Renata Konrad

Renata Konrad
Worcester Polytechnic Institute | WPI

PhD

About

32
Publications
7,497
Reads
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322
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
274 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030405060

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Full-text available
Recent estimates indicate that there are over 1 million runaway and homeless youth and young adults (RHY) in the United States (US). Exposure to trauma, violence, and substance abuse, coupled with a lack of community support services, puts homeless youth at high risk of being exploited and trafficked. Although access to safe housing and supportive...
Article
Full-text available
Human trafficking is a widespread and compound social, economic, and human rights issue occurring in every region of the world. While there have been an increasing number of anti-human trafficking studies from the Operations Research and Analytics domains in recent years, no systematic review of this literature currently exists. We fill this gap by...
Preprint
Full-text available
The New York City (NYC) youth shelter system is instrumental in providing housing, counseling, and other support services to runaway and homeless youth and young adults (RHY). There are various types of programs provided through these shelters: drop-in services, crisis-emergency housing, transitional independent living, and long-term housing servic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent estimates indicate that there are over 1 million runaway and homeless youth and young adults (RHY) in the United States (US). Exposure to trauma, violence, and substance abuse, coupled with a lack of community support services, puts homeless youth at high risk of being exploited and trafficked. Although access to safe housing and supportive...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human trafficking is a compound social, economic, and human rights issue occurring in all regions of the world. Understanding and addressing such a complex crime requires effort from multiple domains and perspectives. As of this writing, no systematic review exists of the Operations Research and Analytics literature applied to the domain of human t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Transit monitoring is a preventative approach used to identify possible cases of human trafficking while an individual is in transit or before one crosses a border. Transit monitoring is often conducted by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) who train staff to identify and intercept suspicious activity. Love Justice International (LJI) is one suc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human trafficking, the commercial exploitation of individuals, is a gross violation of human rights and harms societies, economies, health and development. The related disciplines of Operations Management (OM), Analytics, and Operations Research (OR) are uniquely positioned to support trafficking prevention and intervention efforts by efficiently e...
Article
Reverse supply chains are receiving increased attention for business and sustainability opportunities. As few organizations are adept at both forward and reverse supply chains, subcontracting various activities is imperative. Vendor selection that best achieves combined expertise for reverse supply chains, while quickly forming virtual enterprises...
Article
Full-text available
Residential shelters play a critical role in the stabilization and eventual reintegration to society for trafficked persons and entail a large investment. In the United States, survivors of human trafficking live in every state. However, in 2018 a majority of states lack dedicated residential shelters for trafficking survivors. Even in states with...
Article
Health claims have become a popular source of data for healthcare analytics, with numerous applications ranging from disease burden estimation and policy evaluation to drug event detection and advanced predictive analytics. Independent of the application, a researcher utilising claims information will likely encounter challenges in using the data,...
Article
Human trafficking – the trade of persons for the gain of others – is a pervasive societal issue. Ongoing trafficking recruitment calls for targeted prevention strategies for individuals and communities at risk. Awareness campaigns, arguably the most common form of trafficking prevention, are intended to alert individuals to the tactics used by traf...
Article
Capstone design courses are field-based courses in which students work on real-world industry-sponsored projects. The structure of engineering capstone design courses varies between institutions as well as within an institution in the context of faculty engagement, industry involvement, and course learning objectives. We present a summary of an ong...
Article
Student projects with an industry partner provide a meaningful way for students to translate abstract knowledge into practice, and to develop the data management and communication skills desired in industry. This paper provides suggestions for engaging an industry partner in a classroom and improving the classroom project experience. Set up as a co...
Article
Bundled payments as a reimbursement mechanism have the potential to reduce health care expenditures and improve the quality of care by aligning the incentives of payers, providers and, most importantly, patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) launched the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) program in April 2013 and...
Article
Executive summary: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) has been proposed as a viable and medically effective model of primary care delivery. The fundamental principles of a PCMH address increased access and offer new ways to organize a practice. Creating provider schedules able to satisfy the operational and organizational constraints imposed...
Article
Studies pertaining to hospital operations typically face significant data collection challenges, particularly when defining patient flow patterns. The majority of such studies determine patient flows through observations, stakeholder interviews, and historical patient data analysis. Such methods are time consuming and typically omit important inter...
Article
Human trafficking is a complex transnational problem for society and the global economy. While researchers have studied this topic in a variety of contexts, including the criminology, sociology, and clinical domains, there has been little coverage in the operations research (OR) and analytics community. This paper highlights how techniques from OR...
Article
Many Veterans screen positive for mental health disorders in primary care, yet it appears that only a fraction of those who could benefit receive treatment. One potential way to ensure that a larger proportion of these Veterans receive appropriate care would be to increase access to mental health services through primary care-mental health integrat...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) presents opportunities to study care management within health systems. We examine the efficacy of using EHR data to assess the outcomes of outpatient care for chronic disease management. A retrospective-prospective study was conducted using 6 years of archived EHR data from patients treated for...
Article
Typical output from an optimization solver is a single optimal solution. There are contexts, however, where a set of high-quality and diverse solutions may be beneficial, for example problems involving imperfect information, or those for which the structure of high-quality solution vectors can reveal meaningful insights. In view of this, we discuss...
Article
Objective Primary care screening programs for mental health disorders are designed to detect patients who might benefit from treatment. As such, the utility of these programs is predicated on the actions that take place in response to a positive screen. Our objective was to characterize the cascade of care delivery steps following a positive screen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The structure of engineering capstone design courses vary both between institutions and within a institution from the perspective of faculty engagement, industry involvement, and course learning objectives. In this paper we present a summary of an ongoing study focused on assessing engineering skills pre-and post-capstone experience in two institut...
Article
Full-text available
This collection of presentations is from the mini-symposium entitled "Systems Science and Health: Using Analytical Approaches to Evaluate Healthcare Policy Decisions." The focus of this symposium is on systems science applications to health research. Systems science is a collection of analytical computer simulation techniques which are used to eval...
Article
We report on the use of discrete-event simulation modeling to support process improvements in a hospital emergency department (ED), namely the implementation of a split-flow process. Our partner hospital was effective in treating patients, but wait time and congestion in the ED created patient dissatisfaction, unsafe conditions and staff morale iss...
Article
To improve clinic design, trial-and-error is commonly used to discover strategies that lead to improvement. Our goal was to predict the effects of various changes before undertaking them. Systems engineers collaborated with staff at an integrated primary care-mental health care clinic to create a computer simulation that mirrored how the clinic cur...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical pathways are evidence-based recommendations for treating a diagnosis. Although implementations of clinical pathways have reduced medical errors, lowered costs, and improved patient outcomes, monitoring whether a patient is following the intended pathway is problematic. Implementing a variance reporting program is impeded by the lack of a r...
Article
Adopting an admission-to-discharge patient flow perspective has the potential to improve hospital operations. Flow paths provide insight regarding patient care needs, support resource allocation and capacity planning decisions, and improve the operational performance of the hospitals. Studying patient flow through systems engineering tools and appl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Health care organizations function in a complex, non-integrated setting, yet the coordination of information, tasks, and equipment across multiple units is essential for productive operations. A variety of simulation models of hospitals exist; however, few reflect resource sharing across multiple departments. Furthermore few models capture the inhe...
Article
Over the past two decades, numerous non-governmental organizations have sought to improve the health status of populations struggling with the lingering effects of the Chornobyl (Chernobyl) nuclear disaster. Political and economic features of Ukraine's government produced a health system unable to provide services required by its population. To com...
Article
Hospitals are increasingly challenged to improve care quality and decrease operating costs. There is a recognized need for research regarding the operational aspects of healthcare delivery. Patient flow, the progression of patients through a hospital, is a key element in efficient care delivery. Flow paths have provided insight into resource alloca...
Article
Full-text available
Healthcare organizations continuously face resource allocation decisions. A variety of quantitative approaches exist outlining allocation strategies; however they are largely deficient in their ability to reflect the inherent heterogeneity of a hospital's patient mix. This research lays the groundwork for future modeling of a hospital's operating e...
Article
Optimal solutions to resource allocation decisions have long eluded hospital decision makers. One of the reasons for this is a lack of a structure capable of representing (1) the interdependence of hospital units and (2) the impact of patient diagnosis on resource utilization. Studying a hospital from a diagnosis-based patient flow perspective offe...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Provide a flowchart for non-simulation experts to figure out what method(s) to explore/learn more about. I presented my project in the WPI System Dynamics Collective Learning Meetings (CLMs) and the Colloquium that SUNY-Albany hosted in 2016. https://sites.google.com/site/christinetangporfolio/academics/presentations https://www.systemdynamics.org/assets/PhD_Colloquium/33rd/s/speakers.html