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Ric m Schleijpen

Ric m Schleijpen
TNO | tno · Expertise Group for Electronic Defence

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32
Publications
8,314
Reads
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339
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (32)
Conference Paper
This paper presents experimental work on the detection of spurious RF emissions of mini Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (mini-UAV). Many recent events have shown that mini-UAVs can be considered as a potential threat for civil security. For this reason the detection of mini-UAVs has become of interest to the sensor community. The detection, classification...
Conference Paper
This paper presents experimental work on the use of a CO2 laser for triggering of PIR sensors. Pyro-electric InfraRed sensors are often used as motion detectors for detection of moving persons or objects that are warmer than their environment. Apart from uses in the civilian domain, also applications in improvised weapons have been encountered. In...
Article
A simple model has been developed and implemented in Matlab code, predicting the over-exposed pixel area of cameras caused by laser dazzling. Inputs of this model are the laser irradiance on the front optics of the camera, the Point Spread Function (PSF) of the used optics, the integration time of the camera, and camera sensor specifications like p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Infrared guided missiles are a threat for modern naval forces. The vulnerability of ships can be reduced by applying countermeasures such as infrared decoys and infrared signature reduction. This paper presents recent improvements in a simulation toolset which can be used for assessing the effectiveness of these measures. The toolset consists of a...
Article
Full-text available
In maritime operational scenarios, such as smuggling, piracy, or terrorist threats, it is not only relevant who or what an observed object is, but also where it is now and in the past in relation to other (geographical) objects. In situation and impact assessment, this information is used to determine whether an object is a threat. Single platform...
Article
Full-text available
The protection of ships against infrared guided missiles is a concern for modern naval forces. The vulnerability of ships can be reduced by applying countermeasures such as infrared decoys and infrared signature reduction. This paper presents a set of simulation tools which can be used for assessing the effectiveness of these measures. The toolset...
Article
The protection of ships against infrared guided missiles is a concern for modern naval forces. The vulnerability of ships can be reduced by applying countermeasures such as infrared decoys and infrared signature reduction. This paper will present a set of simulation tools which can be used for assessing the effectiveness of these measures. The tool...
Article
Full-text available
A theoretical and experimental study is performed to eliminate the effect of retroreflection of a camera by using masks. Theoretically, different types of masks are studied in terms of their capability to reduce the strength of the retroreflected signal while maintaining good camera image quality. Experimentally, the strength of retroreflected sign...
Article
Target tracking and laser-based pointing from airborne platforms can be degraded significantly by the propagation environment around an airborne platform including zones of severe turbulence generated by rotor downwash and engine exhausts. This is the topic of the EDA study group ERG 108.019 on "Laser beam propagation and imaging through severe env...
Article
Full-text available
The radiation coming from a laser which operates in the coastal zone can be detected not only when a detector is placed in front of the laser beam but also when it is located outside the main beam direction. The reason is that in a real detection scheme the power collected by a detector not only comes from direct radiation but also from other radia...
Article
Current coastal operations have to deal with threats at short range in complex environments with both neutral and hostile targets. There is a need for fast identification, which is possible with a laser range profiler. A number of field trials have been conducted to validate the concept of identification with a laser range profile. A laser range pr...
Article
Full-text available
The EC DELVE Support Action project has analyzed the bottlenecks in the transfer of Humanitarian Demining (HD) technology from technology development to the use in the field, and drawn some lessons learned, basing itself on the assessment of the European Humanitarian Demining Research and Technology Development (RTD) situation from early 1990 until...
Article
Retro-reflection can be used for the detection and classification of optical systems. The probability of detecting sights over large ranges depends on parameters of the laser, the sight, the detector and the atmosphere. We have developed a software tool that simulates a sight detection system. With the use of this tool we can 'test' different sight...
Article
Full-text available
Naval operations in the littoral have to deal with threats at short range in cluttered environments with both neutral and hostile targets. There is a need for fast identification, which is possible with a laser range profiler. Additionally, in a coastal-surveillance scenario a laser range profiler can be used for identification of small sea-surface...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal surveillance and naval operations in the littoral both have to deal with the threat of small sea-surface targets. These targets have a low radar cross-section and a low velocity that makes them hard to detect by radar. Typical threats include jet skis, FIAC's, and speedboats. Lidar measurements at the coast of the Netherlands have shown a v...
Conference Paper
Laser countermeasures against infrared focal plane array cameras aim to saturate the full camera image. In this paper we will discuss the results of dazzling experiments performed with MWIR lasers. In the "low energy" pulse regime we observe an increasing saturated area with increasing power. The size of the saturated area can be explained by an ex...
Article
NATO Task group SCI-133 on "Countermine Technologies" under the NATO RTO (Systems Concepts and Integration) panel, has the goal to identify technologies for mine detection (close-in detection and remote detection) and mine neutralization (breaching, route clearing, area clearance) which provide the best short, medium and long-term potential in coun...
Article
Full-text available
Laser countermeasures against infrared focal plane array cameras aim to saturate the full camera image. In this paper we will discuss the results of three different dazzling experiments performed with MWIR lasers and show that the obtained results are independent of the read-out mechanism of the camera and can be explained by an expression derived...
Article
NATO-SCI-139 and its predecessor groups have more than a decade of history in the evaluation and recommendation of EO and IR Countermeasures against anti-aircraft missiles. Surrogate Seekers have proven to be a valuable tool for this work. The use of surrogate seekers in international co-operations has several advantages over the use of an operatio...
Article
IR decoys can be an effective countermeasure against IR guided anti ship missiles. However, it's not so easy to determine how the decoys should be deployed to get maximum effectiveness. A limitation of trials is that results are obtained for the specific trial condition only. Software tools have been developed to solve these problems. One solution...
Article
Countermeasures against heat seeking missiles require access to efficient laser sources, which should emit wavelengths at band I, II and IV. Efficient diode pumped solid-state lasers, combined with efficient non-linear wavelength shifters, allow the development of practical tuneable mid-IR countermeasure sources. The paper describes the requirement...
Article
Countermeasures against heat seeking missiles require access to efficient laser sources, which should emit wavelengths at band I, II and IV. Efficient diode pumped solid-state lasers, combined with efficient non-linear wavelength shifters, allow the development of practical tuneable mid-IR countermeasure sources. The paper describes the requirement...
Article
IR decoys can be an effective countermeasure against IR guided anti ship missiles. However, it's not so easy to determine how the decoys should be deployed to get maximum effectiveness. A limitation of trials is that results are obtained for the specific trial condition only. Software tools have been developed to solve these problems. One solution...
Article
Missile warning systems operating in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum have become a common part of the suite of self-defence systems of modern aircraft. These systems have a low false alarm rate and a detection range of several kilometers against man-portable surface-to-air missiles. The performance of the missile warning systems depends on sev...

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