Ricardo Chacartegui

Ricardo Chacartegui
Universidad de Sevilla | US · Energy Engineering

PhD

About

143
Publications
24,739
Reads
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3,801
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 1998 - present
Universidad de Sevilla
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
This work explores the use of open-pore, inert ceramic foams with different pore sizes as particle abatement systems in small biomass combustion systems. Porous foams made of silicon carbide with pore sizes 10 to 60 pores-per-inch were installed in an in-house designed combustion unit operated with wood pellets. Their effects on the temperature dis...
Article
Sector coupling is necessary for efficient renewable integration since almost all renewable energy sources depend on environmental parameter variations. This paper follows a research line that studies the application of ultra-low temperature district heating and cooling systems, with working temperatures between 6-40 °C, to integrate renewable sour...
Article
The Calcium-Looping (CaL) process, based on the multicyclic calcination-carbonation of CaCO3/CaO, is considered a promising Thermochemical Energy Storage (TCES) technology to be integrated into Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plants. This work proposes a novel CaL integration that operates at low-pressure calcination under pure CO2 and a moderated...
Article
Oxyfuel combustion is a promising alternative to decarbonize the power sector. However, the main barrier to commercial deployment of the technology is the high energy consumption associated with oxygen production (∼200–300 kWh per ton of O2), which penalizes the thermal-to-electric efficiency of 8.5–12% compared to traditional air combustion plants...
Article
Calcium looping is a promising thermochemical energy storage process to be integrated into concentrating solar power plants. This work develops for the first time a comprehensive life cycle assessment of the calcium looping integration in solar plants to assess the potential of the technology from an environmental perspective. Two representative in...
Article
Large-scale thermochemical energy storage (TCES) is gaining relevance as an alternative to current thermal energy storage systems in Concentrated Solar Power plants. Among the different systems, the reversible reaction between CaO and CO2 stands out due to the wide availability and low cost of the raw material: limestone. Direct solar absorption of...
Article
We propose the addition of calcium carbonate produced from flue-gas carbon dioxide to reduce carbon emissions of Portland cement manufacturing from 0.96 kgCO2/kg of Portland cement to 0.33 kgCO2/kg of Portland cement with comparable strengths. We briefly review the impact of calcite addition on properties of cement based on the literature. We prese...
Article
Biomass district heating systems are an optimal economic and environmental solution for generating and distributing thermal energy. One of the main challenges for a broader development of these systems is the complexity of its implementation in the absence of established regulations in the legal, commercial, technical, or economic fields, a situati...
Article
Small solid biomass combustion systems are among the main contributors to the global particulate emissions share, and cheap, efficient abatement systems are not yet available for them. The placement of inert porous material to confine the combustion region is being recently explored as a possible mitigation system for this kind of pollution. Howeve...
Article
The ultra-low temperature district heating and cooling (ULTDHC) systems are among the most interesting solutions for the decarbonisation of heating and cooling sectors. It is a technology where different optimised integrations and operations are still under development. The booster heat pumps (BHPs) or substations associated with this new generatio...
Article
5th Generation District Heating and Cooling systems are promising technologies for using and storing renewable energy generation excess. An annual simulation using data of a location in the south of Spain is carried out to study this context. The novelty of this work is that a common distribution network is used as an energy storage system and inte...
Article
Full-text available
Thermochemical energy storage systems from carbonates, mainly those based on calcium carbonate, have been gaining momentum in the last few years. However, despite the considerable interest in the process, the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) is still low. Therefore, facing the progressive development of the technology at different scales is essenti...
Article
Nuclear fusion is expected to be a clean and almost-unlimited power source in the near future. The first net power demonstration plant (DEMO) is planned to start operation in 2050. The supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) Brayton cycle is an excellent candidate for integration with a fusion power plant, such as DEMO, because of its high efficiency...
Article
Indoor air quality in schools has a direct impact on the performance and wellbeing of students. In 2020, the health emergency required the reconsideration of ventilation conditions in indoor spaces, especially for educational buildings. This paper advances previous investigations to identify affordable, sustainable, and healthy designs for the refu...
Preprint
We propose the addition of calcium carbonate produced from flue-gas carbon dioxide to reduce carbon emissions of Portland cement manufacturing from 0.96 kgCO 2 /kg of Portland cement to 0.33 kgCO 2 /kg of Portland cement with comparable strengths. We briefly review the impact of calcite addition on properties of cement based on the literature. We p...
Article
The present work proposes integrating a high-temperature thermochemical energy storage cycle to boost the solar contribution in solar combined cycles. The main feature of the plant is the possibility of storing solar energy at a very high temperature and releasing it on demand to drive the combined cycle in the absence of solar radiation. Based on...
Article
Energy storage systems are crucial for the massive deployment of renewable energy at a large scale. This paper presents a conceptual large-scale thermoelectrical energy storage system based on a transcritical CO2 cycle. The concept is developed through the analysis of three high-efficiency systems: renewable energy storage using a thermoelectric en...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate, in microscale, the pollutant emissions due to road traffic under traffic-congested conditions at street level and the impacts on air quality of traffic emissions reduction scenarios by applying an Integrated Modelling Tool (IMT) for a main road axis in Thessaloniki, Greece. ΙΜΤ links a real-world traffic model, a dyn...
Article
Environmental empowering to control resource consumption and environmental impacts is critical to engage citizens to adopt more sustainable habits. This study demonstrates the potential benefits of innovative approaches based on sustainability indicators towards a low-carbon economy. A methodology to measure and promote sustainability in schools ha...
Article
The use of CO2 as a working fluid in power generation and storage applications has experienced a significant boost in recent years, based on its high-performance characteristics in power generation or heat pumps. This work proposes a novel combined use of transcritical CO2 cycles as an energy storage system and carbon dioxide storage inside geologi...
Article
Valorisation of plastic waste or forest-agroindustrial residues poses an opportunity to reduce landfilling and to obtain value-added products simultaneously. Through thermal partial oxidation, hydrocarbon fuels can be gasified and converted into syngas. Particularly, hybrid porous media reactors allow gasifying low-grade fuels in an efficient eco-f...
Article
The integration of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) in combined cycles is a subjects of increasing attention. Combined cycles require high temperature at the gas turbine inlet (typically over 1000 °C), which hinders plant operation in the absence of direct solar radiation using currently commercial storage technologies based on molten salts (with a...
Article
In order to be efficient, catalysts require an adequate substrate with tailored porosity, specific surface area and pore size distribution. This work reports on the use of biomorphic silicon carbide, a wood-derived ceramic material, to fabricate a wall-flow filter onto which ceria-based catalytic coatings are synthesised in-situ with two different...
Article
The drive to net zero energy requires high renewable penetration but most renewables are either affordable or dispatchable but not both. Thermochemical energy storage integrated into concentrating solar power plants can enhance dispatchability and solar-to-electricity efficiency. Combining these technologies with lower cost photovoltaic plants expl...
Article
Full-text available
The Calcium-Looping (CaL) process has emerged in the last years as a promising technology to face two key challenges within the future energy scenario: energy storage in renewable energy-based plants and CO2 capture from fossil fuel combustion. Based on the multicycle calcination-carbonation reaction of CaCO3 for both thermochemical energy storage...
Article
The Calcium Looping performance of limestone for thermochemical energy storage has been investigated under novel favorable conditions, which involve calcination at moderate temperatures under CO2 at low pressure (0.01 and 0.1 bar) and carbonation at high temperature under CO2 at atmospheric pressure. Calcining at low CO2 pressures allows to substan...
Article
Full-text available
Forest biomass is the raw material most commonly used to produce quality pellets for domestic households. However, sustainable forest biomass is not available in all regions, but there are other potential raw material sources for biomass heating systems, based on pellets. There are a large number of olive trees in the Mediterranean area, but these...
Article
Indoor air quality plays an important role in children's wellbeing and performance. The primary attention of previous research is focused on the air quality in school environments, but time at school only represent 27% of the daily schedule. This paper analyses a broad spectrum of volatile organic compounds and aldehydes in different indoor microen...
Article
Full-text available
The commercial deployment of calcium looping (CaL) based technologies relies on the availability of non-toxic, widely available and cheap CaCO3 rich materials. Biomineralized CaCO3 from waste amply fulfil the aforementioned requirements. In the present work, we study the performance of eggshell and snail shell from food waste as CaO precursors for...
Article
Full-text available
Solar thermal power technologies require storage systems to mitigate the natural variability of solar irradiation. Packed bed thermal storage systems (PBTES) offer a cost-effective solution using air as heat transfer fluid and rocks as a storage medium. Compared to its alternatives, however, PBTES presents a limited flexibility of operation due to...
Article
Full-text available
The Sustainable Development Goals 2030 Agenda of United Nations raises the need of clean and affordable energy. In the pathway for more efficient and environmentally friendly solutions, new alternative power technologies and energy sources are developed. Among these, the use of syngas fuels for electricity generation can be a viable alternative in...
Article
With a high number of diesel vehicles worldwide, particulate emission control is an urgent issue with a global impact, from the health of citizens to commercial future of this technology in some transport segments. Particulate filters are widely used in automotive engines to comply emissions regulations, but current technologies have room for impro...
Article
In the pursuit of shifting technology towards sustainable, environmentally benign processes, post-combustion carbon capture technology is recognised to be a timely mitigation option. This paper presents the development of a novel sodium carbonate-based post combustion carbon capture process utilising the carbonate mineral trona (trisodium hydrogend...
Article
Soot and particulate emissions from the transport sector are a major concern worldwide, given their harmful effects on public health and the environment. On-road vehicles are the main contributing source to this kind of pollution. They are strictly regulated in many countries, with limitations on the number and concentration of released particles,...
Article
Energy storage is key to decarbonising the energy sector by reducing intermittency and increasing the integration of renewable energy. Thermochemical energy storage (TCES) integrated with concentrated solar and photovoltaic power plants, has the potential to provide dispatchable and competitive energy. Here we develop a multi-objective optimisation...
Article
Full-text available
To meet the increasingly strict emission limits imposed by regulations, internal combustion engines for transport applications require the urgent development of novel emission abatement systems. The introduction of biodiesel or other biofuels in the engine operation is considered to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, these alternative fuels...
Preprint
Full-text available
La integración de sistemas termoquímicos de energía en plantas CSP está ganando interés en los últimos años. De entre los posibles sistemas termoquímicos, el proceso de Calcium-looping (CaL), basado en la calcinación/carbonatación multicíclica de CaCO3, está considerado como uno de los más prometedores. Tras la aparente sencillez del proceso se enc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The promising Calcium-Looping technology can be integrated for thermochemical energy storage (TCES) in Concentrating Solar Power plants, having the potential to compete with the molten salt thermal storage system, the most cost-effective solution nowadays. In the Calcium-Looping process, stored solar energy by the endothermic calcination of limesto...
Preprint
Full-text available
Solar photovoltaics (PV) plants are today a competitive alternative to power plants based on fossil fuels. Cost reduction in PV modules, scalability (from kW to MW) and ease of installation of PV plants are enabling a rapid expansion of the technology throughout the world. Nevertheless, PV dispatchability still remains as the major challenge to be...
Article
Full-text available
Two of the most attractive characteristics of Concentrated Solar Power are the high-quality heat exploitable and its capacity for thermal energy storage, which enhance the energy dispatchability in comparison with other renewable sources such as photovoltaics or wind. Consistent efforts are therefore direct to the research of suitable thermodynamic...
Article
Indoor air quality in school buildings plays an important role in students' wellbeing and performance. The presence and evolution of different compounds are directly affected by indoor activities, classroom materials and equipment, along with outside conditions derived from location and surrounding activities. Despite high CO2 concentration levels...
Article
Global warming is gradually increasing the cooling energy demand of buildings. Phase change materials (PCM) offer high potential to passively reduce cooling energy consumption and overheating by absorbing heat gains in the daytime through their melting process, and releasing the heat at night while solidifying by taking advantage of free cooling th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dispatchability is a key issue to increase the competitiveness of concentrating solar power plants. Thermochemical energy storage systems are a promising alternative to molten salt-based storage because of the higher energy storage density and the possibility of increasing the storage period. Among possible thermochemical systems, the Calcium-Loopi...
Article
Energy storage based on thermochemical systems is gaining momentum as a potential alternative to molten salts in Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plants. This work is a detailed review about the promising integration of a CaCO3/CaO based system, the so-called Calcium-Looping (CaL) process, in CSP plants with tower technology. The CaL process relies...
Article
Solar photovoltaic plants are today a competitive alternative to power plants based on fossil fuels. Cost reduction in photovoltaics modules, scalability and ease of installation of these plants are enabling a rapid worldwide expansion of the technology. Nevertheless, dispatchability still remains as the major challenge to overcome due the intrinsi...
Article
Full-text available
The potential energy uses of landfill gas (LFG) are investigated herein, focusing on electricity generation and leachate evaporation. LFG generation is estimated with the application of the GasSim method, using real data on the municipal solid waste disposal at the Metropolitan Sanitary Landfill of João Pessoa (Northeast Brazil). The results show s...
Article
Full-text available
New and improved energy storage technologies are required to overcome non-dispatchability, which is the main challenge for the successful integration of large shares of renewable energy within energy supply systems. Energy storage is proposed to tackle daily variations on the demand side, i.e., storing low-price energy during off-peak or valley per...
Article
Wastewater treatment plants have a relevant role within the circular economy chain of the cities. They purify contaminated waters and materials and biogas can be recovered from their processes. This article analyzes the potential integration of District Heating systems with wastewater treatment plants, using the biogas generated, in combination wit...
Article
The installation of solar heating systems for new buildings is currently imposed by regulation in different European countries. An interesting option to improve the use of solar thermal systems is its integration with an Organic Rankine Cycle to generate electricity, what would potentially increment the utilization factor of existing solar installa...
Article
Full-text available
Biomass heating networks provide renewable heat using low carbon energy sources. They can be powerful tools for economy decarbonization. Heating networks can increase heating efficiency in districts and small size municipalities, using more efficient thermal generation technologies, with higher efficiencies and with more efficient emissions abateme...
Article
Under the framework of circular economy, agricultural wastes are an interesting carbon-based feedstock for thermal energy and power generation. Their use could extend the availability of biomass-based fuel and, at the same time, would reduce negative environmental effects. However, depending on the residues’ characteristics, their direct combustion...
Article
One of the greatest challenges for long-term emissions reduction is the decarbonisation of heating and cooling due to the large scale, seasonal variation and distributed nature. Energy flexible buildings with electric heating, smart demand-side management and efficient thermal energy storage are one of the most promising strategies to deploy low-ca...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last 40 years different thermal energy storage materials have been investigated with the aim of enhancing energy efficiency in buildings, improving systems performance, and increasing the share of renewable energies. However, the main requirements for their efficient implementation are not fully met by most of them. This paper develops a c...
Article
Within the building sector, schools have a major social responsibility because of their educational purpose. With the aim of providing a novel energy modelling process to evaluate the real energy performance of school buildings and potential energy savings, minimizing input data collection, this paper presents a new energy assessment method to supp...
Article
Biomass district heating systems are a promising way to increase thermal efficiency in rural areas. These areas have specific characteristics, such as a relative low linear heat density and proximity to biomass resources. Generally, rural areas show higher levels of energy poverty than urban areas and a higher number of partially used or unoccupied...
Article
Thermochemical energy storage (TCES) is considered as a promising technology to accomplish high energy storage efficiency in concentrating solar power (CSP) plants. Among the various possibilities, the calcium-looping (CaL) process, based on the reversible calcination-carbonation of CaCO3 stands as a main candidate due to the high energy density ac...
Article
Full-text available
In the energy supply and conversion system proposed herein, the following energy demands were considered for a hospital: Electricity, sanitary hot water, steam, and cooling. A superstructure representing all options of equipment and energy resources was built, with conventional equipment as well as more complex technologies, such as absorption chil...
Article
The Calcium-Looping process is a promising thermochemical energy storage method based on the multicycle calcination-carbonation of CaCO3-CaO to be used in concentrated solar power plants. When solar energy is available, the CaCO3 solids are calcined at high temperature to produce CaO and CO2, which are stored for subsequent utilization. When power...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodology for analyzing the regional potential for developing biomass district heating systems combining forestry biomass and agriculture residues as fuel. As a case study, this methodology is applied to the continental region of Spain. With this analysis the potential for the implementation of biomass district heating syste...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of a preliminary experimental study to assess the performance of biomorphic silicon carbide when used for the abatement of soot particles in the exhaust of Diesel engines. Given its optimal thermal and mechanical properties, silicon carbide is one of the most popular substrates in commercial diesel particulate filter...
Article
Thermal energy storage and management in builtable dings play a major role in the transition towards a low-carbon economy. Buildings are the largest energy-consuming sector in the world, where heating and cooling are around 60-70%. This paper provides a comprehensive review of advanced low-carbon energy measures based on thermal energy storage tech...
Article
Biomorphic Silicon Carbide (bioSiC) has been recently introduced in the scope of porous ceramic substrates for hot gas filtration applications, where it has demonstrated to have good thermal and mechanical properties, and a high potential to meet the requirements for current Diesel Particulate Filters (DPF). In this experimental study, a small wall...