Rengaraj Selvaraj

Rengaraj Selvaraj
Sultan Qaboos University | SQU · Department of Chemistry

M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D.,

About

93
Publications
20,567
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
6,252
Citations
Citations since 2017
32 Research Items
2578 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Hollow TiO2/g-C3N4 nanocomposite was prepared using solvothermal method .Two-dimensional g-C3N4 nanosheets were coupled with TiO2 hollow spheres at different ratios to investigate the charge-carrier interactions with the aim of enhancing the photocatalytic properties of the nanocomposite. This coupling was systematically examined by scanning electr...
Article
Increasing demand for clean water due to the rapid development of industry, population growth and long-term droughts have become an issue worldwide. Sustainable technologies to address this challenge have epitomised the current trends in environmental research. In this work, three types of cadmium oxide (CdO) photocatalysts with nanoplate like morp...
Article
Since the global COVID-19 pandemic, the development of biocide-free antibacterial surfaces based on other sterilization mechanisms has gathered momentum. It however faces significant challenges. Photothermal sterilization based on photothermal agents (PTA), which can convert light energy to heat under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, has been propo...
Article
The release of a large number of antibiotics to the environment has created a shade of sorrow in the scientific community. This work reports the preparation of efficient plasmon-induced ZnO-Ag/ AgCl photocatalysts by in-situ coprecipitation and hydrothermal methods, and applied for the degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride antibiotic under visi...
Chapter
Two-dimensional (2D) carbon allotropes have unique physical, chemical, optical, mechanical and electrical properties. These materials have been designed and fabricated into novel materials for applications in catalytic, biomedical, optical and energy processes. In this book chapter, the unique properties, synthetic routes and applications of graphe...
Article
Pharmaceuticals have recently become a serious environmental concern due to the increase in the human population, industrial development and modern lifestyles. The optical property and photocatalytic degradation of Cephalexin and Nizatidine were investigated using nanostructured WO3 under visible photon irradiation. The WO3 nanostructures were synt...
Article
In the case of wastewater treatment, many researches are mainly focused on nanopowder-type photocatalysts that have high efficiency because of their good dispersibility and high specific surface area. Ironically, these properties of nanopowder photocatalysts cause some drawbacks in their recovery from treated water, making practical applications in...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental pollution has a direct and indirect influence on human life and the ecosystem. The huge emissions from the industries such as oil factories, petrochemical plants and other sources could cause many influences such as human disease, global warming and ozone depletion. This calls for intensive research on renewable energy, decreasing atm...
Article
Full-text available
The work reports an investigation into the role played by the carbon residue from low-quality amorphous carbon nanotubes (aCNTs) and nitrogen doped aCNTs (aNCNTs) in the properties of solgel-synthesized TiO2 and NTiO2. The resutant modified nanohybrids are compared to nitrogen-doped TiO2 where the N is sourced from an ethylenediamine as an organic...
Article
Nanohybrids consisting of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and amorphous carbon nanotubes (aCNTs) or amorphous nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (aNCNTs) were synthesized using the microwave radiation-assisted hydrothermal method in order to investigate the effect of CNTs on the physicochemical, optical and photocatalytic properties of doped and undoped TiO2....
Article
The degradation of levofloxacin by bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) catalyst and visible light was carried out in aqueous solution under optimized conditions. The drug degradation was monitored by observing the change in its absorbance value (l 290 nm) using a spectrometer. Levofloxacin degraded by almost 76% in 170 min under optimized conditions and follo...
Article
Full-text available
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous agents that interfere with the synthesis, secretion, transport, binding action and elimination of the natural hormones in our body. Bisphenol A (BPA), one of the well-known emerging pollutants, is widely used as an industrial ingredient in polycarbonate plastic products. BPA can be released into a...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid photocatalytic performance was targeted through modifying the graphite-like carbon nitride (g-C3N4) bulk materials to nanosheet structure via thermal oxidation etching process. Simple thermal oxidation etching treatment was used in order to reduce multilayer g-C3N4 structure to nanosheet material. The differences in the obtained sample of g-C...
Article
CdS sub-microspheres were prepared by using microwave-assisted method in this work. The prepared CdS sub-microspheres were characterized by various analytical techniques. The XRD result revealed that the CdS samples have mixed phases of cubic and hexagonal crystal structure. UV-DRS measurement has been used to investigate the optical properties of...
Article
Zinc oxide nanostructures with different morphologies were prepared via a microwave-assisted method and used as photocatalysts for reduction of chromium(VI) under ultraviolet-B illumination. X-ray diffraction revealed that as-made ZnO samples have wurtzite hexagonal structure. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that the morphology of the ZnO...
Article
The presence of chlorophenols in various environmental media has become a human health concern. In this study, homogeneous cadmium sulfide (CdS) sub-microspheres were prepared through a solution phase and hydrothermal method, form cadmium acetate dihydrate and thiourea. [email protected]2 core-shell nanostructures were synthesized using the as prep...
Article
Full-text available
Designing efficient 2D-bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl)/2D-g-C 3 N 4 heterojunction photocatalysts by the microwave-assisted method was studied in this work using different amounts of BiOCl plates coupled with g-C 3 N 4 nanosheets. The effects of coupling the 2D structure of g-C 3 N 4 with the 2D structure of BiOCl were systematically examined by scanni...
Article
TiO2 microspheres were successfully synthesised by simple solution phase method by using various amount of titanium butoxide as precursor. The prepared TiO2 were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis diffuse reflectance absorption spectra (UV-DRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XRD analysi...
Article
Visible light active CdS were synthesised through a hydrothermal method followed by evaluation of their efficiency in the photodegradation of acetaminophen and levofloxacin. The microspheres were characterised by various physico-chemical techniques such as SEM, UV–Vis, XRD and XPS. The microspheres of about 0.5 µm size were observed to have lower b...
Article
A cost-effective preparation method is proposed to prepare nanoporous alumina (NA) using aluminum chloride as a precursor with a lower cost than aluminum butoxide. In addition, the surfactant template was replaced with magnesium stearate, which has a lower unit cost in stearate acid. The adsorption isotherm test for the CO gas was carried out to co...
Article
The behaviour of g-C3N4 samples under thermal oxidation etching process were investigated. The g-C3N4 samples were prepared from melamine powder by following a two-step heating method in a semi-closed system. The effects of different thermal oxidation etching processes were systematically investigated to understand the influence of this process on...
Article
The flower-like In³⁺-doped SnS2 (InSnS2) was synthesized by microwave-assisted method for the photoreduction of toxic Cr(VI) to less-toxic Cr(III). InSnS2 showed a narrow bandgap (2.0 eV) and a broad spectrum response (400–800 nm), suitable to apply the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) under visible-light irradiation. In our latest report, we fou...
Article
Under assistance of ionic liquid, the Cu2O crystal was successfully synthesized by a simple solution-phase method with several morphologies, including octahedrals, truncated octahedrals, facet-etched octahedrals, particle-coated ocahedrals and aggregated spheres. The morphology of Cu2O crystals can easily be modified by tuning the adding amounts of...
Article
The anatase TiO2 (a-TiO2) nanoparticles with controlled size have been successfully prepared by a facile solution phase method without using any surfactants, employing titanium isopropoxide as precursors in various alcohol (methanol, ethanol, propanol and butanol) media. Both XRD and Raman results revealed that the products are the phase of anatase...
Article
In this study, SnS2 nanocrystals with controlled morphology were successfully synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method using thiosemicarbazide both as a sulfur source and as a capping agent. The X-ray powder diffraction analysis confirmed the hexagonal phase of these as-prepared SnS2 nanocrystals. Morphological features were studied by field-emi...
Article
Full-text available
An improved mnemonic device for thermodynamic relations between state variables and potentials was proposed in the form of a thermodynamic circle. Based on separating the Born square into an inner square (T, P, V, and S) and an outer circle (G, A, U, and H), relations such as Legendre transforms, Maxwell equations, equations to compute variables, a...
Article
Microwave-assisted synthesis is a facile approach for overcoming critical disadvantages of conventional heating process, such as high temperature/pressure and longer heating/cooling time as well as low photocatalytic efficiency. Herein, 3D flower-like In³⁺-doped SnS2 (InSnS2) was successfully prepared by a microwave-assisted solvothermal method. In...
Article
A series of fullerene (C60)-modified anatase TiO2 (a-TiO2) nanocomposites with different weight loadings of C60 were successfully synthesized by a simple solution phase method. The as-prepared C60@a-TiO2 nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), UV–vis diffuse reflectance absorpt...
Article
Hierarchical-like α-MnS microspheres have been successfully synthesized via a simple solvothermal route using L-Cystein as both sulfur source and capping agent. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed that these hierarchical microspheres were made of α-phase MnS. Morphological studies performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmiss...
Article
Full-text available
ZnxCd1-xS solid solutions with controlled morphology have been successfully synthe-sized by a facile solution-phase method. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra, X-ray photoelec-tron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission elec-tron microscopy (...
Article
In this paper, polyaniline-coated silver phosphate has been successfully prepared via a facile chemisorption method in order to improve the stability of Ag3PO4 under light irradiation. The crystalline phase, band gap energy, and microstructure of the obtained PANI/Ag3PO4 composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV–vis diffuse reflection...
Article
A facile and rapid microwave-assisted method was proposed to prepare tin disulfides (SnS2) for use as visible-light responsive photocatalysts with narrow band gap (~2.1eV). The photocatalytic activity of SnS2 was evaluated by photodegradation of methylene orange (MO) under visible light irradiation (455nm of LED lamp). SnS2-M show enhanced photocat...
Article
In this work, cadmium sulfide (CdS) is used as a visible-light responsive photocatalyst with a narrow band gap (2.42 eV). CdS nanorods were synthesized by a facile and rapid microwave-assisted method and Au dots were decorated on the surface by a reduction method. The additions of the Au dots hinder the recombination of electron–hole pairs and enha...
Article
Herein, to apply porous gold electrode for the electrooxidation of ethanol, we proposed a simple and facile method for the synthesis of paper-based porous gold (PAu) with large surface area using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and filter paper. The results showed that Pd/PAu exhibited a large electrochemical surface because of pore size of 100 nm and h...
Article
Full-text available
Flower-like In2S3 hierarchical nanostructures were successfully prepared via a facile solution-phase route, using thiacetamide as both sulfur source and capping agent. Our experimental results demonstrated that the morphology of these In2S3 nanostructures can be easily modified by changing the ratio of In(NO3)3/thiacetamide. With the ratio increasi...
Article
Novel hierarchical multipod γ-MnS microcrystals have been successfully synthesized by a simple solvothermal method, in which manganese acetate was used as manganese resource and thiosemicarbazide was used as both sulfur source and capping agent.
Article
Er3+:YAlO3 loaded BiPO4 were successfully synthesized by a simple heat treatment approach in order to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency of BiPO4. Comparing with the simple substance of BiPO4, the composite system showed the better efficiency on photodegradation of Methlyene Blue (MB) solution under a simulated solar light irradiation. The relat...
Article
Full-text available
The removal of Ag+ or AgNPs released from nano-products or effluent of WTP is important to reduce the potential risk of AgNPs. In this work, we prepared bimodal nanoporous silica (BNS) to compare the removal efficiency of Ag+ and AgNP with unimodal nanoporous silica (NS). To determine the adsorption capacity of Ag+ and AgNPs on NS and BNS, isotherm...
Article
To reuse aged-silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and recover the mono-dispersed AgNPs separately, we attempted to recycle the aged-AgNPs with high polydispersity in particle size distribution using the density gradient ultracentrifugation rate (DGUR) separation with five media. Results for the microscopic and spectroscopic showed that Tween series media,...
Article
Abstract Visible light-activated photocatalyst calcium indate (CaIn2O4) has been successfully prepared by a new approach with lower temperature calcinations. The sub-micron sized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectro...
Article
Abstract Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are major pollutants and are considered to be one of the most important contaminants generated by human beings living in urban and industrial areas. Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is a VOC that has been widely used as a gasoline additive to reduce VOC emissions from motor vehicles. However, new gasoline ad...
Article
The photocatalytic mineralization of phenol was investigated in the presence of BiPO4 prepared by hydrothermal method. The crystal structure and morphology of synthesized sample was inspected with powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The photocatalytic activity of BiPO4 was evaluated by the degradatio...
Article
HgS nanoparticles have been successfully prepared by a hydrothermal method using polyethylene glycol (PEG) as stabilizing agent and characterized by a variety of methods. Our experiments confirmed that the size of the HgS nanocrystal could be easily modified by turning the chain length of PEG. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) results of the nanoparti...
Article
Nanostructured CdS microspheres were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis and used as photocatalyst in the degradation of dyes under near UV and blue LED radiation. Nearly complete degradation of methylene blue, phenol red and methyl red was achieved in 3 h. Catalytic performance of the microspheres remained unchanged during five recycling steps. Dif...
Article
Full-text available
Waste coffee-grounds (CG) with micro- and macropores are a potential biosorbent for the removal of organics or heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions. In several studies, CG was used as adsorbent for removal of heavy metal ions and organics (phenolic compounds). We investigated the potential application of CG as biosorbents for the removal of acid...
Article
A sensing electrode for the detection of heavy metal ions in aqueous solution selectively measured the concentrations of target materials on its functionalized surface, which has affinity to target metal ions. Target ions were adsorbed simultaneously on the functionalized electrode during the sensing process. Therefore, to understand this, experime...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the adsorption potential of heat treated lepidocrocites (γ-FeOOH) towards As(III) and As(V) ions in aqueous solutions. Initially, mesoporous lepidocrocite was synthesized, treated at different temperatures, and characterized using various analytical techniques. During the heating, transformation of lepidocro...
Article
Novel template-free hierarchical-like In(2)S(3) hollow microspheres were synthesized using thiosemicarbazide (NH(2)NHCSNH(2)) as both a sulfur source and a capping ligand in a ethanol/water system. In this study, we demonstrate that several process parameters, such as the reaction time and precursor ratio, strongly influence the morphology of the f...
Article
Full-text available
A simple and template-free solution phase synthesis method has been developed for the preparation of novel CdS hollow microspheres using cadmium nitrate and thioacetamide precursors. In this manuscript, we demonstrate that process parameters such as the reaction time, precursor ratio, and reaction temperature strongly influence the morphology of th...
Article
Cauliflower-like cadmium sulfide (CdS) microspheres composed of nanocrystals have been successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as the template coordination agent and characterized by a variety of methods. Our experiments confirmed that the size of the CdS microspheres could be easily modified by controlli...
Article
Novel CdS hollow microspheres have been successfully synthesized via a facile template-free solution-phase reaction from cadmium nitrate and thioacetamide precursors. The morphology of CdS hollow microspheres depends strongly on the ratio between the precursors, cadmium nitrate to thioacetamide ratio. The physical properties of the hollow microsphe...
Article
Sensitive electrochemical sensor based on a composite of novel pearl-like CdS microspheres and chitosan (CdS-CHIT/GCE) was constructed and characterized using cyclic voltammetry. Single-stranded (ssDNA) and double-stranded (dsDNA) deoxyribonuleic acid were electrochemically adsorbed onto CdS-CHIT/GCE and a significant difference in electrochemical...
Article
The isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from Bombax ceiba sawdust (SDC) were carried out in a batch adsorption system. The effects of pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, initial concentration of Pb(II) and temperature on the adsorption were studied. Maximum adsorption of Pb(II) oc...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this work is to investigate the possibility of using a low cost and naturally available apatite rich adsorbents from animal bones such as bovine bone (BV) and billy goat (BG) bones for the removal of zinc(II) from aqueous solutions. The adsorption studies were compared with synthetic hydroxyapatite (HAPs). The samples were characte...
Article
A novel photocatalyst, titanium dioxide (TiO2) doped with neodymium (Nd), was prepared by the sol–gel method and used for the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) under UV illumination, in order to determine its photocatalytic properties. A series of Nd3+–TiO2 catalysts prepared with different Nd3+ dosages were characterized by XRD, Raman spectroscop...
Article
The condition of a heat transfer surface with boiling is composed of three environmental components; high temperature, high pressure and water vapor. In general an autoclave or a high temperature loop system is used for maintaining the required condition. The thermodynamic relationship of chemical reactions states that the free energy difference (Δ...
Article
In the present work, TiO2 and Ag-TiO2 catalysts were prepared by an ultrasonic assisted sol-gel method. The physico-chemical characteristics studies of the newly synthesized catalysts were carried out by XRD, TEM, EDX, XPS, UV-Visible absorption spectra and an optical ellipsometry. In order to find out the optical absorption properties of the catal...
Article
The adsorption of Copper(II) onto Amberjet 1500H and Ambersep 252H synthetic ion exchange resins have been studied. All the studies were conducted by a batch method to determine equilibrium and kinetic studies at the solution pH of 5.8 in the concentration ranges from 10 to 20mg/L. The experimental isotherm data were analyzed using the Freundlich,...
Article
A new and novel adsorbent of Mg-mesoporous alumina prepared via a templating method was used to adsorb nickel from aqueous solution. The adsorption mechanism is assumed to be an ion exchange between Ni(II) and magnesium ion present on the surface of the newly prepared mesoporous alumina. The sorption was examined in terms of its equilibria and its...
Article
A series of Bi(3+)-doped TiO(2) (Bi(3+)-TiO(2)) catalysts with a doping concentration up to 2wt% were prepared by a sol-gel method. The prepared photocatalysts were characterized by different means to determine their chemical composition, surface structure and light absorption properties. The photocatalytic activity of different Bi(3+)-TiO(2) catal...
Article
This article has been retracted consistent with Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal. Please see . The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause.
Article
Full-text available
A novel photocatalyst, titanium dioxide (TiO₂) deposited with silver (Ag), was prepared by an ultrasonic-assisted sol–gel method and studied for the photocatalytic degradation of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) under UV illumination, in order to determine its photocatalytic properties. A series of Ag-TiO₂catalysts prepared...
Article
The relationships between the catalyst physicochemical properties and its photocatalytic activity have been investigated and elucidated in the photodegradation of the organophosphate insecticide methylparathion. The photocatalytic degradation was investigated by using a sol–gel synthesized Bi3+-doped TiO2 nanocatalyst (using doping concentrations u...
Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcata.2005.08.010 A series of Ag-TiO₂ nanocatalysts were synthesized by a sol–gel method with a doping content up to 2 wt%-Ag. The physico-chemical characteristics of the synthesized catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron emission spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, UV–vis absorption spec...
Article
Removal of lead from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto coconut-shell carbon was investigated. Batch adsorption experiments were performed to find out the effective lead removal at different metal ion concentrations. Adsorption of Pb2+ ion was strongly affected by pH. The coconut-shell carbon (CSC) exhibited the highest lead adsorption capacity a...
Article
A novel adsorbent, aminated and protonated mesoporous alumina, was prepared and employed for the removal of copper from aqueous solution at concentrations between 5 and 30 mg/l, in batch equilibrium experiments, in order to determine its adsorption properties. The removal of copper by the adsorbents increases with increasing adsorbent dosages. The...
Article
The health threat of arsenic is well-known, and the U.S. EPA recommends the maximum contaminant level to be 0.01 ppm or less for arsenic in drinking water. Therefore, advanced treatment processes are needed for finished water to meet the required regulations. Adsorption is considered to be a less expensive procedure that is safer to handle than pre...
Article
Full-text available
The removal of copper from aqueous solution by ion exchange resins, such as 1200H and IRN97H, is described. Effect of initial metal ion concentration, agitation time and pH on adsorption capacities of ion exchange resins was investigated in a batch mode. The adsorption process, which is pH dependent, shows maximum removal of copper in the pH range...
Article
The removal of chromium from aqueous solution by an ion exchange resin is described. Ion exchange resins 1200H, 1500H and IRN97H show a remarkable increase in sorption capacity for chromium, compared to other adsorbents. The adsorption process, which is pH dependent show maximum removal of chromium in the pH range 2-6 for an initial chromium concen...
Article
Cashewnut sheath, an agricultural waste discarded largely in India is identified for the preparation of an effective sorbent for fluoride removal. Experiments were conducted for the sorption of fluoride from aqueous solution using activated carbon from cashewnut sheath (CSC) in two phases, namely, batch studies and column studies. The influence of...
Article
The characterization of three cation exchange resins, IRN77, SKN1, and IR120, for the removal of cobalt ions from an aqueous solution by electrodeionization (EDI) was studied. The study includes investigation of resin beds in terms of their ion exchange capacity, electrical conductivity, and zeta potential. The conductivity of a resin bed was analy...
Article
Removal of excess fluoride from ground water to within the permissible limits of 1.0-1.5 mg/L is the only way to control fluorosis. Batch and column type experiments were carried out for the adsorption of fluoride using activated carbon prepared from palm seed coat (PSCC) by dolomite process. In the batch study, influence of pH, adsorbent dose, con...
Article
A method for the removal of nickel from waste water by adsorption process on ion exchange resin was studied. The percentage removal of nickel depends upon the contact time, pH and dose of adsorbent. Adsorption of nickel on ion exchange resins obeys Freundlich adsorption isotherm. The applicability of Lagergren kinetic model has also been investigat...
Article
The adsorption of cobalt, chromium and nickel from aqueous solutions on IRN77 cation-exchange resin has been studied comparatively. The percentage removal of cobalt, chromium and nickel was examined by varying experimental conditions, viz. dosage of adsorbent, pH of the solution and contact time. It was found that more than 95% removal was achieved...
Article
The capacity of ion exchange resins, IRN77 and SKN1, for removal of cobalt from aqueous solution has been investigated under different conditions namely initial solution pH, initial metal-ion concentration, and contact time. The equilibrium data obtained in this study have been found to fit both the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms. The...
Article
Adsorption studies for phenol removal from aqueous solution on activated palm seed coat carbon (PSCC) were carried out under varying experimental conditions of contact time, phenol concentration, adsorbent dose and pH. Adsorption equilibrium was reached within 3 h for phenolic concentrations 10-60 mg l(-1). Kinetics of adsorption obeyed a first ord...
Article
Activated carbon prepared from rubber seed coat (RSCC), an agricultural waste by-product, has been used for the adsorption of phenol from aqueous solution. In this work, adsorption of phenol on rubber seed coat activated carbon has been studied by using batch and column studies. The equilibrium adsorption level was determined to be a function of th...
Article
Removal of chromium from water and wastewater is obligatory in order to avoid water pollution. Batch shaking adsorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the performance of IRN77 and SKN1 cation exchange resins in the removal of chromium from aqueous solutions. The percentage removal of chromium was examined by varying experimental condition...
Article
The activated carbon prepared from palm seed coat by dolomite process showed more than 95% removal of o-cresol from aqueous solution under optimum conditions. The adsorption capacity calculated by Freundlich adsorption isotherm gave 19.58 mg/g of o-cresol removal. The kinetic studies revealed the overall rate constant decrease with increasing conce...