; la siguiente se ocupa de la teoría de las fuentes jurídicas; en la tercera parte se abordan cuestiones de interpretación y aplicación jurisdiccional; la última parte aborda la estructura del ordenamiento jurídico.
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Contenido: Sobre el concepto de constitución; La constitución como límite a la legislación; ¿Separación de los poderes o división del poder?; En torno a las normas sobre la producción jurídica; Concepciones de las fuentes del derecho; Ley; El principio de legalidad; La constitucionalización del ordenamiento jurídico: el caso italiano; Rigidez const...
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Trata dos princípios constitucionais, analisando o problema conceitual de distinguir as normas que são princípios das normas que são regras. Faz análise lógica do modo como os princípios funcionam no raciocínio jurídico e verifica a questão de controlar a compatibilidade da existência de princípios constitucionais com a tese juspositivista da separ...

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