Rengert Elburg

Rengert Elburg

About

125
Publications
22,259
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Introduction
I’m a field archaeologist and manager of archaeological projects with three passions: flint, the Early Neolithic in Central Europe (Bandkeramik, LBK) and experimental research on Neolithic woodworking.
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - present
Flintsource
Position
  • Free-lance Archaeologist
August 2015 - January 2016
Landesamt für Archäologie Sachsen
Position
  • Archaeologist
March 2012 - March 2015
Landesamt für Archäologie Sachsen
Position
  • Deputy director ArchaeoMontan Project
Education
August 1984 - July 1991
University of Amsterdam
Field of study
  • Environmental pre- and protohistory

Publications

Publications (125)
Article
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Publius Quinctilius Varus has become widely known as commander-in-chief of the three Roman legions that were annihilated in the battle of the Teutoburg forest in 9 CE by a federation of Germanic tribes. Coins bearing his countermark VAR are common on Roman sites in the Rhineland and are generally accepted to mark coins distributed as donations to t...
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The European Neolithization ∼6000−4000 BC represents a pivotal change in human history when farming spread and the mobile style of life of the hunter-foragers was superseded by the agrarian culture. Permanent settlement structures and agricultural production systems required fundamental innovations in technology, subsistence, and resource utilizati...
Article
Historic mining activities are assumed to rank among the most significant human activities that reshaped the landscape of the European uplands, especially since the medieval period. Mining requires both the extraction of timber for mining construction as well as the production of charcoal for ore smelting. Analysing the occurrence of different wood...
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Excavations of several Early Neolithic wells with excellent preservation of the wooden lining in the past years, have made clear that stone age woodworking already attained a very high level of perfection. This poses the question how it was possible to execute this type of work with the means available at that time. To find an answer we started an...
Article
Despite its status as a highly-prized and coveted fungi in gastronomy, many aspects of the subterranean life cycle of the Burgundy truffle (Tuber aestivum) are still unknown, because in situ observations of the formation and maturation of truffle fruitbodies remain difficult. Here, we adopted a suite of archaeological fine-scale excavating techniqu...
Chapter
Tolksdorf, Johann Friedrich/Elburg, Rengert/Reuter, Thomas/Spehr, Reinhard/Stefen, Clara 2020: In Gefangenschaft gehalten? Untersuchung pathologischer Veränderungen an einem mittelalterlichen Bärenschädel (Ursus arctos) aus Baruth (Sachsen). Ausgrabungen in Sachsen 7, 317-323.
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Significance: Ancient biomolecule survival remains poorly understood, even with great advancements in 'omics' technologies, both in genomics and proteomics. This study investigates the survival of ancient DNA in relation to that of proteins, taking into account proteome complexity and the relative protein abundances to improve our understanding of...
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Rengert Elburg, Marjorie de Grooth & Paul van der Kroft, Vuursteen als grondstof. In: L. Amkreutz/F.T.S. Brounen/J. Deeben/R. Machiels/M.-F. van Oorsouw/B. Smit (eds.) Vuursteen Verzameld. Over het zoeken en onderzoeken van steentijdvondsten en -vindplaatsen, Nederlandse Archeologische Rapporten 50 (Amersfoort 2016) 28–29; 417–418.
Conference Paper
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Die Tübinger Thesen zur Archäologie entstanden im Kontext der Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte e. V. (DGUF): "Schafft sich die Öffentlichkeit eine andere Archäologie? Analysen einer Machtverschiebung" im Mai 2015 in Tübingen. Die Tagung war geprägt von einer sich durch die Vorträge und Diskussionen ziehenden gemein...
Chapter
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J.F. Tolksdorf, R. Elburg, H. Hönig, H. Knapp, Geomontanarchäologie: Konzepte und Erfahrungen aus dem Bergbauareal von Niederpöbel. In: R. Smolnik (Hrsg.) ArchaeoMontan 2015. Montanarchäologie im Osterzgebirge/Montánní archeologie ve východním Krušnohorí, Arbeits- und Forschungsber. Sächs. Bodendenkmalpflege Beih. 30 (Dresden 2015) 189–205.
Conference Paper
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KURZDARSTELLUNG: Von 2008 bis 2010 wurde beim Landesamt für Archäologie Sachsen (LfA) während einer 28 Monate dauernden feinstratigrafischen Ausgrabung ein über 7000 Jahre alter Brunnen untersucht. Bei der Dokumentation kam die gesamte verfügbare technische Ausrüstung zur Erstellung einer vollständig digitalen dreidimensionalen Dokumentation zum Ei...
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Die 3D-Funddokumentation ist seit 2005 fester Bestandteil im Landesamt für Archäologie. Bisher sind über 9000 Objekte gescannt und dokumentiert worden. Verschiedene Projekte wie die Ausgrabung des neolithischen Brunnens von Altscherbitz, das DFG-Projekt " Automatisierte Klassifikation " und derzeit das Ziel3-Projekt " ArchaeoMontan " zeigen deutlic...
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Overview of the current state of research on landscape archaeology and paleoenvironmental studies in the Ore Mountains on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic, with a focus on palynology, dendrochronology and anthracology. We also present the first results of a case study on landscape use and development in a medieval mining district (predo...
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Preliminary report on the finds in a medieval mine of a boot and a pair of leather hose found in a medieval silver mine, securely dated to the last quarter of the 13th century by dendrochronology. Im Gegensatz zu den überlieferten hochmittelalterlichen Arbeitsgeräten und hölzernen Grubenausbauten liegen kaum erhaltene materielle Hinweise zur Bekle...
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In dit artikel wordt een eerste overzicht gegeven van de opgraving van en vondsten uit een bandkeramische waterput uit oostelijk Duitsland. Door de unieke conservering in het onderste deel van de constructie zijn zowel het hout van de beschoeiing als organische vondsten bewaard gebleven. Hierdoor kunnen eerste inzichten in het verrassend geavanceer...
Conference Paper
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Overview of the ongoing research on medieval mining in the Ore Mountains.
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Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur-und Frühge­ Gechichte (DGUF) unterscheidet sich in mancher Hinsicht von anderen archäologischen Verbän­den und Vereinen in Deutsc hland. Die DGUF kennt weder regionale Begrenzungen, noch legt sie sich aufbestimmte Epochen der heimischen Archäologie fest. Außerdem ist die DGUF kein Berufsverband, sondern ein Fachverb...
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Popular article on excavations in medieval silver mines in Dippoldiswalde (Saxony, Germany). Vielerorts in Deutschland liegen tief unter der Erde längst vergessene jahrhundertealte Bergwerke. Wenn bei diesen durch Starkregen oder andere Einflüsse alte Verfüllmassen in Bewegung geraten, können sich völlig unerwartet Hohlräume in Form von Tagesbrüche...
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Archaeobotanical investigations in wells belonging to the Early Neolithic Linear Pottery Culture from Saxony revealed unique insights in agriculture and environment of the 6th millennium cal BC. Due to waterlogged conditions, the organic material is remarkably well preserved. Crop plants found are Emmer, Einkorn, barley, pea, lentil, flax and opium...
Conference Paper
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The Ore Mountains on the border of the German federal state of Saxony and the Czech Republic constitute one of the major sources for metalliferous ores in Central Europe, best known for its rich deposits of silver, tin and iron. The earliest documented mining acti-in the region of Freiberg in 1168, which is traditionally considered as the start of...
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On behalf of the executive and scientific boards of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur-und Frühgeschichte (DGUF, http://www.dguf.de) All over Europe, there has been a recent tendency of governments to withdraw funding from the cultural heritage sector. Whereas the 'polluter pays' principle for the financing of archaeological excavations has been intr...
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Divine green - a piece of the Alps in Saxony. Article on the first alpine jadeite axe identified in Saxony (Germany). Also the only decent colour-photo of an artefact made of Szentgál radiolarite found Germany. Pre-publication version, there might have been one or two very minor corrections to the text of the printed article.
Conference Paper
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The aptly named Ore Mountains constitute one of the largest sources of a wide range of metals in the heart of Europe. Exploitation of the ores probably has started as early as the Bronze Age and is proven by historical and archaeological sources from the 12th century onwards. Straddling the border between the German federal state of Saxony and Bohe...
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In March 2011 we started a series of experiments concerning woodworking in the early neolithic Linear Pottery Culture. Given that there were no parallel hafted stone hatchets but only traverse hafted adzes in that time, we carried out the first field experiment in an oak forest near Würzburg (South Germany), trying to cut down an oak of more than 4...
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Introduction to the first volume of the 'Archaeologische Informationen', the journal of the German Society for pre- and protohistory to be published in open access. See http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/ojs/index.php/arch-inf/index
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Zusammenfassung – Bandkeramische Brunnen sind mit den teilweise hervorragenden Erhaltungsbedingungen für organische Funde eine herausragende Befundkategorie. Rezente Diskussionen fokussieren auf die Frage, ob die Brunnen Kultanlagen sind oder profane Infrastruktur. Mit einem Überblick der bislang veröffentlichten Befunde und einigen Interpretations...
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The major problems concerning ancient DNA studies are related to the amount of extractable DNA and the precautions needed to avoid contamination. From the very first step of the analyses, the DNA extraction, these problems must be confronted. There are several extraction methods available for DNA in ancient tissue; several of them are complicated a...
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Data
Correction for ‘Cattle domestication in the Near East was followed by hybridization with aurochs bulls in Europe’ by Anders Gotherstrom, Cecilia Anderung, Linda Hellborg, Rengert Galil, Elburg Colin Smith, Dan G. Bradley and Hans Ellegren (Proc. R. Soc. B 272 , 2345–2350. (doi: [10.1098/rspb.2005.3243][1])). Table 3 in the print version of this pa...
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Domesticated cattle were one of the cornerstones of European Neolithisation and are thought to have been introduced to Europe from areas of aurochs domestication in the Near East. This is consistent with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data, where a clear separation exists between modern European cattle and ancient specimens of British aurochsen. However...
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The geographic situation of the Iberian Peninsula makes it a natural link between Europe and North Africa. However, it is a matter of debate to what extent African influences via the Straits Gibraltar have affected Iberia's prehistoric development. Because early African pastoralist communities were dedicated to cattle breeding, a possible means to...
Data
On Apr 10, 2006 this sequence version replaced gi:62467452. Y chromosomal.