Ricardo César

Ricardo César
University of São Paulo | USP · Departamento de Ciências Florestais (LCF) (ESALQ)

Doctorate Forest Resources

About

37
Publications
51,112
Reads
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2,648
Citations
Citations since 2016
30 Research Items
2604 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
WeForest
Position
  • Country Representative
Description
  • Coordinator of the implementation and scientific aspects of ecological restoration projects in Brazil.
January 2016 - July 2016
University of São Paulo
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
March 2014 - present
Anhanguera Educacional
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Professor in the courses of Environmental Management Systems and Statistics.

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
Forests that regrow naturally on abandoned fields are important for restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services, but can they also preserve the distinct regional tree floras? Using the floristic composition of 1215 early successional forests (≤20 years) in 75 human-modified landscapes across the Neotropic realm, we identified 14 distinct floristi...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most fundamental questions in ecology is how many species inhabit the Earth. However, due to massive logistical and financial challenges and taxonomic difficulties connected to the species concept definition, the global numbers of species, including those of important and well-studied life forms such as trees, still remain largely unknow...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Tree diversity is fundamental for forest ecosystem stability and services. However, because of limited available data, estimates of tree diversity at large geographic domains still rely heavily on published lists of species descriptions that are geographically uneven in coverage. These limitations have precluded efforts to generate a g...
Article
Full-text available
Natural forest regrowth is considered the most cost-effective strategy to promote large-scale forest restoration, but regrowth trajectories and their consequences for nature and people can be highly variable. This uncertainty may obstruct devoting land, time and resources in promoting this restoration approach. Process-based models allow to simulat...
Article
Significance Tropical forests disappear rapidly through deforestation but also have the potential to regrow naturally through a process called secondary succession. To advance successional theory, it is essential to understand how these secondary forests and their assembly vary across broad spatial scales. We do so by synthesizing continental-scale...
Article
Full-text available
Realizing the benefits of forest restoration requires that these ecosystems be maintained after the senescence of planted trees through facilitation of natural regeneration. We analyzed the effect of tree canopy cover, dispersal syndrome, deciduousness and taxon in facilitating natural regeneration in tropical forest restoration planting. Canopy co...
Article
Natural regeneration of forests has significantly led to increased native forest cover in some regions. Several studies have explored the spatial drivers of forest cover increase, yet little is known about their effects on forest structure and species richness and diversity. We quantified the effects of local (forest age, remnant Eucalyptus basal a...
Article
Full-text available
Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR) is considered worldwide as a powerful approach to recover ecological functionality and to improve human well-being in degraded and deforested landscapes. The literature produced by FLR programs could be a valuable tool to understand how they align with the existing principles of FLR. We conducted a systematic...
Article
Full-text available
Knowing which restoration approach provides the best returns on investment for accumulating carbon is essential to foster restoration planning, financing, and implementation. Here, we explored the cost-effectiveness and drivers of above-ground and soil carbon accumulation in restored forests across an agricultural landscape of Brazil's Atlantic For...
Article
en Lianas reduce tree growth, reproduction, and survival in tropical forests. Liana competition can be particularly intense in isolated forest fragments, where liana densities are high, and thus, host tree infestation is common. Furthermore, lianas appear to grow particularly well during seasonal drought, when they may compete particularly intensel...
Article
Full-text available
Large‐scale forest restoration relies on approaches that are cost‐effective and economically attractive to farmers, and in this context agroforestry systems may be a valuable option. Here, we compared ecological outcomes among (1) 12–15 year old coffee agroforests established with several native shade trees, (2) 12–15 year old high‐diversity restor...
Article
Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking....
Article
Full-text available
2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. In this Letter, the middle initial of author G. J. Nabuurs was omitted, and he should have been associated with an additional affiliation: ‘Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands’ (now added as affiliation 18...
Article
Full-text available
A spatially explicit global map of tree symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi reveals that climate variables are the primary drivers of the distribution of different types of symbiosis.
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo traz um panorama geral dos estudos científicos e da expe- riência prática no manejo de fragmentos florestais degradados com vis- tas à restauração. Apresentamos a literatura referente à retirada dos fatores de degradação, ao adensamento e enriquecimento de fragmentos e ao controle de espécies exóticas e nativas em hiperabundância. Tam...
Article
Full-text available
Old-growth tropical forests harbor an immense diversity of tree species but are rapidly being cleared, while secondary forests that regrow on abandoned agricultural lands increase in extent. We assess how tree species richness and composition recover during secondary succession across gradients in environmental conditions and anthropogenic disturba...
Article
Full-text available
Epiphytes are hyper‐diverse and one of the frequently undervalued life forms in plant surveys and biodiversity inventories. Epiphytes of the Atlantic Forest, one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world, have high endemism and radiated recently in the Pliocene. We aimed to (1) compile an extensive Atlantic Forest data set on vascular, non‐vas...
Article
Full-text available
The nutrient demands of regrowing tropical forests are partly satisfied by nitrogen-fixing legume trees, but our understanding of the abundance of those species is biased towards wet tropical regions. Here we show how the abundance of Leguminosae is affected by both recovery from disturbance and large-scale rainfall gradients through a synthesis of...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantic Forest has been threatened by frequent human disturbances that affect its ecological processes. Lianas are an important component of tropical forest dynamics and, under chronic disturbance, may proliferate vigorously, potentially arresting secondary succession and hindering forest recovery. Our study aims to analyze abundance and diver...
Article
Mixed tree plantings and natural regeneration are the main restoration approaches for recovering tropical forests worldwide. Despite substantial differences in implementation costs between these methods, little is known regarding how they differ in terms of ecological outcomes, which is key information for guiding decision-making and cost-effective...
Article
Full-text available
Most remaining tropical forests are under some level of chronic human disturbance, which may favor the proliferation of disturbance-adapted native plants, like some species of tropical lianas. These plants may alter forest structure and composition , but little is known about their effect on ecological processes, such as seed rain. We analyzed the...
Article
A substantial share of the remaining tropical forest cover is represented by historically degraded fragments exposed to severe edge effects, where ruderal plants proliferate vigorously and may arrest succession. We tested climber plant cutting as strategy to restore a semideciduous tropical forest remnant that is dominated by ruderal climbers. We c...
Article
Full-text available
Regrowth of tropical secondary forests following complete or nearly complete removal of forest vegetation actively stores carbon in aboveground biomass, partially counterbalancing carbon emissions from deforestation, forest degradation, burning of fossil fuels, and other anthropogenic sources. We estimate the age and spatial extent of lowland secon...
Article
Full-text available
Land-use change occurs nowhere more rapidly than in the tropics, where the imbalance between deforestation and forest regrowth has large consequences for the global carbon cycle. However, considerable uncertainty remains about the rate of biomass recovery in secondary forests, and how these rates are influenced by climate, landscape, and prior land...
Article
Full-text available
1.Successional gradients are ubiquitous in nature, yet few studies have systematically examined the evolutionary origins of taxa that specialize at different successional stages. Here we quantify successional habitat specialization in Neotropical forest trees and evaluate its evolutionary lability along a precipitation gradient. Theoretically, succ...
Article
Full-text available
Abandoned pastures are increasingly targeted for forest restoration in the neotropics. However, the dominance of such areas by fodder grasses imposes a challenge for efficient and low cost control. Therefore, we questioned whether alien and native grasses equally affect: (1) natural regeneration; (2) natural regeneration under artificial perches; a...
Article
Full-text available
In many human-modified tropical landscapes, biodiversity conservation and the provision of ecosystem services require large-scale restoration initiatives. Such initiatives must be able to augment the amount and the quality of remaining natural habitats. There is thus a growing need for long-term, multi-stakeholder and multipurpose initiatives that...
Article
Full-text available
In many human-modified tropical landscapes, biodiversity conservation and the provision of ecosystem services require large-scale restoration initiatives. Such initiatives must be able to augment the amount and the quality of remaining natural habitats. There is thus a growing need for long-term, multi-stakeholder and multi-purpose initiatives that...
Article
Full-text available
Alternative methods to control invasive fodder grasses are necessary to reduce the use of herbicides in forest restoration, which has been carried out primarily in riparian zones. We sought to investigate if inter-row cultivation of crotalaria (Crotalaria breviflora DC) or pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duschene ex. Poir) with native tree species is a...
Article
Full-text available
Apesar de pesquisas apontarem a importância das florestas tropicais secundárias para a conservação da biodiversidade e provimento de serviços ambientais, este ecossistema vem sendo continuamente substituído por atividades antrópicas, sendo degradado pela recorrência das perturbações oriundas dessas atividades. Neste contexto, além da compreensão do...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I'm looking for a aboveground biomass equation for planted eucalyptus in the Corumbatai watershed region, southeast Brazil. This regions encompasses the counties of Piracicaba, Corumbatai, Rio Claro and others. However, more general equations for plantings in Campinas, São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto and other neaby cities are welcome. The most common species of eucalyptus planted is E. urograndis, but I'm accepting more general equations for the genus or for other species also.
I need to estimate the biomass of older (>20 years) eucalyptus that reesprouted in naturally regenerating second growth forests. Most equations I find are for young (<20 years old) or refer only to volume. Thanks in advance.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
The main objectives of this project were: 1 - Review in the literature FLR definitions, indicators, and principles to investigate which are the most used and recommended ecological indicators. * Product: A review article on ecological and socio-economic principles for FLR, published in "Land" journal. 2 - Evaluate forest restoration indicators in an agroforestry system with coffee and native trees to infer if this productive system may promote both socioeconomic benefits and ecological restoration, according to the principles of FLR. This study compared ecological indicators in agroforestry systems, forest restoration sites and reference forests located at the “Pontal do Paranapanema”, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Although we didn't evaluate socio-economic benefits we assumed this is a productive and profitable agroforestry system. The specific goals were: A - Evaluate whether an agroforestry system of coffee with native trees reaches established values for key Atlantic Forest restoration indicators (canopy cover and richness and density of natural regeneration) established in the official São Paulo Environmental Agency monitoring protocol. B - Compare if ecological indicators (e.g. forest structure, natural regeneration richness and density, aboveground carbon, and presence of threatened species) differ between conventional forest restoration plantings and the agroforestry system with coffee and native trees (implanted in 2002 and in 2005). C - Verify if there is a relation (using regression analysis) between coffee trees density in the agroforestry system and values for the ecological indicators. * Product: Scientific article, published in "Restoration Ecology" journal - SER journal.
Project
Analyze the synergy of local (soil fertility, previous land use, forest age) and landscape (remnant size, distant from edge, connectivity) factors in the structure and diversity of second-growth tropical forests in human modified landscapes.