Ricardo J Soares Magalhães

Ricardo J Soares Magalhães
The University of Queensland | UQ · School of Veterinary Science

DVM, MSc, PhD, DiplECVPH

About

297
Publications
45,102
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4,861
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Introduction
Ricardo is an Associate Professor of Population Health and Biosecurity at the University of Queensland. His research currently involves the development of integrated mapping approaches to inform effective strategies for the control of infectious diseases of animals and humans.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
May 2014 - December 2017
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2008 - April 2014
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (297)
Article
Over four months in the winter of 2016–2017, 343 poultry farms in South Korea reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6 occurrences, leading to the culling of 40 million poultry. Our study aimed to describe the spatial epidemiology of the 2016–2017 HPAI H5N6 outbreak in Gyeonggi Province, the most affected area in South Korea, comprisi...
Article
Background Countries in the South and Southeast Asia region grapple with significant challenges due to the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) in women. An understanding of the country specific DBM geographical and socioeconomic distribution in South and Southeast Asian countries will enable targeting of DBM interventions towards high-risk populati...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Canine allergic dermatitis is a common diagnosis in veterinary practices which can lead to secondary infections requiring treatment with antimicrobials. A previous study suggested that dogs treated with oclacitinib in an Australian referral hospital required fewer courses of antimicrobial therapy compared to dogs receiving other anti-p...
Preprint
Full-text available
In Australia, Japanese Encephalitis virus circulated in tropical north Queensland between 1995 and 2005. In 2022, a dramatic range expansion across the southern states resulted in 24 confirmed human cases and three deaths. We discuss the outbreak drivers and estimate the potential size of the human population at risk.
Preprint
Introduction: In order to provide refined effects analysis of health communication intervention, this study aims to measure and compare the impact on the knowledge and protective attitudes and behavior intentions(KAP) towards canine rabies of interventions that use the local TV net(V1) and WeChat platform (V2) delivering a short video, and cartoon...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Central Dry Zone (CDZ) of Myanmar is a critical region of livestock production. This region supports 10 million people whose livelihoods depend on small-scale, dry-land agriculture, but it is also one of the poorest regions of Myanmar. Little is known about the constraints to animal health in multi-species livestock farms in this reg...
Preprint
Introduction: In order to provide refined effects analysis of health communication intervention, this study aims to measure and compare the impact on the knowledge and protective attitudes and behavior intentions(KAP) towards canine rabies of interventions that use the local TV net(V1) and WeChat platform (V2) delivering a short video, and cartoon...
Article
Full-text available
Canine rabies poses a significant risk to humans and animals in Nigeria. However, the lack of reliable tools to evaluate the performance of existing canine rabies control programs to inform public health policy decisions poses a severe obstacle. We obtained canine rabies surveillance data from the National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) and s...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To examine trends in, and projections of, the prevalence of anaemia in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries at national and subpopulation levels. Methods: We used nationally representative data from repeated cross-sectional Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) on 1 092 512 women of reproductive age (15-49 year...
Article
: The influenza A virus of the H7N9 subtype (FLUAV H7N9) emerged in Eastern China provinces in 2013 causing illness in both poultry and humans. Most reported FLUAV H7N9 human cases were related to those associated with the live poultry market chain. From 2013 to 2017, there were five epidemic waves of human infections, and from the end of 2016, the...
Article
Full-text available
Tick paralysis resulting from bites from Ixodes holocyclus and I. cornuatus is one of the leading causes of emergency veterinary admissions for companion animals in Australia, often resulting in death if left untreated. Availability of timely information on periods of increased risk can help modulate behaviors that reduce exposures to ticks and imp...
Article
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To examine trends and projections of underweight (Body Mass Index, BMI < 18.5 kg/m²) and overweight (BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m²) in women of reproductive age in 55 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We used data from 2,337,855 women aged 15–49 years from nationally representative Demographic and Health Survey conducted between 1990 and 2018. Bayesian...
Article
Full-text available
Current evidence indicates that more than half of all antimicrobials are used in the animal food-producing sector, which is considered a significant risk factor for the development, spread, and existence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) pathogens in animals, humans, and the environment. Among other factors, clinical etiology and the level of knowl...
Article
Full-text available
Scrub Typhus (ST) is expanding its geographical distribution in China and in many regions worldwide raising significant public health concerns. Accurate ST time-series modeling including uncovering the role of environmental determinants is of great importance to guide disease control purposes. This study evaluated the performance of three competing...
Conference Paper
Dog mediated rabies remains a significant public health risk in Nigeria. We obtained rabies surveillance data from the National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), supplemented this information with published literature from Nigeria, and retrieved environmental and sociodemographic variables that might explain canine rabies at the Local Gover...
Poster
Human and poultry populations of Bangladesh are at risk of infection from circulating avian influenza A virus subtypes as well as of emerging novel reassortant strains. The first evidence of zoonotic transmission of high pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) infection in Bangladesh emerged in 2012, and live bird markets (LBMs) in Dhaka’s metropolitan...
Article
Full-text available
Existing national- or continental-scale models of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure have a limited capacity to capture subnational spatial variability in sparsely-populated parts of the world where NO2 sources may vary. To test and validate our approach, we developed a land-use regression (LUR) model for NO2 for Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) a...
Article
Rhesus macaques are considered an important reservoir of different gastrointestinal (GI) zoonotic parasites affecting livestock and humans. Loads of GI parasites in the free-ranging rhesus macaques living in close proximity to communities in Bangladesh are still unknown. To estimate the prevalence and diversity of zoonotic GI parasites in rhesus ma...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To provide updated information about between-country variations, temporal trends, and changes in inequalities within countries in caesarean delivery (CD) rates. Design: Cross-sectional study of Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) during 1990-2018 SETTING: 74 low- and middle-income countries POPULATION: Women 15-49 years of age who had...
Article
Livestock rearing is an important income source for small-scale farmers in Myanmar, but Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Newcastle disease (ND) are major constraints to livestock production. A study was conducted to identify perceptions of farmers about FMD and ND disease risks and perceptions about vaccination practices by using the modified healt...
Article
Background Despite the potentially important role that intensively managed dairy goats play in the spread of Q fever, the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii among dairy goat herds in Australia is largely unknown. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence of coxiellosis-positive dairy goat herds in Australia and to identify r...
Article
Full-text available
The World Health Organization (WHO) has been implementing antimicrobial surveillance with a “One Health” approach, known as the Global Surveillance ESBL E. coli Tricycle Project. We describe the implementation of the Tricycle Project (pilot) in Indonesia, focusing on its results, challenges and recommendations. ESBL E. coli was identified in 116 bl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Human rabies remains a significant public health problem in Africa with outbreaks reported in most countries. In Nigeria–the most populous country in Africa–rabies causes a significant public health burden partly due to perennial obstacles to implementing a national prevention and control program. Methods We conducted a scoping review u...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated the presence of influenza A(H5) virus environmental contamination in live bird markets (LBMs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh. By using Bernoulli generalized linear models and multinomial logistic regression models, we quantified LBM-level factors associated with market work zone–specific influenza A(H5) virus contamination patterns. Results show...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To examine geographical variations, trends, and projections in the prevalence of childhood anemia at national and subpopulation levels. Design Repeated cross-sectional Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted during 2000-2018. Setting 53 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) Participants 776,689 children aged 6-59 months of age...
Article
Full-text available
Endometrial infections are a common cause of reproductive loss in cattle. Accurate diagnosis is important to reduce the economic losses caused by endometritis. A range of sampling procedures have been developed which enable collection of endometrial tissue or luminal cells or uterine fluid. However, as these are all invasive procedures, there is a...
Article
Full-text available
Dog bites are a recognized public health issue due to their impact on human and animal health/welfare. This study aimed to investigate demographic and geographic disparities in the epidemiology of dog bites presentations reported to the emergency departments of the four main public hospitals in the Metro South region of Brisbane, Queensland, Austra...
Article
Full-text available
Coxiella burnetii is an intracellular bacterium and the cause of the zoonotic infection, Q fever. National surveillance data on C. burnetii seroprevalence is currently not available for any South American country, making efforts of public health to implement strategies to mitigate infections in different at-risk groups within the population extreme...
Article
Full-text available
Conclusions/significance: The potential of RS as a surveillance tool for malaria and arbovirus vectors and MIRS for the diagnosis and surveillance of arboviruses is yet to be assessed. NIRS capacity as a surveillance tool for malaria and arbovirus vectors should be validated under field conditions, and its potential as a diagnostic tool for malari...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) clinical and colonizing isolates of dogs and cats to profile contributing factors associated with their isolation. Nasal and rectal samples were collected from dogs...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The Central Dry Zone (CDZ) of Myanmar is a critical region of livestock production. This region supports 10 million people whose livelihoods depend on small-scale, dry-land agriculture, but it is also one of the poorest regions of Myanmar. Little is known about the constraints to animal health in multi-species livestock farms in this re...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We assessed the impact of caesarean delivery on offspring respiratory and intestinal infection. Methods Data were extracted from all live births (n = 429,058) occurring in the Australian state of Queensland between January 2009 and December 2015, and followed for 12 months. Births were categorised as either non-medically indicated caesa...
Article
Full-text available
Canine companion animals can carry a number of zoonotic parasites which can adversely impact both human and animal health. Previous studies in Australia indicated that while parasitic infections in dogs are still common and there is variability in the awareness and perception of zoonotic risks among pet owners, the likely contribution of sociodemog...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Canine allergic dermatitis, including atopic dermatitis, often requires antibacterial therapy for concurrent infections. Oclacitinib is indicated for treatment of pruritus associated with allergic dermatitis and the clinical manifestations of atopic dermatitis in dogs aged ≥12 months. Hypothesis/Objectives: We aimed to determine if ther...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: To ensure equitable and accessible services and improved utilization of institutional delivery it is important to identify what progress has been achieved, whether there are vulnerable and disadvantaged groups that need specific attention and what are the key factors affecting the utilization of institutional delivery services. In th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Many developing countries currently face a double burden of malnutrition (DBM) at the household level, defined by the World Health Organization, as when a mother may be overweight or anemic, and a child or grandparent is underweight, in the same household. For the present study, we defined it as the coexistence of overweight or obesity...
Article
To detect methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and S. pseudintermedius (MRSP) swab samples were collected from dogs, cats and horses from South East Queensland (SE QLD). MRSP carriage in dogs was 8.7% and no MRSP was isolated from cats and horses; no MRSA was isolated. Risk factors for carriage included previous hospitalisation, previ...
Article
Full-text available
While the effects of cleaning and disinfection practices on the reduction of environmental nosocomial bacteria are well-established in human and large animal veterinary hospitals, how animal movements within animal health care facilities influence environmental bacterial recovery is poorly understood. During three consecutive weeks, 155 electrostat...
Article
Full-text available
Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are endemic in Indonesia. However, prevalence data for many parts of the country are incomplete. The aim of this study was to determine human STH prevalence and knowledge and practices relating to STH risk behaviour, to provide a current view of the status of STH infection in rural communities in Central J...
Article
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the intracellular bacterium, Coxiella burnetii. Its primary mode of transmission is by inhalation of aerosols originating from infected animals and contaminated environments. The organism has a very low infective dose, can persist in the environment for long periods of time and large outbreaks fuelled by wind...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Integrating and scaling up tuberculosis (TB) and HIV services are essential strategies to achieve the combined goals ending both TB and HIV, especially in TB and HIV high burden countries. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of TB and HIV co-infection and the implementation of collaborative services in Ethiopia. Methods: We us...
Article
Full-text available
Zoonoses impart a significant public health burden in Australia particularly in Queensland, a state with increasing environmental stress due to extreme weather events and rapid expansion of agriculture and urban developments. Depending on the organism and the environment, a proportion of zoonotic pathogens may survive from hours to years outside th...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to describe the processes that were undertaken to estimate DALYs averted over a 10-year period associated with soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) control strategy in terms of combined frequency (annual vs biannual) and mode of delivery (mass vs targeted). It also aims to describe the metapopulation model for STH transmission and c...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Improving reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services is imperative for reducing maternal and child mortality. Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are striving to achieve RMNCH-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We monitored progress, made projections, and calculated the average annual...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Improving reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services is imperative for reducing maternal and child mortality. Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are striving to achieve RMNCH-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We monitored progress, made projections, and calculated the average annual...
Article
Full-text available
Background Q fever is a zoonotic disease, caused by Gram negative bacterium C. burnetii, which imparts significant socio-economic burden due to production and reproductive loss (abortion, stillbirth, and infertility) in ruminants and debilitating clinical disease in human populations. While sheep and goats are considered the primary reservoirs of i...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Many developing countries currently face a double burden of malnutrition (DBM) at the household level, defined by the World Health Organization, as when a mother may be overweight or anemic, and a child or grandparent is underweight, in the same household. For the present study, we defined it as the coexistence of overweight or obesity i...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing instances of epidemics and pandemics of zoonotic origin—diseases maintained in animal populations but transmitted to humans—show that humanity is fundamentally off track with predator and scavenger conservation. We are off track because most diseases of pandemic potential are zoonotic, with natural reservoirs in predators and scaveng...
Data
Supplement to: O'Bryan CJ, Braczkowski AR, Soares Magalhães RJ, McDonald-Madden E. Conservation epidemiology of predators and scavengers to reduce zoonotic risk. Lancet Planet Health 2020; 4: e304-05.
Article
Full-text available
Recently reports have emerged of rabies outbreaks in townships close to the city of Lokoja, the capital city of Kogi State in Nigeria. Areas in Lokoja are known to have high rates of dog bites and dogs are frequently butchered for human consumption, both of which may constitute risk factors for rabies transmission. However, data on the relative imp...
Article
Full-text available
The influenza A (H7N9) subtype remains a public health problem in China affecting individuals in contact with live poultry, particularly at live bird markets. Despite enhanced surveillance and biosecurity at LBMs H7N9 viruses are now more widespread in China. This study aims to quantify the temporal relationship between poultry surveillance results...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Q-fever is a zoonotic disease, caused by the Gram negative bacterium C. burnetii, which imparts significant socio-economic burden due to production and reproductive loss (abortion, stillbirth, and infertility) in ruminants and well as debilitating clinical disease in human populations. While sheep and goats are considered the primary res...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Q fever is a zoonotic disease, caused by Gram negative bacterium C. burnetii, which imparts significant socio-economic burden due to production and reproductive loss (abortion, stillbirth, and infertility) in ruminants and debilitating clinical disease in human populations. While sheep and goats are considered the primary reservoirs of i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Q fever is a zoonotic disease, caused by Gram negative bacterium C. burnetii, which imparts significant socio-economic burden due to production and reproductive loss (abortion, stillbirth, and infertility) in ruminants and debilitating clinical disease in human populations. While sheep and goats are considered the primary reservoirs of i...