Ricardo Salvatore

Ricardo Salvatore
Universidad Torcuato di Tella · Departamento de Historia

Ph.D. (Economics)

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85
Publications
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Introduction
Ricardo Salvatore currently works at the Departamento de Estudios Historicos y Sociales, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella. Ricardo does research in Economic History (anthropometrics), Social and Cultural History, History of Crime and Punishment, and the History of US-Latin American Relations. He has published books and articles on peasant-state relations in 19th century Argentina, modern prisons and the penal system in Latin America, United States disciplinary encounters with South America, and stature, nutrition and development in modern Argentina.

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
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Little is known about the effects of malnutrition rates in the long-run. Applying the methodology recommended by the World Health Organization, this study estimates stunting rates for Argentine adult males from the 1850s to the 1950s. We use five large samples of army recruits, prison inmates, militiamen, and electoral records totaling 84,500 cases...
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Using the Coefficient of Variations for Heights, this paper examines the evolution of net nutrition inequality in Argentina from 1875 to 1950. It uses various samples of recruits and soldiers, previously gathered by the author. The evidence points to two important findings: a) export-led growth led to stable or declining net-nutrition inequality; w...
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This special issue of RHE-JILAEH is a good example of the vitality shown by anthropometric history in the region. With new data of human heights for the contemporary period, between 1820 and 1990, fifteen scholars examine two key questions: a) the long-term evolution of biological welfare; and b) the existence of inequalities in net-nutrition in si...
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Using the coefficient of variations for heights, this paper examines the evolution of net nutrition inequality in Argentina from 1875 to 1950. It uses various samples of recruits and soldiers, previously gathered by the author. Evidence points to two important findings: (a) export-led growth led to stable or declining net-nutrition inequality; whil...
Article
As a way to contribute to the debate on social inequality, poverty, and well-being in Argentina's long-term development, this article presents new evidence on the stature of prisoners in Buenos Aires province, the richest province in the Pampa region. The evidence shows very modest gains in the stature of prisoners for the period 1885–1939. This fi...
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Julyan G. Peard, An American Teacher in Argentina: Mary Gorman's Nineteenth-Century Odyssey from New Mexico to the Pampas (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2016), pp. xi + 285, £49.95, hb - Volume 50 Issue 3 - RICARDO D. SALVATORE
Chapter
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This chapter explores an important period in the development of criminology in Argentina that ranges from 1870–1960. In the post-independence period (1810–1860), Argentina experienced little change in matters of criminal law. Governments issued laws about treason, vagrancy, and other felonies, but this legislation was a drop in the ocean of colonia...
Chapter
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In an essay on the origins of the Western Hemisphere idea, Arthur Whitaker proposed that the Americas were united by a special relationship—“a large cluster of related ideas”—whose similarity was defined in opposition to Europe.1 This special relationship was based on the belief that the American nations shared an historical experience substantiall...
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In this essay, I call attention to two important overlooked dimensions in Hemispheric Studies: the question of the asymmetries in knowledge-production across the Americas, and the amnesia about pre-existing cognitive maps of Latin America. In relation to the first problem, I discuss the concentration of materials from Latin America (artifacts, book...
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The essay examines the conditions of book accumulation in two places in the world economy, California and Peru, through the narratives left by book collector Hubert Bancroft and librarian and historian Jorge Basadre. A reading of these reveals the complex interrelations between socioeconomic development and cultural accumulation. In California, Ban...
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In 1836 Governor Juan M. de Rosas is supposed to have ordered the execution of 110 pampa Indians in the main plaza of Buenos Aires city. This is what the anti-Rosista fiction argued: The "Tyrant" had executed indigenous peoples in order to cause terror on the Unitario opponents. Was this event a product of a political fiction? Or was it a true mass...
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During the period 1915-1945, United States historians contributed important revisions to the subfield of colonial Hispanic American History. Their histories argued for a reconsideration of inherited wisdom about the Spanish colonial empire, in issues of justice towards indigenous peoples, the interoceanic book trade, colonial universities, the Crow...
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Over the past several decades, the study of violence and homicide in a number of pre-modern and modern European societies has become an area of considerable scholarly focus. Through the painstaking efforts of many scholars, we now can state with considerable confidence that the long-term trajectory of homicide rates in most European societies has u...
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Leo S. Rowe, before becoming director of the Pan-American Union, came to Argentina to gather information, connect with local intellectuals, and disseminate the basic ideas of an emerging inter-American system of cultural and intellectual cooperation that would be the backbone of Pan-Americanism. This paper deals with the interaction and communicati...
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With Pinero, Ramos Mejia [and] Cabred, Argentina was the first country that understood and applied my father’s ideas, and it was for me and for him a great joy to come here in 1906 and see for ourselves all that had been done in this field; but I see that from that year until today, Argentina has continued to lead the nations that understood my fat...
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A large database containing the heights of recruits for the 1924 cohort allows us to review the regional dimensions of Argentina's biological welfare, in particular the idea that concentration of resources in Buenos Aires and the Pampa region left the interior provinces economically backward and physiologically weak. The findings confirm that very...
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The Labor Wars in Córdoba, 1955–1976: Ideology, Work, and Labor Politics in an Argentine Industrial City. By BrennanJames P.. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. Pp. xi, 440. $59.95. - Volume 56 Issue 1 - Ricardo D. Salvatore
Article
A sustained long-term increase in average stature accompanied the process of import-substituting industrialization in the main suburban area of Argentina, the Buenos Aires Conurbano. This gain in net nutrition was attained before the rise to power of a re-distributionist political party: the Peronists. The article also provides evidence of a declin...
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We have here a rare genealogy of the ciudad letrada and its Others, as revealed by the uses of banditry in Latin American literary texts. Narratives about banditry, the author suggests, could be read as study of monstrosity. For in this trope—banditry—the different cultural elites of the region condensed their anxieties about the political and soci...
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The international location of Argentina—its “place” in the scale of “progress and civilization” designed by European industrialized nations—has been shifting since the consolidation of the nation-state in 1880. Viewed as a successful settler economy by North American travelers and businessmen at the beginning of the twentieth century (as a “land of...
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Resumen Este ensayo presenta resultados de estimaciones de estaturas medias para diversas regiones de Argentina durante el período 1850–1950. Esta evidencia, tomada de registros de reclutas y prisioneros, es utilizada para cuestionar algunas de las generalizaciones sobre el crecimiento económico argentino, basadas en datos de ingresos per-cápita y...
Article
Abstract During the post-independence period, North American authors of travel narratives engaged in a double construction of “South America”: the othering typical of other travel narratives and the ordering of the diversity of the region's societies, economies and polities according to gender, racial, and class categories. Describing social and in...
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The nations all await Our coming, with their portals opened freely; They are Republics, each our sister State, And down the world, from Mexico to Chili, The railway's mutual commerce should pulsate. The airplane, more than any other means of transportation, has overcome Latin America's geography. It was the airplane that finally conquered the tower...
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Laura Podalsky, Specular City. Transforming Culture, Consumption, and Space in Buenos Aires, 1955–1973 (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2004), pp. xvi+287, $55.00, $22.95 pb. - - Volume 38 Issue 3 - RICARDO D. SALVATORE
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During the age of Pan-Americanism (1890–1940), US universities built impressive collections of books, periodicals, government papers, and manuscripts relating to Latin America. Collectors showed great interest in documents and books of the early Spanish colonial period, and they also gathered materials that could help account for the contemporary p...
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The Americas 62.1 (2005) 146-147 This book provides scholars with a valuable introduction to an ample theme: private law and institutions in Latin America from colonial times to the present. Its objective is to serve as a foundation for further research, a guide that familiarizes scholars with the discussions and the bibliography relevant to each s...
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In an effort to assess the question of Americanization in a South-American modern context, this article examines the activities of American advertising company J. Walter Thompson in Buenos Aires (1928–1935). This appears as an instance of the early exportation of American advertising know-how to South America and also of the production of new knowl...
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Latin American Law: A History of Private Law and Institutions in Spanish America. By Mirow. M. C. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004, Pp.xiii, 343. Illustrations. Notes. Glossary. Bibliography. Index. $45.00 cloth. - Volume 62 Issue 1 - Ricardo D. Salvatore
Article
Book reviewed: Max Paul Friedman. Nazis and Good Neighbors: The United States Campaign against the Germans of Latin America in World War II. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 359 pp. Bibliography, Index. Approx. $30.00 (cloth).
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Resumen La criminología positivista creó una nueva cultura estatal en Argentina. Sus enunciadores y creyentes ocuparon posiciones clave dentro de las instituciones de control social. Sus prácticas y procedimientos se diseminaron a lo largo y ancho del aparato estatal. Sus concepciones acerca del «estado peligroso» y la «defensa social» proveyeron a...
Article
Using height data for recruits of a principal regiment at Buenos Aires, the paper revises the question of welfare in Argentina during the period 1900–1934. The period of rapid export-led growth (1900–1913) showed an absolute deterioration of “net nutrition.” On the other hand, the inter-war period (1918–1939), generally characterized as a period of...
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During the so-called long delay of Argentine economic development, the northwest region experienced a sustained improvement in its health and nutrition status, as indicated by new evidence on heights. Within the region, there was internal convergence in average stature: differences in heights grew smaller over time between the provinces of Santiago...
Article
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During the so-called long delay of Argentine economic development, the northwest region experienced a sustained improvement in its health and nutrition status, as indicated by new evidence on heights. Within the region, there was internal convergence in average stature: differences in heights grew smaller over time between the provinces of Santiago...
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Nepantla: Views from South 4.1 (2003) 67-80 An informal empire, in order to build hegemony, requires the production and circulation of truthful representations about the regions that fall under its gaze and influence. Without reliable regional knowledge (geography, resources, production, culture, and history), the flows of investment and management...
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Sandra Gayol, Sociabilidad en Buenos Aires. Hombres, honor y cafés, 1862–1910 (Buenos Aires: Ediciones del Signo, 2000), pp. 284, pb. - Volume 34 Issue 4 - RICARDO D. SALVATORE
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Hispanic American Historical Review 81.1 (2001) 1-44 This essay examines the cultural impact of the market transition in Buenos Aires during the so-called golden age (ca. 1890-1913), when Argentina experienced a process of export-led growth, centered on agriculture and livestock. The international mobility of labor and capital resources, in a conte...
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During the post-Independence period, Buenos Aires province engaged in a republican-authoritarian experiment in which the relations between dominant and subaltern were altered and redefined. The ascent to power of Juan Manuel de Rosas and the federalists meant an increase in the violence meted out by the state against its political and military oppo...
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Departing from the notion that constructs of markets are implicated in discussions that are basically political-that is, concerning the relationship between the state and civil society-I will explore how political discourse attributes to the market varying degrees of strength depending on the circumstances. In particular, I will review the place of...
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Quite recently, a series of research projects, stemming from various sub-disciplines and informed by distinct methodological perspectives, have begun to converge towards a common territory which, for lack of a better name, I shall call crime and justice history. Studies of banditry, prostitution, street violence, policing, prisons, corporal punishm...
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El ensayo propone reexaminar el campo y las preocupaciones de la historia económica a la luz de la obra de Albert O. Hirschman. La obra de este economista -sugiere el autor- ha "complicado" a la economía de dos maneras: buscando los orígenes de la atrofia, los sesgos y las limitaciones del discurso económico; y cuestionando y buscando sustitutos a...
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The market imperative—that is, the need to institute market mechanisms as solutions for a variety of social problems—seems to dominate current political debate in Latin America. Administrations as diverse as those of Collor de Mello, Fujimori, Menen, and Salinas de Gortari have been implementing economic reforms based on neoconservative principles....
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The ranching economies of California, southern Brazil, and Argentina resorted to different mechanisms of labor control in order to meet the growing demand for their products. Each area used different combinations of slave and wage labor as well as sharecropping arrangements, and these varied over time. I argue that this diversity cannot be explaine...
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La expansión de la viticultura y la industria bodeguera en Mendoza entre 1880 y 1920 introdujo un sistema particular de producción: el sistema de contratistas. Este sistema, que incorporó un gran número de inmigrantes europeos en la vitivinicultura, les ofreció altas ganancias y posibilidades de adquirir tierras. Estas oportunidades no se hicieron...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Hellow,
I am working on historical distributions of heights for soldiers, militiamen and prisoners. Some are 18-years old (recruits), others are 20-49 (militiamen and prisoners). I am proposing using the method of HAZ (height for age z-scores) with the Standards of WHO (2006 and 2007). Can anybody mention a paper on applying a method develop to measure stunting in children (low heigth for age) to adults? Also, if you have seen any "state of the question" in relation to the discussion of how important is adolescent catch-up growh in relation to the total growth gains, from infancy to adulthood.

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Project
Goal: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/biological_nutritional_inequality The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) welcomes submissions for a Special Issue under the section of Children’s Health, focusing on “Biological Living Standards and Nutritional Health Inequality in Transition to the Developed World”. This Special Issue aims to publish manuscripts on the dynamics of biological living standards and nutritional health in human populations in social and economic transition. The historical experience of the industrialized and urbanized western world can be useful for the poorest populations today. We welcome the submission of manuscripts that explore the short- and long-term effects of the environment on biological well-being, using the main anthropometric indicators by generational cohorts. The goal is to cover aspects of height and body mass evolution at different stages of the life cycle, mainly on the basis of data from children and adolescents from both the remote and recent past. Analyses of the social height gap and rural–urban and intra-urban differences in biological well-being are of special interest. Studies that analyze the impact of nutritional crises and of the prevalence of malnutrition on the evolution of stature and other anthropometric or physiological variables are welcome. Likewise, comparative studies of countries, regions, social classes, and different socioeconomic circumstances are of interest. We encourage research papers in disciplines such as anthropology, public health, history, economics, and sociology. Submissions should include original articles, brief reports, or critical reviews (systematic reviews or meta-analyses). We especially encourage submission of papers that report on: • Nutritional Health • Inequality • Anthropometric Indicators • Human Height • Body Mass Index • Biological Well-Being • Living Standards • Child Growth • Determinants of Height • Low Birth Weight • Sexual Dimorphism • Obesity • Nutritional Transition All manuscripts will be subject to the journal’s normal peer review process. For further reading, please refer to hhttps://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/biological_nutritional_inequality. If you have any questions, please contact me at cici.zhou@mdpi.com or ijerph@mdpi.com. IJERPH is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles and communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public