Rena D Malik

Rena D Malik
University of Maryland Medical Center | UMMC · Department of Surgery Division of Urology

MD

About

93
Publications
7,376
Reads
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453
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
395 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
June 2010 - present
The University of Chicago Medical Center
Position
  • Medical Doctor

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease (COVID)-related misinformation is prevalent online, including on social media. The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with user engagement with COVID-related misinformation on the social media platform, TikTok. A sample of TikTok videos associated with the hashtag #coronavirus was downloaded on September 20,...
Article
Objective: To assess the quality, understandability, actionability, accuracy and commercial bias of podcasts regarding stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods: The first 100 Stitcher podcasts from the search, "Stress urinary incontinence" were evaluated using the validated DISCERN criteria, PEMAT tool, and a Misinformation Likert Scale. The a...
Article
Background The true prevalence of low sexual desire among women is disputed among researchers due to the complex nature and presentation of women’s sexual problems. Aim To qualitatively analyze the aspects of libido/sexual desire frequently discussed by Reddit users and compare them with the current understanding of female sexual well-being and se...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Up to half of postmenopausal women experience genitourinary symptoms secondary to hormone deficiency, and there is little consensus on the use of vaginal hormone therapy (VHT) for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in these patients. This is a review of the scientific literature in the last decade evaluating the use of VHT for di...
Article
Total pelvic exenterations (TPE) are high morbidity procedures, with up to 38% of patients experiencing a major complication after TPE surgery. We report the case of a 69-year-old woman with a sigmoid conduit-neovaginal fistula who presented with new onset continuous vaginal leakage and decreased urostomy output 3 months post-op from a TPE. We high...
Article
Patient perspectives in quality-of-life improvement are critical to measuring treatment outcomes. We aimed to identify patient priorities for overactive bladder (OAB) research. Participants were recruited utilizing the Amazon Mechanical Turk database, an online marketplace where individuals receive payment for completing tasks. Those who scored 4 o...
Article
Background: Pinterest is a visually oriented social media platform with over 250 million monthly users. Previous studies have found misinformative content on genitourinary malignancies to be broadly disseminated on YouTube; however, no study has assessed the quality of this content on Pinterest. Objective: Our objective was to evaluate the quali...
Article
Introduction Limited patient understanding due to challenges in physician–patient communication and inadequate patient education materials (PEMs) can result in poor outcomes after pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. Our objective was to identify how patients learned about POP and review their perception of available educational tools. Methods Pati...
Article
Background: Technology is becoming increasingly integrated into healthcare, including the rapid development of mobile health (mHealth) applications (apps) for various medical conditions such as urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). As patients turn to these sources more frequently, closer evaluation of the apps becomes more importa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the most common reasons for and judicial outcomes of malpractice claims related to stress urinary incontinence (SUI) management. Materials and methods: Using the Westlaw database, a search was performed using the terms "medical malpractice" or "negligence" in combination with "stress incont...
Article
Aims To analyze the quality, understandability, and actionability of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) content and to characterize creators of content and treatment options discussed on social media platforms YouTube, Instagram, and Pinterest. Methods A cross‐sectional, qualitative study was conducted for each platform. A search for “pelvic organ prolap...
Article
Objectives To evaluate the readability, quality, and accuracy of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) YouTube transcripts. Methods We analyzed the readability of written transcripts for the first 100 YouTube videos about “Pelvic Organ Prolapse.” Transcripts were excluded if they lacked narration in English or contained both no text and no audio. Readabilit...
Article
Objectives To assess urology program directors’ (PDs) perception of pregnancy during residency training. Methods A 30 question anonymous survey was sent to 142 urology PDs regarding their demographics, program information, institution policies, and self-reported opinions. Results were assessed via descriptive analysis. Results A total of 63 PDs r...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative nosocomial pathogen that is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis patients and immunocompromised individuals worldwide. The isolate examined in this study, PA14-UM, is a well-characterized isolate utilized in studies from the University of Maryland.
Article
Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality, understandability, and actionability of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) posts accessible to users on Instagram. Materials and Methods Instagram posts were analyzed using the hashtag, “#PelvicOrganProlapse.” Posts were limited to the English-language and posts containing POP content. Posts wer...
Article
Objectives: Our study is a cross-sectional, qualitative study analyzing pelvic organ prolapse-related content on Pinterest, a social media platform that also functions as a visual search engine. Primary outcomes assessed include quality, understandability, and actionability of content. Secondary outcomes include levels of misinformation and commer...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review To evaluate recent literature relevant to the review and appraisal of enhanced recovery protocol after pelvic surgery. Recent Findings Several protocols have recently been implemented and published that utilize aspects of guidelines published by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society. These studies have added to the b...
Article
Background COVID-19 has disrupted the 2020–2021 residency application cycle with the cancellation of away rotations and in-person interviews. This study seeks to investigate the feasibility and utility of video conferencing technology (VCT) as an opportunity for applicants to interact with faculty from outside programs. Methods 18 prospective urol...
Article
Background Approximately 91% of urologists are male and 9% female. We aim to characterize gender differences amongst urology society awardees over the past six decades Methods We queried 16 American urology societies. Inclusion criteria were active membership enrollment, majority urologist members, and awards provided at an annual, biennial or tri...
Article
Background The objective of this study was to compare middle authorships between male and female general surgeons in the United States. Methods A stratified random sample of American College of Surgeons general surgery fellows was identified. Relevant author demographic, affiliation, and publication metrics were collected and compared across cohor...
Article
Purpose Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways have been shown to reduce surgical morbidity and length of stay across various procedures. Our objective was to systematically evaluate the literature for best practices of ERAS elements in abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC), to determine if there is sufficient evidence to create best practice gui...
Article
Objectives First‐line treatment for patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is anticholinergic or beta‐3 agonist medication. The addition of a secondary medication in patients with NDO may avoid progression to third‐ and fourth‐line therapies. We aim to identify patterns of medication use for patients with neurogenic lower urinary trac...
Article
The social media platform YouTube has more than 1.5 billion users and is frequently used for patient/physician education [1]. Over 33 million women worldwide are impacted by pelvic organ prolapse (POP) [2], a condition which is poorly understood by patients, even those with high rates of health literacy. Nearly 80% of pelvic floor patients report s...
Article
Background: The National Institutes of Health and Center for Disease Control recommend the readability of self-administered patient questionnaires to be written at or below a sixth to eight grade reading level. The aim of this study is to evaluate the readability of commonly used urinary incontinence (UI), pelvic organ prolapse (POP), overactive b...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Neurogenic bladder is a common condition and top health priority present in 20–70% of patients with neurologic diseases including multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease (PD), spinal cord injury (SCI), and cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). Current gold-standard medications for overactive bladder (OAB), such as anti-muscarinics...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review To encourage clinicians to offer appropriate electronic resources to patients with overactive bladder (OAB) and to aid them in deciphering the quality of available online information. Recent Findings Patients are turning to the Internet, including social media sites and podcasts, for further education on their medical conditions....
Article
Objective: To determine the long-term rate of posterior compartment prolapse (PCP) occurrence after native tissue repair of the anterior compartment with anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) procedure. Methods: An institutional review board approved surgical prolapse database was reviewed for women who underwent AVWS for any degree of anterio...
Article
Objectives: To compare patients' questionnaire-reported urinary incontinence (UI) symptoms to determine which have the best concordance. Methods: Women with self-reported mixed UI were asked to report quality of life (QoL) due to urinary problems on a visual analog scale and complete 6 standardized validated questionnaires with questions on mixe...
Article
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the components of current parental leave policies in surgical practice and evaluate surgeon perceptions of parental leave. Methods: Practicing surgeons were recruited to complete a survey via social media outlets and e-mail. Participants were asked questions regarding existing policies and their p...
Article
Objective To prospectively evaluated the utility of urodynamic evaluations (UDS) ordered in a tertiary referral center as part of a quality improvement project. Methods Patients with UDS ordered by 3 subspecialty physicians were included. Physicians were surveyed when ordering UDS and at the post-UDS clinic visit to assess indications for UDS, pre...
Article
Objective: To utilize Time-Driven Activity-Based Costing to quantify costs of managing recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI) in women. Methods: RUTI was defined as ≥2 UTIs in 6 months or ≥3 UTIs in 12 months. A care-delivery value chain outlined RUTI management (visits, urine studies, and imaging) for acute UTI followed by a form of long-ter...
Chapter
In order to develop an appropriate treatment strategy, an assessment of patient bother, impact on quality of life, and goals for care are of utmost importance. We herein provide a review of the available medical literature on outcome measures for OAB commonly used by providers for diagnosis and symptom tracking. Specifically, we discuss the use of...
Article
Purpose Few medical treatment options exist for detrusor underactivity or urinary retention in women. Bethanechol, a cholinergic agonist, may improve detrusor contractility in these conditions; however, its clinical efficacy is limited. We sought to examine the patterns of Bethanechol use by physicians in an ambulatory care setting using a national...
Article
Objectives: Few contemporary studies exist regarding urodynamic (UDS) findings in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and data are conflicting. Our aim was to compare UDS findings in women with and without DM. Methods: Data from female patients in a prospectively maintained UDS database (2010-2014) were reviewed. Studies were performed accordi...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to systematically review the various definitions of recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI) recommended by experts and specialty societies cited in biomedical literature. Methods: A systematic review of RUTI in women was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed between 1966 and 2016 according to the Pref...
Article
Objectives: To review the impact of antibiotic allergy and resistance in older women with recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) as determinants for a suitable oral antibiotic treatment choice. Methods: A prospectively maintained database of women 65 years old and older with documented RUTIs (≥3 UTI/year) and trigonitis on cystoscopy was rev...
Article
Introduction The primary intentions of international surgical programs are to directly benefit those receiving medical care, educate local physicians and staff, and improve care delivery models. IVUmed, a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing urological care to resource poor areas of the world, provides scholarship opportunities for urology...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Thulium laser VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) is an evolving surgical technique for BPH. Most studies have focused on outcomes in small to médium sized prostates and have originated from Europe and Asia. We sought to describe our experience with ThuVEP for very large prostates in a North American cohort. Materials and metho...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Decision-making regarding surgery for post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) is challenging. The 24-hour pad weight test is commonly used to objectively quantify PPI. However, pad weight may vary based upon activity level. We aimed to quantify variability in pad weights based upon patient-reported activity. Materials and Methods: 25 patien...
Article
To identify the frequencies of treatment and recommended laboratory follow-up for men with low serum testosterone levels. The Electronic Data Warehouse was queried to identify men of ages 18-85 years, who obtained a testing for serum total testosterone level from 2009 to 2012. The frequency of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), patient demogra...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To compare our renal and clinical outcomes for robotic assisted laparoscopic heminephrectomy (RAL-HN) in the pediatric population with duplicated systems with those of current contemporary open and laparoscopic series. Materials and Methods: Sixteen children underwent RAL-HN from 2009 to 2014. Data was collected via retrospective chart r...
Article
Introduction: We illustrate our “retrograde technique” for robot-assisted laparoscopic heminephrectomy (RAL-HN). We also describe the clinical outcomes using this approach in the pediatric population with duplicated systems (DS). Materials and Methods: A 3-month-old M with a history of left DS with a nonfunctioning upper moiety and hydroureter. Voi...
Article
IntroductionDirect-to-consumer ads for testosterone replacement therapies have significantly increased over the past several years. Subsequently, testing for low serum testosterone has correspondingly increased. AimsWe sought to determine the testing behaviors of practitioners as well as the characteristics of men who are undergoing testing for low...
Article
Full-text available
The management of urinary retention in the elderly female can present a challenging conundrum for primary care physicians, geriatricians, and urologists. It is often difficult to diagnose due to concomitant comorbidities and potential cognitive impairments. Evaluation should include a comprehensive history and physical examination, post-void residu...
Article
Background: The introduction of laser therapies for the management of bladder outlet obstruction in men with BPH has challenged the gold standard treatment, TURP. We sought to compare the changing clinical characteristics of patients undergoing TURP and laser vaporization of the prostate (LVP) over time. Methods: The American College of Surgeons...
Article
Objective To better characterize the current state of testosterone use in the surgical correction of hypospadias among pediatric urologists. Methods An email was sent via the pedsurologyresearch listserv through the American Academy of Pediatrics, inviting members to participate in an anonymous survey regarding their use of preoperative testostero...
Article
Full-text available
We highlight a case on a normal left testicle with a fibrovascular cord with three nodules consistent with splenic tissue. The torsed splenule demonstrated hemorrhage with neutrophilic infiltrate and thrombus consistent with chronic infarction and torsion. Splenogonadal fusion (SGF) is a rather rare entity, with approximately 184 cases reported in...
Article
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the only independent predictor of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy (RP) subject to change over time. To determine whether an ultrasensitive PSA measured at 3 yr following RP is a predictor of subsequent BCR. There were 1197 consecutive men with clinically localized prostate cancer who u...
Article
Full-text available
Squamous cell carcinoma of the prostate is a rare tumor, making up 0.5% to 1% of all prostate carcinomas. It is typically described as an aggressive cancer, with a median postdiagnosis survival of 14 months. Presented here is a case of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the prostate, with a complicated presentation of metastatic disease. Due to the...
Article
To evaluate the efficacy of local compression and topical epinephrine in controlling perioperative bleeding during open radical retropubic prostatectomy (ORRP) and its impact on the degree of urinary extravasation on initial postoperative cystogram. Between September 2005 to March 2009, 476 men underwent ORRP performed by a single surgeon. Group 1...
Article
5525 Background: Recent data suggests that intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy improves survival over IV chemotherapy in the initial treatment of ovarian cancer. We sought to explore the utilization, complications, and risk factors for intraperitoneal catheter complications in ovarian cancer patients undergoing IP chemotherapy. Methods: This study is...

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