Riccardo Buccolieri

Riccardo Buccolieri
Università del Salento | Unisalento · Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Science

PhD

About

102
Publications
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3,561
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Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Full-text available
Urban air quality is a major problem for human health and green infrastructure (GI) is one of the potential mitigation measures used. However, the optimum GI design is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to provide some recommendation that could help in the design of the GI (mainly, the selection of locations and characteristics of trees an...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is devoted to the investigation of the relationship between concentrations of traffic-related pollutants at pedestrian level in the street and indoor pollutant concentrations inside different rooms of different floors of a standard building. CFD modelling covering the whole urban environment, including the interior of a target building,...
Article
Air pollution in cities, especially in existing urban canyons, poses a global significant long-term health risk to the urban population, and urban planners are faced with the challenge of increasing the transport of pollutants out of cities. In recent years, many research and review articles have explored passive methods of altering the urban canyo...
Article
Full-text available
Current European legislation aims to reduce the air pollutants emitted by European countries in the coming years. In this context, this article studies the effects on air quality of the measures considered for 2030 in the Spanish National Air Pollution Control Programme (NAPCP). Three different emission scenarios are investigated: a scenario with t...
Article
Full-text available
The morphology of urban residential blocks in China, which is strictly affected by regulations, can potentially improve or deteriorate microclimates. This paper first proposes a framework for identifying typical residential block typologies using Nanjing as an example. A thorough investigation, consisting of 114 samples, was conducted, and 18 typic...
Chapter
This study investigates the effect of urban vegetation on thermal comfort in a neighbourhood of Lahti (Finland) by means of modeling simulations performed with the Computational Fluid Dynamics-based and microclimate model ENVI-met. A scenario without vegetation and the current one (with vegetation) are considered to assess the effects of vegetation...
Chapter
This work discusses the impact of biogenic VOC (bVOC) emissions from an idealized park of Quercus ilex L. on the ozone ground concentration in a Mediterranean city located in southern Italy. Emissions were calculated as a function of leaf temperature and photosynthetically active radiation. Numerical simulations were performed for a week in July 20...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of global warming on plants are not limited to the exacerbation of summer stresses; they could also induce dormancy dysfunctions. In January 2020, a bud break was observed in an old poly-varietal vineyard. Meteorological data elaboration of the 1951–2020 period confirmed the general climatic warming of the area and highlighted the parti...
Article
Health impacts of atmospheric pollution is an important issue in urban environments. Its magnitude depends on population exposure which have been frequently estimated by considering different approaches relating pollutant concentration and population exposed to it. However, the uncertainties due to the spatial resolution of the model used to estima...
Article
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Agricultural activity replaces natural vegetation with cultivated land and it is a major cause of local and global climate change. Highly specialized agricultural production leads to extensive monoculture farming with a low biodiversity that may cause low landscape resilience. This is the case on the Salento peninsula, in the Apulia Region of Italy...
Article
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Focusing on the effect of street morphology on the ventilation efficiency, this paper presents 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of airflow and pollutant dispersion within urban-like three-way intersections, four-way intersections and roundabouts. The steady-state Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) k-ε turbulence model is adopte...
Article
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The Apulian Region (Italy) is a socio-ecological system shaped by the millennial co-evolution between human actions and ecological processes. It is characterized by monumental olive groves protected from Regional Law 14/2007 for the cultural value of the landscape, currently threatened by the spread of a devastating phytopathogen, the bacteria Xyle...
Article
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This study analyses the interactions and impacts between multiple factors i.e., urban greening, building layout, and meteorological conditions that characterise the urban microclimate and thermal comfort in the urban environment. The focus was on two neighbourhoods of Lecce city (southern Italy) characterised through field campaigns and modelling s...
Article
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Many research articles explore new designs and how to arrange barriers/obstacles to improve roadside air quality and ventilation within the urban street canyon. These obstacles are generally categorized into porous, non-porous and mixed type. Porous barriers include vegetated shrubs and trees; non-porous barriers include parked cars, low boundary w...
Article
To improve ventilation efficiency and reduce pollution concentration in urban spaces, eco-strategies, including greening, have been suggested. However, there is still very little evidence to assert the benefits of such greening options, particularly at urban street intersections. Therefore, in this work, air flow and pollutant dispersion within urb...
Article
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This study carries out a quantitative analysis of the impact on microclimate (air temperature and thermal comfort) of a row of 165 historical Pinus pinea L. located in a central neighbourhood of Rome (Italy). The analysis starts from a qualitative general analysis on the stressful conditions leading to tree decline in the urban environment especial...
Article
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The aim of this study is to characterize the air quality in a Mediterranean port city. The impact of ship emissions on both gaseous and particulate pollutants has been investigated through an integrated methodology which includes atmospheric flow and dispersion numerical modelling as well as chemical composition and statistical analyses. Specifical...
Article
This paper numerically investigates the ventilation of residential streets bounded by buildings of different forms. The aim is to provide suggestions for the design of environmentally sustainable urban streets in residential areas. Four representative building form variations along residential streets in Nanjing, located in the Yangtze River Delta...
Article
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In the context of urban land-use growth and the consequent impacts on the environment, green spaces provide ecosystem services for human health. The ecosystem services concept synthesises human–environmental interactions through a series of combined components of biodiversity and abiotic elements, linking ecological processes and functions. The con...
Article
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This paper is devoted to the assessment of urban greening effects on two important ecosystem services, i.e., air quality and CO 2 storage, including the corresponding economic impacts in a real urban area, i.e., a district located in the Mediterranean city of Lecce (southern Italy). Two tools were employed, i-Tree Canopy and the computational fluid...
Article
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This paper presents a conceptual framework that looks at photovoltaic systems in synergy with ecosystem services. The focus is to connect business success with social and ecological progress based on the operative concept of multifunctional land use. Such an approach attempts to harmonise the needs of the industrial processes of photovoltaic system...
Preprint
Full-text available
A novel set of wind tunnel measurements of the drag force and its spatial distribution along aligned arrays of cubes of height H and planar area index lambdap (air gap between cubes) equal to 0.028 (5H) to 0.69 (0.2H) is presented and analysed. Two different types of measurements are compared: one type where the drag force is obtained using the sta...
Article
Full-text available
Forests are important in sequestering CO2 and therefore play a significant role in climate change. However, the CO2 cycle is conditioned by drought events that alter the rate of photosynthesis, which is the principal physiological action of plants in transforming CO2 into biological energy. This study applied recurrence quantification analysis (RQA...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is devoted to the application of the modelling approach, as one of the methods for the evaluation of thermal comfort, to neighborhoods located in two cities characterized by a different climate, i.e., a Mediterranean city in southern Italy (Lecce) and a northern European city in southern Finland (Lahti). The impact of the presence of veg...
Article
This paper is devoted to the application of the modelling approach, as one of the methods for the evaluation of thermal comfort, to neighborhoods located in two cities characterized by a different climate, i.e., a Mediterranean city in southern Italy (Lecce) and a northern European city in southern Finland (Lahti). The impact of the presence of veg...
Article
In recent years, several ventilation indices have been proposed and applied to assess the efficiency of “urban outdoor ventilation”, i.e. the ability of an urban area to dilute pollutants, heat and moisture by exchanging air between inside and above of the urban canopy. Here, focusing on the pollutant dispersion, the definition of 13 ventilation in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is devoted to the quantification of changes in ventilation of a real neighborhood located in Pamplona, Spain, due to the presence of street trees Pollutant dispersion in this urban zone was previously studied by means of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations. In the present work, that research is extended to analyze the ventilati...
Article
Validated by experimental data, this paper performs computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations to investigate the influence of tree plantings on urban airflow and vehicular CO exposure in two-dimensional (2D) street canyons with various aspect ratios (building height/street width, AR = H/W = 0.5, 1, 3, 5) and ground-level source. The impacts of...
Article
This paper investigates the correlation between street morphology and thermal environment of six street models representing the central morphology of Barcelona (Spain), Berlin (Germany), London (UK), New York (US), Nanjing (China) and Paris (France). The morphology is first characterized through morpho- logical indices (i.e. opening and closing rat...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of urbanization, research on urban microclimate and thermal comfort has become one of the themes of eco-city design. Sky view factor (SVF), one of the parameters of urban spatial form, combines multiple morphological information, such as plane opening, aspect ratio, and building density and has an important impact on the urban microc...
Article
Full-text available
M.V.) † Equal contribution to this work. Abstract: This paper is devoted to the analysis of the impact of changes in olive urban forests affected by Xylella fastidiosa on ecosystem services. The focus is on microclimate and thermal comfort evaluated by two indices: the temperature of equivalent perception (TEP) and the predicted mean vote (PMV), wh...
Article
A novel set of wind tunnel measurements of the drag force and its spatial distribution along aligned arrays of cubes of height H and planar area index λp (air gap between cubes) equal to 0.028 (5H) to 0.69 (0.2H) is presented and analysed. Two different types of measurements are compared: one type where the drag force is obtained using the standard...
Article
This paper discusses current state-of-the-art features of the “plant evaluation model”, a framework which, starting from the representation of vegetation and its effects in microclimate models, defines a number of indices which can be employed for the evaluation of outdoor microclimate in terms of thermal environment and comfort in the urban enviro...
Article
With the objective of reducing population exposure, vegetation barriers composed by hedges and/or trees are usually located near roads to protect pedestrians from traffic-related pollutants. The main objective of this study is to quantify the effectiveness of this type of barriers. Black Carbon (BC) is used an indicator of the effectiveness of vege...
Article
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The Atmosphere Special Issue “Recent Advances in Urban Ventilation Assessment and FlowModelling” collects twenty-one original papers and one review paper published in 2017[...]
Article
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Urban outdoor ventilation and pollutant dispersion have important implications for urban design and planning. In this paper, two urban morphology parameters, i.e. the floor area ratio (FAR) and the building site coverage (BSC), are considered to investigate their quantitative correlation with urban ventilation indices. An idealized model, including...
Article
This study quantifies the influence of green spaces on microclimate and PM10 concentration in a typical residential district of Nanjing (China) by employing the CFD-based and microclimate model ENVI-met 4. Five green indices, related to quantity and structure of vegetation, are employed to investigate the impact of different types (grass, shrub and...
Article
Computational fluid dynamics simulations were performed to investigate flow and pollutant dispersion in a 2D street canyon of aspect ratio H/W = 1. Different from other works, the combination of the presence of viaduct and indoor-outdoor temperature differences ΔT is investigated for different approaching wind velocities. For larger wind velocity (...
Article
Full-text available
Indoor air pollution assessment in work environments remains challenging due to a combination of logistic reasons and availability of costly instrumentation for data acquisition and post-processing. Existing literature focuses on energy production environments, hospitals, and less so on food production spaces. Studies on indoor air quality in baker...
Article
Semi-open settings (or hanged walls) above the pedestrian level in street canyons can provide protection to pedestrians from heavy-rain and strong sunshine, but may also influence street ventilation and thus pollutant dispersion. By performing computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and employing ventilation concepts of net escape velocity (...
Article
Full-text available
A novel, flexible method to derive urban morphometric parameters is presented. Through selected examples, it demonstrates its employability in a wide range of applications. This method builds upon an extension of an image-based technique for the treatment of building data to discuss objective criteria for model grid choice and related consequences....
Article
This paper reviews current parameterizations developed and implemented within Computational Fluid Dynamics models for the study of the effects linking vegetation, mainly trees, to urban air quality and thermal conditions. In the literature, passive mitigation via deposition is parametrized as a volumetric sink term in the transport equation of poll...
Article
This paper assesses the effects of trees (Platanus x hispanica) of different leaf area density on ventilation, NOx and PM2.5 concentrations across heights in Marylebone Rd street canyon in London (UK). Computational Fluid Dynamics steady state simulations are performed with OpenFOAM. The ventilation is evaluated through flow patterns and the analys...
Article
Full-text available
This study numerically investigates the influence of different vegetation types and layouts on microclimate and air quality in residential districts based on the morphology and green layout of Nanjing, China. Simulations were performed using Computational Fluid Dynamics and the microclimate model ENVI-met. Four green indices, i.e., the green cover...
Article
This paper reviews current parameterizations developed and implemented within Computational Fluid Dynamics models for the study of the effects linking vegetation, mainly trees, to urban air quality and thermal conditions. In the literature, passive mitigation via deposition is parametrized as a volumetric sink term in the transport equation of poll...
Conference Paper
The impact of ship emissions on the surface concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone (O3) in the Mediterranean area of the harbour of Brindisi (IT) has been investigated. Numerical simulations have been performed for a summer period of the year 2012, at different spatial scale, using the meso-scale BOLCHEM and the local-scale ADMS-Urban mod...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the spatial distribution of air pollutants in cities in light of progress made by the scientific community in the field of flow and pollutant dispersion around buildings and within complex urban geometries. With the rate of urbanisation expected to increase in the next years, countries are forced to face challenges in address...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Air pollution is a major global environmental risk factor. Since people spend most of their time indoors, the sole measure of outdoor concentrations is not sufficient to assess total exposure to air pollution. Therefore, the arising interest by the international community to indoor-outdoor relationships has led to the development of var...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the role of trees on airborne pollutant dispersion in a real neighborhood in Pamplona (Spain) is discussed. A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model is employed and evaluated against concentrations measured during the last part of winter season at a monitoring station located in the study area. Aerodynamic and deposition effects of...
Article
Full-text available
Wind tunnel measurements of the total drag force for aligned arrays of cubes exposed to two different boundary-layer flows at three flow velocities are discussed. The drag force for eight different building packing densities λp (from 0.028 to 1) is measured with a standard load cell generating a novel dataset. Different λp are reproduced by increas...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the combined influence of building morphology and trees on air pollutant concentrations in the Marylebone neighbourhood (central London). Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations are performed with OpenFOAM using the k-ε model. Aerodynamic and deposition effects of Platanus acerifolia trees are considered. While aerodynam...
Poster
Full-text available
This work is devoted to the study of the evolution of seasonal temperature and precipitation for the period 2006-2015 in the Apulia region. Apulia is located in the south-east Italy and has a typical Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot-dry summers. The analysis will be based on monthly temperature and precipitation data available from t...
Article
This paper employs Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) simulations to investigate the influence of ground heating intensities and viaduct configurations on gaseous and particle dispersion within two-dimensional idealized street canyons (typical aspect ratio H/W = 1) and their transport from outdoor to leeward and windward rooms of naturally-ventilate...
Article
We present a modelling approach to investigate the impact of ship emissions in the port of Brindisi (IT) on local air quality. The focus is on the impact on pollutant concentrations due to the implementation of the MARPOL Annex VI and the associated NOx technical code 2008 (concerning NOx emissions) and the Directives 2005/33/EU-2012/33/EU (concern...
Article
Breathability in dense building arrays with packing densities similar to those of typical European cities is investigated using laboratory measurements and numerical simulations. We focus on arrays made up by regularly spaced square buildings forming a network of streets with right-angle intersections. It is shown that breathability can be evaluate...
Article
This paper investigates pollutant removal at pedestrian level in urban canopy layer (UCL) models of medium packing density (λp = λf = 0.25) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Urban size, building height variations, wind direction and uniform wall heating are investigated. The standard and RNG k-ε turbulence models, validated agai...