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Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas

Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
Hospital Regional Universitario Málaga, Spain · Internal Medicine

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319
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Publications

Publications (319)
Article
El sarcoma mieloide es un tumor extramedular que suele encontrarse en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas previas, con síntomas en función de la localización de las lesiones, debido al efecto masa que producen. Las principales localizaciones son ganglionares y cutáneas. Precisa una alta sospecha clínica para su diagnóstico, y presenta un mal pro...
Article
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Background Sarcopenia is an important comorbidity in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The ultrasound (US) assessment has all the advantages of being used in primary care to assess muscle quantity and quality. Some biomarkers could be indicative of muscle mass loss. Aims To describe the quantitative and qualitat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: COVID-19 entails a higher rate of complications in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Likewise, COVID-19 infection can cause alterations in glucose metabolism that may lead to worse control. The aim of the study was to analyse the perceptions of a large group of Spanish physicians about the relationship between COVID-19 and...
Article
Background and aims: Arterial stiffness is linked with the development of cardiovascular and noncardiovascular diseases. In clinical practice, measurement of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) has become a widely used study for the assessment of cardiovascular risk in elderly population. Our aim was to evaluate whether maintaining a heal...
Article
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Background: Old age is one of the most important risk factors for severe COVID-19. Few studies have analyzed changes in the clinical characteristics and prognosis of COVID-19 among older adults before the availability of vaccines. This work analyzes differences in clinical features and mortality in unvaccinated very old adults during the first and...
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(1) Background: Large cohort studies of patients with COVID-19 treated with remdesivir have reported improved clinical outcomes, but data on older patients are scarce. Objective: This work aims to assess the potential benefit of remdesivir in unvaccinated very old patients hospitalized with COVID-19; (2) Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of...
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Abstract: (1) Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin are inflammatory markers. We analyzed the prognostic capacity of serum albumin (SA) and CRP for an outcome comprising mortality, length of stay, ICU admission, and non-invasive mechanical ventilation in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. (2) Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort stu...
Article
Background and aims: Obesity is linked to elevated levels of inflammatory serum markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa). Adiponectin and resistin are adipokines related to obesity. It has been described that adipose tissue presents a high production and secretion of these diverse pro-i...
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Background The impact of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on patients with heart failure has not been fully described. Our main objective was to evaluate the safety and clinical and glycemic efficacy of once-weekly semaglutide in obese patients with type 2 diabetes and heart failure.Methods In this observational, retrospective, real-world...
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New SARS-CoV-2 variants, breakthrough infections, waning immunity, and sub-optimal vaccination rates account for surges of hospitalizations and deaths. There is an urgent need for clinically valuable and generalizable triage tools assisting the allocation of hospital resources, particularly in resource-limited countries. We developed and validate C...
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Background: The 6-Min Walking Test (6MWT) has been proposed to assess functional aerobic capacity in patients with heart failure, but many older adults with heart failure cannot complete it. The adequacy of the 5-repetition Sit-To-Stand (5-STS), a simpler test than 6MWT, to assess the functional aerobic capacity in older adults with heart failure h...
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(1) Background: This work aims to analyze clinical outcomes according to ethnic groups in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in Spain. (2) Methods: This nationwide, retrospective, multicenter, observational study analyzed hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 in 150 Spanish hospitals (SEMI-COVID-19 Registry) from 1 March 2020 to 31 December...
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Uncontrolled inflammation following COVID-19 infection is an important characteristic of the most seriously ill patients. The present study aims to describe the clusters of inflammation in COVID-19 and to analyze their prognostic role. This is a retrospective observational study including 15,691 patients with a high degree of inflammation. They wer...
Article
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Resumen Introducción La fibrilación auricular y las comorbilidades asociadas a ella suponen un factor de riesgo de mortalidad, morbilidad y de desarrollo de complicaciones en los pacientes ingresados por COVID-19. Objetivos Describir las características clínicas, epidemiológicas, radiológicas y analíticas de los pacientes con fibrilación auricula...
Article
Introduction and objectives Hyperglycaemia in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes is preferably managed with insulin. We aimed to analyse the glycaemic efficacy, treatment simplicity, and safety of our hospital's antihyperglycemic regimens (linagliptin-basal insulin versus basal-bolus insulin) in patients with type 2 diabetes admitted for he...
Article
Background The individual influence of a variety of comorbidities on COVID-19 patient outcomes has already been analyzed in previous works in an isolated way. We aim to determine if different associations of diseases influence the outcomes of inpatients with COVID-19. Methods Retrospective cohort multicenter study based on clinical practice. Data...
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Background and aims: Obesity and high body max index (BMI) have been linked toelevated levels of inflammation serum markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6),tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), adiponectin, and resistin. It has been described that adiposetissue presents a high production and secretion of these diverse pro-...
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Full-text available
IntroductionThe aim of this study was to explore the vision of a large multidisciplinary group of physicians treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Spain, with a special focus on controversial management aspects. The perceptions of primary care (PC) physicians and hospital care (HC) specialists were compared.Methods This was a mixed survey tha...
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Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is widely used in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disorders. Our objective is to evaluate its possible protective role, not only in mortality but also in other aspects such as inflammation, symptomatic thrombosis , and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. We realized an obs...
Article
Background: There is little evidence on the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in older patients with heart failure. This work analyzed the clinical efficacy and safety of empagliflozin continuation in very old patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure. Methods: We conducted a real-wor...
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Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a highly prevalent atherosclerotic condition. In patients with PAD, the presence of intermittent claudication leads to a deterioration in quality of life. In addition, even in asymptomatic cases, patients with PAD are at high risk of cardiac or cerebrovascular events. Treatment of PAD is based on lifestyle modif...
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The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic led to lockdowns, which affected the elderly, a high-risk group. Lockdown may lead to weight gain due to increased food intake and reduced physical activity (PA). Our study aimed to analyze the impact of a 12-month lifestyle intervention on a metabolically healthy overweight/obese elderly (MHOe) population and how the lockdo...
Article
Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia affect in a great way quality of life of both patients and their caregivers, which increases the risk of patient institutionalisation when such symptoms are poorly controlled. One of the drugs that are used for controlling behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is aripiprazole. T...
Article
RESUMEN Antecedentes: El objetivo de este consenso es esclarecer el papel de los iDPP-4 en el manejo de los pacientes con diabetes durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Material y métodos: Se llevó a cabo una búsqueda bibliográfica en PubMed (diciembre 2019-febrero de 2021). Se empleó la metodología Oxford y se establecieron de forma consensuada posibl...
Article
Resumen A medida que ha avanzado la pandemia de la enfermedad por coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19), originada por la infección por el coronavirus de tipo 2, causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS-CoV-2), el síndrome de COVID-19 persistente es un problema cada vez más reconocido y sobre el que se está desarrollando un importante volumen de...
Article
Findings from cardiovascular outcome trials on certain newer glucose-lowering drugs have shown clear cardiovascular and renal benefits. In this review, we provide an updated overview of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and sodium−glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in terms of cardiovascular and renal protection. Both drugs...
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We aimed to determine the impact of steroid use in COVID-19 in-hospital mortality, in a retrospective cohort study of the SEMICOVID19 database of admitted patients with SARS-CoV-2 laboratory-confirmed pneumonia from 131 Spanish hospitals. Patients treated with corticosteroids were compared to patients not treated with corticosteroids; and adjusted...
Article
Background: COVID-19 severely impacted older adults and long-term care facility (LTCF) residents. Our primary aim was to describe differences in clinical and epidemiological variables, in-hospital management, and outcomes between LTCF residents and community-dwelling older adults hospitalized with COVID-19. The secondary aim was to identify risk f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background More contagious SARS-CoV-2 virus variants, breakthrough infections, waning immunity, and differential access to COVID-19 vaccines account for the worst yet numbers of hospitalization and deaths during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in resource-limited countries. There is an urgent need for clinically valuable, generalizable, and par...
Article
Diabetes, obesity and hypertension are common comorbidities associated with increased severity and mortality rates from Corona Virus Disease (COVID)-19 [Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)]. In this narrative review (using the PubMed database), we discuss epidemiological data and pathophysiological links between diabetes an...
Article
Full-text available
There is little evidence on the use of sodium−glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors in hospitalised patients. This work aims to analyse the glycaemic and clinical efficacy and safety of empagliflozin continuation in patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalised for acute decompensated heart failure. This real-world observational study includes patients t...
Article
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Background Whether immunosuppressed (IS) patients have a worse prognosis of COVID-19 compared to non-IS patients is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcome of IS patients hospitalized with COVID-19 compared to non-IS patients. Methods We designed a retrospective cohort study. We included all patien...
Article
Background: There are few studies on patients with heart failure (HF) hospitalized for COVID-19. Our aim is to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with HF hospitalized for COVID-19 and identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality upon admission. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, multicenter study in patients with HF hospita...
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A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13300-021-01093-z
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To determine the proportion of patients with COVID-19 who were readmitted to the hospital and the most common causes and the factors associated with readmission. Multicenter nationwide cohort study in Spain. Patients included in the study were admitted to 147 hospitals from March 1 to April 30, 2020. Readmission was defined as a new hospital admiss...
Article
Adequate lifestyle changes significantly reduce the cardiovascular risk factors associated with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Therefore, healthy eating habits, regular physical activity, abstaining from using tobacco, and good sleep hygiene are recommended for managing these conditions. There is solid evidence that diets that are plant-...
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Our main aim was to describe the effect on the severity of ACEI (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) and ARB (angiotensin II receptor blocker) during COVID-19 hospitalization. A retrospective, observational, multicenter study evaluating hospitalized patients with COVID-19 treated with ACEI/ARB. The primary endpoint was the incidence of the com...
Article
Background: This work aims to identify and validate a risk scale for admission to intensive care units (ICU) in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: We created a derivation rule and a validation rule for ICU admission using data from a national registry of a cohort of patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infecti...
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Context: Calcifediol has been proposed as a potential treatment for COVID-19 patients. Objective: To compare the administration or not of oral calcifediol on mortality risk of patients hospitalized because of COVID-19. Design: Retrospective, multicenter, open, non-randomized cohort study. Settings: Hospitalized care. Patients: Patients wit...
Article
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Canagliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor that reduces glycemia as well as the risk of cardiovascular events. Our main objective was to analyze antidiabetic treatment de-intensification and the glycemic efficacy of replacing antidiabetic agents (excluding metformin) with canagliflozin in patients with heart failure and type 2 dia...
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Background: The effects of cardiometabolic drugs on the prognosis of diabetic patients with COVID-19, especially very old patients, are not well-known. This work aims to analyze the association between preadmission cardiometabolic therapy (antidiabetic, antiaggregant, antihypertensive, and lipid-lowering drugs) and in-hospital mortality among pati...
Article
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Introduction: FreeStyle Libre® 2 system is a sensor-based flash-monitoring system that measures interstitial fluid glucose. The study aimed to compare cost of FreeStyle Libre 2 system and self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) population from the Spanish Health System perspective. Methods: On the basis of...
Article
Background: Older patients managed with intensive antidiabetic therapy are more likely to be harmed. Our study's primary endpoint was to analyze the safety and efficacy of linagliptin in combination with basal insulin versus basal-bolus insulin in patients with 75 years of age or older hospitalized in medicine and surgery departments in real-world...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Sodium−glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors have been shown to reduce hospitalisations for acute decompensated heart failure in patients with and without type 2 diabetes. However, there is little evidence on their use in hospitalised patients. This work aims to analyse the glycaemic and clinical efficacy and safety of empagliflozin contin...
Article
Introduction and objectives Hyperglycaemia in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes is preferably managed with insulin. We aimed to analyse the glycaemic efficacy, treatment simplicity, and safety of our hospital's antihyperglycemic regimens (linagliptin-basal insulin versus basal-bolus insulin) in patients with type 2 diabetes admitted for he...
Article
Full-text available
Background The impact of statins on COVID-19 outcomes is important given the high prevalence of their use among individuals at risk for severe COVID-19. Our aim is to assess whether patients receiving chronic statin treatment who are hospitalized with COVID-19 have reduced in-hospital mortality if statin therapy is maintained during hospitalization...
Article
Background Identification of patients on admission to hospital with coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia who can develop poor outcomes has not yet been comprehensively assessed.Objective To compare severity scores used for community-acquired pneumonia to identify high-risk patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.DesignPSI, CURB-65, qSO...
Article
Resumen Los cambios adecuados del estilo de vida reducen significativamente los factores de riesgo cardiovascular asociados a la prediabetes y la diabetes mellitus tipo 2, por lo que en su manejo se debe recomendar un patrón saludable de alimentación, actividad física regular, no consumir tabaco, y una buena higiene del sueño. Hay una sólida eviden...
Chapter
Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of an individual’s functional capacity. The elderly population is biologically heterogeneous, thereby necessitating a comprehensive geriatric assessment that includes functional aspects in the decision-making process. Although there is no consensus on the definition of an individual as elderly, a usual o...
Article
Full-text available
Older age and cardiovascular comorbidities are well-known risk factors for all-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients. Hypertension (HT) and age are the two principal determinants of arterial stiffness (AS). This study aimed to estimate AS in COVID-19 patients requiring hospitalization and analyze its association with all-cause in-hospital mortality....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Advanced age and diabetes are both associated with poor prognosis in COVID-19. However, the effects of cardiometabolic drugs on the prognosis of diabetic patients with COVID-19, especially very old patients, are not well-known. This work aims to analyze the association between preadmission cardiometabolic therapy (antidiabetic, antiaggre...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with Heart Failure (HF) show impaired functional capacities which have been related to their prognosis. Moreover, physical functional performance in functional tests has also been related to the prognosis in patients with HF. Thus, it would be useful to investigate how physical functional performance in functional tests could de...
Article
Full-text available
Background Limited evidence exists on the role of glucose-lowering drugs in patients with COVID-19. Our main objective was to examine the association between in-hospital death and each routine at-home glucose-lowering drug both individually and in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus admitted for COVID-19. We also ev...
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(1) Background: Different clinical presentations in COVID-19 are described to date, from mild to severe cases. This study aims to identify different clinical phenotypes in COVID-19 pneumonia using cluster analysis and to assess the prognostic impact among identified clusters in such patients. (2) Methods: Cluster analysis including 11 phenotypic va...
Article
Background: Advanced age is a well-known risk factor for poor prognosis in COVID-19. However, few studies have specifically focused on very old inpatients with COVID-19. This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of very old inpatients with COVID-19 and identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality at admission. Methods: We condu...
Conference Paper
Resumen Introducción: Los pacientes con DM2 presentan perfiles clínicos y sociodemográficos diversos, por lo cual es preciso individualizar su abordaje. Se pretende identificar aspectos de mejora y discrepancias entre las recomendaciones actuales y la realidad de la práctica clínica. Métodos: Cuestionario on-line en 2 fases, administrado a 300 médi...
Article
Background: a systematic review in 2015 showed kinematic gait and balance parameters which can discriminate patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from cognitively healthy individuals. Objective: this systematic review and meta-analysis aims to summarise and synthesise the evidence published after the previous review about the functional...