Riad Omar El Fakih

Riad Omar El Fakih
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center | MD Anderson · Stem Cell Transplantation

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101
Publications
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672
Citations
Citations since 2017
68 Research Items
605 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
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Pediatric-type follicular lymphoma is an uncommon and newly recognized entity of lymphoid neoplasm commonly encountered in the young population. Despite its indolent clinical course and localized nodal involvement, it has been characterized by its high-grade histopathological features. The overlapping features between this disease and several entit...
Article
Background: Classic Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) is a highly curable disease. A minority of patients, however, will have relapse/refractory (RR) disease and these patients are challenging to manage especially those who relapse after autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (auto-HCT). Even though a number of salvage options are available for these pat...
Article
Increasing success of adaptive cell therapy (ACT), such as genetically engineered T cells to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) proven to be highly significant technological advancements and impressive clinical outcomes in selected haematological malignancies, with promising efficacy. The evolution of CAR designs beyond the conventional stru...
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Aim: This rapid systematic review aimed to collect the evidence published over the last decade on the effect of empirical antifungal therapy and its early initiation on survival rates. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, Medline, Scopus, and Embase, in addition to a hand search and experts’ suggestions. Results: Fourteen...
Article
Introduction: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical family members (Haplo-HSCT) offers a potential cure for patients with hematological malignancies who lack an HLA-matched donor. Haplo-HSCT with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) is associated with induced immune tolerance, rapid hematopoie...
Article
The presence of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) correlates with poor graft function and graft failure (GF) in mismatched human leukocyte antigen (HLA) transplantation. Despite the availability of multiple potential donors, transplant physicians still face scenarios where the recipient has DSA against the appropriate donor. If alternative donors are...
Article
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Primary cutaneous γδ T-cell lymphoma (PCGDTL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that arises from T-cells with γδ T-cell receptors. The exact incidence of PCGDTL is unknown, as it is usually lumped with other cutaneous lymphomas, which are also uncommon. It is one of the peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) subtypes which is known to have...
Article
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a heterogeneous entity with disparate outcomes based on clinical and pathologic characteristics. An increasingly detailed understanding of high-grade FL (grade 3) has led to the identification of separate categories of FL3A and FL3B. Recently, genomic studies have made much progress in delineating the genetic differences...
Article
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Background Pediatric-inspired non-transplant regimens for adolescent and adult ALL patients are becoming standard in many institutions. We aimed to compare a cohort of patients receiving a pediatric-inspired protocol to a cohort of patients treated with adult type ALL therapy followed by allografting after achieving CR1. Method Eighty-five adolesc...
Article
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) represents an example of a highly complex and costly medical procedure with major applications in hematology and oncology. It is associated with life threatening complications and, consequently, increases demands on healthcare resources. While improving quality is an integral component of the healthcar...
Article
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Priming donors with G-CSF before BM harvest is reported to improve engraftment and GvHD in recipients. These effects are highly desirable when transplanting patients with non-neoplastic hematologic diseases, particularly AA patients. Here we retrospectively report the outcomes of 39 AA patients receiving a primed BM graft from MSD to 43 patients re...
Article
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Several chimeric antigen receptor T-cell constructs (CAR-T cells) are currently approved for the treatment of B-cell malignancies, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Additionally, multiple other products are being investigated and developed for other hematological malignancies and solid cancers. Patients receiving CAR-...
Article
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Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AITL) is a common subtype of mature peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL). As per the 2016 World Health Organization classification, AITL is now considered as a subtype of nodal T cell lymphoma with follicular helper T cells. The diagnosis is challenging and requires a constellation of clinical, laboratory and histop...
Article
Background The golden rule when collecting hematopoietic progenitors (HPs) from healthy volunteers is “donor safety”. Pregnancy is an absolute contraindication for HPs collection from unrelated donors. Collection from a related pregnant-donor is sometimes considered based on the urgency of the transplant indication and the available alternatives. L...
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Aplastic anemia is a relatively rare but potentially fatal disorder, with a reported higher incidence in developing countries in comparison to the West. There are significant variations in epidemiological as well as etiological factors of bone marrow failure syndromes in the developing countries in comparison to the developed world. Furthermore, th...
Article
Idiopathic aplastic anemia is a rare and life-threatening disorder, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a matched sibling donor (MSD) is the standard treatment strategy for young patients. Alternative donor transplantation (ADT) from a matched unrelated donor or an HLA haploidentical donor is not commonly used in the frontline s...
Article
The hematopoietic cell transplantation practice has changed significantly over the years. More than 1500 centers around the globe are offering transplant for different types of diseases. This growth was driven by improving the efficacy and the safety of the procedure and the ability to use alternate donors. These improvements made the procedure fea...
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The World Health Organization-designated Eastern Mediterranean region (EMRO) consists of 22 countries in North Africa and Western Asia with a collective population of over 679 million. The area comprises some of the wealthiest countries per capita income and some of the poorest. The population structure is also unique and contrasts with western cou...
Article
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Background Treating adolescents and young adults (AYA) patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) using pediatric-inspired protocols have shown improvement in outcomes. Most data available in the literature of such protocols is derived from well-controlled clinical trials. This report aims to provide a real-world experience from using a pedia...
Article
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The coronavirus disease‐2019 (COVID‐19) caused by SARS Coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) is a potentially lethal infection. Cancer patients, and specifically hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients are severely immunocompromised and may be at a higher risk of a complicated course with this infection. We aimed to study the COVID-19 outcomes and seve...
Article
Background: In 2015, multiple myeloma (MM) represented 1% of all cancers and about 5% of hematologic malignancies in Saudi cancer registry. We conducted this large study because only small pilot studies have examined MM outcomes after autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT). The standard therapy for eligible patients is induction chemotherapy...
Article
Background: The recommended therapy for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) in younger patients with a matched sibling donor (MSD) is allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). A number of conditioning regimens and protocols have been utilized. Here we report a homogeneous cohort of SAA patients receiving a uniform transplant protocol. Meth...
Article
Objectives The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the different diagnostic methods used for the diagnosis of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) and the available treatment options. Methods We searched PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, EBSCO, and CINAHL plus for published case reports of SPTCL. From each record, we ex...
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Purpose of Review Enteropathy-associated T cell lymphoma (EATL) is a rare subtype of mature T cell lymphoma. The available literature about this rare type T cell lymphoma is relatively limited. This article provides a summary and review of the available literature addressing this entity in terms of risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnostic, and therap...
Article
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Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) includes AML as a complication of an antecedent hematological disorder or a therapy‐related AML. Large registry‐based data identified sAML as an independent poor‐outcome type of AML post allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo‐HCT). In our study, we tried to define factors affecting outcomes of sA...
Chapter
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Effective data management is critical for quality research in any hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) center for accuracy, reliability, and validity of the data. HSCT research is a dynamic and multi-domain process encompassing innovative therapeutic modalities, techniques, and interventions to change the existing standard of care and opt...
Article
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We estimated HLA allele and haplotype frequencies of the Saudi Arabian population from a sample of 45,457 registered stem cell donors. The most frequent HLA alleles were A*02:01g (18.5%), C*06:02g (16.1%), B*51:01g (14.1%), DRB1*07:01g (16.2%), DQB1*02:01g (30.5%), and DPB1*04:01g (33.6%). The most frequent 5-locus haplotypes were A*02:05g~C*06:02g...
Article
Establishing a hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) program is complex. Planning is essential while establishing such a program, to overcome the expected challenges. Authorities involved in HCT program establishment will need to coordinate the efforts between the different departments required to start up the program. One essential department is pha...
Article
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have immune regulatory and tissue regenerative properties. MSCs are being studied as a therapy option for many inflammatory and immune disorders and are approved to treat acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic and associated coronavirus infect...
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The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a public health emergency of major international concern. In December 2019, an outbreak of atypical pneumonia known as COVID-19 was identified in Wuhan, China. The newly identified zoonotic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV-2), is characterized by rap...
Article
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Aplastic anemia (AA) is a serious hematological disorder, which is solely cured by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Haploidentical HSCT is an emerging modality with encouraging outcomes in several blood conditions. The present study aims to comprehensively assess the feasibility and safety of haploidentical HSCT in patients with seve...
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Haploidentical Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Aplastic Anemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Clinical Outcome on behalf of the severe aplastic anemia working party of the European group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (SAAWP of EBMT). Authors: Ghada ElGohary1,2, Riad El Fakih3, Regis de Latour4, Antonio Risitano5, Judit...
Article
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) is the only potentially curative treatment option for the hematologic complications that occur in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA). In this study, we present a retrospective multicenter analysis from the Eastern Mediterranean Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group (EMBMT) of matched related donor HSCT...
Article
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Patients between 14 and 22 years old are underrepresented in both adult and pediatric studies. We analyzed the outcomes of 94 consecutive patients aged between 14 and 22 who underwent myeloablative matched related-donor transplant while in first or second complete remission. We studied the impact of disease type, remission status, ELN risk group, A...
Article
The treatment landscape of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was radically changed with the introduction of imatinib in 2001. With the emergence of treatment failure with imatinib, more specific and potent second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) were developed. Currently, 6 TKIs and one protein synthesis inhibitor are available...
Article
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Philadelphia chromosome-like (Ph-like) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a relatively new entity characterized by high cytokine receptor and tyrosine kinase signaling resulting in multiple downstream pathway stimulation. The standard diagnostic method, gene expression profiling, is not widely available. Efforts are ongoing to establish easy and...
Article
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The last decade had witnessed a remarkable reduction in the incidence of acute and chronic GvHD (graft versus host disease) in both related and unrelated transplants mostly due to the improved resolution of HLA (human leukocyte antigen) typing and the new methods for GvHD prevention. The use of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) to mitigate th...
Article
Background: Treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients using traditional adult chemotherapy protocols give low overall survival (OS) rates. Data are growing regarding the use of pediatric-inspired chemotherapy protocols in AYA patients with improvement in OS. Patients and methods: To assess effic...
Article
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Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) activity is increasing at an unprecedented pace with > 50,000 allogeneic transplants occurring annually worldwide. Establishing a functional HCT donor registry can be very challenging with respect to ethnicities, financial, technical, and geopolitical issues. Extensive planning steps are essential to overcom...
Article
Introduction:Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) affect 10-70% of transplant recipients. Onset of kidney injury varies from days to months or years after transplantation. Kidney injury may be caused by multiple factors. Long-term data on cyclosporine induced nephrotoxicity post HSCT are limited. It is unclear if cyclosporine...
Article
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NK cell activity is tuned by a balance of activating and inhibitory signals transmitted via their respective receptors, including killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). The impact of NK cells on graft-versus-leukemia following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is well established. These effects sometimes lead to GvHD. The link be...
Article
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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) is challenging. Data on extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allo-HCT are limited. We analyzed 215 patients with AML who underwent allo-HCT in our institution between January 2005 and December 2015. We limited this retrospective review to patients who recei...
Article
Recent advancements in cancer care, coupled with early detection and an aging population have resulted in significant growth of cancer survivors. Long term follow up of such survivors is essential given the heightened risk for development of late effects such as secondary neoplasms, cardiovascular disease or psychosocial dysfunction among others. A...
Article
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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy characterized by suboptimal outcomes in the adult age group. Recently a new subtype called Philadelphia-Like (Ph-like) ALL has been described. This subgroup is characterized by high cytokine receptor and tyrosine kinase signaling expression, resulting in kinase activation th...
Article
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Lymphoblastic lymphomas (LBLs) are neoplasms of precursor B and T cells; they are considered in the same spectrum as precursor B and T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The World Health Organization classification classifies both LBL and ALL as one disease entity. While chromosome abnormalities are well defined with all of their therapeutic...
Article
Azacitidine and decitabine are hypomethylating agents frequently used interchangeably to treat myeloid neoplasms in different settings. Azacitidine is metabolized intracellularly into decitabine. Hypomethylating agents work by inhibiting DNA methyltransferases, causing demethylation of aberrantly methylated promoter regions of genes involved in the...
Article
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The FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) pathway has an important role in cellular proliferation, survival, and differentiation. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with mutated FLT3 have a large disease burden at presentation and a dismal prognosis. A number of FLT3 inhibitors have been developed over the years. The first-generation inhibitors are...
Chapter
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The haploidentical stem cell transplantation field has expanded significantly over the last decade. This expansion is the result of using a cheap and easy way to control the bidirectional alloreactivity, a problem that once was a major hassle to the advance of this procedure. Currently haploidentical stem cell transplantation represents the default...
Article
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Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph-positive) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a biologically, clinically, and genetically distinct subtype of precursor-B ALL. The Ph chromosome, results from a reciprocal translocation of the ABL1 kinase gene on chromosome 9 to the breakpoint cluster region (BCR) gene on chromosome 22. Depending on the transl...
Article
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Aim Pre-existing donor specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) are implicated in graft rejection in HLA mismatched and haploidentical HSCT. We report a case of severe aplastic anemia whounderwent allogeneic HSCT from HLA matched sibling but developed primary graft failure. Due to the lack of matched unrelated donor (MUD), the patient was offered haploid...
Article
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Hematopoietic cell transplant is a potentially curative procedure for many benign and malignant conditions. The efficacy of allogeneic transplant relies in part on the cytotoxicity of the conditioning regimen and the graft versus tumor effect mediated by alloreactive donor T cells; the same cells are also implicated in the development of graft vers...
Article
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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) consists of precursor B ALL or T ALL phenotypes. In the pediatric population, ALL patients enjoy an 80% long-term survival with the current pediatric chemotherapy protocols as compared with 50% long-term survival in the adult population. In adults, complete remission rates are similar to those of pediatric patient...
Article
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Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a group of rare blood disorders characterized by a persistent elevation of blood eosinophil count ⩾1.5 × 10⁹/L and clinical manifestations attributable to eosinophilia or tissue hypereosinophilia. Lymphocytic variant of HES (HES-L) is a known subtype according to World Health Organization classification. It is we...
Article
Introduction : Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is one of common complications after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) with reported incidence varying from 7 to 70%. Several reports have shown that BK is strongly associated with HC (BK-HC) following HSCT. We conducted an institutional retrospective study to analyze the incidence and clinical factors ass...
Article
Introduction: Induction with 3+7 has been standard practice in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) for over 40 years. Addition of a 3rd agent or use of high dose Ara-C has been reported to show better CR rates, but this has not demonstrated a consistent improvement in overall survival. We have consistently used induction with idarubicin, cytarabine 100mg/...
Article
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Introduction: The use of a Myeloablative (MA) regimen followed bypost-transplantation high dose Cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) has been adopted to overcome the increased relapse risk following nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen and unmanipulated Haploidentical Bone Marrow Transplantation, in patients with high-risk hematological malignancies, with acc...
Article
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Background: High-dose, post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) has improved outcomes in haploidentical (HAPLO) stem cell transplantation (SCT). However, it remains unclear whether this strategy is effective in SCT from 1-antigen human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched unrelated donors (9/10 MUD) an...
Article
FLT3 (Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3) inhibitors are tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The first-generation FLT3 inhibitors were developed several years ago and include midostaurin, lestaurtinib, sunitinib, and sorafenib. They are relatively nonspecific for FLT3, with other potential targets that include platelet-derived growth factor receptor, vascular endo...